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Knowledge of physical education teachers about emergency management of tooth avulsion  [cached]
Claudia Londero Pagliarin,Clacir Londero Zenkner,Fernando Branco Barletta
Stomatos , 2011,
Abstract: A great number of traumatic dental injuries occur at school, during sports-related activities. However, physical education teachers are often not prepared to provide emergency management of dental trauma in general and of tooth avulsion in particular. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of emergency management of tooth avulsion among physical education teachers at public and private schools of a city in southern Brazil. A questionnaire covering personal and professional information and eight multiple-choice questions to assess knowledge of emergency management of tooth avulsion was sent to 217 physical education teachers. Of a total of 217 questionnaires distributed, 102 returned. Only 23.5% of the teachers had received prior information on dental trauma. When asked about the fi rst action to be taken if faced with an avulsed tooth, only 12.7% informed they would attempt to replant the tooth. Fifty two teachers (51%) were not aware of the optimum extraoral time. Signifi cant differences were found between teachers who had and who had not received prior information with regard to adequate transport medium and adequate time for replantation (chi-square, p = 0.03 and p = 0.02, respectively). There is a general lack of knowledge of emergency management of avulsed teeth among physical education teachers, pointing to an urgent need to implement regular, continuing education so as to increase the level of knowledge and improve prognosis of this important traumatic dental injury.
Reviews of Progress , 2013,
Abstract: Background: Tooth avulsion is one of the commonest types of physical sport injury. Themanagement of these cases is critical in order to prevent complete loss of tooth and its subsequentconsequences. The prognosis of such avulsed tooth depends on prompt treatment. The emergencymanagement of such avulsed tooth is made by the sports teacher who is present at the sports ground. Thefirst–aid knowledge about tooth avulsion is must for the sports teacher. Aim: The objective of the presentstudy was to evaluate the knowledge about management of tooth avulsion among sports teachers inAhmednagar District. Methods: A sample of 60 sports teachers were interviewed from different schools.The data was collected using a self administered questionnaire containing seven items which wasdistributed among the sports teacher from different schools. Results: we found that 90% of the sportsteachers were not having the first-aid knowledge about the emergency management of avulsed tooth andthe benefit of timely care. This demands an effort to properly educate sports teachers about first-aidmanagement and consequently change their attitude towards dental trauma.
Primary School Teachers’ Knowledge Regarding Emergency Management of Avulsed Permanent Incisors
B. Touré,F. Léye Benoist,B. Faye,AW. Kane
Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate primary school teachers' knowledge regarding emergency management of avulsed permanent incisors.Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in fifty randomly chosen primary schools from Casablanca, Morocco. All teachers of the selected schools were included in the study. The data were collected by self administered questionnaires. The questions focusedon the teachers' general characteristics, experience of avulsed teeth and the importance of emergency management. The data were analyzed using chi square test.Results: A total of 501 teachers, of which 23.6% were male and 75.4% were female, answered the questionnaire. The results showed that 44.5 % of the teachers had an experience of avulsed tooth at school, 82.82% of them knew the importance of emergency managementand 32.6% would look for a dentist for treatment of the cases. Only 15.8% would reimplant the tooth themselves. Regarding the storage media, 21.95% would keep the avulsed tooth in milk. There was no significant difference between gender and education level (p>0.05).Conclusion: This study shows school teachers' lack of knowledge regarding dental trauma and especially tooth avulsion. Therefore, the results indicated that educational programs are necessary for improvement in their level of knowledge.
Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: A survey in Bangalore urban schools  [cached]
Mohandas U,Chandan G
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2009,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher′s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher′s attitude and the way they handle the injuries. The sample consisted 580 teachers from 700 selected schools in Bangalore city. Chi-square test was applied to test the significance between trained and untrained teachers. Among the population 70% were males physical education teachers 30% were females. 95% of the teachers had physical education training and 5% did not have the training. 95% of the population had first aid component and 5% did not have. Only 25% of trained physical education teachers had correct knowledge about tooth identification and 17% among untrained teachers. 81% of trained teachers answered correctly regarding management of fractured anterior teeth against 27.5% of untrained teachers (P< 0.0002). The present report indicates that there is lack of knowledge and practice among physical education teachers in Bangalore city regarding emergency management of dental trauma. Educational programs to improve the knowledge and awareness among the teachers have to be implemented.
Nurses’ knowledge of the postgraduate program in family’s health on dental avulsion
Ana Cristina Viana Campos, Daniela Carla Medeiros-Silva, Flávia Fonseca de Toledo, Patrícia Maria Pereira de Araújo Zarzar, Júlio César Batista Santana, Eduardo Augusto dos Santos Moreira-Silva
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2009,
Abstract: Objectives: to investigate the knowledge, the attitudes and practices of the nurses students' in the specialization in Family Health, of the Institute of Continuous Education in PUC Sete Lagoas city, Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Methods: transversal, descriptive, study developed with 17 nurses, students of the Family Health Specialization, with volunteered to participate in the study. It was conducted toward the application of modified questionnaire with the thematic dental avulsion. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results: most of the nurses (71%) never heard before the term “dental avulsion”. Five nurses (29%) would not know which providences is necessary in case of dental avulsion, six (35%) would store the tooth and conduct the person to the dentist, three (18%) just direct the person to the dentist, one nurse (6%) would conduct the person to do the restoration, the other (6%) would store the tooth in milk and would give the tooth to the rescuer, and only one (6%) of them would make the replantation immediately. Conclusions: we can affirm that the analyzed nurses present inadequately knowledge when they were questioned about different aspects of urgency procedures in cases of dental avulsion.
