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Check list of the Iberian and Balearic orchids. 2. Ophrys L. - Spiranthes Rich.  [cached]
Gamarra, Roberto,Galán, Pablo
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid , 2003,
Abstract: A check list of the taxa of the family Orchidaceae found in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands is presented in alphabetical order. This section includes the genera from Ophrys to Spiranthes, down to the rank of variety, but excluding hybrids. We have gathered together the correct names, with their corresponding place of publication, synonyms and indicatio locotypica. Also included are some observations in those genera and species that present nomenclatural and taxonomic problems. Lectotypes for Orchis broteroana Rivas Goday & Bellot. and O. mascula subsp. laxifloraeformis Rivas Goday & Bellot are designated here Se presenta un catalogo, ordenado alfabéticamente, de los taxones de la familia Orchidaceae incluidos en los géneros Ophrys a Spiranthes, presentes en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares, excluidos híbridos. Se recogen todos los nombres, hasta el rango varietal, mencionados de dicho ambito geográfico, con su correspondiente lugar de publicación; por supuesto, los considerados correctos, sus sinonimos e indicatio locotypica. Se incluyen, cuando se estiman oportunas, observaciones de índole nomenclatural y taxonómico. Se designan los lectotipos de Orchis broteroana Rivas Goday & Bellot, y O. mascula subsp. laxifloraeformis Rivas Goday & Bellot.
Area selection for the conservation of butterflies in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands  [PDF]
H. Romo,M. L. Munguira,E. García-Barros
Animal Biodiversity and Conservation , 2007,
Abstract: Coverage provided by the network of protected areas in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands was tested by measuring the coincidence between the squares protected by the network and the butterfly species recorded for such UTM grid squares. Five species were found to be absent in the network. The protected areas with the highest numbers of butterfly species were Ordesa National Park and Monte Perdido and the Posets Maladeta Natural Park. Priority areas were selected using WORLDMAP software and showed that the all species of butterflies in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands can be found within 16 squares of 10x10km (nine of them not within the network of protected areas). More specific area selections were also carried out: eight squares supported the total number of threatened species, five hosted all the Iberian endemisms and 13 harboured the rare butterfly species. This study detected 16 squares that are not currently protected but are important for butterfly conservation in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands.
Macroevolutionary Patterns in the Aphidini Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Diversification, Host Association, and Biogeographic Origins  [PDF]
Hyojoong Kim, Seunghwan Lee, Yikweon Jang
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024749
Abstract: Background Due to its biogeographic origins and rapid diversification, understanding the tribe Aphidini is key to understanding aphid evolution. Major questions about aphid evolution include origins of host alternation as well as age and patterns of diversification in relation to host plants. To address these questions, we reconstructed the phylogeny of the Aphidini which contains Aphis, the most diverse genus in the family. We used a combined dataset of one nuclear and four mitochondrial DNA regions. A molecular dating approach, calibrated with fossil records, was used to estimate divergence times of these taxa. Principal Findings Most generic divergences in Aphidini occurred in the Middle Tertiary, and species-level divergences occurred between the Middle and Late Tertiary. The ancestral state of host use for Aphidini was equivocal with respect to three states: monoecy on trees, heteroecy, and monoecy on grasses. The ancestral state of Rhopalosiphina likely included both heteroecy and monoecy, whereas that of Aphidina was most likely monoecy. The divergence times of aphid lineages at the generic or subgeneric levels are close to those of their primary hosts. The species-level divergences in aphids are consistent with the diversification of the secondary hosts, as a few examples suggest. The biogeographic origin of Aphidini as a whole was equivocal, but the major lineages within Aphidina likely separated into Nearctic, Western Palearctic, and Eastern Palearctic regions. Conclusions Most generic divergences in Aphidini occurred in the Middle Tertiary when primary hosts, mainly in the Rosaceae, were diverging, whereas species-level divergences were contemporaneous with diversification of the secondary hosts such as Poaceae in the Middle to Late Tertiary. Our results suggest that evolution of host alternation within Aphidini may have occurred during the Middle Tertiary (Oligocene) when the secondary hosts emerged.
An overview of the distribution of the Parabathynellidae (Crustacea, Syncarida Bathynellacea) on the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands  [cached]
Camacho, Ana I.
