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Halásková Renáta
Aktuální Otázky Sociální Politiky : Teorie a Praxe , 2012,
Abstract: The article focuses on issues of social services, which are defined as an instrument of social policy and form of social assistance for the benefit of another person. In the broader context are defined social services as services of general interest (social assistance services, employment services and education, social housingand long-term care). In connection with the specifics of social services attention is paid to the economic characteristics of social services, demographic aspects and ageing of population and the importance of social services for the elderly. Based onthe survey assessment of satisfaction, which is one of the indicators quality assessment of social services, are to documented results of survey satisfaction of the elderly with the services in selected residential facilities and satisfaction of the elderly with services by type of provider.
Publicity in dentistry: assessment of the ethical aspects involved  [PDF]
Artênio José Isper Garbin,Eliel Soares Orenha,Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin,Patrícia Elaine Gon?alves
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To verify whether the professionals who make use of advertising in Dentistry by means of billboards respect the ethical aspects determined by the Federal Council of Dentistry Resolution No 71, 2006. Methods: This was an observational study in which 178 billboards of dental clinics in the municipality of S o Paulo were assessed. Results: Among the billboards analyzed, 91.4% belonged to private persons and 9.6% to corporate bodies. With regard to the ethical aspects related to the advertisement, only 44.9% of the billboards presented all the mandatory items in accordance with the Federal Council of Dentistry. The item found the least number of times in the advertisements was the registration number in the Regional Council of Dentistry (34.8%). Among the items allowed by the Federal Council of Dentistry, the telephone number (65.2%) was the most commonly found. Among the ethical infractions, 1.7% of the billboards advertised the terms of payment. Conclusion: Professionals are not following the ethical precepts established by the Code of Ethics in Dentistry, and awareness of these professionals needs to be aroused, so that information about their services is communicated and divulged in an ethical manner.
Ethical and social aspects on rare diseases  [PDF]
Krajnovi? Du?anka
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/fid1204032k
Abstract: Rare diseases are a heterogenic group of disorders with a little in common except of their rarity affecting by less than 5 : 10.000 people. In the world is registered about 6000-8000 rare diseases with 6-8% suffering population only in the European Union. In spite of rarity, they represent an important medical and social problem due to their incidence. For many rare diseases have no treatment, but if it exists and if started on time as being available to patients, there is a good prognosis for them to be able for normal life. The problems of patients affected by rare diseases are related to the lack of diagnosis and timely undergoing as well as their treatment or prevention. Orphan drugs are products intended for treatment, diagnosis or prevention of rare diseases, but for their development and marketing the industry has not been interested in yet because of their marketing reasons. Patients suffering from a rare disease although belonging to the vulnerable group for their specific health needs, is becoming invisible in the health care system due to their additional needs un properly recognized. Ethical problems faced by patients, but also health care professionals are related to the allocation of medical diagnostics, unequal approach to health care, inappropriately specialized social services as well as therapy and rare orphan drugs unavailability. Ethical questions related to clinical trails on orphan drugs, population screening and epidemiology testing on rare diseases will also be discussed in this paper. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 41004: Rare diseases: Molecular pathophysiology, the diagnostic and therapeutical modalities, social, ethical and legal aspects]
Ethical Aspects of Spiritual Medicine. The Case of Intercessory Prayer Therapy  [cached]
Mihaela Frunza
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2007,
Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to explore, from an ethical perspective, one particular branch of what is today called “spiritual medicine”: namely, prayer therapy. Several landmark studies in the literature will be thoroughly examined, respectively the classical study of Byrd (1988), the replica of Harris et al. (1999), and the controversial study of Leibovici (2001). Beginning with these studies and the related controversies surrounding them, the religious features and ethical consequences of prayer therapy are investigated. The ethical aspects of prayer therapy – the informed consent issue, the issue of respecting bioethical principles, and the issue of medical competence in offering such techniques – are thoroughly addressed. Finally, an alternative way of framing the prayer therapy discussion is offered, in the context of public-private dichotomy.
Ethical Aspects of the Response to Terrrorism
Asa Kasher
Military and Strategic Affairs , 2010,
Abstract: In a democratic state the question of when it is appropriate to embark on a war is within the purview of the government, because it is the body responsible for any activity touching on relations between states and other political entities. This question has rami cations for defense of the state, its citizens, and its soldiers. Similarly, the question of what is appropriate action after the war, when working towards peace, is within the government’s purview because any step towards a settlement between the parties is of political signi cance in terms of foreign relations and is of internal political signi cance. The second question, however, deals with the activity of the military, a professional state organization, and often can be dealt with apart from the other two questions. This essay deals with the distinction between what is and what is not proper in military activity during an operation or in a war.
