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Arens regularity of certain weighted semigroup algebras and countability  [PDF]
B. Khodsiani,A. Rejali,H. R. Ebrahimi Vishki
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: It is known that every countable semigroup admits a weight w for which the semigroup algebra l_1(S,w) is Arens regular and no uncountable group admits such a weight; see [4]. In this paper, among other things, we show that for a large class of semigroups, the Arens regularity of the weighted semigroup algebra l_1(S,w) implies the countability of S.
A Lexicographic Approach to Language Policy and Recommendations for Future Dictionaries
S Tarp, RH Gouws
Lexikos , 2008,
Abstract: Abstract: Language policy prevails at different levels and its formulation typically results in a prescriptive presentation of data. In their dictionaries, lexicographers have to respond to the decisions of language policy makers. In this regard dictionaries can adhere to a strict prescriptive policy by including only the prescribed forms. Dictionaries can also give a descriptive account of language use without making any recommendations or claims of correctness. Thirdly, dictionaries can be proscriptive by recommending certain forms, even if such a recommendation goes against the prescribed forms. This article offers an overview of different levels of language policy and the principles of prescription, description and proscription. Examples are given to illustrate certain lexicographic applications of prescription. It is emphasised that access to relevant data is important to dictionary users. Consequently the lexicographic application of proscription is discussed as a viable alternative to prescription. It is suggested that proscription, in its different possible applications, can lead to a lexicographic presentation that benefits the user and that contributes to the satisfaction of the functions of a given dictionary.
A Lexicographic Approach to Language Policy and Recommendations for Future Dictionaries
Sven Tarp,Rufus H. Gouws
Lexikos , 2011, DOI: 10.5788/18--486
Abstract: : Language policy prevails at different levels and its formulation typically results in a prescriptive presentation of data. In their dictionaries, lexicographers have to respond to the decisions of language policy makers. In this regard dictionaries can adhere to a strict prescriptive policy by including only the prescribed forms. Dictionaries can also give a descriptive account of language use without making any recommendations or claims of correctness. Thirdly, dictionaries can be proscriptive by recommending certain forms, even if such a recommendation goes against the prescribed forms. This article offers an overview of different levels of language policy and the principles of prescription, description and proscription. Examples are given to illustrate certain lexicographic applications of prescription. It is emphasised that access to relevant data is important to dictionary users. Consequently the lexicographic application of proscription is discussed as a viable alternative to prescription. It is suggested that proscription, in its different possible applications, can lead to a lexicographic presentation that benefits the user and that contributes to the satisfaction of the functions of a given dictionary. Keywords: ACCESS, COGNITIVE FUNCTION, COMPLEMENTARY PROSCRIPTION,DESCRIPTION, DIRECT PRESCRIPTION, DIRECT PROSCRIPTION, DOMAIN-SPECIFICLANGUAGE POLICY, INDIRECT PRESCRIPTION, INDIRECT PROSCRIPTION, LANGUAGEPOLICY, LEVELS OF LANGUAGE POLICY, LEXICOGRAPHIC FUNCTIONS, NATIONALLANGUAGE POLICY, PRESCRIPTION, PROSCRIPTION, SINGLE PROSCRIPTION, TERMINOLOGICALLANGUAGE POLICY, TEXT PRODUCTION, TEXT RECEPTION, VARIANTS Opsomming: 'n Leksikografiese benadering tot taalbeleid en aanbevelingsvir toekomstige woordeboeke. Taalbeleid kom op verskillende vlakke voor en tipieserwyslei die formulering daarvan tot 'n preskriptiewe aanbieding van data. Leksikograwe moet inhulle woordeboeke reageer op die besluite van taalbeleidmakers. In hierdie verband kan woordeboekebly by 'n streng preskriptiewe beleid deur slegs die goedgekeurde vorme in te sluit. Woordeboekekan ook 'n deskriptiewe verslag van taalgebruik gee sonder om aanbevelings of korrektheidsaansprakete maak. Derdens kan woordeboeke proskriptief wees deur bepaalde vorme aan tebeveel, selfs al is so 'n aanbeveling in stryd met die voorgeskrewe vorme. Hierdie artikel bied 'noorsig oor verskillende vlakke van taalbeleid en die beginsels van preskripsie, deskripsie enproskripsie. Voorbeelde word gegee om sekere leksikografiese toepassings van preskripsie toe telig. Daar word beklemtoon dat toegang tot
Orature and morpholexical deconstruction as lexicographic archaeological sites: some implications for dictionaries of African languages
F Matambirofa
Lexikos , 2001,
Abstract: This article takes a multidisciplinary approach to African lexicographic practice. It has as its primary premise the assumption that without words there can be no dictionaries to compile and discuss. Owing to this fact, the article focuses on a specific strategy for collecting words which belong in a special category of their own, namely archaic or obsolete words. Such words are important because of the need to mark them as such in any general purpose dictionary. Most, if not all dictionaries of African languages seem not to have this category, giving the misleading impression that there are no such words in African languages. Apart from digging up archaic or what we have also referred to as artefact words, the article also argues that the words have a substantial and intrinsic etymological value. Thus they can be used in specialised etymological dictionaries of African languages or even in standard general dictionaries. The multidisciplinary aspect resides in the methodology proposed for the recovery of archaic words. It is considered necessary that disciplines such as oral literature, oral history, historical linguistics and to a limited extent theoretical linguistics and computational linguistics, and, symbolically, archaeology and lexicography itself, be brought to bear on the subject of inquiry. The article is also an attempt at working out a method which African lexicographers can employ as an instrument to dig up artefact words for etymological and other such purposes. Hopefully the method can be refined further.
