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Healthcare Administration Using Distributed Knowledge  [PDF]
T. Bhuvaneswari,K. Prathiba,S.K. Srivatsa
Information Technology Journal , 2007,
Abstract: This study pertains to an application of electronic commerce in the field of healthcare administration and is based on Distributed Knowledge Management (DKM). The DKM is a concept that originated as an abstraction of a business model prepared for the mechanical and agricultural industry. This study suggests a new business model based on DKM for more general use, in the context of healthcare administration.
Hybrid Security Techniques for Internet of Things Healthcare Applications  [PDF]
Lobna Yehia, Ayman Khedr, Ashraf Darwish
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2015.53004
Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the future where every day physical objects will be connected to the internet and be able to identify themselves to other devices. IoT is a new revolution of the Internet and It will effect in a large number of applications such as smart living, smart home, healthcare systems, smart manufacturing, environment monitoring, and smart logistics. This paper provides integration, summarizes and surveys some of the security techniques especially hybrid techniques that can be applied with healthcare applications in IoT environment.
A interface internet/s@úde: perspectivas e desafios
Castiel, Luis David;Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832003000200004
Abstract: information and communication technology (ict) through the internet are changed into elements, processes and objects produced in order to be used by human bio-sciences relating to the practice of biomedicine, such as public health. ict has been covering increasingly large fields of medical information, producing specialization sectors known as telemedicine, cyber-medicine and the so-called consumer healthcare information technology. it tries to meet consumers' information needs, by apparently creating something similar to self-treatment with some degree of expertise. in this way, consumers would be able to make more ' informed' decisions in terms of their purchases in the healthcare field. in order to attain this objective, computer programs have come up with decision aids software for healthcare and web semantics have been created. the mingling of three powers that participate in the mechanisms that organize present-day life is clear - the predominance of instrumental reasoning and its techno-scientific production, the power created by the union of institutions and ideologies, and the belief in the myths, symbols and rites of scientific technology. as a possible result, we may see society colonized by an alliance between authorities that produce specialized knowledge, professionals that apply this knowledge to produce technological items or package them in technological wrappings, by industrial systems and by information, distribution and commercial networks.
Review: Anne Waldschmidt, Anne Klein & Miguel Tamayo Korte (2009). Das Wissen der Leute. Bioethik, Alltag und Macht im Internet Review: Anne Waldschmidt, Anne Klein & Miguel Tamayo Korte (2009). Das Wissen der Leute. Bioethik, Alltag und Macht im Internet [The Knowledge of the People. Bioethics, Life and Power of the Internet] Rese a: Anne Waldschmidt, Anne Klein & Miguel Tamayo Korte (2009). Das
Torsten Junge
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2012,
Abstract: Das Alltagswissen erf hrt in der von den Wissenschaften gepr gten Wissensgesellschaft zunehmend Beachtung. Nicht zuletzt aus Gründen der Akzeptanz der an Eingriffstiefe für das allt gliche Leben zunehmenden Bedeutung biomedizinischer Fragestellungen werden Formen der Partizipation bei Diskussionen um bioethische Problemstellungen eingesetzt. Ein Instrument, um lebensweltliche Diskurse jenseits wissenschaftlicher ExpertInnenrunden zum Tragen kommen zu lassen, bietet das Internet-Portal www.1000fragen.de zu bioethischen Problemen biomedizinischer Forschung und Anwendung. In ihrer umfangreichen Untersuchung analysieren die VerfasserInnen die alltagsweltlichen Kommunikationen im Internet. Diese Alltagsdiskurse werden als eine Wissensform herausgestellt, die spezifischen Strukturierungsmustern innerhalb eines Macht-Wissens-Feldes folgt. überprüft wurde weiterhin, inwiefern das Alltagswissen sich von dem Spezialwissen wissenschaftlicher AkteurInnen differenzieren l sst und welches bislang vernachl ssigte kreative Potenzial dem "Wissen der Leute" inh rent erscheint. Als besonders gelungen stellen sich die Analysen der diskursiven Strategien dar, die in der Onlinekommunikation zur Anwendung kommen. