oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Energy market in European Union and interests of Serbia  [PDF]
Rapai? Stevan
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/medjp0904515r
Abstract: The author deals with energy market in Europe by presenting the gross consumption of energy as well as production of energy within the European Union. The need of EU for natural gas and crude oil is one of the main factors why Russia is still the key player in Europe's energy market. European Union is trying to leave Russia behind by importing crude oil and natural gas from countries like Norway, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Iraq, but Europe is still highly dependent of Russian energy. Considering these facts, Serbia recognizes that its economic and political interest is to become a strategic partner with European Union as transit country for Russia's natural gas and crude oil. .
Human Rights promotion in Serbia: a difficult task for the European Union
Cierco, Teresa Maria;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292011000100009
Abstract: this article explores the role of the european union in the human rights protection, implementation and promotion in serbia. it is clear that the eu demands on democratisation in the region of western balkans are crucial to achieve the respect for human rights. the human rights standards as part of the conditionality criteria of the eu is a clear message towards the countries aspiring membership. however, serbia progress in the field has been difficult due to several internal constraints. this paper aims to uncover the democratisation process of serbia on its path towards the eu, and its progress (or not) regarding human rights protection and implementation.
Elements of judge-made law in Serbia and European Union  [PDF]
Nikoli? Du?an
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0926007n
Abstract: Serbia has developed a legal system of state regulations of the European continental type. The majority of legally relevant relations are governed by norms in the form of laws and other general legal acts adopted by bodies of the legislative and executive branches of government. In accordance with the principle of division of power proclaimed by the constitution, courts are obliged to consistently apply general rules. Judges should apply the law, not create it. In other words, jurisprudence is not considered to be a formal source of law. However, in reality, courts have always played a much more significant role in the process of shaping the legal system. This role has ranged from a very broad interpretation of statutory rules to the creation of individual rules in order to fill legal lacunae, and even creating general legal rules. Evidence of this are the numerous examples from the history of Serbian law, which is briefly outlined in the following pages. The historical overview presents the role of courts in mediaeval Serbia, during the period of uprisings against the Turkish occupation (1804-1830), during the time of the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia), and in the post-revolutionary period in socialist Yugoslavia. Particular emphasis is placed on the mixed legal system with elements of judge-made law developed on the territory of the Province of Vojvodina between the two World Wars. In the second part of the paper, the role of courts in the modern law of Serbia is discussed. In that context, mention is given to constitutional approaches, current trends and the informal influence of courts in the process of shaping the legal system. A few pages have been dedicated to the problems facing courts in Eastern European in the period of transition. This primarily relates to the implementation of the community acquis which is developing at an alarming speed with far-reaching consequences for legal, economic and social stability in many countries, as well as the European Union itself. The acceptance of high and often objective unachievable legal standards widens the gap between the normative and the actual. Legal insecurity rises, and with it, mistrust in state institutions, including the courts, which carry particular responsibility for the creation of a new legal environment. The concluding segment of the paper is devoted to the role of courts in a future European law. In that context, current trends in the European Union are presented. Special consideration is given to the broad competencies of the Court of Justice of the E
Testing of Balassa-Samuelson model functionality: Empirical research in case of Serbia and European Monetary Union  [cached]
Petrovi? Predrag
Industrija , 2012,
Abstract: This paper shows the results of empirical testing of Balassa-Samuelson model functionality in case of Serbia and European Monetary Union. The research for Serbia pertains to the period between 2004 and 2010, while in the case of EMU, due to unavailability of data about employment per sector, the period is somewhat shorter, covering 2005 to 2010. Applying both methods of cointegration analysis (Johansen and Engle-Granger's one), we have reached the results which show that internal transmission mechanism does not function in Serbia.
A Comparison of the Models Over the Data on the Interest Level in Politics in Turkey and Countries that are Members of the European Union: Multinomial or Ordered Logit Model?
Ozge Akkus,Hatice Ozkoc
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This study focuses on the comparison of the choice based multinomial logit model and status based ordered logit model, which are widely used when the dependent variable is categorical with more than two levels. To do this, a survey data is used on the interest of individuals in politics in Turkey and ten countries that are members of the European Union. After determining the true model, it is clarified that the interest of individuals living in countries that are members of the European Union in politics remarkably differs from that of in Turkey. Additionally, significant individual characteristics on the tendency to politics are also given along with their marginal effect on the relative risk ratios.
