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Methodological Foundations of Military Psychology and Psychological Security  [PDF]
Yuri P. Zinchenko,Aleksander N. Veraksa,Sergey V. Leonov
Psychology in Russia : State of Art , 2011,
Abstract: The article is devoted to the history of development of military psychology from psychological and philosophical positions. The transition stage in development of military psychology from classical to postclassical type of rationality is focused. Analysis of combat activity as self-regulation system is presented. The latest technologies in solving key problems of military science are discussed.
Family Background and Environment, Psychological Distress, and Juvenile Delinquency  [PDF]
Tony Cassidy
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.29142
Abstract: The relationship between youth offending and family background is still unclear in the literature. This study explored the role of family factors and psychological distress in relation to delinquency and youth offending to try and explicate the relative importance of family structure, family relations, and psychological distress. The study used the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Family Environment Scale, and the Delinquency Scale in a structured interview format to measure psychological distress, family structure and relations, and levels of youth offending, in 219 older children and adolescents aged between 12-17 years living in areas associated with high levels of youth offending in the UK. Analysis involved correlations, hierarchical multiple regression and analysis of variance. Family relations were the best predictors of delinquency and were also correlated with psychological distress. The relationship between delinquency and psychological distress indicated that participants with more psychological distress were less likely to be involved in criminal behaviour. The study supports the conclusion that youth offending and psychological distress are both influenced by a range of factors in the family, but may be unrelated to each other.
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This article is a preamble to a future study of the social representations of the administration, which is at the moment in project phase.We started with the idea that each doctrine or policy is based on a certain image of the reality, none other than the collective or individual representation of the problem and the public policies aim also towards the modifications of the social representations.We analyzed a series of characteristics of the representations and we arrived at some hypotheses that might prove valuable both in the study of the administrative law and the making of the public policies: Individual representations, based on the collective ones, have the tendency to increase the positive aspect once the subject becomes from beneficiary of the administrative services, an active actor; the representations from the private administration area are less affected by preconceptions than the ones from the public area especially due to the idea of profit; the representations of the administration and bureaucracy are generally negative and are characterized by elasticity and recurrence, if they are not continuously sustained.Reform measures taken in Romania in order to adapt to the European standards operate first and foremost at language level, this being also a manipulation form due to the fact that the representations are characterized by recurrence.
Minority Foundations (Historical Background, Juridical Status and Internal Analysis)
Mustafa Alkan
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2009,
Abstract: In Turkish public opinion there is a confusion of non- Muslim Ottoman waqfs and the foundations set up by minorites or foreigners since the establishment of Turkish Republic in 1923. Although most of them were based on the Ottoman- time waqfs or pious deed corporations, minority foundations have been constituted by the 1936 official declaration. They heve been secured by the Treaty of Lausanne. In this article internal analyses of those foundations have been made after their historical backgrounds and legal status been examined. Ottoman State had given permission for the establishment of non-Muslim waqfs providing they would not be at enmity with itself. All the non-Muslim Ottoman waqfs or pious deed corporations especially those founded after the “Tanzimat” (administrative reforms of 1839) were recognized as juridical personalities of foundations upon their applications with regard to the 1936 official declaration. The said declaration was issued to make record of all the juridical personalities set up by the minorities and was based upon the new law on foundations which had been legislated in 13 June 1935. Today there are all together 161 mimority foundations in Turkey remaining from then, 74 of which are Roman, 52 Armenian, 18 Jewish, 10 Syrian Orthodox, 3 Chaldean, 2 Bulgarian, 1 Georgian and 1 Turkish Orthodox. Turkish Civil Law does not give permission for new juridical peorsonalities under the name “minority foundations” other than those. However minorities who are Turkish citizens can establish new foundations which display activities towards their aims. In the article below, only those 161 foundations have been dealt with.
Psychological Foundations of Creative Education  [PDF]
Valentin Ageyev
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.31001
Abstract: The article suggests considering the translating (consuming) character of contemporary education as its problem. The consuming character of education, exactly, is asserted to be the source of all educational problems. The effort is made to differentiate between the education based on appropriation (consumption of the knowledge and social experience existing in the society) and education based on generation (creativeness, i.e. self-dependent creation of the new knowledge). It is pointed out that under conditions of appropriating (culture-consuming) education it is impossible to raise the ability to create and foresee. This problem can only be solved under conditions of creative (culture-generating) education. This article cites the results of experimental education under the conditions of creative education. The conclusion is drawn on the perspectivity of the educational creative systems elaboration.
