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Sustainable Public Transportation in Malaysia  [PDF]
Ali Hussein Hsan Sabeen,Ali Hussein Hsan Sabeen,Zainura Z. Noor
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology , 2012,
Abstract: The sustainable public transportations represent one of the civilization implements in the development countries including Malaysia. The increase of the automobile vehicles in the Malaysian cities represents the civilization challenge in Malaysian Infrastructure development. Depending on the estimations conducted in 2005 for the number of automobile vehicles will increase to 15, 0000 million vehicles by 2020. Furthermore, it has been estimated that the motorcycles number is higher than the other types of the vehicles. The implications of the crucial increasing of street vehicles will disrupt widely the environment and human rather than the other types of the Malaysian infrastructure built. Therefore, the scientists suggest the Malaysian government to encourage the sustainable public transportation by reducing the costs and the ground fuel elimination. In addition, facilitation of manufacturing of the free fuel vehicles may contribute the dilemma reduction.
Siti Nabiha AK,N Abdul Wahid,A Amran,H Che Haat
Lex et Scientia , 2008,
Abstract: Tourism industry is a key foreign exchange earner for Malaysia, contributing to over 40% of the country’s balance of payment in 2005 (EPU, 2006). The industry provides an important source of income, employment and wealth to the country. Thus, there is a need to ensure that the tourism industry remains both environmentally and economically sustainable. However massive influx of tourists can also cause a detrimental environmental impact. Industry players and improper strategies in attracting more tourists could also add further destruction to the environment. Protection of the environment is vital in ensuring the sustainability of the industry. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the issues pertaining to sustainable tourism development in Malaysia. In so doing, policies, regulations and strategies to achieve sustainable tourism will be examined. The paper concludes with the arguments for having local agenda for sustainable tourism in Malaysia.
Managing Sustainable Mangrove Forests in Peninsular Malaysia  [cached]
Kamaruzaman Jusoff,Dato’ Hj Dahlan bin Hj Taha
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v1n1p88
Abstract: Mangrove forests in Peninsular Malaysia are found mainly on the sheltered coasts, estuaries, rivers and some near-shore islands. Mangrove forests support a diverse range of animals and plants and are important breeding ground for a vast array of organisms. The importance of mangrove forests in providing invaluable goods and services both in economics and environmental terms are well understood and documented. Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia (FDPM) has been keeping abreast with current issues at the national, regional and international levels in managing the mangrove forests. FDPM has always been fully committed to the implementation of the sustainable forest management practices and in line with current concerns such as climate change, conservation of biological diversity and natural calamities including tsunami, have brought about a heightened expectation to the forestry profession. The policy and management of mangrove forests have great impacts on the political, social, economic, ecological and environmental well- being of the country, and thus managing mangrove forests is very challenging to the department. Mangrove forests management system has undergone changes from merely managing for its wood produce, to a management system that incorporates multiple roles, protection and conservation. Systematic management of mangrove forests started as early as 1904, with the adoption of the first working plan for Mangrove Forests in Matang. The Matang mangroves are identified as the best described mangrove forests in the world and is an exemplary of the sustainable managed mangrove forests. The Matang mangroves is in its third ten-year period of the second rotation, and after more than 100 years of management, the forest is still intact, providing sustainable various goods and services. This in itself is a manifestation of the success of forest management practices that aptly earned Matang mangroves as the best managed mangrove forests in the world. Special emphasis to the protection of the mangrove forests is enshrined in the National Forest Policy 1978 (revised1992) and duly recognized and given specific attention in the National Forestry Act 1984 (revised 1993). Future management of mangrove forests in Peninsular Malaysia will adopt an integrated approach by further refining the current management approach and incorporating latest findings and updated information through more vigorous R&D, scientific expeditions and studies on mangrove forests. A paradigm shift to conserve biodiversity even in the management of production mangrove forests will be e
Education for Sustainable Development in India: Problems and Prospects
Dr. Hetal Pandya,Dr. Hemal Pandya
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education , 2011,
Abstract: India is considered as a world leader amongst the developing countries in terms of economic sustainability and growth. India also has a growing number of literate populations due to rapid expansion of secondary and post-secondary education landscape. However, when it comes to Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), India stands more elitist to serve only privileged sections of population. A basic aim of Environmental Education (EE) is to succeed in making individuals and communities understand the complex nature of the natural and the built environments resulting from the interaction of their biological, physical, social, economic, and cultural aspects, and acquire the knowledge, values, attitudes, and practical skills to participate in a responsible and effective way in anticipating and solving environmental problems, and in the management of the quality of the environment. Education is the single most important means for empowerment and sustained improvement in all well being. Sustainable development is a basic Human Right and unless this target is reached with the potent tool of Education the purpose of Education would remain unfulfilled. Education for Sustainable development is a dynamic undertaking where every person has a chance to benefit from Educational opportunities and learn the life style, behavior and values necessary to create a sustainable future.The present paper aims at identifying the role of education in attaining sustainable development, identifying the problems and future prospects of Education for Sustainable development in India. An attempt is made to recognize the challenges faced by India as regards its education system at various levels in attaining sustainability. Necessary strategies, guidelines and recommendations are provided for Higher Education Institutions in India.
