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Alternative Dispute Resolution – Justice without Trial?  [cached]
Angelica Ro?u
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: This research is proposed to analyze the alternative means of dispute resolution, as an alternativeof justice, or as a justice alternative, after studying both European critical literature and national one. Thephrase alternative dispute resolution” means any alternative way of dispute resolution method whereby two ormore people try using a third party to reach a solution to the problem that precludes them, whether it ismediation, conciliation, assisted negotiation. In this research, we proposed to use the observation as a commonmethod. We concluded that the main reason of the alternative means for dispute resolution results from thepossibility to avoid the judicial system that makes it available for the litigants. It was also shown that users ofalternative means for dispute resolution not seek to resolve the dispute outside a court as an amicablesettlement, negotiated, consensual of their dispute.
Alternative sanctions and measures in the criminal justice system of Slovenia  [PDF]
?elih Alenka
Temida , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/tem0601037s
Abstract: The paper presents the ways of introducing both material and procedural alternative measures into the criminal justice system of Slovenia from the beginning of 1990s, particularly into the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure in 1995 (with the further amendments). That relates to both adult and juvenile offenders. Regarding implementation, the author emphasizes characteristics of the implementation of both groups of institutions; pays attention to the fact that procedural institutions are more important for prosecution of minor criminal offences; points out the importance of the personal factor that contributes to the implementation of new provisions; and gives an overview of the first experiment in the Slovenian judiciary related to that. The author gives an analysis of problems dealt with in the Slovenian doctrine and judicial practice in connection with alternative ways of proceeding; she points out, in particular, the imperfections of legal solutions; the unclear competences in implementation of alternative sanctions and problems resulting from such a situation.
Restorative Justice and Alternative Dispute Resolution: An Analytical Discourse for African Professionals  [PDF]
Omale, Don John O.
International Journal of Advanced Legal Studies and Governance , 2011,
Abstract: The strong advocacy for Restorative Justice and Alternative Dispute Resolution in Africa; and evolving models is a welcomed development for penal reforms and conflict resolution. However, as an African adage says "it is when a tripod is being designed and constructed that the legs should be set straight to forestall cook wares falling". This study drew its strength from a completed Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) dissertation initially reviewed with the aim of setting the record straight in the meaning and conceptions of restorative justice and alternative dispute resolution for African practitioners. This is imperative because as the saying goes "words put differently make different meanings, and meaning put differently yield different actions". So if restorative justice and alternative dispute resolution must advance professionally, and as academic disciplines in Africa, practitioners and academics must understand the 'thin' differences inherent in the principles and practice of restorative justice, and alternative dispute resolution.
E a justi a aqui t o perto? As transforma es no acesso ao direito e à justi a Justice at Hand? Transformations in the Access to Law and Justice La justice est-elle si proche ? Les transformations dans l’accès au droit et à la justice
Jo?o Pedroso,Catarina Trinc?o,Jo?o Paulo Dias
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.1181
Abstract: Apresenta-se uma síntese da investiga o sobre o acesso ao direito e à justi a realizada no ambito do Observatório Permanente da Justi a Portuguesa, come ando por se analisar a evolu o dos sistemas de promo o do acesso ao direito e à justi a, no apogeu e no declínio do Estado-Providência, passando pelo apoio jurídico a pobres, a protec o dos interesses difusos e a resolu o alternativa de litígios. Após uma breve análise da ac o recente da Uni o Europeia e do Conselho da Europa, atenta-se nas transforma es do acesso ao direito e à justi a em Fran a, Inglaterra e Espanha e estuda-se a evolu o do regime do apoio judiciário em Portugal, de 1970 até aos nossos dias. Por último, procede-se à análise do impacto das recentes reformas do regime do apoio judiciário em Portugal e da ac o da rede das entidades públicas e privadas que prestam informa o, consulta jurídica e patrocínio jurídico em Portugal. The authors present a summary of the research on access to law and justice which