Towards new background independent representations for Loop Quantum Gravity  [PDF]
Madhavan Varadarajan
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/25/10/105011
Abstract: Recently, uniqueness theorems were constructed for the representation used in Loop Quantum Gravity. We explore the existence of alternate representations by weakening the assumptions of the so called LOST uniqueness theorem. The weakened assumptions seem physically reasonable and retain the key requirement of explicit background independence. For simplicity, we restrict attention to the case of gauge group U(1).
Energy flow lines as light paths: a didactical analysis (Energiestromlinien als Lichtwege: Eine didaktische Analyse)  [PDF]
Martin Erik Horn
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: Analyses of interviews with secondary school students about their conceptions of light at the University of Potsdam indicate that numerous students have a deterministic view of light. With regard to these results the model of energy flow lines, which has been discussed recently in the didactical literature, is of special interest. Following this model, light is presumed to move along energy flow lines as trajectories. In an analysis of the model of energy flow lines four didactical dimensions (didactical content, internal structure, present-day relevance and future significance) are investigated. It can be shown that a discussion of this model in physics at school can increase the meta-conceptional knowledge of the students about the models of light. On the other hand, this can promote deterministic conceptions and the Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics. But the question remains: Should the nature of light really be described as deterministic?
Five loaves and two fishes: An empirical study in psychological type and biblical hermeneutics among Anglican preachers
Leslie J. Francis
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.811
Abstract: The sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking (SIFT) method of biblical hermeneutics and liturgical preaching has its roots in three fields: a theology of individual differences situated within the doctrine of creation, an application of Jungian psychological-type theory and empirical observation. The present study tested the empirical foundations for this method by examining the psychological-type profile of two groups of Anglican preachers (24 licensed readers in England and 22 licensed clergy in Northern Ireland) and by examining the content of their preaching according to their dominant psychological-type preferences. These data provided further support for the psychological principles underpinning the SIFT method of biblical hermeneutics and liturgical preaching. How to cite this article: Francis, L.J., 2010, ‘Five loaves and two fishes: An empirical study in psychological type and biblical hermeneutics among Anglican preachers’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #811, 5 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.811
Functional connection of didactical elements in teaching geography  [PDF]
?ivkovi? Ljiljana,Jovanovi? Slavoljub,Ivanovi? Marko
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd1002247z
Abstract: The aim of this work is to present complex relations within didactical triangle as well as review of the practical usage of relations of didactical polygon. Importance of subject of this work is, certainly, its constant actualization and irrepressible change which is happening within elements and in their mutual interaction. This kind of relation brings innovations and suffers changes from modern times. Starting from immediate ways of communication to closer and further perceive of their development, the subject gets dimension of expected and somewhat exciting. The theme ensued because of the need for logical separation of didactical elements and also to connect them through complex system of communication. Their imbues are coming to express daily while interaction is developing not only in historical period but in instantaneous stages. The media, today, gives grade to development of society and represent degree of progress. As such an important factor, the role of the media must be taken into consideration. Geographical achievement is represented by teaching methods of geography and in that way it represents significant media. Complicatedness of this theme also reflects in universality; geography has advanced as science and there is great expectation for methodical science to catch up with geography and to present new manners, ways of transferring knowledge. .
An analysis of a didactical experience in science teacher preparation  [PDF]
Alberto Villani,Denise de Freitas
Investiga??es em Ensino de Ciências , 1998,
Abstract: What follows is the description of a didactical experience whose results were considered more successful than expected. Future biology teachers not only became involved in the course and learned scientific and pedagogical knowledge, but also changed their relationship with it, assuming the responsability to solve a problem with all they creativity. The experience will be analized and interpreted by means of “quasi-psychoanalytical” categories which consider the changes in the relation between student, teacher and knowledge and the instruments the teacher used to foster them.
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