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PRáCTICAS MORTUORIAS ENTRE LOS CAZADORES-RECOLECTORES DEL CANAL BEAGLE: EL CASO DE SHAMAKUSH ENTIERRO
ALVAREZ,MYRIAN; VáZQUEZ,MARTíN; PIANA,ERNESTO;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442008000200007
Abstract: during the last years, the archaeological research of mortuary record on the magellan- fuegian archipiélago has increased. these studies showed that mortuary practices implied a great diversity of behaviors in connection with body treatment, burial placement, number of individuáis or artifacts left by the mourners with the bodies. in this paper we focus on the analysis of a specific context, shamakush burial, located on the northern coast of the beagle channel región. this site, dated on 620 ± 60 bp, exhibit the more elabórate and complex mortuary context due to the labor invested on the arrangement of the body and to the grave goods that accompanied the body: such as lithic points, bifacial artifacts, side-scrapers, and bone artifacts. we present the analytical procedures developed to tackle this problem and we discuss the relevance of this context in the analysis of fuegian littoral societies.
LAS PRáCTICAS MORTUORIAS EN EL HUMEDAL DEL PARANá INFERIOR (Mortuary practices in the wetland of the lower Paraná)  [cached]
Bárbara Mazza,Daniel Loponte
Arqueología Iberoamericana , 2012,
Abstract: En este trabajo, presentamos una síntesis de las prácticas mortuorias de los grupos aborígenes del tramo final de la cuenca del Plata, correspondiente al Holoceno tardío. Este registro ha sido analizado siguiendo dos aspectos centrales: la tendencia general de las conductas mortuorias y su variabilidad vinculada con las diferentes unidades del paisaje que conforman el área bajo estudio. Dicho análisis ha permitido observar como tendencia el uso de áreas formales de enterramiento, el empleo extendido de inhumaciones secundarias, la orientación de las inhumaciones primarias, preferentemente con un eje este-oeste, y un claro tratamiento mortuorio diferencial basado en el sexo y en la edad de los individuos en algunos sitios. Paralelamente, se observa un aumento en la cantidad de inhumaciones secundarias en los sectores del paisaje donde existe mayor fragmentación del mismo, particularmente en las islas del Delta inferior y superior. ENGLISH: In this paper we present a synthesis of mortuary practices of aboriginal groups who inhabited the final stretch of the La Plata basin during the late Holocene. This record has been analyzed with regard to two central aspects: general tendencies of burial behaviors and their variability related to the geomorphological units of the landscape. The analysis has allowed us to identify the tendency to use formal disposal areas, an extended practice of secondary burials, a preference for East-West orientation of primary burials, and a clearly differentiated mortuary treatment based on sex and age of individuals. At the same time, an increased presence of secondary burials has been observed in units of the landscape where greater fragmentation exists, mainly in the higher and lower Delta islands.
DISTRIBUTION OF BENTHIC INVERTEBRATES IN THE BEAGLE CHANNEL, ARGENTINA
Diez,Mariano J; Romero,M. Carolina; Obenat,Sandra; Albano,Mariano J; Tapella,Federico;
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-686X2009000200003
Abstract: bathymetric and spatio-temporal distributions of both abundance and biomass as well as secondary production of benthic invertebrates in the beagle channel were determined. the sampling stations were seasonally placed in three different areas in the beagle channel at two depth ranges, 15-40 m and 70-259 m. a total of 32,686 specimens distributed in 30 taxonomic groups were identified. in addition, 4 taxa were quantified only in terms of biomass. the invertebrate abundance and biomass were different with depth. secondary production at this range was 0.59 ±0.51 kj·m-2 year1 whereas it decreased to 0.09 ±0.08 kj·m-2 year1 at 70-259 m. in contrast to secondary production, p/b ratio showed a positive increment with depth. furthermore, seasonal variations were not observed in secondary production of the macrozoobenthos. parameters directly associated with depth could be involved in structuring the macrobenthic assemblages in the beagle channel.
Incidencia de agenesia dental en perros Beagle. Resultados preliminares(Dental agenesis incidence in Beagle dogs. Preliminary results)  [PDF]
Rodríguez Sosa,Cabrera García, A,Domínguez López, HA,Soca Pérez, M
REDVET , 2011,
Abstract: ResumenEn el presente trabajo se examinaron 49 perros Beagle procedentes del CENPALAB que fueron mantenidos bajo el mismo régimen de convivencia, alimentación y manejo en el Bioterio de la Facultad de Medicina “Victoria de Girón” tributarios todos a estudios de implantes dentales.AbstractForty-nine Beagle dogs coming from CENPALAB were maintained under the same coexistence, feeding and handling regime in the Bioterio of Medicine High School “Victoria de Girón” tributary to studies of dental implant all them.