Graellsia , 2003,
Abstract: This paper reviews all the knowledge on the presence and distribution of 26 species of the family Parabathynellidae Noodt, 1964 (Crustacea, Syncarida, Bathynellacea) on the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands. The different genera, subgenera and species distributions are subjected to a basic analysis. The presence of these taxa in different subterranean aquatic habitats (caves, springs, wells and interstitial environment) is also discussed. The most sampled habitat was the interstitial environment (45%); the least sampled habitat was springs (5%). The most commonly found genus was Iberobathynella Schminke, 1973 (54%) and the rarest was Guadalopebathynella Camacho & Serban, 1998 (0.7%) All the knowledge on these taxa in the study area, in Europe and in the world is compared and evaluated. More species of the Parabathynellidae live on the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands than in any other part of the world (26 species). Iberobathynella is a highly diversified genus endemic to the Iberian peninsula. Its diversity is comparable to another genus in the order, Hexabathynella Schminke, 1972, which also has 18 described species. However, Hexabathynella has a cosmopolitan distribution. En este trabajo se reúne y actualiza el conocimiento acerca de la presencia y distribución de 26 especies de batinelas de la familia Parabathynellidae (Crustacea, Syncarida, Bathynellacea) en la Península Ibérica y las Islas Baleares. Se analiza de forma crítica la distribución de los diferentes géneros, subgéneros y especies y se discute acerca de la presencia de los mismos en diferentes habitat acuáticos subterráneos (cuevas, fuentes o surgencias, pozos y medio intersticial asociado a ríos epigeos). El mayor número de puntos de muestreo corresponde al medio intersticial (45% del total) y en él se encuentran los cinco géneros presentes en el área de estudio; las surgencias constituyen el conjunto con menos puntos de muestreo (5%) y en ellas sólo se encuentran los géneros Iberobathynella (86%) y Hexaiberobathynella Camacho & Serban, 1998 (14%). El género Iberobathynella es el más común (54% de las muestras) y vive en todos los medios. El género Guadalopebathynella sólo se ha encontrado en el medio intersticial de un río. Se valora comparativamente el conocimiento de estos taxa en el área estudiada, en Europa y en el mundo. En la Península Ibérica y las Islas Baleares vive el mayor porcentaje de especies de todo el mundo (24%) y todas ellas son endémicas de esta zona. El género Iberobathynella, endémico de la Península Ibérica, cuenta con 18 especies conocidas y tal divers
Taxonomy of the genus Chamaesyce S.F. Gray (Euphorbiaceae) in the Iberian PeninsuIa and the Balearic Islands  [cached]
Benedí, Carles,Orell, Jeroni Jaume
Collectanea Botanica , 1992,
Abstract: A taxonomic study is undertaken of the ten taxa (nine of them specific) belonging to the genus Chamaesyce S.F. Gray (Euphorbiaceae) which are present in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands and a dichotomic key is provided. The taxonomic characteristics or each taxon are discussed and the correct name, synonyms, description, chorology and ecology are given. The presence of Chamaesyce humifusa (Willd.) Prokh. in the Iberian Peninsula is confirmed and Chamaesyce humistrata (Gray) Small is recorded for the first time from Europe. Es realitza un estudi taxonòmic dels 10 tàxons (nou específics) del gènere Chamaesyce S.F. Gray (Euphorbiaceae) presents a la Península Ibèrica i les Illes Balears. Per a cada tàxon es valoren els caràcters d'interès taxonòmic i s'indica el nom correcte. la sinonímia, descripció, corologia i ecologia. Es confirma la presència de Chamaesyce humifusa (Willd.) Prokh, a la Península Ibèrica i se cita Chamaesyce humistrata (Gray) Small coma novetat per a Europa.
Taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae) in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic lslands  [cached]
Benedí i González, Carles
Collectanea Botanica , 1988,
Abstract: A taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae) in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic Islands is carried out. Two changes in nomenclature are proposed: Chamaemelum nobile ( L.) All. forma discoideum (Willk.) comb. & stat. nov. and C. fuscatum (Brot.) Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link) comb. & stat. nov. For each taxon the correct name as well as the corresponding synonyms are given. A dichotomic key of the recognized taxa and a list of the herharium sheets studied are provided. Se realiza una revisión taxonómica del género Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae) en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Se proponen dos cambios nomenclaturles: Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All. forma discoideum (Willk.) comb. & stat. nov. y C. fuscatum (Brot.) Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link) comb. & stat. nov. Para cada taxon se da el nombre correcto, así como las correspondientes sinonimias. Se adjunta una clave dicotómica de los táxones reconocidos y una relación de los testimonios de herbario estudiados.
Diversity and distribution of tardigrades (Bilateria, Tardigrada) from the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Chafarinas Islands
Guil, Noemí
Graellsia , 2002,
Abstract: Bibliographical information on the Tardigrada from Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Chafarinas Islands is compiled herein. 118 species are listed from the studied area. The first records of six Tardigrada species, Dactylobiotus parthenogeneticus, Dactylobiotus selenicus, Murrayon dianeae, Diphascon (Diphascon) nodulosum (first time in Europe), Diphascon (Diphascon) pingue and Isohypsibius marcellinoi that had not previously been found in the area are included. Bibliography data are analysed. After the analysis, it is concluded that more intensive, extensive and within more diverse habitats sampling effort should significantly increase the knowledge of tardigrade diversity in the studied area. En este artículo hemos recopilado la información existente en la bibliografía acerca del phylum Tardigrada en la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Chafarinas. La lista de especies del phylum Tardigrada incluye 118 especies en el área de estudio. Además, incluimos seis especies encontradas por primera vez en el área de estudio: Dactylobiotus parthenogeneticus, Dactylobiotus selenicus, Murrayon dianeae, Diphascon (Diphascon) nodulosum (por primera vez encontrado en Europa), Diphascon (Diphascon) pingue e Isohypsibius marcellinoi. En base al análisis realizado con los datos recopilados de la bibliografía, podemos concluir que un peque o aumento en el esfuerzo de muestreo (intensivo, extensivo y aumentando la diversidad de hábitats recolectados) se traduce en un aumento significativo de la diversidad del phylum en el área estudiada.
