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Transmigration of Impacted Mandibular Canines: A Report of Four Cases
Najmeh Anbiaee,Golsa Akbarian
Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques , 2013,
Abstract: Intraosseous movement of an unerupted tooth across the midline of the jaw is known as dental transmigration. This infrequent event is mostly found in the mandibular canines. There are four new cases of mandibular canine transmigration presented here. The literature on this anomalous phenomenon is also reviewed.
Transmigration of Mandibular Canine: Report of Four Cases and Review of Literature
Gaurav Sharma,Archna Nagpal
Case Reports in Dentistry , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/381382
Abstract: Transmigration of canine is a rare phenomenon. The prevalence of transmigration of mandibular canine has been found to be only 0.14%–0.31%. The treatment of impacted transmigrated canine is very complicated if it is diagnosed at a later stage. We report 4 cases of transmigration of mandibular canine and review the literature regarding the etiology and treatment. Panoramic radiograph should be taken during the mixed dentition period if the mandibular canine has not erupted from more than one year from its normal chronological age of eruption as intraoral periapical radiograph examination will not always detect an impacted or transmigrated canine.
Autogenous transplantation of impacted canines.
Michael K. Kalavritinos,Panos Kaisaris
Hellenic Orthodontic Review , 2006,
Abstract: Canine auto-transplantation is a surgical procedure applied in cases of ankylosed or severely displaced impacted canines. This study describes the transplantation method, as well as clinical cases where surgical intervention helped continue and complete orthodontic treatment. Literature review shows that canine auto-transplantation has, with minor variations, a wide range of applications and is almost always accompanied by or forms a part of comprehensive orthodontic treatment. It offers an alternative solution for managing complications and provides long-term stability. Method selection should be performed following thorough diagnosis taking into consideration the extent of surgical intervention necessary.
Transmigración del canino inferior incluido: Presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura
Torres Lagares,Daniel; Flores Ruiz,Rafael; Infante Cossío,Pedro; García Calderón,Manuel; Gutiérrez Pérez,José Luis;
Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) , 2006,
Abstract: retention, that is, a permanent tooth which is unerupted more than a year after the normal age of eruption, is a relatively rare event, except in the case of the third molars and the upper canines. transmigration is defined as the phenomenon of more than half an unerupted impacted tooth crossing the midline. we report the clinical case of a twenty-year-old patient presenting transmigration of the lower left canine, with a type 4 transmigration pattern (mupparapu). likewise, we carried out a review of the literature of the cases that have been published on transmigration, updating the main aspects of this pathology.
Bilaterally impacted upper canines
Marcos André Tito,Rafael Martins de Paula Rodrigues,Josemar Parreira Guimar?es
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2008,
Abstract: This study approaches the issue of the impacted upper canine teeth, which are more frequent by palatine, focusing on the etiology, diagnosis and treatment. There is great concern with rehabilitating the retained canine due to the strategic importance this tooth has on the dental arch, owing to its role in the occlusal and aesthetic relations. The main etiological features of the impaction of canines are lack of space, absence of lateral incisive teeth, mechanical interferences and heredity. Its diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic tests, and the most commonly used treatment is the surgical procedure along with Orthodontics.
Periodontal aspects associated with the surgical and orthodontic treatment of impacted canines.
A. B. Melkos,M. A. Papadopoulos
Hellenic Orthodontic Review , 2004,
Abstract: Impacted canines are a common finding in patients seeking orthodontic treatment. The management of impacted canines usually requires cooperation between oral surgery, orthodontics and periodontology. The orthodontic approach aims in moving the corresponding tooth into its correct position in the dental arch without causing periodontal problems. Optimum periodontal support is related to initial position of the impacted tooth as well as to the type of the surgical and orthodontic technique used. Aim of this paper was to critically review the periodontal interactions in reference to the management of impacted canines and the corresponding orthodontic and surgical techniques used. It can be concluded that the periodontal condition of treating impacted canines is almost always affected not-depending from the surgical or orthodontic procedures used. However, it seems that less damaging effects on the periodontium should anticipated when using the closed-surgical exposure techniques, which involve raising of a surgical flap, bonding of an attachment and finally resuturing of the flap to its original position.
Aspects and clinical procedures of eruptive changes of permanent upper canines
Francisco, Sheila Marcia;Cappellette Junior, Mario;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512012000200023
Abstract: introduction: even though the upper canine is the tooth that presents most eruption anomalies, after the third molars, canine retention prevalence in the population is quite low. local, physiologic and pathologic factors can provide difficulties for the tooth eruptive process. the correct diagnosis in trying to prevent upper canine retention with ectopic eruption is fundamental to choose the ideal treatment, which can be performed by various methods. objective: the present paper has the purpose of approaching aspects related to impacted upper permanent canines by a literature review, including localization and treatment conducts.
