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Greek Death-Cult, Modern and Ancient: A Comparison of a Mediterranean and Balkan Cultural Pattern
E.J. H?land
Venets : The Belogradchik Journal for Local History, Cultural Heritage and Folk Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The article examines emotion and identity in connection with Greek death-cult in an attempt to clarify certain contemporary political phenomena in the Mediterranean and Balkan area. The cult of the dead is a common cultural pattern in the area. Why is this cult so persistent? What is death-cult and how does it manifest itself? The article delves into its lasting importance in the Greek part of the cultural area, where the author has conducted several fieldworks. To illustrate the persistence of this cultural pattern, the characteristic aspects connected with death-cult in Greek tradition are discussed: The comparison is based on festivals, which are dedicated to deceased persons and domestic death-rituals combined with ancient sources. Based on them an analytical survey of the relationship between the death-cult dedicated to deceased mediators in ancient and modern society, as it is manifested through laments, burials and the following memorial rituals is made. The modern domestic rituals people perform for their own dead influence the official ideological rituals, and vice versa, the domestic rituals reflect public performances. A study of modern cult practices reveals many parallels with the official cult of the ancients, and suggests ways in which modern rituals can throw new light upon the ancient rituals and vice versa. The article seeks to demonstrate how new ideologies must adjust to older rituals and beliefs and how public and domestic rituals are connected. The article finally suggests how these similarities might represent a common way of expression within a larger context in which the Mediterranean and Balkan cultural meaning of emotion is central.
The Cult of Hygieia in Greek Inscriptions Il culto di Igea nelle iscrizioni greche  [cached]
Teresa Alfieri Tonini
Lanx , 2012, DOI: 10.6092/2035-4797/2299
Abstract: Il contributo riguarda la documentazione epigrafica relativa al culto di Igea. L’indagine verte anzitutto sulla varia tipologia delle iscrizioni di Epidauro, sede del più importante santuario di Asclepio, a cui Igea risulta associata, e centro di irradiazione del culto in tutto il mondo greco. Rilevanti sono anche le fonti epigrafiche del culto di Igea in Attica, dove, oltre ad Ascepio, è associata ad altri dei guaritori: Amino, Anfiarao, Telesforo. Diversamente, a Creta, nonostante ci fossero molti Asklepieia, il culto di Igea ha pochissime attestazioni epigrafiche, a Lebena e Lissos; ma queste iscrizioni sono molto interessanti per l’epiclesi della dea Igea Synodoiporos, oltre alla più comune Soteira. This article relates to the epigraphic documents concerning the cult of Hygieia. The research focuses on the typology of the inscriptions of Epidauros, place where the most important Asklepios’s shrine stands, whose cult spread all over the Greek world; Hygieia was associated to Asklepios’s cult. The epigraphic sources of Hygieia’s cult in Attica are very important as here, besides Asklepios, it is associated to other healers such as Aminos, Amphiaraos, Telesphoros. On the other hand in Crete, although there were many Asklepieia, the cult of Hygieia has very few epigraphic testimonies in Lebena and Lissos, but these inscriptions are very interesting because of the use of Goddess Hygieia’s epithet of Synodoiporos besides the more common name of Soteira.
Using Observation as a Teacher Development Tool in the Context of Greek State Schools  [cached]
Maria Kotsiomyti
Research Papers in Language Teaching and Learning , 2010,
Abstract: This article elaborates on the contribution of teacher observation to teacher development and wishes to produce a solid suggestion on how teacher observation could be introduced in the Greek state educational reality. After reference is made to the relevant theory that has been developed so far, the target context is depicted. A research has been realised to cater for Greek state English teachers’ beliefs, needs and attitudes towards teacher observation. The research has revealed that Greek state teachers are open to developmental teacher observation and has taken down their wishes and expectations from a development-oriented observation scheme that could be introduced in their reality. On the basis of this data, an observation scheme is put forward. Then, its rationale is discussed so as to clarify the way the particular choices made serve teacher development and address the specific context. The article ends by presenting the findings of a new research that has been conducted on Greek state teachers’ reaction to this suggestion.
Postdramaatiline teater ja autobiograafiline lavastus sotsiaalses kontekstis. Postdramatic Theatre and Autobiographical Performance in Its Social Context  [cached]
Anneli Saro
Methis : Studia humaniora Estonica , 2010,
Abstract: What is the relationship of postdramatic theatre--and more specifically autobiographical performance--to societal and cultural contexts within which they have emerged? This is the question I examine in this article. The term ‘postdramatic theatre’ was introduced by German theatre researcher Hans-Thies Lehmann in the 1990s, who defined it in opposition to the classical, Aristotelian form of drama: as the disappearance or withdrawal of characters, dialogue, story-line or action. In addition, in postdramatic productions, actors often do not embody or present fictional characters, but rather the physical presence of the performer(s) and performance as live action is brought to the foreground, which also includes explicit use of autobiographical material of the performer(s). The term ‘postdramatic theatre’ as an aesthetic category is widely used among theatre scholars, but more problematic is to define the notion of a ‘postdramatic world’, either fictional or real. One might just expect that means of expressions have a certain impact also on the depicted world, i.e. postdramatic theatre more or less directly depicts a postdramatic world. For answering the research question, production and reception of the following performances are investigated more closely: Meie elulood (Our Biographies, 1982) and Kui ruumid on t is…(Full rooms, 1982) by Merle Karusoo and Elud (The Lives, 2009) by Andres Keil. Merle Karusoo (b. 1944) is a theatre director who has been practicing documentary theatre since 1980, and abovementioned productions are the first in Estonian theatre where autobiographical material of the actors was explicitly used. In Our Biographies, students of the Drama School of Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre tell their childhood and adolescence memories; Full rooms is a continuation of the first project but concentrates on the adulthood of the students and the life stories of their relatives. All monologues were first taped, then the director edited the written texts and finally they were presented to spectators in fixed form. The procedure in part followed the rules of Soviet censorship, and in part it served aesthetic aims. In the 21st century, the number of autobiographical productions in Estonian drama and dance theatre is already considerable. The Lives was chosen on the basis of its similarity to the aforementioned productions. All three works have similar group constellation, level of sincerity and degree of social resonance. Andres Keil (b. 1974) is a freelance theatre critic and director, who staged the production in small project based theatre,
Teaching Greek as L1: Curriculum and textbooks in Greek elementary education.  [cached]
Kostouli, T.
