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Pattern of skin diseases among civil population and armed forces personnel at Pune
Sayal S,Das A,Gupta C
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1997,
Abstract: The pattern of skin disorders among 11393 civil and 8123 defence service personnel who attended out-patient department (OPD) from January 1989 to December 1994 is presented. Infective dermatoses were more common in civil population (41.2%) as compared to defence service personnel (36.3%). Fungal infection was common in both groups (15.1% and 17.2%) whereas parasitic infestations and pyoderma were more common in civil population (12.8% and 6.1%) as compared to service personnel (7.8% and 3.6%). Among non-infective dermatoses eczemas were more common in civil population (17.3%) as compared to Armed Forces personnel (11.7%), whereas papulosquamous disorders, pigmentary disorders, acne and alopecia were more common in Armed Forces personnel (13.5%, 13.4% 8.7% and 6.2%) as compared to civil population (10.8%, 10.1%, 6.4% and 4.1%). The incidence of other skin disorders did not differ much between the two groups.
Reflections upon homosexuality in the armed forces
Ortiz Lazo,Claudio;
Revista Fuerzas Armadas y Sociedad , 2006,
Abstract: this paper will discuss the issues involved in the incorporation of homosexual personnel into the armed forces. from a comparative standpoint it is established that the increasing relevance of this matter in developed countries, is due to social changes, operative necessities and the development of a growing policy from the states towards the generation of maximum levels of equality of opportunities for all individuals, including the armed forces. furthermore, this process can?t be just tackled from a moral point of view, which tends to segregate society and can isolate society from its military institutions. finally, there exist multiple options to face this topic, since there are not unique "recipes" and therefore, it must be addressed considering the particular features of society.
FORUM: The Socio-Political Role of the Indonesian Armed Forces
* Soeratmin
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2001,
Abstract: Responding to the strong challenges against the dual functions of the armed forces according to which Indonesian armed forces does not perform purely military function, but is also a socio-political forces with the right to actively participate in government, the self reformed Indonesian armed forces has produced a new approach called the "New Paradigm" which envisages a reduction of its legitimate political role. Now, the military has retained only 38 seats (used to be 100) in the House of Representatives. And as of April 1999, the practice of kekaryaan has also been eliminated. Military personnel are still allowed to hold their posts in civilian bureaucracy, local legislatures, and as regional executives, but they would have to retire from active duty. These moves marked a partial retreat of the socio-political role of the Indonesian armed forces.
Politics and the Southeast Asian Armed Forces  [cached]
Patricio N. Abinales
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1987,
Abstract: This paper seeks to discuss Southeast Asia’s armed forces and their political impact on their respective societies in the light of the deepening transnationalization process in the region. It shall outline the points of similarity that broadly identify the nature of these military establishments in the regional context. It shall also indicate the distinctions among these armed forces to stress the fact that no armed forces are entirely similar to the others. Armed forces occupy important positions in State apparatuses. They are part and parcel of the State leadership and the decision making power bloc. The extent of their corporate interests spans not just the State but also the whole society. They influence State internal policies and external relations. Anti-communism has been the most enduring ideological value/belief among armed forces in the region. Most of them are organically linked with the United States and other Western powers.
Suicide after Leaving the UK Armed Forces —A Cohort Study  [PDF]
Navneet Kapur ,David While,Nick Blatchley,Isabelle Bray,Kate Harrison
PLOS Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026
Abstract: Background Few studies have examined suicide risk in individuals once they have left the military. We aimed to investigate the rate, timing, and risk factors for suicide in all those who had left the UK Armed Forces (1996–2005). Methods and Findings We carried out a cohort study of ex-Armed Forces personnel by linking national databases of discharged personnel and suicide deaths (which included deaths receiving either a suicide or undetermined verdict). Comparisons were made with both general and serving populations. During the study period 233,803 individuals left the Armed Forces and 224 died by suicide. Although the overall rate of suicide was not greater than that in the general population, the risk of suicide in men aged 24 y and younger who had left the Armed Forces was approximately two to three times higher than the risk for the same age groups in the general and serving populations (age-specific rate ratios ranging from 170 to 290). The risk of suicide for men aged 30–49 y was lower than that in the general population. The risk was persistent but may have been at its highest in the first 2 y following discharge. The risk of suicide was greatest in males, those who had served in the Army, those with a short length of service, and those of lower rank. The rate of contact with specialist mental health was lowest in the age groups at greatest risk of suicide (14% for those aged under 20 y, 20% for those aged 20–24 y). Conclusions Young men who leave the UK Armed Forces were at increased risk of suicide. This may reflect preservice vulnerabilities rather than factors related to service experiences or discharge. Preventive strategies might include practical and psychological preparation for discharge and encouraging appropriate help-seeking behaviour once individuals have left the services.
The Philippine Armed Forces: Protector or Oppressor
Ricardo Trota Jose
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2001,
Abstract: Military tradition and establishment has long been a part of Philippine society. The scholarly works on military history, done mostly by former soldiers and officers, cover the vast panorama of both formal and informal traditions in military history. These works are comprehensive in terms of data, rendering an "ideal history" meant to instill pride and recognition for the military. Only recently has a more critical point of view surfaced. In the "other history" the military is de-glamorized in accounts of atrocities and defeats. Readers are provided a glimpse of the armed forces' complex character and changing roles particularly in the last three decades. More thorough studies are necessary to understand why the Philippine Armed Forces in its history has been both protector and oppressor of the people.