was carried out in the context of the Permanent Observatory of Portuguese Justice. They begin by analyzing the evolution of the systems of promotion of access to law and justice, from the hey-day to the decline of the Welfare State, including legal aid to the poor, the protection of public interest, and alternative dispute resolution. After a brief analysis of the recent action of the European Union and the Council of Europe, the text addresses the transformations in the access to law and justice in France, England, and Spain, and focuses on the evolution of the regime of legal aid in Portugal. Finally, the text discusses the impact of the recent reforms in the regime of legal aid and the action of the network of public and private entities that provide information, legal counseling, and legal representation in Portugal. Les coauteurs présentent une synthèse de la recherche sur l’accès au droit et à la justice, réalisée dans le cadre de l’Observatoire Permanente de la Justice Portugaise, à partir de l’analyse de l’évolution des systèmes de promotion dans l’accès au droit et à la justice, pendant l’apogée et le déclin de l’Etat-Providence, évolution qui a passé par l’appui juridique aux pauvres, la protection des intérêts diffus et la résolution alternative des litiges. Après une analyse brève de l’action récente de l’Union Européenne et du Conseil de l’Europe, les coauteurs se penchent sur les transformations de l’accès au droit et à la justice en France, en Angleterre et en Espagne, abordant dans cette perspective l’étude de l’évolution du régime de l’appui judiciaire au Port
Local Government Level Restorative Adjudication: An Alternative Model of Justice for Children in Bangladesh  [cached]
Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman,Borhan Uddin Khan
Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance , 2009, DOI: 10.5130/cjlg.v0i4.1349
Abstract: Keeping the best interests of children in mind, this paper examines the prevailing restorative model of justice at local government level of Bangladesh and argues that this model, if adequately activated and reformed, can be a desirable alternative to the formal system of justice for children who come into contact or conflict with the law. In doing so, the paper outlines the historical development of local government adjudication mechanisms, analyzes the existing norms and procedure of such adjudication, outlines the potential of such adjudication bodies as viable alternatives to juvenile courts in protecting the best interests of children, sets out the shortcomings of the local government bodies and the challenges involved in capturing their potential, and finally suggests a number of ways in which the model could be improved.
Les difficultés d’accès au système judiciaire au Pérou : la justice communautaire comme alternative Problems of Access to Justice in Peru: Community Justice as Alternative Poder judicial comunal en los Andes y la Amazonía del Perú: una aproximación desde los organos de resolución de conflictos entre los Aymaras y los Aguarunas  [cached]
Antonio Pe?a?Jumpa
Droit et Cultures , 2012,
Abstract: Cet article traite des difficultés d’accès au système judiciaire au Pérou puis étudie l’hypothèse de la justice communautaire comme alternative à ces barrières (économiques, sociales et culturelles). Dans un premier temps sont identifiées et décrites les trois principales barrières auxquelles sont confrontés les citoyens péruviens pour accéder aux instances judiciaires. Face à ce contexte est proposée l’alternative de la justice communautaire qui est aujourd’hui mise en uvre par les communautés Aymaras et Aguarunas et qui, comme nous le verrons, semble une proposition viable pour la nation. This article is about access to law problems in Peru, taking up the hypothesis that community justice might be an alternative to those barriers (economic, social and cultural). The first section describes the three main obstacles confronting Peruvian citizens in obtaining hearings. In this context, an alternative is proposed in the form of the community justice currently practiced by Aymaraand Aguaruna communities and which, as we shall see, seems to be a viable option for the nation at large. El presente ensayo trata sobre las barreras de acceso al sistema de justicia en el Perú y el desarrollo de la justicia comunal como alternativa en ese contexto. Primero se explica el contenido de tres principales barreras que experimenta la mayoría de la población peruana cuando trata de acceder al sistema de justicia del Estado: barreras económicas, barreras sociales y barreras culturales. Luego se explica el contenido y alcances de la Justicia Comunal, la misma que se efectiviza en comunidades andinas como la de los Aymaras y en comunidades amazónicas como la de los Aguarunas. Al final se hace una síntesis de la importancia de la Justicia Comunal en el Perú que al relacionarla con las barreras de acceso antes mencionadas, aparece como una propuesta de solución.
