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Programme basis for elaboration of the spatial plan for special purpose area of Tara National Park  [PDF]
Dobri?i? Milica
Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/ijgi0757375d
Abstract: Having in mind the importance of Tara National Park at national (1st category natural heritage of extraordinary importance) and international level (potential reserve of biosphere within the UNESCO MAB programme; heritage on the Serbian preliminary list for the UNESCO World cultural and natural heritage; international center of biodiversity), as well as clauses of the Law on planning and construction according to which a spatial plan for special purpose area has to be adopted for national parks, the Republic Agency for Spatial Planning has prepared a Decision to elaborate a Spatial Plan for Special Purpose Area of Tara National Park, adopted by the Government of the Republic of Serbia in November 2006. This paper deals with the importance and necessity to elaborate the spatial plan for special purpose area; it also gives an overview of the main objectives and goals as well as of the SWOT analysis (state of the art, constraints and potentials).
Genesis and characteristics of the soil in A-R stage in forest ecosystems of NP 'Tara'  [PDF]
Kne?evi? Milan,Ko?anin Olivera
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0999075k
Abstract: Different types of soil in A-R stage formed on limestone and serpentinite in forest ecosystems in NP 'Tara' were researched. Based on the specific effect of limestone on the soil genesis and evolution, two types of calcareous limestone bedrocks were distinguished: dense limestones, and soft, marly limestones. Three subtypes of black earth were studied on dense limestones. They are: organogenic, organo-mineral and brownised soils. One soil type was researched on soft, marly limestones: rendzina, the leached variety. One soil type was researched on serpentinites, within the A-R stage: humus-siliceous soil (ranker), subtype eutric ranker. This paper also presents the evaluation of ecological and productive characteristics of the study soils. If the soil is observed separately, regardless of the tree species growing on it, the soils in A-R stage in NP 'Tara' cannot be evaluated as highly productive. However, in all plant communities on the soils in A-R stage on limestone, the values of average volume, current volume increment, and basal area were high. The unfavourable physical characteristics of the soil in the area of NP 'Tara' are compensated by the effect of humid climate. On the study eutric humus siliceous soils in the area of NP 'Tara', in the natural and artificially established stands of Scots pine and Austrian pine, the ecological and productive value is conditioned by numerous factors and it is mainly limited by unfavourable physical characteristics. Regardless of the unfavourable ecological and productive characteristics of the soil, the natural and artificially established stands of Scots pine and Austrian pine are in the coeno-ecological optimum.
Structural, production and dynamic characteristics of the strict forest reserve “Ra anska ljivovica“ on mt. Tara
Panti? Damjan,Medarevi? Milan,Bankovi? Stani?a,Obradovi? Sne?ana
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/gsf1103093p
Abstract: Mixed forests of broadleaves and conifers, thanks to their high productivity and high biodiversity, are the most valuable part of the growing stock in Serbia. The aim of this research was to analyze the mixed old-growth forests of fir, spruce and beech in the reserve “Ra anska ljivovica“ so as to define the laws which could be applied in the future forest management on Mt. Tara. The research was based on the data of six periodic complete inventories followed by standard dendrometric and statistical processing. Forest structure was similar to the typical selection structure. The recruitment dynamics (except beech) was relatively favourable, with the ratio to dead trees amounting to 1.72. The number of trees and the volume increased constantly, attaining 422.2 trees ha-1, i.e. 800.3 m3 ha-1, and the volume increment was above 12 m3 ha-1, despite a slight drop. Silver fir was the protagonist of the selection structure and productivity. It is necessary to stimulate the survival and development of beech at the concrete site, to examine the balanced number of trees and volume, and to investigate the relationship between the number of recruited trees and the stand volume.
Memory and Monuments at the Hill of Tara  [PDF]
McDonald, Erin
Chronika , 2012,
Abstract: This paper focuses on the prehistoric monuments located at the ‘royal’ site of Tara in Meath, Ireland, and their significance throughout Irish prehistory. Many of the monuments built during later prehistory respect and avoid earlier constructions, suggesting a cultural memory of the site that lasted from the Neolithic into the Early Medieval period. Understanding the chronology of the various monuments is necessary for deciphering the palimpsest that makes up the landscape of Tara. Based on the reuse, placement and types of monuments at the Hill of Tara, it may be possible to speculate on the motivations and intentions of the prehistoric peoples who lived in the area.
Rendzinas in the community of beech, fir and spruce with Scots pine in NP 'Tara'  [PDF]
Kne?evi? Milan,Ko?anin Olivera
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/gsf1001101k
Abstract: The rendzinas were studied in the community of beech, fir and spruce with Scots pine (Piceo-Fago-Abietetum subass. pinetosum silvestris), at the altitudes above 1,000 m, on steep slopes and warm aspects. The genesis and properties of these rendzinas were strongly affected by chemical composition, mineralogical structure and bedrock weathering. Soft limestones, which are characterized by low hardness and a higher content of insoluble residue, present the major impact on the physical and chemical characteristics of rendzinas. The presence of active carbonates in the profile causes a neutral to weak alkaline reaction, provides the constant buffering of organic acids and the formation of Ca-humates, and in this way also the formation of a stable organic-mineral complex, which in turn results in the formation of stable grainy soil structure.
Implementation of GIS technologies in assessment and protection of natural values of Tara National Park
Radovi? Dejan I.,Stevanovi? Vladimir B.,Markovi? D.,Jovanovi? Slobodan D.
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/abs0503193r
Abstract: Mount Tara is among the most important centers of Balkan and European ecosystem and species biodiversity. It is characterized by diversified and well-maintained communities of old deciduous and mixed coniferous forests (beech/fir/spruce). They represent a unique example of well preserved forests in SE Europe with numerous endemic and relict species of indigenous flora and fauna. The geographical information system (GIS) that we have created has proved an excellent tool for valorization and protection of all natural values and potentials of Tara National Park.
