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Resultados del Programa de Rehabilitación Cardíaca Fase II, desarrollado por el Centro Nacional de Rehabilitación, Costa Rica
Wong,Manuel; García,Miriam; García,Adriana; Carrillo,Severita;
Acta Médica Costarricense , 2011,
Abstract: aim: due to the importance of the cardiovascular disease in costa rica, and the lack of information about cardiac rehabilitation programs in our country, the objective of this study is to determine the results of a phase ii cardiac rehabilitation program at the national center of rehabilitation. methods: retrospective study based on a review of the clinical records of patients with coronary artery disease referred for the phase ii cardiac rehabilitation program from march 2009 to may 2010. of a total of 158 patients, 131 finished the phase ii. we compared the results of maximal functional capacity estimated by a treadmill stress testing, and lipid profile at the beginning and the end of the 10 - 12 week program. results: we found a significant statistical increase in the functional capacity of metabolic equivalents (mets) in average of 29,7% at the end of the 10-12 week program (p<0,05) estimated by a treadmill stress testing; the group that obtain the bigger increase was the “high risk” patients with 64,37% and with less increase the younger patients with 19,15%. we found a lowering in average of total cholesterol of 4.44mg/dl (-2.9%) (p = 0.145), ldl-coholesterol of 0.96 mg/dl (-1.1%) (p=0.746), triglycerides of 19.41mg/dl (-11.2%) (p=0.016) and increase in hdl-cholesterol of 0.95mg/dl (2.5%) (p= 0.181). conclusions: the phase ii cardiac rehabilitation program of the cenare reported an increase in the functional capacity of patients with coronary artery disease in average of 29,7%, been this increase higher in the “high risk” patients and a lesser increase in the ones with less age. we did not find significant changes in the lipid profile at the end of this training period.
Rediscovery of Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi (Anura: Centrolenidae) in southeastern Costa Rica  [cached]
Brian Kubicki
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: The Suretka glass frog, Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi, has been recently rediscovered in the south-eastern region of Costa Rica. This species was last reported in Costa Rica in the 1950’s. H. chirripoi is distinguished from H. colymbiphyllum, which appears to be its most closely Costa Rican related taxon, by having extensive webbing between fingers II-III La rana de vidrio de Suretka, Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi, fue redescubierta recientamente en la región sureste de Costa Rica. Esta especie fue reportada por última vez en Costa Rica en los a os cincuentas. H. Chirripoi puede ser distinguida de H. colymbiphyllum, la rana de vidrio costarricense a la que más se le asemeja, por la presencia de membranas extensivas entre dedos II-III
Rediscovery of Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi (Anura: Centrolenidae) in southeastern Costa Rica
Kubicki,Brian;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: the suretka glass frog, hyalinobatrachium chirripoi, has been recently rediscovered in the south-eastern region of costa rica. this species was last reported in costa rica in the 1950?s. h. chirripoi is distinguished from h. colymbiphyllum, which appears to be its most closely costa rican related taxon, by having extensive webbing between fingers ii-iii
Nicaraguan Migrants in Costa Rica
Marquette, Catherine M.
Población y Salud en Mesoamérica , 2006,
Abstract: This document is the executive summary of a detailed document entitled, Nicaraguan Migrants and Poverty in Costa Rica, which was prepared for the World Bank in 2006. The more detailed background paper from which this summary is derived was commissioned as a background paper in preparation for an upcoming poverty mission by the World Bank to Costa Rica. This summary and the larger document from which it comes provides: (1) a general overview of the socioeconomic and health situation of Nicaraguan migrants in Costa Rica and (2) a review of the poverty characteristics of these migrants. The primary data sources for the larger paper were successive recent rounds of the Annual National Household Survey in Costa Rica and the 2000 Census. The more detailed report on which this summary is based also reviews issues of data quality, comparability, and methodological problems with respect to existing information on Nicaraguan migrants in Costa Rica. As a summary, the document below, does not include detailed citations, which are of course included in the larger report. Readers are thus, referred to the larger report for citations and more detailed information on the data included in this summary.
The dystrophinopathies in Costa Rica
Azofeifa,Jorge;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: a five-years long study aiming to describe the basic genetic epidemiology of the dystrophinopathies in costa rica recruited 31 patients with clinical symptoms of dmd/bmd at the national children?s hospital (hnn). this center is the obligate reference hospital of the national health system for genetic diseases, however, the geographic origin of the patients, a low percentage of deletions and a high proportion of de novo mutations found among them indicate that a significant ascertainment bias impedes a substantial scientific approach to confront and alleviate the problems posed by these severe diseases in costa rica. rev. biol. trop. 52(3): 485- 490. epub 2004 dic 15.
