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Semiology of aphasias: a critical discussion / Semiologia das afasias: uma discuss o crítica  [cached]
Rosana do Carmo Novaes Pinto,Ana Paula Santana
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2009,
Abstract: The article discusses the semiology of aphasias, which started being developed in the 19th century by Broca and Wernicke. We do not provide an exhaustive list of symptoms and syndromes to address the theme, since we aim to critically discuss why the semiology of aphasias is still based mainly on organic perspectives in clinical practice and scientific research. We also discuss the contributions of Luria and Jakobson to a better understanding of how language is affected in aphasias and how Modern Linguistics, in special the Discursive Neurolinguistics, may enlighten the debate. We analyze some data to illustrate the theoretical and methodological assumptions of the above mentioned approaches and also discuss the excessive strength that classifications have in the clinical context.
Avalia o e interven o da disortografia baseada na semiologia dos erros: revis o da literatura Evaluation and intervention of dysortographia based on error semiology: literature review  [cached]
Amparo Ygual Fernández,José Francisco Cervera Mérida,Vera Lúcia Orlandi Cunha,Andrea Oliveira Batista
Revista CEFAC , 2010,
Abstract: TEMA: avalia o e interven o na disortografia. OBJETIVO: descrever e discutir os achados encontrados na literatura sobre a disortografia segundo a sua defini o, etiologia, classifica o da semiologia dos erros, quadro clínico, avalia o e interven o. CONCLUS O: a avalia o e a interven o fonoaudiológica com a disortografia devem estar baseadas na classifica o semiológica dos erros, pois desta forma, pode-se compreender cada tipo de erro e os fatores cognitivos ou linguísticos implicados. Isso se associa às orienta es aos pais e professores de como enfocar o trabalho com a ortografia, seja em casa ou na escola sem gerar angústia e ansiedade na crian a. BACKGROUND: evaluation and intervention in dysortographia. PURPOSE: to describe and discuss findings from researches concerning dysortographia according to its definition, etiology, errors semiology classification, clinical findings, evaluation, and intervention. CONCLUSION: speech language evaluation and intervention should be based on error semiology classification because in this way it is possible to understand each type of error and the linguistic and cognitive factors related to them. This is associated with the orientations to parents and teachers on how to work with orthography at home or at the classroom without causing distress and anxiety to the children.
LING STICA, SEMIOLOGIA E LITERATURA LINGUISTICS, AND LITERATURE SEMIOLOGY  [cached]
Dulce Maria Viana Mindlin
Signótica , 1991, DOI: 10.5216/sig.v3i1.7235
Abstract: Rastreamento cronol 3gico das contribui § μes da ling -stica teoria da literatura, espe -cialmente quanto terminologia e aos m todos: no Formalismo russo, no C -rculo Ling -stico de Praga, no C -rculo Ling -stico de Copenhague, e no Estruturalismo. Observa § £o das contribui § μes da antropologia e da psican lise, focalizando a teoria da literatura no seu aspecto interdisciplinar. Direcionamento do estudo para a teoria da linguagem como cria § £o do esp -rito humano, ponto de partida e de chegada tanto da ling -stica como da teoria da literatura. A chronological tracing of the contribution of linguistics to literary theory, in particular to its terminology and methods: in Russian Formalism, in the Prague Linguistic Circle, in the Copenhagen Linguistic Circle, and in Structuralism. The contributions of anthropology and of psychoanalysis are noted, stressing the interdisciplinary aspect of literary theory. The study sees the theory of language as a product of the human mind, starting as well as end point of both linguistics and literary theory.
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Semiology  [PDF]
Robert D. G. Blair
Epilepsy Research and Treatment , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/751510
Abstract: Epilepsy represents a multifaceted group of disorders divided into two broad categories, partial and generalized, based on the seizure onset zone. The identification of the neuroanatomic site of seizure onset depends on delineation of seizure semiology by a careful history together with video-EEG, and a variety of neuroimaging technologies such as MRI, fMRI, FDG-PET, MEG, or invasive intracranial EEG recording. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the commonest form of focal epilepsy and represents almost 2/3 of cases of intractable epilepsy managed surgically. A history of febrile seizures (especially complex febrile seizures) is common in TLE and is frequently associated with mesial temporal sclerosis (the commonest form of TLE). Seizure auras occur in many TLE patients and often exhibit features that are relatively specific for TLE but few are of lateralizing value. Automatisms, however, often have lateralizing significance. Careful study of seizure semiology remains invaluable in addressing the search for the seizure onset zone. 1. Introduction Epilepsy has been recognized since antiquity. It affects millions of people worldwide and remains one of the most common and frightening neurological conditions. The word is derived from the Greek word which means to “seize” or “take hold of.” Epilepsy encompasses a heterogeneous group of disorders with various manifestations including seizures in addition to other signs, symptoms, and features that define a phenotype. The taxonomy and terminology of epilepsy has undergone a number of changes over the years. An early classification system generated confusion and heated discussion over equating the term “complex partial seizures” (CPSs) and “temporal lobe epilepsy” (TLE) [1]. The 1981 classification of epileptic seizures represented a consensus at that time [2]. A further revision was the Classification of Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndromes accepted in 1989 [3]. Yet another modification and change in philosophy was initiated by the Executive Committee of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) which took office in 1997. The ILAE task force published the Revised Terminology and Concepts for Organization of the Epilepsies in 2010 [4]. Temporal lobe seizures are the most frequent site of origin of partial seizures. They represent approximately two thirds of the intractable seizure population coming to surgical management. Jackson in the 19th Century [5] was the first to link seizures characterized by a “dreamy state” to lesions near the uncus in the temporal lobe (hence the term “uncinate fits”). Gibbs and
I corsi di informatica personale
R. Salmini
Bollettino del CILEA , 1999, DOI: 10.1472/bc.v67iaprile.981
Abstract: Il CILEA conferma il suo impegno nel settore diffusione dell'informatica personale attraverso una serie di corsi che di anno in anno assumono un valore sempre più qualificante. La costante adesione e partecipazione di alcune tra le Università consorziate ed altri significativi enti pubblici e culturali evidenziano la qualità della proposta didattica e stimola il CILEA ad estendere l'iniziativa a tutti i propri utenti.
