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Performance of the Scheduled Tribe Village Panchayat Presidents in Tamil Nadu - A Study  [PDF]
Sethuramalingam. V
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: This article has been prepared based on the data collected for a Major Research Project sanctioned by the University Grants Commission, New Delhi. The author greatly acknowledges the UGC for its funding to carryout out the project. This study aims to assess the performance of the scheduled tribe elected village panchayat presidents in Tamil Nadu and to bring out the interrelationship between various subject dimensions of the study under consideration. The participants (Male = 95, Female = 53, N = 148) were scheduled tribe elected panchayat presidents in Tamil Nadu. Aself prepared pre tested interview schedule was used for data collection. Results show that most of them were school dropouts and their level of education was ranging from primary school to middle school level engaged in agriculture and as agriculture labourers. The level of performance was found higher among the respondents in the young age group. The performance of men is found better than the women counterparts. The respondents with no education (illiterates) reported low level of performance than the literates. The statistical analysis shows that there is a significant difference between the sex, marital status, caste group, and level of education, occupational categories, level of family income and the place of living in the mean score of the performance of the respondents. When the education, income, knowledge about roles and responsibilities and support score increases, then the performance score of the respondents also increases. Likewise, as age and gender discrimination score increases, then the performance score of the respondents decreases. The findings also reveal that the overall performance of the scheduled tribe village panchayat presidents reported as poor.
ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS USED TO CURE DIARRHOEA AND DYSENTERY IN SIVAGANGAI DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU, INDIA  [PDF]
S. Shanmugam,M. Kalaiselvan,P. Selvalumar,Kuru Suresh
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: The people residing in Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu mostly depend on the vegetation around them for the prevention as well as the treatment of diseases and ailments. Information on ethnomedicinal uses of plants, their doses and mode of administration have been collected from the local traditional medicine practitioners (Vaithiyar) as well experienced men and women. The paper deals with 34 ethnomedicinal plants of 32 genera belonging to 27 families used by the villagers for diarrhoea and dysentery in Sivagangai district. Most of these plants are commonly available in natural sources in the district and some were obtained from local dealers. Taking the medicine as extract either with milk or honey is the major mode of treatment. Isolation of active principles, pharmacological investigations, and the potent anti–microbial activity should be studied on these medicinally important species. Attention should also be made on proper exploitation and utilization of these medicinal plants.
Studies on ethnomedicinal plants used by the Malayali tribe of Kalrayan Hill, Tamil Nadu state
Research in Plant Biology , 2012,
Abstract:
Survey of wild aromatic ethnomedicinal plants of Velliangiri Hills in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India
P. SAMYDURAI,S. JAGATHESHKUMAR,V. ARAVINTHAN,V. THANGAPANDIAN
International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants , 2012,
Abstract: Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu is rich with floral diversity, diverse climatic zones, landscapes and forms a contiguous territory of evergreen and semi-evergreen woodland, high altitude shola grassland, replete with the exceptional biological diversity and endemism. The wealth of living for ethnic community is mostly naturally aromatic sweet-scented medicinal plants. These plants are used as medicines, therapeutics, cosmetics, some as food and food additives. The traditionally used 83 aromatic plants belonging to 32 families are documented with botanical name, family, vernacular/English name, aromatic parts and medicinal purposes.
Renewable energy in the camps of Tamil Nadu  [cached]
Florina Benoit-Xavier
Forced Migration Review , 2011,
Abstract: The Organisation for Eelam Refugees Rehabilitation is promoting solar energy in all the refugee camps in Tamil Nadu with the aim of encouraging those returning to Sri Lanka to take the commitment and technology with them....
Development Of Pallan Caste In Tamil Nadu - Hindrance And Contributive Factors
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Pallan caste is sub – sect of scheduled castes in Tamil Nadu. Pallan caste people possess their own cultural heritage among the scheduled caste. This paper narrates about the hindrance contributive and factors for development of Pallan in Tamil Nadu.