Metates and Hallucinogens in Costa Rica
Ursula Jones
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1991, DOI: 10.5334/pia.18
Abstract: Metates are grinding stones on which corn and other substances are ground with hand-held stones called manos. A clue that grinding stones were associated with mushroom rituals is, for example, provided by a tripod metate from NW Costa Rica belonging to the period of the 2nd or 3rd century AD.
The dystrophinopathies in Costa Rica  [cached]
Jorge Azofeifa
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: A five-years long study aiming to describe the basic genetic epidemiology of the dystrophinopathies in Costa Rica recruited 31 patients with clinical symptoms of DMD/BMD at the National Children’s Hospital (HNN). This center is the obligate reference hospital of the national health system for genetic diseases, however, the geographic origin of the patients, a low percentage of deletions and a high proportion of de novo mutations found among them indicate that a significant ascertainment bias impedes a substantial scientific approach to confront and alleviate the problems posed by these severe diseases in Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 52(3): 485- 490. Epub 2004 Dic 15. Un estudio de cinco a os tendiente a describir la epidemiología genética básica de las distrofinopatías en Costa Rica detectó 31 pacientes con sintomatología de DMD o de BMD en el Hospital Nacional de Ni os (HNN), el centro de referencia del sistema nacional de salud para enefrmedades hereditarias, sin embargo, la distribución geográfica de los pacientes, un bajo porcentaje de deleciones y una muy elevada proporción de mutaciones de novo indican que un significante sesgo de averiguación impide el estudio científico de riguroso tendiente a disminuir el impacto de estas enfermedades en Costa Rica.
Biodiversidad en Costa Rica
Tatiana Wenker
Nuevo mundo - Mundos Nuevos , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/nuevomundo.49203
Abstract: Presentación (en espa ol) Con una naturaleza rica y diversificada, Costa Rica se presenta hoy en día como un país modelo a nivel mundial por lo que a preservación del medio ambiente y de la biodiversidad se refiere. Tatiana Wenker elaboró una documentación audiovisuel variada que aborda la problemática mundial de preservación del medio ambiente, poniendo de relieve las iniciativas costarricenses sobre el particular. Nos lleva a uno de los parques naturales más grandes de América Central y a l...
Rural planning in Costa Rica
álvarez,Carlos J.; Maseda,Francisco; Marey,Manuel F.; Crecente,Rafael;
Interciencia , 2004,
Abstract: this paper describes the results of a study undertaken by a team of rural development experts from the university of santiago de compostela, spain, in collaboration with academic staff of the masters programme in rural development of the national university at heredia, costa rica, with the view to draft a proposal for the creation of a unesco chair in rural development in the costa rican region of huetar norte. following appraisal of the current situation in this region, it was concluded that a regional development planning center should be created to support the teaching and research activities of the proposed chair and integrate them with the activities of a unit devoted to the collection and analysis of the data needed for regional planning in huetar norte, and to the formulation, facilitation and monitoring of development plans for this region. the proposed model is regarded as totally generalizable to other developing countries.
Peperitas en Costa Rica
Soto,Daniel; Alvarado,Guillermo E;
Revista Geológica de América Central , 2012,
Abstract: this paper describes petrographically and genetically, a number of peperites, as examples of spatial and temporal coexistence of magmatism and sedimentation in costa rica. the cases are presented in basic igneous complexes (ophiolites), mixtures varying from incomplete (megablocks of radiolarite with diabase in the nicoya complex) to complete mixes in various stages of maastrichtian-paleocene (golfito formation) or paleocene pelagic limestones with basalts (quepos subcomplex or tulín formation) to form brechoid and pillowed peperites. within the oligo-miocene arc, there are examples extended along the talamanca range and its foothills, as well as sarapiquí’s plains represented for brechoid and bulbous (fluidal) peperites in latiandesitic lavas (pacacua formation) or brechoid peperitic pipes in ignimbrites (mata de limón member) or possible brechoid peperites in lavas in the crucitas mining prospect (cure?a formation), or simple brechoid peperites in andesitic flow (pacacua formation, in talamanca) or as hydroclastic breccias with fragments of dacitic composition in lava flow deposits of carbonal guanacaste, just between the beaches cabuyal and naranjo. all these rocks represented proximal equivalents of the explosive, effusive and subvolcanic volcanism (endogenous domes and criptodomes) and his concomitance with the fluvial sedimentation. in quaternary period, we have a sample in the base of tiribí formation in contact with palmares lacustrine. also this paper included possible and potential cases. it hopes that the description and interpretation of this type of rocks helps to its identification in other regions of costa rica and central america in general, as well as a potential source for the exploration of valuable metals.
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