Ethical Aspects of Multiple Pregnancy  [PDF]
Jacques Milliez,Bernard Dickens
International Journal of Fertility & Sterility , 2009,
Abstract: The rate of multiple pregnancy has dramatically increased during the past decades, along with thediffusion of assisted reproduction technology (ART). Multiple pregnancy entail an increased risk of,at times life threatening, maternal complications i.e. pre-eclampsia, eclampsia or abruptio placenta, ofserious neonatal hazards, i.e. extreme prematurity or growth retardation, as well as deleterious impacton family and social life. It raises the ethical debate of fetal reduction. The international federationof gynaecologists and obstetricians (FIGO) recommendations on iatrogenic multiple pregnancyemphasizes the need for the transfer of a limited number of embryos during ART in order to secure asingleton pregnancy.
Ethical aspects of vulnerability in research
Elisabeth Weisser-Lohmann
Poiesis & Praxis , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-012-0109-2
Abstract: In connection with research on humans, the term “vulnerability” is only appropriate to identify the special need for protection of certain sections of the population and individuals, if this term refers to the additional risk of certain groups of subjects. Authors who focus on the additional risk suffering of a subject group when defining vulnerability succeed in considering the specific worthiness of protection in a context-sensitive way. The attempt to define the risk–benefit assessment for vulnerable subject groups on a binding basis faces considerable difficulties. This assessment depends both on the research situation and on the test subject. The normative aspect of this decision could be solved by referring to Rawl’s decision model of an original position. In cases where there is no benefit for the subject, arguments in the discussion of the risks and benefits that are based on a “group or overall benefit” and an “objective interest,” cannot be fully sustained.
Implicit, Context Management Systems for Mobile Health Services  [PDF]
Vahid Farahmandian, Abbas Asosheh
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks (ETSN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/etsn.2015.41001

Objectives: In this paper data flow and executive model of Mobile Health services risk management by the use of context aware systems are provided. Materials and Methods: Mobile health (M-Health) refers to using portable electronic devices having application for delivering health services and patient’s information management. M-Health can offer various services remotely in prevention, detection, control, and treatment of disease or in the conditions of disaster for a patient or an environment. These services can have more acceptable quality by the help of Context Aware Systems which are defined as the capacity of computing equipment for detection, feeling, interpreting, and replying to user’s local environmental aspects and computing equipment itself. In this paper, executive model is offered for managing services of M-Health based on context aware systems. One of the supplies of developing a context aware system is having a clear and well-defined definition of context and developing appropriate context information provider. In order to deliver high quality and well-managed M-Health services in the form of context aware systems, having clinical risk management plan is necessary. Conclusions: M-Health services need to develop appropriate communication strategies for interacting with stockholders at each stage of clinical risk management process. Risks, which are primarily resides in service providers, communicating channels or service receiver sides, can be well identified and managed using clinical risk management, M-Health and context aware systems. Thereby, these systems can offer qualified and precise services.

Research on embryos in Turkey with ethical and legal aspects  [cached]
Emine Elif Vatano?lu-Lutz
Journal of the Turkish-German Gynecological Association , 2012,
Abstract: Technically, the term embryo refers to the products of conception after implantation into the wall of the womb, usually nearly two weeks after fertilization, up until the eighth week. Embryos contain stem cells which, according to scientists, could be used to cure a wide range of conditions. Stem cells can be coaxed into growing cells of any other type, which makes them potentially very useful indeed. However, removing stem cells from an embryo will kill the embryo, which some people object to. From the mid 1970s, IVF was being developed and research was carried out on the spare embryos produced. This research helped to improve IVF techniques, as well as to better understand the earliest stages of human development. Research also shed light on a variety of inheritable disorders. In Turkish Law, assisted reproduction treatment (ART) services are regulated with the Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Treatment Centers Act (RAPTCA) The Regulation was issued in 1987, but it has been amended several times since. Also, article 90 of the Turkish Penal Code covers some aspects of research on embryos. At the same time, the Biomedicine Convention (Oviedo Convention), signed by Turkey and which entered into force in 2003, has binding regulations about this issue. Different legal regulations and some ethical guidelines are in conflict with each other, creating much confusion for the researchers. In this paper these conflicts are discussed, giving some practical proposals.
J.P.B. Van Loggerenberg
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/7-1-826
Abstract: When the South African Defence Force established the Military Academy in 1950 in order to provide higher education for career officers, many eyebrows were raised at this innovative step. The Union Defence Force had, after all, just emerged as co-victors from World War II and managed quite well with an officers corps where degrees were conspicuous by their absence. There was, furthermore, a vague but widespread feeling that academical training was synonymous with pure 'theory', whilst war required 'practical' men with 'practical' experience. As many considered theory and practice to be mutually exclusive, dire predictions were made about the future efficiency of this 'army of professors'.
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