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Violence, Crime, and Violent Crime  [cached]
Richard B. Felson
International Journal of Conflict and Violence , 2009,
Abstract: I propose a dual conceptualization of violent crime. Since violent crime is both violence and crime, theories of aggression and deviance are required to understand it. I argue that both harm-doing and rule breaking are instrumental behaviors and that a bounded rational choice approach can account for both behaviors. However, while some of the causes of harm-doing and deviance (and violent and nonviolent crime) are the same, some are different. Theories of crime and deviance cannot explain why one only observes individual and group differences in violent crime and theories of aggression and violence cannot explain why one observes differences in all types of crimes. Such theories are “barking up the wrong tree.”
Domestic Violence  [PDF]
Aslihan Okan Ibiloglu
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2012,
Abstract: Domestic violence is a problem that affects the lives of many women both in urban and rural areas. Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder are the most prevalent mental health problems related with domestic violence. Children of battered women are also affected from the domestic violence. Children who grow up in families with intimate partner violence may suffer from a range of behavioral and emotional disturbances that can be associated with the perpetration or experiencing of violence later in life. The mental health care sector can have a significant impact on publicizing and addressing violence against women and children and on reducing the mental health problems related to abuse. This review focuses on domestic violence victims, most of whom are women and children victimized by their spouses or parents, along with the causes and cycle of domestic violence.
Domestic Violence
Lapierre, Simon
Social Work and Society , 2009,
Abstract: Since the 1960s, there has been growing awareness regarding the issue of domestic violence as a form of violence against women, which has been largely influenced by the work of feminist activist and scholars in North America and Europe (Dobash and Dobash 1992). Other terms have been used to describe the same phenomenon, including domestic abuse, spousal abuse, wife battering, marital violence, intimate partner violence. Though there is no doubt that this problem has existed for much more than five decades, the tendency to label it as ‘private matters’ or ‘marital disagreements’ has obscured the reality of women living with abuse in their home. At a general level, domestic violence can be defined as the means used by a man in order to assert his control and domination over his intimate partner, whether they are married or not (Mullender 1996). It can involve incidents of physical and sexual violence, as well as verbal, psychological and financial abuse. Though some of its manifestations may be associated with particular cultural or religious groups – e.g. forced marriage and honour killing in South-Asian communities – domestic violence affects women from all classes and backgrounds.
Domestic Violence, Alcohol Consumption and Depression in Criminal Population  [PDF]
Patricia Martínez Lanz, María José Fernández Díaz
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.43022
Abstract: The objective of this research was to determine the differences in levels of domestic violence, alcohol and depression by type of crime committed on 259 men and 200 women inmates of the Centre for Social Rehabilitation in Mexico. To assess alcohol consumption indicators were adapted from the National Addiction Survey, the CES-D was used to measure depressive symptoms and in terms of domestic violence, we designed a 16-reactive scale evaluating: verbal aggression, physical aggression, humiliation and respect. The results showed significant differences not by gender but by type of crime committed, specifically on domestic violence, in which was found that women had higher scores than men. Furthermore, the analysis by type of crime committed found a higher number of subjects with severe consumption that health damages and homicides. Regarding depressive symptoms, the results showed that women had higher scores than men; however, these differences were not significant. In conclusion, data indicate relevant differences by gender in terms of domestic violence, depressive symptoms and substance use, but not so, on the type of crime by substance consumption, depression or family violence.
Domestic Violence and the Criminal Justice System: An Overview
Erez, Edna
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2002,
Abstract: It is only recently that domestic violence has been considered a violation of the law. Although men have battered, abused and mistreated their wives or intimate partners for a long time, historically, wife or partner abuse has been viewed as a "normal" part of marriage or intimate relationships. Only towards the end of the twentieth century, in the 1970’s, has domestic violence been defined a crime, justifying intervention by the criminal justice system. This article surveys the history of domestic violence as a criminal offense, and the justice system response to woman battering incidents. It first discusses the definition of the offense including debates around the offense definition, and the prevalence and reported frequency of the behavior termed woman battering. It then reviews the legal and social changes over time that have altered the criminal justice system’s approach to domestic violence. Next it outlines the responses of the police, and the prosecution of domestic violence. The article also discusses research findings related to domestic violence and the criminal justice system, along with current controversies concerning the justice approach to domestic violence, its law enforcement, and related unfolding trends in the movement to address domestic violence through the criminal justice system.
The Austrian Act on the Protection against Domestic Violence  [PDF]
Dearing Albin
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0203015d
Abstract: The past few years have seen a fundamental and broadly based change in the response to domestic violence perpetrated by men against women. The Act on Protection against Domestic Violence which entered into force on May 1st, 1997 reflects this new orientation, or rather this shift in paradigm, which has led to a new understanding of the phenomenon of domestic violence and defines appropriate response by the state by it. The impact of this shift in paradigm is considerable: not only have public authorities and private women’s institutions changed their attitudes towards domestic violence, but the general public now responds to this phenomenon in a manner that is entirely different from what it was prior to the approach. Reports on cases of violence no longer merely state the facts indifferently, but now invariably end with the question whether the authorities had been informed and whether they had taken any action to prevent the crime. Thus the public authorities have come to assume responsibility for combating domestic violence as a result of societal developments.
Domestic violence
Kiurski Jasmina
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302037k
Abstract: In this article author examines a definition of a family, the role of a family as a social and legal institution as well as state reaction in a situation of mal function of a family. Special attention is given to a definition of a family, its protective function and criminal law in modern legal systems. Author also analyzes recent reform of our legislation firstly new criminal offence (Article 118a of the Criminal Code of Republic of Serbia) - Domestic Violence - and its relation to other similar criminal offences. Finally, author gives an overview of up-to-now practice from District and Municipal Prosecutors Offices in Belgrade and suggestions for solving observed problems in implementation of this criminal offence.
Domestic violence against children  [PDF]
Mihi? Biljana D.
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0203051m
Abstract: In this paper the author is analysing definitions and basic notions related to domestic violence against children, as one of the most serious forms of violence. The special chapter deals with effects of violence against children and causes of domestic violence against them. Also, the author is analysing different forms of social reaction and considering the problem of legal regulation of mandatory reporting domestic violence against children.
Perceived neighborhood social disorder and attitudes toward domestic violence against women among Latin-American immigrants  [PDF]
Enrique Gracia,Juan Herrero,Marisol Lila,Asur Fuente
European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context , 2009,
Abstract: In the present study we explore the relationship between perceived neighbourhood social disorder (perceived crime and insecurity in residential areas) and attitudes toward domestic violence against women in Latin-American population in Spain (N =350). Perceived severity of incidents of domestic violence, its acceptability, victim-blaming attitudes and knowing victims of domestic violence are analyzed among immigrant population. Results show that the perception of neighbourhood social disorder is associated with a lower perceived severity of incidents of domestic violence, with greater acceptability of violence, and higher degree of victim-blaming. Also, those residents of disorder neighbourhoods also know more victims of domestic violence. These results suggest the social characteristics in residential areas, such as disorder and deprivation, configure an impoverished social context that might favour attitudes that condone domestic violence against women.
Domestic Violence: The Challenge For Nursing
Draucker, Claire Burke
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2002,
Abstract: Domestic violence is a serious public health and human rights concern and an on-going challenge for nursing. This article provides an overview of the three major types of domestic violence: intimate partner abuse, child abuse, elder abuse. The scope, history, and health consequences of each type of violence are addressed. Despite advances in research, public awareness, legislative initiatives, and public policy, these types of interpersonal violence continue to affect millions worldwide.
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