Roland Barthes: a semiologia da dialética  [cached]
Roberto José Ramos
Conex?o : Comunica??o e Cultura , 2008,
Abstract: A Semiologia, de Roland Barthes, é povoada por tra os particulares. N o se empareda no escaninho lingüístico. Reinvindica outros contornos. Persegue o translingüístico. Nessa paisagem, o papel da ideologia doa-se em suas pesquisas semiológicas. No diagrama de suas limita es, o presente ensaio se agenciará nas rela es entre a semiologia barthesiana e em algumas categorias básicas, que as simbiotiza Roland.
Totem e Tabu: uma "semiologia psicanalítica" em Freud?
Bento, Victor Eduardo Silva;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2007000300011
Abstract: this paper focus is a review about the freudian issues about a psychoanalytical semiology and a research method of lecture review. the hypothesis that "totem and taboo" is the first freud's psychoanalytical semiology has been discussed. though freud did not use such a term, it was argued that freud did in this book the psychoanalytical semiology of the two signs: "totem" and "taboo". this paper concluded that in order to do a semiological study, it would be necessary to emphasize the analysis of the universal language patterns which reveal the deepest human nature and the unconscious psychism. such analysis should be done in two different phases: the first one, seeking those patterns within the totems and myths; the second one, seeking the same patterns within the taboos and religions. this kind of study requires writings survey, and justifies the use of literature review as psychoanalytical method in.
Semiologia das afasias: uma discuss?o crítica
Pinto, Rosana do Carmo Novaes;Santana, Ana Paula;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722009000300012
Abstract: the article discusses the semiology of aphasias, which started being developed in the 19th century by broca and wernicke. we do not provide an exhaustive list of symptoms and syndromes to address the theme, since we aim to critically discuss why the semiology of aphasias is still based mainly on organic perspectives in clinical practice and scientific research. we also discuss the contributions of luria and jakobson to a better understanding of how language is affected in aphasias and how modern linguistics, in special the discursive neurolinguistics, may enlighten the debate. we analyze some data to illustrate the theoretical and methodological assumptions of the above mentioned approaches and also discuss the excessive strength that classifications have in the clinical context.
Study of the relationship and importance of clinical semiology, axial computed tomography and electroneuromyography in lumbar radioculopathies
Murade, Emílio Cezar Mamede;Hungria Neto, José Soares;Avanzi, Osmar;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522002000400003
Abstract: the authors evaluated forty-three patients with clinical suspect of lumbar radiculopathy caused by disk hernia, concerning to clinical semiology, computed tomography and electromyography were studied and their correlations. the clinical semiology was altered in 100,0% of the patients, the computed tomography in 90,7% and the electromyography in 88,7%. the correlation among the three exams didn′t show any prevalency among any of the possible associations. the authors emphasize the importance of clinical semiology, computed tomography and electromyography for a more accurate diagnosis of lumbar radiculopathy following by disk hernia.
Study of the relationship and importance of clinical semiology, axial computed tomography and electroneuromyography in lumbar radioculopathies
Murade Emílio Cezar Mamede,Hungria Neto José Soares,Avanzi Osmar
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2002,
Abstract: The authors evaluated forty-three patients with clinical suspect of lumbar radiculopathy caused by disk hernia, concerning to clinical semiology, computed tomography and electromyography were studied and their correlations. The clinical semiology was altered in 100,0% of the patients, the computed tomography in 90,7% and the electromyography in 88,7%. The correlation among the three exams didnt show any prevalency among any of the possible associations. The authors emphasize the importance of clinical semiology, computed tomography and electromyography for a more accurate diagnosis of lumbar radiculopathy following by disk hernia.
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