Doing Justice to Recognition  [PDF]
Will Colish
Les Ateliers de l’éthique , 2009,
Abstract: The traditional role of justice is to arbitrate where the good will of people is not enough, if even present, to settle a dispute between the concerned parties. It is a procedural approach that assumes a fractured relationship between those involved. Recognition, at first glance, would not seem to mirror these aspects of justice. Yet recognition is very much a subject of justice these days. The aim of this paper is to question the applicability of justice to the practice of recognition. The methodological orientation of this paper is a Kantian-style critique of the institution of justice, highlighting the limits of its reach and the dangers of overextension. The critique unfolds in the following three steps: 1) There is an immediate appeal to justice as a practice of recognition through its commitment to universality. This allure is shown to be deceptive in providing no prescription for the actual practice of this universality. 2) The interventionist character of justice is designed to address divided relationships. If recognition is only given expression through this channel, then we can only assume division as our starting ground. 3) The outcome of justice in respect to recognition is identification. This identification is left vulnerable to misrecognition itself, creating a cycle of injustice that demands recognition from anew. It seems to be well accepted that recognition is essentjustice, but less clear how to do justice to recognition. This paper is an effort in clarification. Le r le traditionnel de la justice est celui d’arbitrer des situations où la bonne volonté ne suffit pas à régler un différend entre les parties concernées. Il s'agit d'une approche procédurale qui suppose une relation brisée entre les personnes impliquées. La reconnaissance, à première vue, ne semble pas refléter ces caractéristiques de la justice. Pourtant, elle est souvent présentée comme rétablissant une justice entre les parties concernés. Le but de cet article est de s'interroger sur l'applicabilité de la justice à la pratique de la reconnaissance. L'orientation méthodologique de ce papier est inspirée d’une critique kantienne de l'institution de la justice: il s’agit surtout d’en souligner les limites, ainsi que les dangers d’une extension trop large de sa portée. Ma critique se déploie en trois étapes: 1) Certains comprennent la justice en tant que pratique de la reconnaissance, à travers son engagement à l'universalité. Cette perspective est cependant trompeuse car elle ne fournit aucune prescription pour la pratique effective de cette universalité. 2) Le caractère
The Justice That Overrules the Rules of Justice  [PDF]
Anthony de Jasay
Rationality, Markets and Morals , 2009,
Abstract: Justice is intrinsically distributive; it distributes by its rules. 'Distributive' or 'social' justice redistributes by overruling them. It has theories that do not start 'from here'. It has no rules; it makes claims instead. Both its names are fraudulent aliases, 'social' perhaps less blatantly so. Satisfaction of a claim in 'social' justice depends on politics and tends to favour the poorer half of society. This commands general sympathy, but sympathy does not make it any less unjust.
The Ombudsman Institution: Alternative Justice?
Cristian RADU
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The volume edited by Dacian-Cosmin Drago and Bogdana Neam u is welcomed in the area of scienti c literature regarding the complex issues surrounding the institution of the Ombudsman. In fact, it is known, and this volume emphasizes it, that the debates regarding this institution can be integrated in the wider theoretical sphere of issues regarding the principles of good governance, the problematic relation between the various state institutions and the relation between these institutions, and the citizen. This volume comes as a corollary of the research project nanced by CNCSIS1 between 2008 and 2011, and reunites prestigious researchers from Romania, The Netherlands, Canada, Belgium, France, Great Britain, Argentina and South Africa, whose contribution is uni ed by the scienti c strictness of the Public Administration Department at Babe -Bolyai University.
El dominio de la victimología en los métodos alternativos de justicia / Le r le de la victimologie dans les méthodes alternatives à la justice ordinaire / The role of victimology and the alternative dispute resolution  [PDF]
Arrona Palacios Arturo
Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza , 2012,
Abstract: The current circumstances in the criminal justice system is creating a feeling of distrust by the population due to high levels of victimization that comes to suffer the victim throughout the criminal process. Seeking with this new ways of dealing with conflicts, the alternative methods of justice are able to create new practices in order to help and better support victims of crime. Nowadays, the alternative methods of justice (as, for example, the mediation programs and the family groups conferencing) have both legal and victimological backgrounds, based on research findings and theoretical studies.La situation actuelle de la justice pénale suscite des sentiments de méfiance dans la population à cause du niveau élevé de victimisation produit par les souffrances provoquées à la victime par le procès pénal. En essayant d’affronter les conflits avec des modalités différentes, les méthodes alternatives de justice devraient être capable de créer des techniques nouvelles pour mieux aider les victimes du délit.Aujourd’hui, les méthodes alternatives de justice (par exemple, les programmes de médiation et les family groups conferencing ) ont un background aussi bien juridique que victimologique fondé sur les résultats de recherche et sur les études théoriques.
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