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1202116 Everyday knowledge in the "knowledge society" is becoming increasingly relevant and commonplace. Due to the importance of biomedical research to the average individual, forms of participation in discussions are sought on the subject of bioethical issues. The portal www.1000fragen.de provides a tool for allowing laypeople to contribute to the discourse on biomedical issues beyond scientific expert panels and influence biomedical research and application. In their extensive study, the authors analyze everyday, routine online communications. These ordinary interchanges emerge as a special form of knowledge, following the specific structure patterns found within fields of power and knowledge. The study's objective is to distinguish between everyday and scientific knowledge, as well as explore the creative potential of everyday knowledge. Particularly successful in parts, this analysis lays out the discursive strategies used in online communication. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1202116 El conocimiento cotidiano en la "sociedad del conocimiento" se está haciendo cada vez más importante y común. Debido a la importancia de la investigación biomédica para el individuo promedio, se han buscado formas de participación en las discusiones en el tema de los asuntos bioéticos. El portal www.1000fragen.de ofr
The Appliance Pervasive of Internet of Things in Healthcare Systems  [PDF]
Mir Sajjad Hussain Talpur
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2013,
Abstract: In fact, information systems are the foundation of new productivity sources, medical organizational forms, and erection of a global economy. IoT based healthcare systems play a significant role in ICT and have contribution in growth of medical information systems, which are underpinning of recent medical and economic development strategies. However, to take advantages of IoT, it is essential that medical enterprises and community should trust the IoT systems in terms of performance, security, privacy, reliability and return-on-investment, which are open challenges of current IoT systems. For heightening of healthcare system; tracking, tracing and monitoring of patients and medical objects are more essential. But due to the inadequate healthcare situation, medical environment, medical technologies and the unique requirements of some healthcare applications, the obtainable tools cannot meet them accurately. The tracking, tracing and monitoring of patients and healthcare actors activities in healthcare system are challenging research directions for IoT researchers. State-of-the-art IoT based healthcare system should be developed which ensure the safety of patients and other healthcare activities. With this manuscript, we elaborate the essential role of IoT in healthcare systems; immense prospects of Internet of things in healthcare systems; extensive aspect of the use of IoT is dissimilar among different healthcare components and finally the participation of IoT between the useful research and present realistic applications. IoT and few other modern technologies are still in underpinning stage; mainly in the healthcare system.
The Appliance Pervasive of Internet of Things in Healthcare Systems  [PDF]
Mir Sajjad Hussain Talpur
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: In fact, information systems are the foundation of new productivity sources, medical organizational forms, and erection of a global economy. IoT based healthcare systems play a significant role in ICT and have contribution in growth of medical information systems, which are underpinning of recent medical and economic development strategies. However, to take advantages of IoT, it is essential that medical enterprises and community should trust the IoT systems in terms of performance, security, privacy, reliability and return-on-investment, which are open challenges of current IoT systems. For heightening of healthcare system; tracking, tracing and monitoring of patients and medical objects are more essential. But due to the inadequate healthcare situation, medical environment, medical technologies and the unique requirements of some healthcare applications, the obtainable tools cannot meet them accurately. The tracking, tracing and monitoring of patients and healthcare actors activities in healthcare system are challenging research directions for IoT researchers. State-of-the-art IoT based healthcare system should be developed which ensure the safety of patients and other healthcare activities. With this manuscript, we elaborate the essential role of IoT in healthcare systems; immense prospects of Internet of things in healthcare systems; extensive aspect of the use of IoT is dissimilar among different healthcare components and finally the participation of IoT between the useful research and present realistic applications. IoT and few other modern technologies are still in underpinning stage; mainly in the healthcare system.
Paths to knowledge on the internet  [PDF]
Helena Pe?ko-Mleku?
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 1999,
Abstract: The Internet and the World Wide Web have considerably changed the distrubtion of knowledge and information which support the education process at the university.The article brings a short description of recent development trends of university textbooks and on-line publishers and bookseJlers. Thus the library user has direct access to conventional and electronic sources of information. The library does not function as acoIlector and filter of information as these roles have been taken over by on-line publishers, bookstores, students and university teachers.
