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Habitual diet assessment in adolescents with the down’s syndrome
Ivandra Mari Roieski,Iris Lima e Silva,Adriana Arruda Barbosa Rezende,Cristhiane Sousa Soares Borges
Revista Saúde.Com , 2010,
Abstract: The eating habits formation of the individuals with the Down’s syndrome deserves special attention because, besides specific anatomical and physiological alterations, some aspects also interfere in this process. Among them, the parents’behavior is the one that counts most, and it’s essential to establish a healthy diet. Facing this, the objective in this study was to assess the habitual diet in eight overweight adolescents with the Down’s syndrome living in the South Region of Tocantins State. These adolescents are between 10 and 19 years of age. To instrumentalize the referred assessment, the Food Frequency Questionnaire for Adolescents was applied and it was compared with the Adapted Food Pyramid recommendations. It was observed 82% of the adolescents used to eat less than the recommended amount of the vegetables and cereal/bread/tubers/roots; 68% eat less fruits and 87% eat less milk/dairy products groups. It was also detected an exaggeration in the consumption of grains, meat/eggs and sugar/candy groups. It was concluded that the adolescents habitually keep a diet out of the pattern considered healthy. It’s predominantly easy chewing food and high in calories, what may bring risks of getting overweight and even obese. Thus, it’s vital to go through an eating re-education process, in whichthe family has participation, so that changes in the eating habits may be achieved.
Diet and behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents
Nina ?verby,Rune H?igaard
Food & Nutrition Research , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v56i0.17231
Abstract: Background: Discussion about dietary factors in relation to behavioral problems in children and adolescents has been going on for a long time. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional relation between diet and self-reported behavioral problems at school in adolescents in the southern part of Norway. Design: In total, 475 ninth- and tenth-grade students (236 boys and 239 girls) out of 625 eligible students from four different secondary schools in three different communities in Vest-Agder County, Norway, participated, giving a participation rate of 77%. The students filled in a questionnaire with food frequency questions of selected healthy (e.g. fruits, vegetables, and fish) and unhealthy (e.g. sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, and crisps) food items, questions of meal frequency, and four questions regarding behavioral problems at school. Results: Having breakfast regularly was significantly associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems (OR: 0.29 (0.15 0.55), p≤0.001). A high intake of unhealthy foods, such as sugar-sweetened soft drinks (OR: 2.8 (1.06 7.42), p=0.03) and sweets (OR: 2.63 (1.39 4.98), p=0.003), was significantly associated with increased odds of behavioral problems. At the same time, a high intake of fruits was associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems in Norwegian adolescents (OR: 0.30 (0.10 0.87), p=0.03). All ORs are adjusted for sex and BMI. Conclusions: This study shows that having an optimal diet and not skipping meals are associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents. Hence, it is important to improve the dietary intake and meal pattern of Norwegian adolescents. The cross-sectional design of this study limits any causal interpretations of the results of the study.
Adolescents Evaluation of Their Own Peer Relations
Mudriye Yildiz Bicakci,Figen Gursoy
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study aims to determine whether gender, family relationships and playing a sport create a difference in peer relations of adolescents. It was carried out with 173 adolescents studying at the first and second grades of middle socio-economic level high schools in downtown Ankara. Data about the adolescents and their families was collected with the help of the General Information Form developed by the researchers. Data about peer relations was collected using the Peer Relations Scale developed and tested for validity and reliability. The data obtained was then evaluated using t-test and one-way ANOVA. The results suggested that gender, family relationships and playing a sport had a significant effect on peer reelationships (p< .001, p< .01, p< .05).
Adolescents’ Knowledge of Diet-Related Chronic Diseases and Dietary Practices in Ghana  [PDF]
Christina A. Nti, Augustina Brown, Angelina Danquah
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.311199
Abstract: Diet-related chronic diseases constitute public health and developmental challenges in Ghana. The Ghana Health Service in 2007 reported a national prevalence of diabetes of 11.6%, 27.8% for hypertension and 25% of women were reported to be overweight. Adolescents usually adopt lifestyles that negatively affect their nutritional and health status and increase their risk for development of diet-related chronic diseases later in life. The study was therefore carried out to investigate adolescents’ knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and its influence on their dietary practices. The study design was a cross-sectional survey involving 313 adolescents aged 14 18 years from public and private senior high schools. Structured interviews and diet assessment methods were used to collect information on respondents’ knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and dietary practices. The data collected were analyzed using the SPSS program version 16. The Chi-square test and ANOVA were used to determine the relationships between respondents’ knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and dietary practices. The results revealed that knowledge of diabetes, hypertension and obesity were low among the respondents with most of them (89.2%) having fair to poor knowledge of the diseases. Eighty-eight percent of the adolescents ate three or more times in a day. Meals mostly skipped were breakfast and lunch. Dietary diversity of the respondents was generally poor. There was a significant relationship between knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and the dietary practices of the adolescents. As knowledge of the diseases increased, dietary diversity also improved.
