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Preventive Health Behaviors - The Psycho-marketing Approach  [cached]
Aviv Shoham,Merav Saker,Yossi Gavish
International Journal of Psychological Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v4n2p56
Abstract: This paper focuses on consumers’ adoption of preventive health behaviors (PHB). It aims to explain PHB among Israeli consumers by examining their motives, needs, and actions. A model of PHB based on two approaches used previously (Moorman & Matulich, 1993; Jayanty & Burns, 1998) is developed and tested with data from Israeli consumers. Results suggest that PHB is influenced by health motivation and health knowledge and, to a lesser extent, by self- and response-efficacy. Self- and response-efficacy are impacted by self-motivation. The findings, in combination, can help policy-makers and marketing managers in designing effective marketing campaigns to encourage PHB.
Narrative in the social health research: perspective and Method
Geison Vasconcelos Lira,Ana Maria Fontenelle Catrib,Marilyn Kay Nations
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2003,
Abstract: The narrative is a research technique that has been used in Medical Anthropology research as an access form to illness experience and its reconstruction. The illness experience, in fact, has been recognized by medical anthropology authors as indispensable to the establishment of a more empatic and ethic dialogue among health professional and patient and his/her social network. Thus, in the health research issues, valorization of illness experience means it’s necessary to eliciate narratives, both in the care and in the research. In this article, we linked the illness experience concept and structure to the narrative concept and structure, describing its contributions to research, the research types in what it can be used, the types of narratives in that the human experiences are translated, the procedures for its eliciation, as well as the techniques of analysis of data obtained in the fieldwork. In respect to these techniques, we describe here three: (1) the analysis of narratives proposed by Shütze; (2) the Thematic Content Analysis; and (3) the technique of the Collective Subject’s Speech.
Factors Contributing to Psycho-Social Ill-Health in Male Adolescents  [cached]
Gurpreet Singh Chhabra,Manmeet Kaur Sodhi
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To study the prevalence of psychosocial problems in male adolescents and find out various factors contributing to psycho-social ill health. Methods: 500 adolescents were interviewed using a pre-tested structured questionnaire to elicit the information about the psychosocial problems including depression, suicidal thoughts and suicidal attempts. Association of academic performance, family problems, psychological problems and substance abuse was also included. Results: More than one third (39.6%) adolescents were having psychological problems. These problems were significantly higher in middle adolescence (14-16 years), large extended families (> 8 members) and lower socioeconomic status. Residence had no significant relation to psychological problems in the adolescents. On correlation, these adolescents with psychological problems were having significantly more academic problems, family disputes, domestic violence, lesser number of close friends and greater substance abuse. Conclusion: Considering that male adolescents from large families with lesser education and lower income had higher prevalence of psychosocial problems, it is essential for health care planners to design comprehensive family and health education programs for the adolescents. The family support, teacher student rapport and peer group communication should be strengthened to counteract unsafe behaviours in the adolescents.
The organization of psycho-pedagogical support of first-year students during their adaptation to the university
Ludmila Jilina
Koncept : Scientific and Methodological e-magazine , 2013,
Abstract: The author substantiates the importance of psycho-pedagogical support provided to first-year students during their adaptation to University life. The adaptation problems have been identified experimentally. The author also describes the experience of an academic adviser as well as various forms of psycho-pedagogical support provided to first-year students.
Risk Factors for Preterm Birth in Five Maternal and Child Health Hospitals in Beijing  [PDF]
Yun-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Hong Liu, Su-Hong Gao, Jia-Mei Wang, Yue-Shan Gu, Jiu-Yue Zhang, Xia Zhou, Qing-Xia Li
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052780
Abstract: Background Preterm birth, the birth of an infant prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation, is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Preterm infants are at greater risk of respiratory, gastrointestinal and neurological diseases. Despite significant research in developed countries, little is known about the causes of preterm birth in many developing countries, especially China. This study investigates the association between sciodemographic data, obstetric risk factor, and preterm birth in five Maternal and Child Health hospitals in Beijing, China. Methods and Findings A case-control study was conducted on 1391 women with preterm birth (case group) and 1391 women with term delivery (control group), who were interviewed within 48 hours of delivery. Sixteen potential factors were investigated and statistical analysis was performed by univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis. Univariate analysis showed that 14 of the 16 factors were associated with preterm birth. Inter-pregnancy interval and inherited diseases were not risk factors. Logistic regression analysis showed that obesity (odds ratio (OR) = 3.030, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.166–7.869), stressful life events (OR = 5.535, 95%CI 2.315–13.231), sexual activity (OR = 1.674, 95%CI 1.279–2.191), placenta previa (OR 13.577, 95%CI 2.563–71.912), gestational diabetes mellitus (OR = 3.441, 95%CI1.694–6.991), hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (OR = 6.034, 95%CI = 3.401–10.704), history of preterm birth (OR = 20.888, 95%CI 2.519–173.218) and reproductive abnormalities (OR = 3.049, 95%CI 1.010–9.206) were independent risk factors. Women who lived in towns and cities (OR = 0.603, 95%CI 0.430–0.846), had a balanced diet (OR = 0.533, 95%CI 0.421–0.675) and had a record of prenatal care (OR = 0.261, 95%CI 0.134–0.510) were less likely to have preterm birth. Conclusions Obesity, stressful life events, sexual activity, placenta previa, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy, history of preterm birth and reproductive abnormalities are independent risk factors to preterm birth. Identification of remedial factors may inform local health and education policy.