Developments and Challenges for mAb-Based Therapeutics  [PDF]
Sumit Goswami,Wei Wang,Tsutomu Arakawa,Satoshi Ohtake
Antibodies , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/antib2030452
Abstract: The continuous increase in the number of approved monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based therapy suggests that mAbs, and their derivatives, will continue to be the focus of the biotherapeutics industry for years to come. Although vast improvements in our capability to manufacture, characterize, and stabilize mAbs have been achieved, there are still challenges to be overcome. These include analytical and stabilization approaches associated with the development of high concentration mAb formulations. In addition, several mAb-based modalities are under development, including antibody drug conjugates (ADCs), fusion proteins, and bispecific antibodies (bsAbs), all designed to overcome the limitations encountered with mAb therapy. The current status of their development, with emphasis on manufacturing challenges as well as preliminary clinical results, will be reviewed.
Telescope Array Radar (TARA) Observatory for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays  [PDF]
R. Abbasi,M. Abou Bakr Othman,C. Allen,L. Beard,J. Belz,D. Besson,M. Byrne,B. Farhang-Boroujeny,A. Gardner,W. H. Gillman,W. Hanlon,J. Hanson,C. Jayanthmurthy,S. Kunwar,S. L. Larson,I. Myers,S. Prohyra,K. Ratzlaff,P. Sokolsky,H. Takai,G. B. Thomson,D. Von Maluski
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.08.015
Abstract: Construction was completed during summer 2013 on the Telescope Array RAdar (TARA) bi-static radar observatory for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR). TARA is co-located with the Telescope Array, the largest "conventional" cosmic ray detector in the Northern Hemisphere, in radio-quiet Western Utah. TARA employs an 8 MW Effective Radiated Power (ERP) VHF transmitter and smart receiver system based on a 250 MS/s data acquisition system in an effort to detect the scatter of sounding radiation by UHECR-induced atmospheric ionization. TARA seeks to demonstrate bi-static radar as a useful new remote sensing technique for UHECRs, extending their detection aperture far beyond what is accessible by conventional means. In this report, we describe the design and performance of the TARA transmitter and receiver systems.
Structure and Oligomers Distribution of Commercial Tara (Caesalpina spinosa) Hydrolysable Tannin  [PDF]
Samuele GIOVANDO,Antonio PIZZI,Harald PASCH,Naomi PRETORIUS
Pro Ligno , 2013,
Abstract: Solvent extracted commercial Tara tanninextract have been examined by Matrix Assisted LaserDesorption/Ionisation Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF)mass spectrometry and by High Pressure LiquidChromatography (HPLC). The Tara extract has beenfound to be composed of a series of oligomers ofpolygallic acid attached by an ester link to one quinicacid. They constitute the oligomers in higherproportion in the extract. Other polygallic chains linkedto one only or two repeating units such as caffeic acidand methylated quinic, methylated gallic andmethylated caffeic acids are also present. Negativeion mode MALDI-TOF showed that somecarbohydrate residues appear to still be present,linked to the polyphenolic material of the extract buttheir proportion is very low as would be expected of asolvent extracted tannin.
The boundary between the domains of the Kosa a and the Brankovi south of the Tara river
Lukovi? Milo?
Balcanica , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/balc0535091l
Abstract: With the partitioning in 1373 of the domain of Nikola Altomanovi , a Serbian feudal lord, the old political core of the Serbian heartland was shattered and the feudal Bosnian state considerably extended to the east. The region was crossed by the Tara river, mostly along the southeast-northwest "Dinaric course". Although the line along which Altomanovi ’s domain was partitioned has been discussed on several occasions and over a comparatively long period, analyses show that the identification of its section south of the Tara is still burdened by a number of unanswered questions, which are the topic of this paper. An accurate identification of this historical boundary is of interest not only to historiography, but also to archaeology ethnology, philology (the history of language and dialectology in particular) and other related disciplines. The charters of Alphonse V and Friedrich III concerning the domain of herceg Stefan Vuk i Kosa a, and other historical sources relating to the estates of the Kosa a cannot reliably con rm that the upa of Mora a belonged to the Kosa a domain. The castrum Moratsky and the civitate Morachij from the two charters stand for the fortress near the village of Gornje Morakovo in the upa of Nik i known as Mrakovac in the nineteenth century, and as Jerinin Grad/Jerina’s Castle in recent times. The upa of Mora a, as well as the neighbouring upa of Brskovo in the Tara river valley, belonged to the domain of the Brankovi from the moment the territory of upan Nikola Altomanovi was partitioned until 1455, when the Turks nally conquered the region thereby ending the 60-year period of dual, Serbian-Turkish, rule. Out of the domain of the Brankovi the Turks created two temporary territorial units: Kraji te of Issa-bey Ishakovi and the Vlk district (the latter subsequently became the san ak of Vu itrn). The upa of Mora a became part of Issa-bey Ishakovi ’s domain, and was registered as such, although the fact is more di cult to see from the surviving Turkish cadastral record. The upa of Mora a did not belong to the vilayet of Hersek, originally established by the Turks within their temporary vilayet system after most of the Kosa a domain had been seized. It was only with the establishing of the San ak of Herzegovina that three nahiyes which formerly constituted the upa of Mora a (Donja/Lower Mora a, Gornja/Upper Mora a and Rovci) were detached from Issa-bey’s territory and included into the San ak of Hercegovina. It was then that they were registered as part of that San ak and began to be regarded as being part of Herzegovin
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