Aloe vera in White Leghorn Layer Diet  [PDF]
M. Moorthy,C. Mehala,S. Saravanan,S.C. Edwin
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2009,
Abstract: Two hundred and eighty commercial layer chicks belonging to single hatch were purchased from local hatchery, wing banded, weighed and randomly allotted into four treatment groups with four replicates of ten chicks each. The chicks were reared in cages in a gable roofed, open sided house. All the chicks were provided with uniform floor, feeder and waterer space and were reared under standard management conditions throughout the experimental period. Treatment groups were T1- control; T2-0.1% aloe vera powder; T3-0.1% aloe vera + 0.1% Curcuma longa powder and T4-0.1% of aloe vera and 0.1% of probiotic powder There was significant (p<0.05) difference in hen housed egg production, feed conversion ratio and return over feed cost in one percent aloe vera fed group compared to other treatment groups. No significant difference was observed in feed consumption, percent hen day egg production and percent broken eggs. It can be concluded that inclusion of 0.1 percent aloe vera in White Leghorn diet is economical compared to its combination with turmeric and probiotic at 0.1 percent level.
A Prospective Study of Diet Quality and Mental Health in Adolescents  [PDF]
Felice N. Jacka, Peter J. Kremer, Michael Berk, Andrea M. de Silva-Sanigorski, Marjorie Moodie, Eva R. Leslie, Julie A. Pasco, Boyd A. Swinburn
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024805
Abstract: Objectives A number of cross-sectional and prospective studies have now been published demonstrating inverse relationships between diet quality and the common mental disorders in adults. However, there are no existing prospective studies of this association in adolescents, the onset period of most disorders, limiting inferences regarding possible causal relationships. Methods In this study, 3040 Australian adolescents, aged 11–18 years at baseline, were measured in 2005–6 and 2007–8. Information on diet and mental health was collected by self-report and anthropometric data by trained researchers. Results There were cross-sectional, dose response relationships identified between measures of both healthy (positive) and unhealthy (inverse) diets and scores on the emotional subscale of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), where higher scores mean better mental health, before and after adjustments for age, gender, socio-economic status, dieting behaviours, body mass index and physical activity. Higher healthy diet scores at baseline also predicted higher PedsQL scores at follow-up, while higher unhealthy diet scores at baseline predicted lower PedsQL scores at follow-up. Improvements in diet quality were mirrored by improvements in mental health over the follow-up period, while deteriorating diet quality was associated with poorer psychological functioning. Finally, results did not support the reverse causality hypothesis. Conclusion This study highlights the importance of diet in adolescence and its potential role in modifying mental health over the life course. Given that the majority of common mental health problems first manifest in adolescence, intervention studies are now required to test the effectiveness of preventing the common mental disorders through dietary modification.
Egg Yield and Quality in Laying Hens Fed Diets Containing Black Cumin Seed and/or White Wormwood Leaves
Bakheit A. Yagoub,Ahmed E. Amin,Nabiela M. El Bagir,Ahmed Alhaidary,Hasab E. Mohamed,Anton C. Beynen
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.2600.2603
Abstract: Laying hens were fed diets containing either black cumin seed or white wormwood leaves or the combination of the two additives and the effects on egg production and egg quality characteristics were determined. Final body weights were significantly increased in the birds fed the diet with 1% black cumin seed and in those fed the diet with 0.5% of both black cumin seed and white wormwood leaves. Feed intake was numerically lower after the feeding of the diets with 1% white wormwood leaves. Egg production was not significantly influenced by dietary treatment but group-mean egg production was lowered in the hens fed the diet with 1% black cumin seed. Feed conversion efficiency was significantly decreased by the diet containing 1% white wormwood leaves and by the diet with the combination of 1% of black cumin seed and 1% white wormwood leaves. The diet containing 0.5% black cumin seed plus 0.5% white wormwood leaves also significantly decreased feed conversion. Egg weight, shape index, albumen height, Haugh unit, shell thickness and yolk color were not significantly affected by the dietary treatments. The major finding of this study may be that dietary white wormwood improved feed efficiency in laying hens whereas black cumin seed did not.
