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Evaluation of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2010 Edition): Recommended Protein, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin D, and Iron Intakes for Breast-Fed Infants Aged 6 - 11 Months  [PDF]
Setsuko Tsutie, Nobutaka Kurihara, Aki Sasaki, Arisa Takagi, Harumiti Seguti, Tetsuya Inatome
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.24039
Abstract: Objective: With regard to the 2010 edition of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (DRIs-2010), we investigated whether the DRIs for two age groups, breast-fed infants aged 6-8 and 9-11 months, can be fulfilled for every nutrient in actual dietary practice. Design: We evaluated (1) whether the DRIs for all nutrients can be fulfilled in a formula with energy and protein exceeding their DRIs, (2) whether the DRIs for all nutrients can be fulfilled in a formula prepared in accordance with Japanese government-recommended weaning guidelines, and (3) what kinds of formulas can be prepared if the DRIs for all nutrients are fulfilled without referring to the weaning guidelines. Setting: Simulation of diet menu on the basis of published data in our university and survey of diet menu in a university hospital attached to a national medical school. Subjects: The three types of formulas were planned for ten days. Results: It was impossible to simultaneously fulfil the DRIs for 6 - 8-month-old infants concerning pantothenic acid, vitamin D, and iron and those for 9 - 11-month-old infants concerning these nutrients plus protein. Conclusion: According to the DRIs-2010, the DRI for all nutrients could not be fulfilled in an ingestible formula.
THE TEXT OF CAXTON'S SECOND EDITION OF THE CANTERBURY TALES  [cached]
Bordalejo Bárbara
International Journal of English Studies (IJES) , 2005, DOI: 10.6018/ijes.5.2.47771
Abstract: This article describes recent research on the textual relationship between the first and second editions of the Canterbury Tales printed in England by William Caxton and it also explores the textual affiliations of the manuscript source for the corrections in the second edition. Using both computerised and manual methods the variant readings between the first and second editions of the Tales are isolated. Examples of the textual affiliations of the manuscript source of Caxton's second edition are analysed. This article concludes that the manuscript source for the corrections introduced in Caxton's second edition of the Tales was of the same quality as tlie best extant manuscripts and that its readings can help our understanding of the textual tradition and can clarify the text for editors of the Tales.
Constructing Reference Sets from Unstructured, Ungrammatical Text  [PDF]
Matthew Michelson,Craig A. Knoblock
Computer Science , 2014, DOI: 10.1613/jair.2937
Abstract: Vast amounts of text on the Web are unstructured and ungrammatical, such as classified ads, auction listings, forum postings, etc. We call such text "posts." Despite their inconsistent structure and lack of grammar, posts are full of useful information. This paper presents work on semi-automatically building tables of relational information, called "reference sets," by analyzing such posts directly. Reference sets can be applied to a number of tasks such as ontology maintenance and information extraction. Our reference-set construction method starts with just a small amount of background knowledge, and constructs tuples representing the entities in the posts to form a reference set. We also describe an extension to this approach for the special case where even this small amount of background knowledge is impossible to discover and use. To evaluate the utility of the machine-constructed reference sets, we compare them to manually constructed reference sets in the context of reference-set-based information extraction. Our results show the reference sets constructed by our method outperform manually constructed reference sets. We also compare the reference-set-based extraction approach using the machine-constructed reference set to supervised extraction approaches using generic features. These results demonstrate that using machine-constructed reference sets outperforms the supervised methods, even though the supervised methods require training data.
Validity of the recorded International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition diagnoses codes of bone metastases and skeletal-related events in breast and prostate cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients
Annette stergaard Jensen, Mette N rgaard, Mellissa Yong, et al.
Clinical Epidemiology , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S5446
Abstract: lidity of the recorded International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition diagnoses codes of bone metastases and skeletal-related events in breast and prostate cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients Original Research (4384) Total Article Views Authors: Annette stergaard Jensen, Mette N rgaard, Mellissa Yong, et al. Published Date July 2009 Volume 2009:1 Pages 101 - 108 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S5446 Annette stergaard Jensen1, Mette N rgaard1, Mellissa Yong2, Jon P Fryzek2, Henrik Toft S rensen1 1Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University hospital, rhus, Denmark; 2Global Epidemiology, Amgen inc., Thousands Oaks, CA, USA Objective: The clinical history of bone metastases and skeletal-related events (SREs) secondary to cancers is not well understood. In support of studies of the natural history of bone metastases and SREs in Danish prostate and breast cancer patients, we estimated the sensitivity and specificity of hospital diagnoses for bone metastases and SREs (ie, radiation therapy to the bone, pathological or osteoporotic fractures, spinal cord compression and surgery to the bone) in a nationwide medical registry in Denmark. Study design and setting: In North Jutland County, Denmark, we randomly sampled 100 patients with primary prostate cancer and 100 patients with primary breast cancer diagnoses from the National Registry of Patients (NRP), during the period January 1st, 2000 to December 31st, 2000 and followed them for up to five years after their cancer diagnosis. We used information from medical chart reviews as the reference for estimating sensitivity, and specificity of the NRP International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) coding for bone metastases and SRE diagnoses. Results: For prostate cancer, the overall sensitivity of bone metastases or SRE coding in the NRP was 0.54 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39–0.69), and the specificity was 0.96 (95% CI: 0.87–1.00). For breast cancer, the overall sensitivity of bone metastases or SRE coding in the NRP was 0.58 (95% CI: 0.34–0.80), and the specificity was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.88–0.99). Conclusion: We measured the validity of ICD-10 coding in the Danish NRP for bone metastases and SREs in prostate and breast cancer patients and found it has adequate sensitivity and high specificity. The NRP remains a valuable tool for clinical epidemiological studies of bone metastases and SREs.