The Prevalence of Impacted Maxillary Canines in a Palestinian Population: A Retrospective Study  [PDF]
Naji Arandi, Tarek Rabi, Shockry Mustafa
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2017.75022
Abstract: Objective: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of impacted maxillary canines using panoramic radiographs. Methods: A sample of 1321 panoramic radiographs were retrospectively examined for the presence of impacted maxillary canines. The radiographs were obtained from the records of a private dental clinic from the year 2009 till 2016. Results: The prevalence of impacted canines among the examined population (n = 1321) was found to be 1.8%. There was a significant association between gender and canine impaction (P < 0.05), indicating that in the study population, the females had higher prevalence of canine impaction than males. Unilateral impaction accounted for 79% of the cases that showed at least one impacted maxillary canine while the bilateral impaction of the maxillary canines accounted for 20% of 24 cases that had at least one impacted maxillary canine. The results reveal significantly (P < 0.05) higher unilateral canine impaction compared to bilateral impaction. Fifty eight percent of the unilateral cases were on the right side while 42% were on the left side. No significant (P > 0.05) difference in the prevalence of right or left canine impaction was found. Conclusion: The prevalence of impacted maxillary canines (1.8%) in this study was within the range reported among other populations.
Apicotomy: a root apical fracture for surgical treatment of impacted upper canines
Edela Puricelli
Head & Face Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1746-160x-3-33
Abstract: Canines guide the teeth into proper bite, and have therefore specific functions in chewing and in excursive movements of the mandible. According to Fiedler and Alling in 1968 [1] and Mead and Monsen in 1965 [2], canines present proprioceptive and reflexive fibres which protect and stabilize occlusion. Due to their position, they provide an aesthetic and harmonious transition between the anterior and posterior segments of the dental arch. Canines have the longest roots and are the most resistant teeth [3,4] and thus are often displaced or impacted [5]. The prevalence of maxillary canine impaction seems to be related to the ethnic origin [6]. The lowest frequency (0.27%) is seen among Japanese individuals [7], while the highest (1.8%) is observed in Iceland [8]. Impacted canines occur more frequently in females than males, with a proportion of 2.5:1 [9].Maxillary canines travel a long, tortuous path before they erupt, and the long axis may adopt an inclined or horizontal position related to the occlusal plane. Impaction might occur due to general or local factors. The etiopathological investigation of impaction may reveal the existence of systemic diseases such as cleidocranial dysplasia, or Gardner and Gorlin-Goltz syndromes. However, many local problems may be involved, particularly those related to alterations in bone or dental structures and volumes. Bone condensation, alveolar ridge, dental arch length discrepancy, ankylosis and root dilaceration are among the local causes of impaction. Dentoalveolar or oral maxillofacial traumas are among the possible local causes of impaction, in variable combinations involving factors such as the kind of trauma or the age of the patient at diagnosis [10].Surgical intervention for impacted canines can be classified as: exposure for spontaneous eruption, exposure for orthodontic traction with bonding devices and extraction [11-16]. Planning the adequate surgical strategy depends on radiographic analyses or computed tomography (C
Evaluation of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Diagnosis and Treatment Plan of Impacted Maxillary Canines Evaluation of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Diagnosis and Treatment Plan of Impacted Maxillary Canines
Seyed Hossein Hoseini Zarch,Farzin Heravi,Adineh Javadian Langaroodi,Hosein Pirgazi
Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: Maxillary canines have important roles in facial appearance, development of arch, and functional occlusion. Radiographs are important in evaluating the location and nature of these anomalies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate two types of 2D and 3D imaging technique in diagnosis and treatment of maxillary impacted canines. Methods: Thirty eight patients (50 impacted canines) were enrolled. An oral radiologist assessed all of patients’ panoramic radiographs and then cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to determine the presence of adjacent teeth root resorption, root dilacerations before dental extraction, dental rotation, and buccolingual localization ofimpacted canine crown and root contact with sinus and nasal cavity.Then using the patient’s radiographs the treatment plan of each impacted canine was determined by an orthodontist. Results: Differences between panoramic radiography and CBCT in diagnosis of root resorption and dental rotation were significant. There was an agreement between panoramic radiographs and CBCT in localization of impacted teeth crown. Only the treatment plans of 20% of impacted canines were different between panoramic radiographs and CBCT and treatment plan of 80% of impacted teeth was similar. Conclusion: These results showed that 2D and 3D images of impacted maxillary canines can produce different diagnoses and treatment plans.

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