Knowledge and Attitude of School Teachers towards Promoting Healthy Lifestyle to Students  [PDF]
Nga Yee Irene Cheng, Man Yee Emmy Wong
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.71014
Abstract: Teachers play an important role in delivering health education to empower students with skills for healthy living to prevent non-communicable diseases. One of the common non-communicable diseases is hypertension that its development is highly associated with unhealthy lifestyle. A survey was administered to assess 130 pre-service teachers and 54 in-service teachers who were taking the health education course to prepare them for teaching the content of healthy living in Hong Kong. The assessment included their knowledge level of hypertension, attitudes towards lifestyle modification education to students, perception of knowledgeable to give health education. It was found that the knowledge level related to hypertension was generally below average among the teachers. Although they considered that lifestyle modification was an effective way to enhance students’ well-being, both pre-service and in-service teachers were reluctant to take responsibility for lifestyle modification education to their students. Lack of skill training was perceived as a problem. Teachers’ perception on health education should not be limited to the provision of simple information and advice. There is a need to improve teachers’ health literacy on some common non-communicable diseases.
The relationship between leadership styles and physical education teachers `creativity  [PDF]
S.H. Mousavi,Akbar Heidary,Farzad Khamse Pour
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to consider the relationship betweenleadership styles and physical education teachers` creativity. Thestatistical sample included 160 physical education administratorsand physical education teachers and research questionnaire wasleadership style (Leadership style assessment questionnaire) andthe creativity questionnaires (Randsepp). Results showed that theaverage leadership style score 127/9 (maximum possible score of200). Average score for male and female physical education teachers' leadership style were / 129 /76 and 126/2 , respectively. Amongst the leadership style indices, the average male and female physical education teachers' perception of pragmatic leadership were 25/48 and 25/3(40). The maximum possible score for national leadership was 160 of which the average perception of male and female teachers were 104/28 and 100/9 respectively. Hypothesis test results showed that the correlation between leadership style and creativity was significant (0.56). This result confirms the theoretical underpinnings of the research in which leadership style acts as a facilitator and stimulator of the direct and indirect effects on people's creativity.
Evaluation of Nutrition and Physical Activity Knowledge, Attitudes, Self Efficacy and Behaviors in Teachers and Children after Implementation of the “Healthy Active Kids” Online Program in Australian Elementary Schools  [PDF]
Jennifer A. O’Dea
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.84031
Abstract: The aims were to examine change in nutrition and physical activity knowledge, self efficacy and attitudes in a cohort of 23 teachers and 304 year 5 and 6 children after the “Healthy Active Kids” online program and to assess any behavioral change in children’s self reported nutrition and physical activity behaviors and investigate the predictors of nutrition knowledge gain in teachers and children. Results found significant (p < 0.0001) increases in teacher and student knowledge of the five food groups; key nutrients provided by each food group, The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating; food labelling laws, identification of common names for fats, sugars and salts on food labels, food proportions on the Healthy Food Plate and the level and percentage of water in the human body and human brain. Teacher attitudes towards the importance of nutrition and diet and self efficacy related to teaching nutrition in class improved (p < 0.01). The final regression model for predictors of the dependent variable, knowledge gain in students was R = 0.53, Adjusted R square = 0.28 (F = 4.76, p < 0.01) indicating that 28% of the variation in knowledge gain was predicted by the negative (low) Time 1 knowledge. Changes to eating habits reported by children were “drinking more water each day” (89.1%) and “eating foods from the five food groups each day” (76.2%); “sharing information about food labels with your family” (52.4%); “reading food labels when you go shopping” (50.0%); “changing what is on your dinner plate each night” (44.2%); “vegetables that you eat now that you didn’t eat before” (42.1%) and “fruits that you eat now” (39%). Results suggest that the development of basic nutrition knowledge is still very important for both teachers and students, but that other factors such as self efficacy, empowerment and skill development also contribute to nutrition behavior change in children.
Teachers’ knowledge of Asthma in primary schools
"Movahedi M,Moin M,Tavakol M "
Acta Medica Iranica , 2000,
Abstract: A survey was carried out in 1998-99 among 20 selected primary schools in the north, south, east and west regions of Tehran to determine the level of teachers’ knowledge of asthma. 387 (96.7%) of 400 questionnaires were completed and evaluated. Five items were investigated: “general knowledge”, “symptoms and triggers”, exercise”, treatment” and “individual experience”. Statistical analysis was performed by using counting statistics. For the correlation of items, Spearman correlation coefficients and willcoxon’s test were used. The teachers in primary schools showed a good basic knowledge of asthma and trigger factors of asthma; 40.6% teachers knew that asthma could not be transmitted by virus. There was no statistically significant effect of teaching experience in terms of years, level of education and contact with asthmatic child on the knowledge score. 24% of teachers felt they had the average information about asthma. We suggest that teachers at primary school receive further instructions in this regard.
What do Greek physical education teachers know about elementary student assessment?
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether teachers’ knowledge of student assessment was influenced by their gender and if it was related to their teaching experience (years in education). One hundred and twenty six physical education teachers (n=126) who teach in different Greek public elementary schools, participated. Their teaching experience ranged from one to 24 years (Μ=10.45, SD=5.9). Participants’ knowledge of student assessment was assessed via a multiple choice questionnaire. Independent samples t-test and Spearman rank order correlation were conducted in order to explore the impact of gender on teachers’ knowledge and the relation between the latter and teaching experience, respectively. Descriptive statistics showed deficiencies in teachers’ knowledge. Results indicated that females presented higher knowledge scores than males, although marginally non-significant. Marginally non-significant was also the negative correlation between teaching experience and teachers’ knowledge. It seems that gender and teaching experience play a role on teachers’ knowledge of student assessment, as measured in the present research, in favor of the females and the teachers with less teaching experience. These findings could be taken into consideration for further research as well as for teacher training on student assessment.
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