Ethnobotanical investigations among tribes in Madurai District of Tamil Nadu (India)
S Ignacimuthu, M Ayyanar, Sankara Sivaraman K
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-2-25
Abstract: A total of 60 ethnomedicinal plant species distributed in 32 families are documented in this study. The medicinal plants used by paliyars are listed with Latin name, family, local name, parts used, mode of preparation and medicinal uses. Generally, fresh part of the plant was used for the preparation of medicine.We observed that the documented ethnomedicinal plants were mostly used to cure skin diseases, poison bites, stomachache and nervous disorders. The results of this study showed that these tribal people still depend on medicinal plants in Madurai district forest areas.Globally, about 85% of the traditional medicines used for primary healthcare are derived from plants [1]. Traditional medicine and ethnobotanical information play an important role in scientific research, particularly when the literature and field work data have been properly evaluated [2]. India is one of the twelve mega-biodiversity countries of the World having rich vegetation with a wide variety of plants with medicinal value. In many countries, scientific investigations of medicinal plants have been initiated because of their contribution to healthcare. Herbal medicines have good values in treating many diseases including infectious diseases, hypertension, etc. That they can save lives of many, particularly in the developing countries, is undisputable [3].India possesses a total of 427 tribal communities [4] and over 275 papers have been published on specific ethnic groups [5]. Interest in traditional medicine in India has continuously been increasing; recently, various ethnobotanical studies have been reported to explore the knowledge from the various tribals of Tamil Nadu [6-13].Even today many local and indigenous communities in the Asian countries meet their basic needs from the products they manufacture and sell based on their traditional knowledge. Herbal drugs obtained from plants are believed to be much safer; this has been proved in the treatment of various ailments [14]. Rural comm
EXPANSION OF SECONDARY EDUCATION IN COLONIAL TAMIL NADU  [PDF]
A.PECHIAPPAN
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The Colonial British Administration done yeomen services in the field of education. The Christian Missionaries had taken up the issue of education as a social problem which was responsible for the backwardness of the native people of Tamil Nadu. The British Government allowed the Christian Missionaries freely into the nook and corner of India as per the Indian Council Act of 1813. The Missionaries involved in spreading Christianity with inculcating awareness of the illiteracy of the masses. The Government backed the efforts of the Missionaries to start many secondary schools in various districts of the Tamil Nadu. Many private agencies also involved in establishing secondary schools which was felt imperative necessity of the native people. As a result, Zillah, taluk and private schools emerged in number which was a great panacea to the suffering masses in many grounds.
Rathna Sabha Of Lord Nataraja In Thiruvalangadu, Tamil Nadu
K. Veerachelvam
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Thiruvalangadu is one of the thirty eight Saivite sthalams in Tamil Nadu. It is also called as Vadavanamand Vata Aranyam which is at a distance of sixty four kilometres from Chennai in the Chennai-Tiruvallore -Arakkonam road, or by train but the alighting point is about five kilometers from the village passenger trains andsuburban trains half at this station bearing the name of the village1. The name 'Thiruvalangadu' might perhaps bederived from the words 'Alam' and 'Kadu' former in Tamil means 'Banyan tree' while the latter word refers to 'forest'and as it was customary to affix Thiru especially to a religious centre, 'Thiru' was affixed to Thiruvalangadu2. . Thisplace was therefore, a forest of banyan trees.
Survey of Tamil Siddha Manuscripts in possession of Traditional Healers in Northern Tamil Nadu  [PDF]
S.Rajkumar,N.Srinivasan,T.Thirunarayanan,R.Sangeetha
International Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Traditional Medicine throughout the world has been passed on to the next generation mostly by oral tradition. The two codified medical traditions of India, Ayurveda and Siddha have also been similarly promoted and the medical literature is in the poetic form for continuity and easy memorization. Subsequently they were written down in palm leaves. Not all palm manuscripts, treasure of knowledge have been converted into books. Objective: To collect and digitize the traditional Siddha medical knowledge documented in the Siddha palm manuscripts in the possession of Traditional healers.Materials and Methods: The Centre for Traditional Medicine, Tamil Nadu, India, carried out survey among different practitioners of Traditional Medicine in northern Tamil Nadu, to locate and collect palm manuscripts and followed it with preservation, cataloging and digitization using digital scanners and photographic equipment.Results: Two hundred and fifty six works were analyzed and this paper presents the age, authorship, subject content and status of the palm manuscripts.Conclusion: The traditional knowledge present in the palm manuscripts are undergoing decay and the persons with knowledge to decipher are less. Hence there is an urgent need to decipher and publish the contents as books.
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