Orature and Morpholexical Deconstruction as Lexicographic Archaeological Sites: Some Implications for Dictionaries of African Languages1
Francis Matambirofa
Lexikos , 2011, DOI: 10.5788/11--838
Abstract: : This article takes a multidisciplinary approach to African lexicographic practice. It has as its primary premise the assumption that without words there can be no dictionaries to compile and discuss. Owing to this fact, the article focuses on a specific strategy for collecting words which belong in a special category of their own, namely archaic or obsolete words. Such words are important because of the need to mark them as such in any general purpose dictionary. Most, if not all dictionaries of African languages seem not to have this category, giving the misleading impression that there are no such words in African languages. Apart from digging up archaic or what we have also referred to as artefact words, the article also argues that the words have a substantial and intrinsic etymological value. Thus they can be used in specialised etymological dictionaries of African languages or even in standard general dictionaries. The multidisciplinary aspect resides in the methodology proposed for the recovery of archaic words. It is considered necessary that disciplines such as oral literature, oral history, historical linguistics and to a limited extent theoretical linguistics and computational linguistics, and, symbolically, archaeology and lexicography itself, be brought to bear on the subject of inquiry. The article is also an attempt at working out a method which African lexicographers can employ as an instrument to dig up artefact words for etymological and other such purposes. Hopefully the method can be refined further. Keywords: ORATURE, MORPHOLEXICAL, DECONSTRUCTION, RECONSTRUCTION, ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES, LEXICOGRAPHY, AFRICAN LANGUAGES, DICTIONARIES, DIACHRONIC, SYNCHRONIC, HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, PROVERBS, RIDDLES, IDIOMS, ORAL TRADITIONS, MNEMONIC, ETYMOLOGY, ARCHAIC, SHONA, DEVERBATIVE NOUNS, VERB ROOT, SEMANTIC, ARTEFACT WORDS Opsomming: Mondelinge literatuur en morfoleksikale dekonstruksie as leksikografiese argeologiese terreine: 'n Aantal implikasies vir woordeboeke van Afrikatale. Hierdie artikel het 'n multidissiplin?re benadering tot die leksikografiese praktyk in Afrikatale. Dit het as prim?re uitgangspunt die veronderstelling dat dit sonder woorde onmoontlik is om woordeboeke op te stel en te bespreek. Op grond van hierdie feit fokus die artikel op 'n spesifieke strategie vir die versameling van woorde wat tot 'n kategorie van hul eie behoort, naamlik arga?ese of verouderde woorde. Sulke woorde is belangrik vanwe? die noodsaaklikheid om hulle as sulks te merk in enige woordeboek vir algemene gebruik. Die meeste, indien nie alle woordeboek
Lexicographic semigroupoids  [PDF]
S. C. Power
Mathematics , 1994,
Abstract: The natural lexicographic semigroupoids associated with Cantor product spaces indexed by countable linear orders are classified. Applications are given to the classification of triangular operator algebras which are direct limits of upper triangular matrix algebras.
Countability and Number in Japanese-to-English Machine Translation  [PDF]
Francis Bond,Kentaro Ogura,Satoru Ikehara
Computer Science , 1995,
Abstract: This paper presents a heuristic method that uses information in the Japanese text along with knowledge of English countability and number stored in transfer dictionaries to determine the countability and number of English noun phrases. Incorporating this method into the machine translation system ALT-J/E, helped to raise the percentage of noun phrases generated with correct use of articles and number from 65% to 73%.
On uncountable hypersimple unidimensional theories  [PDF]
Ziv Shami
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We extend a dichotomy between 1-basedness and supersimplicity proved in a previous paper. The generalization we get is to arbitrary language, with no restrictions on the topology (we do not demand type-definabilty of the open set in the definition of essential 1-basedness). We conclude that every (possibly uncountable) hypersimple unidimensional theory that is not s-essentially 1-based by means of the forking topology is supersimple. We also obtain a strong version of the above dichotomy in the case where the language is countable.
The countable versus uncountable branching recurrences in computability logic  [PDF]
Wenyan Xu,Sanyang Liu
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: This paper introduces a new simplified version of the countable branching recurrence of Computability Logic, proves its equivalence to the old one, and shows that the basic logic induced by it is a proper superset of the basic logic induced by the uncountable branching recurrence. A further result of this paper is showing that the countable branching recurrence is strictly weaker than the uncountable branching recurrence in the sense that the latter logically implies the former but not vice versa.
Countable structure does not have a free uncountable automorphism group  [PDF]
Saharon Shelah
Mathematics , 2000,
Abstract: Solecki proved that the group of automorphisms of a countable structure cannot be an uncountable free abelian group. See more in Just, Shelah and Thomas math.LO/0003120 where as a by product we can say something on on uncountable structures. We prove here the following Theorem: If A is a countable model, then Aut(M) cannot be a free uncountable group.
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