The Potential of Internet of Things to Improve the Quality of Healthcare Delivery
Cristina TURCU,Cornel TURCU,,Doru TILIU?E
Journal of Applied Computer Science & Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is gaining significant momentum for tracking and tracing patients. The existing solutions for patient traceability are mostly centralized and closed-loop (effective only in small-scale RFID tracking applications). Lately, there has been a tendency to tag surrounding physical objects and to adopt various solutions that enable them to communicate with one another and with Information and Communications Technology (ICT) systems. This leads to a new concept named the Internet of Things (IoT), in which objects are associated with useful digital information. IoT can bring multiple benefits to healthcare through the use of information from distributed resources such as dedicated devices, RFID tags, sensors/detectors, intelligent equipment, etc. IoT is likely to have impact on many applications in healthcare subfields such as, elderly and patient care, medical supply chain, logistic, asset management, drug counterfeit detection, etc. This paper deals with aspects related to technologies used in healthcare, and with the various challenges healthcare faces during transition from RFID to IoT.
Osteoporosis Knowledge of Students in Relevant Healthcare Academic Programs  [PDF]
Vu H. Nguyen,Ze Wang
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/383412
Abstract: For healthcare professionals who treat individuals with osteoporosis, it is vital that they receive adequate education on osteoporosis to ensure sufficient knowledge of osteoporosis to properly treat individuals with the disease. To test for adequate osteoporosis education, a study was conducted to measure osteoporosis knowledge in 206 students in relevant healthcare academic programs, such as nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy, and dietetics. The study showed that differences existed in osteoporosis knowledge in general between the programs and between different years of students in the same programs. There were also discrepancies in specific areas of osteoporosis knowledge between the classes of students, and the average scores of correctly answered items were only as high as 24.40 (76.3%) out of 32 items on osteoporosis knowledge. This study shows that students have osteoporosis knowledge and that it is not completely inadequate; however, osteoporosis knowledge could still be more sufficient, and results demonstrate the need to increase osteoporosis education in the curriculum for these healthcare academic programs to increase osteoporosis knowledge and better prepare graduates and professionals to treat individuals with the disease. 1. Introduction Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease of reduced bone mineral density (BMD) that is diagnosed as 2.5 standard deviations below the adult peak mean that compromises bone strength resulting in an increased risk of bone fracture [1]. Osteoporosis affects about 10 million Americans with additional tens of millions at risk in the United States [2], and also affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide [3]. Reduced BMD due to osteoporosis leads to an increase in bone fractures that occur most frequently fractures in the hip, spine, and wrist, and these osteoporotic fractures reduce both the quality of life [4] and quantity of life [5]. In addition, treating individuals with osteoporosis costs billions of dollars per year on the nation’s healthcare system [6] that is expected to continuously and greatly increase in the next couple of decades [7]. With the increased prevalence of osteoporosis, it is vital for healthcare professionals who work with individuals with osteoporosis to be adequately educated to have proficient knowledge of the disease and how to prevent and treat it. Healthcare professionals should receive adequate osteoporosis education in their academic programs in order to give them adequate knowledge of the disease to prepare them for treating this population. A systematic review of interventions
Osteoporosis Knowledge of Students in Relevant Healthcare Academic Programs  [PDF]
Vu H. Nguyen,Ze Wang
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/383412
Abstract: For healthcare professionals who treat individuals with osteoporosis, it is vital that they receive adequate education on osteoporosis to ensure sufficient knowledge of osteoporosis to properly treat individuals with the disease. To test for adequate osteoporosis education, a study was conducted to measure osteoporosis knowledge in 206 students in relevant healthcare academic programs, such as nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy, and dietetics. The study showed that differences existed in osteoporosis knowledge in general between the programs and between different years of students in the same programs. There were also discrepancies in specific areas of osteoporosis knowledge between the classes of students, and the average scores of correctly answered items were only as high as 24.40 (76.3%) out of 32 items on osteoporosis knowledge. This study shows that students have osteoporosis knowledge and that it is not completely inadequate; however, osteoporosis knowledge could still be more sufficient, and results demonstrate the need to increase osteoporosis education in the curriculum for these healthcare academic programs to increase osteoporosis knowledge and better prepare graduates and professionals to treat individuals with the disease.
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