Popa Luminita
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2009,
Abstract: The Assessment Center is a relatively new method for personnel selection that becomes more and more popular among the Human Resources Managers. It has proven to have efficiency both in personnel selection and training needs identification. This paper refe
S.J. Baynham,L. Steyn
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/16-1-461
Abstract: "The Ghana Armed Forces, in co-operation with the police, have thought it necessary to take over the reins of power and to dismiss the former President, Kwame Nkrumah, the Presidential Commission and all Ministers, and to suspend the Constitution and to dissolve Parliament. This act has been necessitated by the political and economic situation in the country. The concentration of power in the hands of one man has led to the abuse of individual rights and liberty. Power has been exercised by the former President capriciously. The operation of the laws has been suspended to the advantage of his favourites and he has been running the country as his own personal property. "
The stigma of mental health problems and other barriers to care in the UK Armed Forces
Amy C Iversen, Lauren van Staden, Jamie Hughes, Neil Greenberg, Matthew Hotopf, Roberto J Rona, Graham Thornicroft, Simon Wessely, Nicola T Fear
BMC Health Services Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-31
Abstract: Participants were drawn from a large UK military health study. Participants undertook a telephone interview including the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ); a short measure of PTSD (Primary Care PTSD, PC-PTSD); a series of questions about service utilisation; and barriers to care. The response rate was 76% (821 participants).The most common barriers to care reported are those relating to the anticipated public stigma associated with consulting for a mental health problem. In addition, participants reported barriers in the practicalities of consulting such as scheduling an appointment and having time off for treatment. Barriers to care did not appear to be diminished after people leave the Armed Forces. Veterans report additional barriers to care of not knowing where to find help and a concern that their employer would blame them for their problems. Those with mental health problems, such as PTSD, report significantly more barriers to care than those who do not have a diagnosis of a mental disorder.Despite recent efforts to de-stigmatise mental disorders in the military, anticipated stigma and practical barriers to consulting stand in the way of access to care for some Service personnel. Further interventions to reduce stigma and ensuring that Service personnel have access to high quality confidential assessment and treatment remain priorities for the UK Armed Forces.Less than half of those who return from combat with mental health problems in the Armed Forces seek help for their disorder [1-4]. Given that effective treatments are available and that untreated mental health problems have a substantial impact on both individual wellbeing and operational effectiveness of the fighting force [5], this is a cause for concern. In this paper we explore three barriers to care; the anticipated public stigma of mental health problems, which is a set of ideas, beliefs, and expectations that a person believes that others hold about mental illness [6]; attitudes towards mental he
ú inky individuálně navr enych program tělesné p ípravy zalo enych na normách americké armády na motorické schopnosti zaměstnanc slovinskych ozbrojenych sil The effects of individually designed programs of physical training based on US army standards on motor abilities of Slovene armed forces personnel
Damir Karpljuk,Edvin Dervi?evi?,Suzana Tkavc,Mare Novak
Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis : Gymnica , 2006,
Abstract: P imě ená fyzická zdatnost je vyznamnym aspektem obecné p ipravenosti ozbrojenych sil a nedílnou sou ástí armádní podpory. Cílem tohoto pr zkumu bylo zjistit ú inky vycvikového programu, zalo eného na individuálně p izp sobené mí e intenzity, na motorické schopnosti zaměstnanc slovinskych ozbrojenych sil (SV). Vzorek zahrnoval 34 len SV (16 za azenych do experimentální skupiny – ES a 18 do kontrolní skupiny – KS) ve věku od 35 do 40 let. Vysledky byly zpracovány pomocí programu SPSS 8.0 pro Windows. Zpracování vysledk bylo prováděno v několika etapách. Nejprve byly stanoveny základní statistické charakteristiky a distribuce individuálních proměnnych, byla vypo tena míra st ední tendence a stupeň disperze, byla pou ita metoda pro analyzu s rizikem odchylky 5 %. Vysledky prokázaly, e charakteristického zvy ení úrovně ur itych motorickych schopností sledovaného souboru lze dosáhnout pomocí ekonomizace vycvikového postupu a individuálně p izp sobené intenzity vycviku. Statisticky vyznamné rozdíly mezi experimentální a kontrolní skupinou byly zji těny p i mě ení tělesného tuku (KG), klik (SK), hrudních p edklon v lehu pokr mo, běhu na 3200 metr (T3200M) a klidové srde ní frekvence (FSUs). P esto e byl zkoumany vzorek maly, tyto studie alespoň teoreticky potvrzují pot ebu dal ího vyzkumu v této oblasti, proto e na e d kazy vyrazně nazna ují ú innost individuálně navr enych vycvikovych protokol na tělesnou p ipravenost zaměstnanc slovinskych ozbrojenych sil. Adequate physical readiness is a significant aspect of universal armed forces readiness and an integral part of military support. The aim of this research was to ascertain the effect of a training program, based on individually adapted intensity levels, on motor abilities of the Slovene armed forces (SV) personnel. The sample of subjects included 34 members of SV (16 in the experimental group – ES, and 18 in the control group – KS), aged between 35 and 40. Results have been processed by the SPSS 8.0 for Windows program. Data processing was carried out in several phases. First, the basic statistical characteristics and the distribution of individual variables have been determined, the measures of central tendency and the measures of dispersion have been calculated and a method for the analysis of variance with 5% risk has been used. The results have shown that a characteristic enhancement of certain motor abilities of the sample studied can be improved by means of training process economisation and individually adapted training intensity levels. Statistically significant differences between the ex
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