Psycho-medical aspects on migrants health of III? world pediatric surgical patients  [PDF]
Andreas Fette, Kurosh Paya, Istvan Szilard
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.32019
Abstract: The constantly expanding world wide mobility and globalization within the pediatric community puts new demands on pediatric surgical health care systems worldwide. Forcing carers to pay attention not only on their best surgical and medical performance like in the past. In contrary, they are forced to pay much more attention on psycho-medical aspects like finance, rehabilitation, socialization and integration, culture, management and logistics, health edu-cation and language skills. Then, according to our opinion these aspects should be considered as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)-like syndrome and treated accordingly. Then handling this problem succesfully, would be essential for the future survival of any health care system.
Health-related quality of life and emotional and behavioral difficulties after extreme preterm birth: developmental trajectories  [PDF]
Bente Johanne Vederhus,Geir Egil Eide,Gerd Karin Natvig,Trond Markestad,Marit Graue,Thomas Halvorsen
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7717/peerj.738
Abstract: Background. Knowledge of long-term health related outcomes in contemporary populations born extremely preterm (EP) is scarce. We aimed to explore developmental trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and behavior from mid-childhood to early adulthood in extremely preterm and term-born individuals.
A Comparison between Dietary Habits for Pregnant Women with Preterm and Term Delivery in Khorasan, Iran  [PDF]
Zohreh Teimouri, Mahrokh Dolatian, Sara Shishehgar, Marjan Ajami, Hamid Alavi Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59083
Abstract: Background: Despite the advances in prenatal care and improving health indicators, preterm delivery and resultant infant mortality rate are still considerable. Emerged financial, social, mental and emotional damages could result in mental and behavioral disabilities for mothers as well as children. Although spontaneous preterm labor is well known as a multifactorial issue, yet poor nutrition is assumed as a strong related factor. Objective: To identify the role of dietary habits on preterm delivery prevalence in Iran, this study was conducted on pregnant women with preterm and term delivery. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, 70 women with preterm labor and 70 women with term labor were compared in terms of their dietary habits. Women who met the inclusion criteria and referred to two hospitals in North-East of Iran were selected using purposive convenience sampling method and completed 163-item food frequency and dietary habits questionnaire. Results: This study showed that dietary habits of women with preterm labor are more unfavorable compared to women with term labor (P = 0.023). Generally, dietary habit of more than half of the women with preterm labor, in this study, was assessed unfavorable. In terms of different food groups, daily intake of vegetables was significantly lower in women with preterm labor (P = 0.02). Consumption of dairy products was also lower in women with preterm labor than women with term labor which was significant (P = 0.05). Conclusion: To prevent adverse outcomes of preterm delivery more attention regarding nutritional planning for pregnant women seems to be essential.
Study of Relation between Physical Activity and Preterm Birth
Mehran N.,Abaszadeh F,Bagheri A.
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Preterm birth is the main cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity and the importance of knowing its causes is clear. Since the effect of physical activity on preterm birth is unknown and its prevention is the priority in health care, we decided to do this study with the aim of determining the relation between physical activity and preterm birth. Methods: In this case-control study, 300 pregnant women delivering in Izadi Hospital in Qom, Iran in the second half of 2008, selected through simple sampling. The data were collected using standard pregnancy physical activity questionnaire that categorizes the physical activity into 4 groups: work activities, home activities, transport activities and fun/exercise activities. The physical activity severity was calculated as MET (Metabolic Equivalence Test). Finally, the data were analyzed using descriptive and analytic (x2 and t test ) statistics. A p<0.05 was considered as significant.Results: The findings didn't show any significant relation between physical activity and preterm birth. In addition, in view of activity type, fun/exercise and work activities (respectively) and in view of activity severity, sedentary and moderate activities (respectively) were associated with higher, but insignificant rate of preterm birth. Among demographic factors, only gravidity of women was significantly associated with preterm birth.Conclusion: Although, in this study the significant relation between physical activity and preterm delivery wasn't observed, the same research with further sample is recommended.
Impact of Relaxation and Group Psycho-Education on Health Outcomes Using Integrated Care Models and Quality Improvement  [PDF]
Martha Okafor, Victor Ede, Rosemary Kinuthia, Debbie Strotz, Cathryn Marchman, Scott Weeks, David Satcher
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.412100
Abstract: The purpose of this Integrated Care Practice Change and Quality Improvement (ICPCQI) initiative was to evaluate the impact of wellness and relaxation and group psycho-education on health out-comes in an integrated care setting. Individuals diagnosed with mental illness and a co-occurring chronic medical condition participated in the ICPCQI initiatives which were run by peer support and wellness experts in an integrated care setting over the one-year project implementation period. Evaluation of outcome measures revealed an overall decline of 8.3% (p < 0.0001) and 7.3% (p < 0.0001) in the average systolic and diastolic blood pressure respectively. There was a 12.3% (p = 0.02) reduction on the average PHQ-9 scores. GAD-7 (p = 0.9) scores had a mean reduction of 1.5%. These preliminary results suggest that the evidence-based ICPCQI initiatives positively impact health outcomes among individuals with mental illness and chronic medical conditions.
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