THE MACROBENTHIC ECOLOGY OF THE STRAITS OF MAGELLAN AND THE BEAGLE CHANNEL
Thatje,Sven; Brown,Alastair;
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-686X2009000200002
Abstract: the macrobenthic community of the straits of magellan and the beagle channel was investigated using a reineck box corer at 22 stations during the chilean "cimar fiordo 3" expedition in 1997. a total of 173 taxa represented by 2188 individuals were identified and are reported for the investigated area. clear exponential relationships with depth were revealed by analysis of abundance, biomass, spe-cies richness, and evenness. these patterns coincide with posited theories of pelagic-benthic coupling and the source-sink hypothesis of colonisation-extinction dynamics. polychaeta dominated macrobenthic community abundance and biomass, 67% and 38% respectively, therefore consideration of biogeographic affinities concentrated on this taxon. 13 species of polychaetes observed in the study area co-occur in antarctica suggesting biogeographic or evolutionary affinities between these adjacent regions.
Olivier Chanel et Guillaume Faburel (dir.), 2010, L’Environnement dans la décision publique : Refonder l’évaluation socio-économique pour des politiques de transport plus durables, Economica, Paris, 230 p.  [cached]
Adrien de Abreu
Développement Durable et Territoires , 2010,
Abstract: Quid des impacts environnementaux dans l’évaluation socio-économique des projets d’infrastructure ? C’est sous l’angle des équipements de transport que les auteurs abordent cette question, dirigés par Olivier Chanel et Guillaume Faburel. Olivier Chanel est chercheur en économie de l’environnement au sein du GREQAM (Groupement de recherche en économie quantitative d’Aix-Marseille). Guillaume Faburel est Ma tre de conférences à l’Université Paris 12 - Val de Marne et chercheur au CRETEIL (Centr...
Gene Expression of Metabolizing Enzymes in Beagle Dog Intestine
Sung-Won Park,Hee Yi,Soo-Min Cho,Kyul Jo,Jin-A Park,Soo-Jean Shin,Hee-Jung Cho,Si-Whan Song,Sang Min Jeong,Ho-Chul Shin
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.1947.1955
Abstract: This study was performed to set up a transcriptional database of the intestinal metabolizing enzymes in beagle dogs. The total RNA was isolated from the duodenum and the mRNA expression was measured using GeneChip oligonucleotide arrays. Detected genes from the intestine were about 47% of 43, 035 sequences and total of 79 genes involved metabolizing enzymes. Among the phase I enzymes, dogs exhibited abundant gene expressions of CYP3A12, CYP2B11, LOC610195 (similar to CYP2J2) followed by LOC489851 (similar to CYP3A4), CYP27A1 and CYP51. For phase II enzymes, acetyltransferase ACAT1, glutathione S-transferases GSTA3 and GSTP1, sulfotransferases SULT1A1 and SULT1D, acyltransferases DGAT1 and ACAA1 and glucuronosyltransferase UGCG were highly expressed in duodenum. The dogs expression profiles were compared with those in mice based on gene classification and annotation. Between the two species, the regression of all enzymes (n = 36) with same annotations was 0.496 as andcoefficient of determination (R2) however, two cytochrome P450s including CYP2S1 and CYP4B1 were expressed <5 fold and phase II enzymes including GSTA3, SULT1A1, SULT1D1, TPST1 and UGCG were expressed >5 fold changes in dogs (t-test, p<0.01). In sum, theses data indicated significant differences between beagle dogs and ICR mice in the mRNA expression of both p450s and phase II metabolizing enzymes. These animals are the most widely used species/lines in toxicological and pharmacological screening. Therefore, this database will be useful for predicting and scaling the intestinal drug metabolism between rodents (mice) and non-rodents (dogs).
