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KUZEY GRUBU TüRK LEH ELER NDEK EDATLAR üZER NE AYRINTILI B R ALI MA
Süleyman Kaan YAL?IN (M.A.H.)
Turkish Studies , 2007,
Abstract: review: KUZEY GRUBU TüRK LEH ELER NDEK EDATLAR üZER NE AYRINTILI B R ALI MA
ELER software – a new tool for urban earthquake loss assessment  [PDF]
U. Hancilar,C. Tuzun,C. Yenidogan,M. Erdik
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2010, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-10-2677-2010
Abstract: Rapid loss estimation after potentially damaging earthquakes is critical for effective emergency response and public information. A methodology and software package, ELER-Earthquake Loss Estimation Routine, for rapid estimation of earthquake shaking and losses throughout the Euro-Mediterranean region was developed under the Joint Research Activity-3 (JRA3) of the EC FP6 Project entitled "Network of Research Infrastructures for European Seismology-NERIES". Recently, a new version (v2.0) of ELER software has been released. The multi-level methodology developed is capable of incorporating regional variability and uncertainty originating from ground motion predictions, fault finiteness, site modifications, inventory of physical and social elements subjected to earthquake hazard and the associated vulnerability relationships. Although primarily intended for quasi real-time estimation of earthquake shaking and losses, the routine is also equally capable of incorporating scenario-based earthquake loss assessments. This paper introduces the urban earthquake loss assessment module (Level 2) of the ELER software which makes use of the most detailed inventory databases of physical and social elements at risk in combination with the analytical vulnerability relationships and building damage-related casualty vulnerability models for the estimation of building damage and casualty distributions, respectively. Spectral capacity-based loss assessment methodology and its vital components are presented. The analysis methods of the Level 2 module, i.e. Capacity Spectrum Method (ATC-40, 1996), Modified Acceleration-Displacement Response Spectrum Method (FEMA 440, 2005), Reduction Factor Method (Fajfar, 2000) and Coefficient Method (ASCE 41-06, 2006), are applied to the selected building types for validation and verification purposes. The damage estimates are compared to the results obtained from the other studies available in the literature, i.e. SELENA v4.0 (Molina et al., 2008) and ATC-55 (Yang, 2005). An urban loss assessment exercise for a scenario earthquake for the city of Istanbul is conducted and physical and social losses are presented. Damage to the urban environment is compared to the results obtained from similar software, i.e. KOERILoss (KOERI, 2002) and DBELA (Crowley et al., 2004). The European rapid loss estimation tool is expected to help enable effective emergency response, on both local and global level, as well as public information.
COLOR NAMINGS REFERRED TO THE HISTORICAL TURKISH DIALECTS TAR H TüRK LEH ELER NDE RENK ADLANDIRMALARI  [PDF]
Salim Kü?üK
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The concept of colour, that takes place in the scope of literature, sociology and art, differs from a society to another on the subjects of climate, life-style, economy, politics, thought and belief. The rich, vivid, creative and variable concept of colour in Turkish language has been subjected to many changings in the course of time by the context of culture and civilization.This study referred to the Turkish dialects aimed at examining the names and the origins of the colors in a descriptive way. Meanwhile, some major written works belonging to the Old Turkish, Middle Turkish, Old Anatolian Turkish and Ottoman Turkish have been examined in detailed and the existing color names have been identified and emphasized. The namings in the shape of gerundial, reinforcement and similarities have not been included in this review as they are associated with the existing colors. . Edebiyat, sosyoloji ve sanat n inceleme alan na giren renk kavram ülke, co rafya, iklim, ya am tarz , ekonomi, siyaset, dü ünce ve inan boyutunda toplumdan topluma farkl l k g sterir. Son derece zengin, canl , yarat c ve e itlilik g steren bir renk kültürüne sahip olan Türk ede kültür ve medeniyet ba lam nda renk kavram da zamana ba l olarak de i ime u ram t r. Tarih Türk leh elerindeki renk adlar n tasvir bir y ntemle k ken y nünden incelemeyi ama layan bu al mada Eski Türk e, Orta Türk e, Eski Anadolu Türk esi ve Osmanl Türk esine ait belli ba l yaz l eserler incelenerek bunlarda yer alan renk adlar tespit edilmi ve renklerin zellikleri üzerinde durulmu tur. Peki tirme, benzerlik ve isim-fiilden olu turulmu renk adland rmalar ise var olan renklerle ili kili olduklar i in inceleme kapsam na dahil edilmemi tir.
Use of olive oil for cleaning of hot tar burn  [PDF]
Murat ERSEL,Ersin AKSAY,Murat OZSARAC,Bulent YUKSEL
Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Hot tar burns and removal of tar are unusual emergencies seen in the emergency departments. Because of the dense structure, cleaning difficulties and high temperature of the tar, tar burns requires a different management than the other burns. We present a 32 year old man who presents to our emergency department with hot tar burn.