Prospects of Sustainable Livestock Farming in the Uttarakhand Himalaya, India  [PDF]
V. P. Sati,R. B. Singh
Journal of Livestock Science , 2010,
Abstract: Livestock farming forms an integral part in the economy of the Uttarakhand Himalaya and plays an important role in the mixed crop farming system. In addition, high diversity in livestock composition is the characteristic features of the mainland of Uttarakhand. The state obtains high potential of milk production because of availability of fodder as a form of extensive grasslands, which are locally known as bugyals or kharaks and fodder trees. Livestock, other than milk production, are widely used for manure, plowing fields and transportation of goods. The availability of extensive grasslands and feasible climatic conditions manifest a way for sustainable livestock farming in Uttarakhand, particularly in the temperate zone between 1400 m and 2200 m, where production of milk is high. Valley regions are generally known for rearing of drought animals with low milk producing capacity. This paper aims to discuss on the prospects of sustainable livestock farming and to trace the temporal changes that took place over the past years in terms of livestock population, composition, and the governmental policies and planning for developing livestock sector. It draws implications on these experiences for livestock planners and policy-makers and raises several research issues related to livestock sector development.
Interdisciplinary Business Games on Sustainable Development: Theoretical Foundations and Prospects of Implementation  [PDF]
Boris Bolshakov,Ekaterina Shamaeva,Eugene Popov
Quantitative Finance , 2015, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.16849
Abstract: The article defines the place of business games among all games in general based on the classification by F.G. Junger; it provides critical analysis of existing business games types; it also formulates requirements and lays theoretical foundations and elements of the methodology and organization of interdisciplinary business games (IBG) on sustainable development as a special type of business games. In addition, it examines the prospects of IBG implementation in higher education for sustainable development, using information technology and computer resources.
Ecosystem Approach for Sustainable Industrial Hazardous Waste Management in Malaysia
Ahmad Fariz Mohamed,Muhammad Awang,M. Nasir Hassan,Abu Bakar Jaafar
Environmental Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Manufacturing industries play a vital role for the Malaysian economic growth for the past 4 decades. However, industrial activities generated large amount of hazardous wastes which have detrimental impacts on the environment and the society. In 2002, industries in Malaysia generated about 363,017 metric tons of hazardous waste. The number of factories generating hazardous waste increased from 960 in 1994 to 4,079 in 2002. The current management system for these wastes emphasizes on the end-of-pipe approach which prioritize the use of final treatment and disposal system. This approach has created many problems including illegal disposals and many cases of pollution to the environment. Acknowledging the problems, alternative approach is needed to achieve sustainable industrial hazardous wastes management. One of the possibilities is to use the ecosystem approach. The ecosystem approach promotes integrated and holistic approach in managing industrial hazardous wastes. The approach emphasizes the creation of industrial ecosystem, where resources efficiency is the priority and wastes become important resources. This is in line with the Malaysia policy emphasizing implementation of industrial symbiosis concept for sustainable industrial development.
Law of Private Nuisance as a Tool of Environmental Awareness in Malaysia Towards Sustainable Development
Muhammad Rizal Razman,Jamaluddin Md. Jahi,Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria,Abdul Samad Hadi,Kadir Arifin,Kadaruddin Aiyub,Azahan Awang
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.270.276
Abstract: The law of private nuisance plays an important role in environmental awareness towards sustainable development. The used of the law of private nuisance to the area of environmental awareness is largely in reply to the necessity of every each individual to protect their rights and interests in land from being polluted towards sustainable development. Therefore, this study will examine the used of the law of private nuisance in relation to environmental awareness in Malaysia, identify cases and actions which deal with environmental awareness in Malaysia and lastly, discussing the law of private nuisance as a tool of environmental awareness in Malaysia towards sustainable development.
Horseshoe Crab, Tachypleus gigas (Müller, 1785) Spawning Population at Balok Beach, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
A.N. Tan,A. Christianus,S. Shakibazadeh,P. Hajeb
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Local and regional decline of Asian horseshoe crabs has spurred a study on its spawning population at Balok Beach, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. This location was identified as spawning site due to the occurrence of horseshoe crab spawning pairs and nests. Size-frequency, length-weight relationships, sex ratio and epibiont infestation of Tachypleus gigas were studied. Instar stage was estimated based on prosomal width. Condition of the horseshoe crab carapace was reported. Visual search technique of horseshoe crab was conducted during high tide of new and full moons. Prosomal, opisthosomal and telson length and weight of each horseshoe crab were measured. Largest female was recorded with mean prosomal length and width of 154.4 and 246.9 mm, respectively. About 69.8% of the males belonged to size group of 151-200 mm and 53.3% of females were grouped into 201-250 mm. All individuals were of fourteenth to sixteenth instar stages. Sex ratio varied from 0.313 to 2.5 and attributed to commercial harvest and monsoon season. Sand sediment of study site showed 93% of fine sands with grain size ranged from 120 to 250 μm. Acorn and pedunculate barnacle, conical and flat slipper shells were found on the carapace of the specimens. Most males had damaged eyes and carapaces while females with broken telsons. Body damages of about 19.9% on the specimens were likely due to nearby fishing activities. Lack of satellite male indicated low spawning population. The finding of this study showed that the species is extremely threatened by human activities and coastal development.
Public Sustainable Development Values: A Case Study in Sepang, Malaysia  [cached]
Zurina Mahadi,Abdul Samad Abdul Hadi,Hukil Sino
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v4n2p154
Abstract: The continuous process of observing and assessing the development scenarios around them provide the public the perception and understanding of the current development issues. The shortcomings of the current development methods inspire the public to develop a set of preferred development values. The information of public’s development values is important to sustainable development management as values underlie people’s action and behaviour. Without greater understanding and awareness of this, conflicts over management are prone to occur. This research focuses on the development values from the socio-cultural point of views in Sepang, Malaysia. Using qualitative methods, in-depth interviews and group discussions of selected respondents were held to represent their views and communities represented by them. The analysis of data highlights five theme values in development namely identities, peace, freedom, environment and development. There were seven fundamental needs according to Max-Neef list evident i.e. subsistence, protection, affection, participation, creation, identity and freedom.
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