Validity of the recorded International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition diagnoses codes of bone metastases and skeletal-related events in breast and prostate cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients  [cached]
Annette Østergaard Jensen,Mette Nørgaard,Mellissa Yong
Clinical Epidemiology , 2009,
Abstract: Annette stergaard Jensen1, Mette N rgaard1, Mellissa Yong2, Jon P Fryzek2, Henrik Toft S rensen11Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University hospital, rhus, Denmark; 2Global Epidemiology, Amgen inc., Thousands Oaks, CA, USAObjective: The clinical history of bone metastases and skeletal-related events (SREs) secondary to cancers is not well understood. In support of studies of the natural history of bone metastases and SREs in Danish prostate and breast cancer patients, we estimated the sensitivity and specificity of hospital diagnoses for bone metastases and SREs (ie, radiation therapy to the bone, pathological or osteoporotic fractures, spinal cord compression and surgery to the bone) in a nationwide medical registry in Denmark.Study design and setting: In North Jutland County, Denmark, we randomly sampled 100 patients with primary prostate cancer and 100 patients with primary breast cancer diagnoses from the National Registry of Patients (NRP), during the period January 1st, 2000 to December 31st, 2000 and followed them for up to five years after their cancer diagnosis. We used information from medical chart reviews as the reference for estimating sensitivity, and specificity of the NRP International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) coding for bone metastases and SRE diagnoses. Results: For prostate cancer, the overall sensitivity of bone metastases or SRE coding in the NRP was 0.54 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39–0.69), and the specificity was 0.96 (95% CI: 0.87–1.00). For breast cancer, the overall sensitivity of bone metastases or SRE coding in the NRP was 0.58 (95% CI: 0.34–0.80), and the specificity was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.88–0.99). Conclusion: We measured the validity of ICD-10 coding in the Danish NRP for bone metastases and SREs in prostate and breast cancer patients and found it has adequate sensitivity and high specificity. The NRP remains a valuable tool for clinical epidemiological studies of bone metastases and SREs.Keywords: bone metastases, skeletal-related events (SRE), sensitivity, specificity
Marking-up multiple views of a Text: Discourse and Reference  [PDF]
Dan Cristea,Nancy Ide,Laurent Romary
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: We describe an encoding scheme for discourse structure and reference, based on the TEI Guidelines and the recommendations of the Corpus Encoding Specification (CES). A central feature of the scheme is a CES-based data architecture enabling the encoding of and access to multiple views of a marked-up document. We describe a tool architecture that supports the encoding scheme, and then show how we have used the encoding scheme and the tools to perform a discourse analytic task in support of a model of global discourse cohesion called Veins Theory (Cristea & Ide, 1998).
Text and short reviews by the edition  [cached]
DC PAPERS : Revista de Crítica y Teoría de la Arquitectura , 2009,
Abstract:
The Serbian Church Slavonic text of the Martyrion of Dorotheos of Alexandria
Terje Helland
Poljarnyj Vestnik , 2006,
Abstract: This article provides an introduction to and edition of the Serbian Church Slavonic text of the Martyrion of Dorotheos of Alexandria.
Microbiological study of breast milk with special reference to its storage in milk bank.  [cached]
Deodhar L,Joshi S
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 1991,
Abstract: Sixty five breast milk samples were subjected to bacteriological studies; each sample thrice (in fresh state, after heating at 1000C and freezing for 5 days at -20 degrees C). In fresh State, Staphylococci and diphtheroids were predominant organisms. After heating, none of the samples showed any micro-organisms while after freezing for 5 days, all the samples showing presence of micro-organisms earlier, showed decrease in colony counts. None of the milk samples showed inclusions of cytomegalovirus. Serum samples of mothers tested for Hepatitis B surface antigen and human immunodeficiency virus antibodies gave negative results. Such studies i.e. screening of breast milk samples are important if human milk is to be stored in banks and supplied to premature (high risk group) children.
Estrogen and progesterone receptor testing in breast carcinoma: concordance of results between local and reference laboratories in Brazil
Wludarski, Sheila Cristina Lordelo;Lopes, Lisandro Ferreira;Duarte, ívison Xavier;Carvalho, Filomena Marino;Weiss, Lawrence;Bacchi, Carlos Eduardo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802011000400007
Abstract: context and objective: breast cancer accounts for approximately one quarter of all cancers in females. estrogen and progesterone receptor testing has become an essential part of the clinical evaluation of breast carcinoma patients, and accurate results are critical in identifying patients who may benefit from hormone therapy. the present study had the aim of investigating the concordance of the results from hormone receptor tests between a reference laboratory and local (or community) laboratories in brazil. design and setting: retrospective study at a reference pathology laboratory. methods: the concordance in the results from hormone receptor tests between a reference laboratory and 146 local laboratories in brazil was compared in relation to 500 invasive breast carcinoma cases, using immunohistochemistry. results: there was concordance in 89.4% (447/500 cases) and 85.0% (425/500 cases) of the results from estrogen (κ = 0.744, p < 0.001) and progesterone (κ = 0.688, p < 0.001) receptor tests, respectively, between local and reference laboratories. this was similar to findings in other countries. the false negative rates from estrogen and progesterone receptor tests in local laboratories were 8.7% and 14.4%, respectively. the false positive rates from estrogen and progesterone receptor tests in local laboratories were 15.5% and 16.0%, respectively. conclusion: technical and result interpretation issues may explain most of the discordances in hormone receptor testing in local laboratories. validation of estrogen and progesterone receptor tests at local laboratories, with rigorous quality control measures, is strongly recommended in order to avoid erroneous treatment of breast cancer patients.
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