Plant Ethnoveterinary Practices in Two Pyrenean Territories of Catalonia (Iberian Peninsula) and in Two Areas of the Balearic Islands and Comparison with Ethnobotanical Uses in Human Medicine
Esperan a Carrió,Montse Rigat,Teresa Garnatje,Marina Mayans,Montse Parada,Joan Vallès
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/896295
Abstract: This paper presents the results of an ethnobotanical study centred in veterinarian uses in two Catalan Pyrenean regions (Alt Empordà -AE- and High River Ter Valley -AT-, Iberian peninsula) and two Balearic Islands areas (Formentera -FO- and northeastern Mallorca -MA-). In the areas studied, 97 plant species have been claimed to be useful for veterinary purposes. A total of 306 veterinary use reports have been gathered and analysed. The ten most reported plants are Tanacetum parthenium (24 use reports), Parietaria officinalis (15), Ranunculus parnassifolius (14), Meum athamanticum (13), Olea europaea (13), Quercus ilex (12), Ruta chalepensis (12), Sambucus nigra (10) and Thymus vulgaris (10). According to comprehensive reviews, a high number of novelties for plant ethnoveterinary are contributed: 34 species and one subspecies, 11 genera, and three families have not been reported in previous works in this field, and 21 species had only been mentioned once. Several ethnoveterinary uses are coincidental with those in human medicine. Although ethnoveterinary practices are less relevant than in the past in the territories considered, as in all industrialised countries, the knowledge on plant properties and applications is still rich and constitutes a large pool of evidence for phytotherapy, both in domestic animals and humans.
Index Balearicum: An annotated check-list of the vascular plants described from the Balearic Islands  [cached]
Roselló, Josep A.,Sáez, LLoren?
Collectanea Botanica , 2000,
Abstract: A check-list of vascular plant is presented, the type material of which is of Balearic origin, or presumed to be as such. For each name a list of its nomenclatural synonyms, together with the location of the type specimens and miscellaneous comments about its taxonomy, chorology or nomenclature is provided. 176 names have been typified and three nomenclatural changes are proposed: Arenaria bolosii (Küpfer) comb. nov., Coristospermum huteri (Porta) comb. nov. and Dactyliss glomerata subsp. ibizensis (Gand.) combonov. [ca] Es presenta una check-list deis noms de plantes vasculars el material tipus de les quals es originari si més no presumiblement, de les illes Balears. Per a cada nom s'indiquen els sinònims nomenclaturals, juntament amb la localització deis materials tipus així com comentaris de caire taxonòmic, corològico nomenclatural. Es tipifiquen 176 noms i es proposen tres canvis nomenclaturals: Arenaria bolosii (Küpfer) comb. nov., Coristospermum huteri (Porta) comb. nov. i Dactyliss glomerata subsp. ibizensis (Gand.) combonov. [es] Se presenta una check-list de nombres de plantas vasculares basadas sobre material originario, o presumiblemente originario, de las islas Baleares. Para cada nombre se indican los sinónimos nomenclaturales, la localización de los materiales tipo, así como comentarios de carácter taxonómico, corológico o nomenclatural. Se tipifican 176 nombres y se proponen tres cambios nomenclaturales: Arenaria bolosii (Küpfer) comb. nov., Coristospermum huteri (Porta) comb. nov. y Dactyliss glomerata subsp. ibizensis (Gand.) combonov.
Caliope: an operational air quality forecasting system for the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands – first annual evaluation and ongoing developments
J. M. Baldasano, P. Jiménez-Guerrero, O. Jorba, C. Pérez, E. López, P. Güereca, F. Martín, M. G. Vivanco, I. Palomino, X. Querol, M. Pandolfi, M. J. Sanz,J. J. Diéguez
Advances in Science and Research (ASR) , 2008, DOI: 10.5194/asr-2-89-2008
Abstract: The Caliope project funded by the Spanish Ministry of the Environment establishes an air quality forecasting system for Spain to increase the knowledge on transport and dynamics of pollutants in Spain, to assure the accomplishment of legislation and to inform the population about the levels of pollutants, topics in which the European Commission has shown a great concern. The present contribution describes the first quantitative verification study performed so far with two chemistry transport models (CMAQ and CHIMERE) for a reference year (2004) at medium spatial resolution (around 20×20 km for the Iberian Peninsula). Both models perform similarly in the case of ground-level ozone. The mean normalised gross error MNGE remains below 15–20% during summertime, when ozone episodes occur, outlining the good skills of the system concerning the forecasting of air quality in Spain. Furthermore, the ongoing developments of the system towards high resolution modelling (4×4 km for Spain, 12×12 km for Europe, 1 h temporal resolution) and the integration with observations within the Caliope umbrella are described.
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