PRáCTICAS MORTUORIAS WARI EN MARAYNIYOQ, VALLE DE AYACUCHO, PERú WARI MORTUARY PRACTICES AT MARAYNIYOQ, AYACUCHO VALLEY, PERU  [cached]
Lidio M Valdez,Jocelyn S Williams,Katrina J Bettcher
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2006,
Abstract: Se presentan los resultados del análisis de los restos óseos humanos provenientes de dos estructuras mortuorias excavadas en el sitio Wari de Marayniyoq, del valle de Ayacucho, Perú. Hasta hace poco, las formas de enterramiento Wari fueron discutidas sólo a partir de las estructuras funerarias, prestándose escasa atención a los huesos humanos. Nuestros resultados indican la presencia de una población numerosa, con individuos de todas las edades y ambos sexos. Se concluye que durante el auge de Wari, diversas formas de enterramiento fueron practicadas en este valle; de estas, algunas parecen haber sido utilizadas por varias generaciones, resultando en la acumulación de abundantes restos óseos humanos al interior de estructuras mortuorias relativamente peque as. Finalmente, la evidencia proveniente de Marayniyoq se emplea para elaborar un perfil de la población allí depositada, la misma que deja en claro la ocurrencia de una alta mortalidad infantil Results are presented from the analysis of human remains excavated from two mortuary structures at the site of Wari of Marayniyoq in the Ayacucho Valley, Peru. Until very recently, Wari mortuary studies were aimed mostly at the analysis of the mortuary structures, paying little attention to the human remains. This study of osteological remains from two Wari mortuary structures revealed not only a large population lived at the site of Marayniyoq, but that the structures held individuals of all ages and both sexes. They conclude that during the Wari reign diverse forms of burial were practiced in the valley, and some were used for generations, resulting in an accumulation of numerous remains in the relatively small mortuary structures. Finally the evidence from Marayniyoq is used to elaborate on the population profile of the deposit, which clearly indicates a high infant mortality rate
EVOLUCIóN DE LAS PRáCTICAS MORTUORIAS EN EL LITORAL DE LA OCTAVA REGIóN  [cached]
Víctor Bustos Santelices,Nelson Vergara Bórquez
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2001,
Abstract: El litoral de la Octava Región presenta una intensa ocupación humana manifestada en más de 40 sitios arqueológicos principalmente conchales caracterizados por una profunda densidad vertical de hasta 7,2 metros de profundidad (El visal) con datas que varían desde los 4.350 ± 70 A.P. (equivalentes al Arcaico Medio de la zona centro sur andina) hasta el momento del contacto hispánico. Talcahuano 1 presenta datas de 3.950 ± 70 A.P. hasta el cerámico tardío, y Bellavista 1 presenta fechas entre los 3.300 al 3.880 A.P. que corresponden al momento precerámico (Arcaico Medio). En las zonas periféricas de todos estos conchales se encuentran manifestaciones de prácticas mortuorias las que evidencian similitudes para igual período cronológico y variaciones a través del tiempo. De esta manera, mientras en los períodos tempranos (precerámicos) los restos esqueletales presentan posiciones flectadas (posición fetal) lateral derecha, en los niveles superiores se encuentran en posición de cúbito dorsal e incluso vertical como es el caso de Tubul 1-A The littoral of the 8th Region presents an intense human occupation consisting in more than 40 archaeological sites, principally shell midden sites characterized by a profound depth of up to 7,2 meters (El Visal) with dates that vary from 4,350 ± 70 B.P. (equivalent to the middle archaic of the South Central Andean zone) until the time of Hispanic contact. Talcahuano 1 presents dates of 3,950 ± 70 B.P. until the late ceramic, and Bellavista 1 presents dates between 3,300 and 3,880 B.P. which correspond to the preceramic (Middle Archaic). In the peripheral zones of all the shell sites there is evidence of mortuary practices that present similarities for the same chronological periods and variations throughout time. In this way, while in the early periods (preceramic) the skeletal remains are in the fetal position on their right sides, in the superior levels they are on their backs and vertical as in Tubul 1-A
DISTRIBUTION OF BENTHIC INVERTEBRATES IN THE BEAGLE CHANNEL, ARGENTINA DISTRIBUCIóN DE INVERTEBRADOS BENTóNICOS EN EL CANAL BEAGLE, ARGENTINA  [cached]
Mariano J Diez,M. Carolina Romero,Sandra Obenat,Mariano J Albano
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia , 2009,
Abstract: Bathymetric and spatio-temporal distributions of both abundance and biomass as well as secondary production of benthic invertebrates in the Beagle Channel were determined. The sampling stations were seasonally placed in three different areas in the Beagle Channel at two depth ranges, 15-40 m and 70-259 m. A total of 32,686 specimens distributed in 30 taxonomic groups were identified. In addition, 4 taxa were quantified only in terms of biomass. The invertebrate abundance and biomass were different with depth. Secondary production at this range was 0.59 ±0.51 kJ·m-2 year1 whereas it decreased to 0.09 ±0.08 kJ·m-2 year1 at 70-259 m. In contrast to secondary production, P/B ratio showed a positive increment with depth. Furthermore, seasonal variations were not observed in secondary production of the macrozoobenthos. Parameters directly associated with depth could be involved in structuring the macrobenthic assemblages in the Beagle Channel. Se determinó la distribución batimétrica, espacial y temporal de la abundancia y biomasa de invertebratrados bentónicos del Canal Beagle, como también su producción secundaria. Las muestras se tomaron estacionalmente en tres lugares diferentes del Canal Beagle y en dos estratos de profundidad, 15-40 m y 70-259 m. Se identificó un total de 32.686 individuos distribuidos en 30 grupos taxonómicos. Además, 4 taxones se cuantificaron sólo en términos de biomasa. La abundancia y biomasa de invertebrados fue diferente con la profundidad. La producción secundaria en este estrato fue 0,59 ±0,51 kJ·m-2 year1 mientras que a 70-259 m disminuyó a 0,09 ±0,08 kJ·m-2 year1. Por el contrario, la tasa P/B mostró un incremento positivo con la profundidad. A su vez, no se observaron variaciones estacionales en la producción secundaria del macrozoobentos. Parámetros asociados directamente con la profundidad podrían estructurar los ensambles macrobentónicos en el Canal Beagle.
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