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British medicine in the Peruvian Andes: the travels of Archibald Smith M.D. (1820-1870)
Lossio, Jorge;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702006000400003
Abstract: this article traces the travels of the scottish physician archibald smith through the peruvian andes between the 1820s and 1860s. despite his prominent role in the nineteenth-century peruvian medical scene, almost nothing has been written on archibald smith. by exploring smith's medical activities, publications, and debates, this article intends to uncover unexplored areas of peruvian medical history, such as the animosity between local and foreign physicians during the post-independence war era and the important role played by medical geography as a scientific discipline for redefining ethnical and regional issues.
"A WAR OF MACHINERY”: the British Machine Tool Industry and Arming the Western Front, 1914-1916  [cached]
Roger Lloyd-Jones,Myrddin John Lewis
Essays in Economic & Business History , 2008,
Abstract: According to David Lloyd George, Britain’s first Minister of Munitions, World War L “the Great War” was a “war of machinery,” and required unprecedented supplies of ammunition and the machine tools necessary to make them. In the early phase of the conflict, when the importance of machine tools was not fully recognized, a shortage of ammunition on the western front precipitated a military and political crisis, and led to the formation of the Ministry of Munitions. A trade-off between quantity and quality of ammunition shell (the machined outer metal casing) was a product of the Ministry directive to increase output as both makers and users of machine tools came under intense pressure to reach their goals. British engineering achieved huge increases in ammunition output in preparation for the Somme offensive, but the complexities of the supply chain meant that makers and users of machine tools put them to use to make ammunition of a type and quality that was to prove defective.
Aderência: liberalismo econ?mico e política comercial Britanica em 1820-1913
Weller, Leonardo;
Revista de Economia Contemporanea , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-98482006000300002
Abstract: in what extent was the british trade policy liberal between 1820 and 1913? this paper constructs an answer to this question based both on a brief overview on the liberal theory of international trade and on the analysis of secondary sources on the british trade policy. it is asserted that the liberal theory considers the increase in imports, and not in exports, as the main goal in international trade. the theory's normative message thus points out that unilateral liberalization is the best trade policy. it is then seen that the british trade policy was coherent with the liberal normative message as it promoted unilateral liberalization. however, such policy's main goal was to increase exports, which supports the conclusion that the british trade policy was not strictu sensu liberal, but adhered to liberalism in 1820-1913.
Edward Francis Caldin (1914-1999) (biography)
Maurice Crosland
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2002,
Abstract: biography of Edward Francis Caldin (1914-1999)
British business in Brazil: maturity and demise (1850-1950)
Abreu, Marcelo de Paiva;
Revista Brasileira de Economia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71402000000400001
Abstract: this paper analyses the long-term trends of ''british business'' in brazil since 1850. it covers investment and other manifestations of the british presence such as those related to trade as well as financial intermediation. primary interest is in british involvement in brazilian private sector activities, whether by direct investment or by the flotation of sterling securities for firms operating in brazil. the article also considers the role of london as a financial market where brazilian public loans were floated, the relevance of britain as a market for brazilian commodities and as a supplier to brazil, and british intermediation in brazilian trade with third countries. it is divided in chronological sections: imperial years (1850-1889); stagnation and boom (1889-1914); first signs of decline (1914-1930), and the divestment period (1930 to the mid-1950's). the final section presents the conclusions and mentions post-1950 trends.
Erik Benson
Essays in Economic & Business History , 2003,
Abstract: This article examines the relationship between a New Zealand-born entrepreneur, Lowell Yerex, and the British government. It will give particular attention to the role of British business culture in shaping the government’s response to Yerex. During the 1930s and l940s, Yerex built an important airline network in the Caribbean Basin. A British subject, he had an affinity for the empire. However, the British rebuffed his repeated efforts to form an alliance. While they had political, economic and strategic reasons for doing so, the British also manifested a disdain for Yerex because he did not measure up to their business ideals.
Jan Ploeger
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/4-1-923
Abstract: On the 21st August, 1914 the first plans for the German South West Africa campaign were discussed at Defence Headquarters, Pretoria, under chairmanship of Genl J. C. Smuts (Minister of Defence).
New Zealand: beyond the quota
Rowan Saker
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: The New Zealand government accepts refugees with disabilities and has established structures and partnerships to facilitate their participation in society.
The British Astronomical Association and the Great War of 1914-1918  [PDF]
Jeremy Shears
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Marking the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War, this paper considers the effect of the war on the BAA and pays tribute to some of its members who were involved in the conflict.
Bibliography: Australian and New Zealand art historiography  [PDF]
Benjamin Thomas
Journal of Art Historiography , 2011,
Abstract: A bibliography of Australian and New Zealand art historiography
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