A HISTORICAL POEM FOR TUNCA KORTANTAMER / TUNCA KORTANTAMER N TAR H  [PDF]
Dr. Mustafa ARSLAN
Turkish Studies , 2007,
Abstract: A HISTORICAL POEM FOR TUNCA KORTANTAMER / TUNCA KORTANTAMER N TAR H
USE OF THE SOIL-TAR MIXTURES IN FOREST ROADS
Dalila C. M. Fernandes,Carlos C. Machado,Dario C. Lima,Jucksch, I.
CERNE , 2002,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the engineering behavior of the soil-tar mixtures considering their application in forest road. The laboratory-testing program encompassed characterization and California bearing ratio (CBR) tests performed on soils and soil-tar mixtures. Three representative soil samples from the Vi osa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and tar contents of 0,25; 0,5; 1; 2; 4 and 6% in terms of dry soil mass were considered throughout the study. All the samples were compacted at the Standard AASHTO compaction effort. Data support that: (i) addition of tar contributed to improve the mechanical engineering response of the tested soils, for some treatments, in comparison with the plain soils; (ii) curing time influences the mechanical response of the soil-tar mixtures; (iii) although it was observed mechanical improvement of the soil-tar mixtures comparing to the plain soils, it was not reached the Brazilian National Road Engineering Office (DNER) minimal stability requirements for sub-base layers of flexible pavements.
Quantitative analysis of phenol and alkylphenols in Brazilian coal tar
Caram?o, Elina Bastos;Nascimento Filho, Irajá do;
Química Nova , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422004000200004
Abstract: the main purpose of this work is the identification and quantification of phenolic compounds in coal tar samples from a ceramics factory in cocal (sc), brazil. the samples were subjected to preparative scale liquid chromatography, using amberlyst a-27tm ion-exchange resin as stationary phase. the fractions obtained were classified as "acids" and "bn" (bases and neutrals). the identification and quantification of phenols, in the acid fraction, was made by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (gc/ms). nearly twenty-five phenols were identified in the samples and nine of them were also quantified. the results showed that coal tar has large quantities of phenolic compounds of industrial interest.
Evaluation of the Chemical Composition of Tar Sands of Southwestern Nigeria
N.E. Ibisi,D.E. Okwu,M.M. Ekwenchi
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Tar sand samples obtained from different locations in Olowo/Irele, Iwopin, Agbabu and Ofosu/Oshosu in Ondo State, Nigeria were pyrolysed at three different temperatures: 100, 150 and 200 C. A detailed analysis was conducted on the pyrolysed samples after an exhaustive soxhlet extraction with benzene as solvent. The percentage of the oil obtained at different temperatures increases as the temperature increases. Column chromatographic method was used to elute five different fractions comprising: saturates, monoaromatics, diaromatics, polyaromatics and polars/resins. These results indicate that tar sands can be potential sources of feedstock for the petrochemical industry in the country.
Quantitative analysis of phenol and alkylphenols in Brazilian coal tar  [cached]
Caram?o Elina Bastos,Nascimento Filho Irajá do
Química Nova , 2004,
Abstract: The main purpose of this work is the identification and quantification of phenolic compounds in coal tar samples from a ceramics factory in Cocal (SC), Brazil. The samples were subjected to preparative scale liquid chromatography, using Amberlyst A-27TM ion-exchange resin as stationary phase. The fractions obtained were classified as "acids" and "BN" (bases and neutrals). The identification and quantification of phenols, in the acid fraction, was made by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Nearly twenty-five phenols were identified in the samples and nine of them were also quantified. The results showed that coal tar has large quantities of phenolic compounds of industrial interest.
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE NIGERIAN TAR SAND DEPOSITS  [PDF]
AKINMOSIN, A.,GBOLAHAN, O.O.
Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation , 2010,
Abstract: Environmental geology of a tar sand-rich area in parts of Southwestern Nigeria was carried out to generate geological baseline information necessary for the planning of exploitation of the deposit. This present project was aimed at evaluating the presence and concentrations of some geochemical elements in the Nigerian tar sands deposits in the eastern part of Dahomey Basin. The geochemical analysis of 10 representative samples of the tar sands was carried out using the Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) technique with the aid of Perkin Elmer ELAN 6100 instrument. Resultsof the analyses showed presence of the following trace elements As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn while radio active elements observed included Zr, Pb, Sr and U. Trace elements concentrations in the tar sands show a range of 5-90 ppm for V, 2.3-58.5 ppm for Cr, 4.1-331 ppm for Ni, 4 - 33.7 ppm for Zn, 0.2-2 ppm for As, 1.4-36.6 ppm for Pb, 0.8-54.3 ppm for Cu. The radio elements concentrations in the tar sands showed a range of 0.1-4.2 ppm for U, 0.4-18.9 ppm for Th, 1.4-36.6 ppm for Pb, 2.4-138 ppm for Sr, 1.3-24.1 ppm for Rb, 3-26 ppm for Zr. Generally, the concentrations of these geochemical elements were found to be less than the standard values. However, radioactive elements such as U, Th, Sr had values above normal standard at some of the locations. Radio elements like Pb show a positive correlation with U and Th implying that most of the Pb may be daughter cells of the U and Th decay. Based on these results, the Nigerian tar sand deposits in the study area can be said to be unpolluted by these elements except in few locations where higher values of radio elements were recorded.
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