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2002,
Abstract: This article outlines and critically examines the assumptions underlying the basic approaches to the teaching of Greek as mother tongue that have been designed and implemented within the past 20 years (1982–2000) at the elementary level of the Greek educational system. Evidence is drawn from two main sources of data. These consist, first, of the curricula (the old and the new) that have been designed for teaching Greek as L1 at the elementary level of schooling and, second, of the actual language textbooks that have been in use from 1982 in elementary Greek classrooms. The information drawn from this culture-specific set of data is expected to contribute to the discussion conducted worldwide on the nature of L1 teaching, the relation between orality, literacy, and schooling, and the role that textbooks play in fostering specific approaches to literacy learning. Interestingly, the Greek data reveal an inconsistency between general aims, on the one hand (as these are outlined in the curriculum), and the way these aims are translated into actual practice, on the other. As shown below, while in the Greek educational context, the curricula designed tend to reaffirm certain widely acknowledged premises – which basically suggest that literacy pedagogy should be concerned with developing children’s ability to produce and interpret various, contextually appropriate text types – the material actually included in the textbooks and the way in which this material is organized tend to negate this set of assumptions. This inconsistency is discussed in detail and alternative suggestions to eliminate the gap between theory and practice are brought forward.
Archaeological, art-historical, and artistic approaches to classical antiquity. Viccy Coltman (ed.), Making Sense of Greek Art, University of Exeter Press, 2012  [PDF]
Carol C. Mattusch
Journal of Art Historiography , 2012,
Abstract: Making sense of Greek Art is a Festschrift in memory of John Betts containing papers by ten of his students and colleagues. Their papers on Greek, Etruscan, Roman, and nineteenth-century topics reveal a wide range of methodologies. Two papers focus on subjects that might be covered in a course on Greek art and archaeology: one evaluates votive offerings in the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia at Sparta (Nicki Waugh); and the other compares archaeological and art-historical approaches to the study of Greek vases (Zosia Archibald). Three are concerned with Etruscan and Roman works: an Etruscan reinterpretation of a Greek myth (Vedia Izzet); Hellenistic and Roman versions of Aphrodite holding a mirror (Shelley Hales); and early Augustan uses of Archaistic art (Christopher H. Hallett). The other five papers illustrate the uses of classical artefacts during the nineteenth century: classical elements in Jacques-Louis David’s paintings (Ed Lilley); display of antiquities in the library of an English country house (Viccy Coltman); Tanagra figurines in paintings by Lawrence Alma-Tadema and Jean-Léon Gér me (Genevieve Liveley); Alma-Tadema’s drawings for a theatrical production of Hypatia (Michael Liversidge); and plaster casts of the Elgin marbles exhibited in the Greek court of the Crystal Palace (Kate Nichols).
The cult of the Virgin Zoodochoz pege and its reflection in the painting of the Palaiologan era  [PDF]
Starodubcev Tatjana
Zograf , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/zog0933101s
Abstract: The paper discusses the ways in which the miraculous cult and newly established liturgy of the shrine of the Virgin 'Zoodochoz pege' near Constantinople influenced the formation of a specific presentation of the Mother of God in the Palaiologan era, both in the Romaic Empire, and in the Eastern Christian lands where the liturgy was not performed in the Greek language.
Sailors and sanctuaries of the ancient Greek world  [cached]
Alan Johnston
Archaeology International , 2001, DOI: 10.5334/ai.0508
Abstract: The many small maritime sanctuaries where Greek sailors left offerings to the gods are much less well known than such great cult centres as Delphi and Olympia on the mainland. UCL archaeologists have been contributing to the study of these widely scattered but significant sites for over a century, a tradition that continues today.
Cult of the St. Isauros in Durres  [PDF]
Preradovi? Dubravka
Zograf , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/zog1236001p
Abstract: On the basis of well-known hagiographic, diplomatic and sphragistic sources, this paper reconstructs the presence and significance of the cult of Saint Isauros in Durres. The sources show that this saint, martyr from the time of the emperor Numerianus, was venerated in Durres from the beginning of the eleventh to the end of the fourteenth century. Together with Saint Asteios, the Bishop of Durres, he was the patron of the Cathedral of Durres, which indicates the special importance of Saint Isauros’ cult in this city.
Educational anthropology as a major approach for educational research: The beginnings and the evolution of educational anthropology, with an overview of its introduction in the Greek educational context  [cached]
Ioannis Sideris
Journal of Arts and Humanities , 2013,
Abstract: This article is presenting and investigating the input of social and cultural anthropology in educational research. Moreover, the cultural focus is on Greece and Greek educational institutions. Socio-cultural anthropology offers a multiplicity of alternative pathways to the investigation of ‘who we are’ and why we behave the way we do through the study of cultures and institutions different from ours. The anthropology of education investigates a number of problems such as the socialization function of schooling, the transmission of culture from older to younger generation within the educational process, the role of ethnocentrism in the reproduction of inequalities and the possibilities of cultural relativism in schools. At the end of this presentation we review the emerging field of educational anthropology in Greece.
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