Evaluation of Diet Quality of Egyptian Children and Adolescents using Healthy Eating Index
Mervat A. Esmail - Wafaa M.A.Saleh -Nebal A.R.Aboul Ella - Asmaa M. Abd
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Healthful eating is essential for development and well-being. Some dietary patterns are associated with 4 of the 10 leading causes of death (coronary heart disease, certain types of cancer, stroke, and type 2 diabetes). Major improvements in the health of the public can, therefore, be made by improving people's dietary patterns. The U.S. department of Agriculture has developed an index, called the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) that was updated in the year 2002. It is based on different aspects of a healthful diet; the Index is designed to provide a measure of overall dietary quality, and the compliance with specific Dietary Guidelines recommendations. The aim of our study is to use the healthy eating index to assess the diet quality of a representative sample of the Egyptian children and adolescents and to examine the association between body mass index and caloric intake of the studied sample. Materials & Methods: This study is a part of National Egyptian survey, Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases. The Healthy Eating Index was applied with slight modifications to measure how well the studied Egyptian students' diet conforms to recommended healthy eating pattern. The data were based on representative sample (2145) of children and adolescents (10 -18) years in 7 governorates from. One day of dietary intake data (24 hours recall) was collected, during an in-person interview. The Healthy Eating Index measures how well the studied children and adolescents' diets conform to the American Dietary Guidelines recommendations and the Food Guide Pyramid applied in our country. Ten dietary components have been identified and the overall Index has a total possible score ranging from zero to 100. Results: Our results showed that the average Healthy Eating Index score was 59.1 out of a possible 100 and it ranged from 20 to 86, Only 0.5 percent of the students had Healthy Eating scores above 80; while 16.9 percent of them received scores below 50 and the majority (82.5 percent) had scores on the Healthy Eating Index between 51 and 80. In an effort to provide a "rating" of the overall student's diet, a grading scale was developed, the majority of students had diets rated as "Needs Improvement", only 0.5 % received diets rated as "Good" and 16.9 % had diets rated as "Poor". Males achieved a slightly higher average Index than females (59.7 Vs 58.2). The average score for food groups is much lower than that for dietary guidelines (23.5 Vs 35.6) out of total score of 50 for each. There was a significant positive correlation of BMI wi
Evaluation of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) in adolescents in Turkey  [cached]
Emre Erol,Gülgün Ersoy,Atilla Pulur,Günay ?zdemir
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: This study has been carried out for the purpose of determining nutrition habits of adolescents who join selections for national basketball team and evaluating nutrition condition by means of KIDMED index (Mediterranean Diet Quality Index) which is a quick, easy and valid means. 785 male adolescents between 11-14 ages participated in the study. General characteristics, applications about nutrition habits of the participators have been determined by using a questionnaire of 16 questions including Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED). Furthermore, heights (cm) and weights (kg) of the participators have been measured, BMI (Body mass index-kg/m2) values of them have been calculated and they have been contrasted with standard BMI values. In statistical evaluation of data, SPSS 15.0 statistics packaged program has been used. The average age of the participators is 12.7 ± 0.6 year (11-14), weight is 58.9 ± 12.9 kg (31.30-103.8), height is 160 ± 10 cm (130-190) and BMI (Body mass index) average is 20.3 ± 2.8 kg/m2 (14.0-32.1). It is determined that the most missed meal is lunch and then the second one is breakfast. According to evaluation of healthy eating index, 55.7% of the participators are in poor diet quality. Although diet quality of the participators is in medium and good level, it is concluded that informing on nutrition is needed.
Effect of diet and physical activity on physical and biochemical parameters of obese adolescents
Zbigniew Kasprzak,?ucja Pilaczyńska-Szcze?niak
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum : Technologia Alimentaria , 2010,
Abstract: Background. The main cause of the excessive deposition of fat is the destruction of the mechanisms controlling the expenditure of energy. Pathological increase of adipose tissue leads to disorders of the body, and lipid – carbohydrate parameters, promotes the development of vascular diseases and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study is to demonstrate the impact of diet and physical activity changes in the parameters lipid-carbohydrate of adolescents. Material and methods. The study included obese boys (n = 35), undergoing weight reduction. A low-energy diet and regular physical activity were applied. At the beginning and after four weeks were performed anthropometric measurements and indicators of the composition of venous blood was determined. In the venous blood was determined total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerols (TG), glucose and insulin. LDL-cholesterol was calculated. Results. It was found that the applied treatment improved the lipid profile of blood. Only for triglyceride change was not statistically significant. Statistically significant was the reduction of the concentration of glucose. Conclusions. Reduction of body mass resulted in positive changes in blood lipidogramme and reduction of waist hip ratio, which can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in the future. Reduction in serum insulin and glucose demonstrates improved carbohydrate metabolism and indicates a reduced risk for type II diabetes.
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