Society as a victim of corruption: Political corruption in Serbia as an obstacle on the road to membership in the European Union  [PDF]
Tanjevi? Nata?a
Temida , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tem1204147t
Abstract: This paper considers the problem of corruption in Serbia, as a dangerous phenomenon that is usually classified as a victimless crime, although the damage it causes is enormous and its consequences affect an indefinite and large number of victims. Corruption leads to the expansion of economic inequalities, it slows down and hinders economic growth and development, destroys the legitimacy of institutions, endangers the protection of basic human rights and freedoms and undermines the fundamental values on which the society is based. Particular attention is devoted to the issue od political corruption because it is the most dangerous form of corruption and this problem has been marked by the European Commission as the biggest obstacle on the way of our country towards European integrations. It has been pointed out that the most dangerous crimes of corruption are under-detected and rarely prosecuted, which is influenced by the very fact that corruption is an essential link between the world of politics and economics and that the perpetrators of these acts are persons that are holding prominent positions in the government or an exceptional power in society, and on the other hand, the victims of these acts are all citizens of Serbia.
Certification of forests and wood products in Serbia in the context of new European union legislations: Current situation, problems and challenges  [PDF]
Vasiljevi? Aleksandar,Glavonji? Branko
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/gsf1103007v
Abstract: The paper presents research results of the current situation in the area of certification of forests and wood products in Serbia in the context of new European Union legislation referring to the placement of wood and wood products on this market. The objective of the research was to observe the situation, phases which Serbia implemented in the process of forest and wood products certification until now, as well as the problems and challenges the companies in this process face. Based on research results, future development of the market of certified wood products in Serbia was assessed and the proposal of measures which should be realized in order for Serbia to become a country whose companies will be ready for the moment when provisions and measures of the new EU legislation become effective was given. The selection of the abovementioned objective was conditioned by the fact that from January 1st, 2013 new legislation takes effect, with significantly stricter terms for the placement of wood and wood products from other countries on this market. One of the conditions which will have to be fulfilled by the companies wishing to export their products on this market refers to proving their origin. Since the EU is the most significant market for wood products exported from Serbia, fulfillment of the stated and other terms from the new EU legislation is of great importance to Serbian companies. Until the beginning of September 2010, only 387,000 ha were certified, namely 17.2% of the total area under forests. In the same period, only 33 wood processing companies in Serbia possessed CoC certificates for their products. Such a small number of companies possessing certificates for their wood products compared to competitive neighboring countries can represent a serious limitation in achieving their satisfactory competitiveness on the EU market in the following period.
Introducing strategic environmental assessment in Serbia with special reference to the European Union directive and infrastructure corridors
Crn?evi? Tijana M.
Spatium , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/spat0410035c
Abstract: In July 2001, the European Union (EU) adopted the Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 27 June 2001 on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Plans and Programmes on the Environment, known as the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive. The EU countries will have three years, until July 2004, for the integration of the SEA Directive into national laws. The SEA Directive introduces procedural and technical requirements, according to which environmental assessment is compulsory for certain plans and programs but not for policies, except if they are a part of a plan, as well for plans and programs of national defence, civil emergencies, finance and budgets. According to the scope of the SEA Directive, environmental assessment is compulsory for plans and programs for infrastructure corridors – transport, telecommunication and energy systems. In addition to the overview of the general framework for Strategic Environmental Assessment and the main requirements of the SEA Directive, the current situation in Serbia regarding the present condition of SEA is presented with special reference to the infrastructure corridors. One of the conclusions of this paper is that the main limitation for the implementation of SEA for plans and programs covering infrastructure corridors is the current legal situation. The main law which is supposed to introduce SEA has not been adopted yet, while the scope of the SEA within the new Planning and Construction Act includes SEA only for urban plans and does not cover, among others, plans for infrastructure corridors.
The Multinational Corporations - A comparative statistical approach in Romania and Serbia -
Gheorghe S?VOIU,Constantin MANEA,Victor IORGA -SIM?N,Virginia B?L?AT
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2010,
Abstract: The originality of this paper consists in a comparative approach to the typologies of the financial facilities meant to attract multinational corporations, either in a country that is a member of the European Union, such as Romania, or in a non-member country, like today’s Serbia. The authors have focused on the idea the multinational corporations are a major factor of developmentfor Eastern European countries, in general. Finally, the social corporative responsibility has been useful to the communities in these countries, but still remains a theoretical idea. The financial facilities and opportunities provided by the small economies are not yet compensated through a social equivalent, either inside, or outside the European Union area, for most of the host countriesand economies placed in Eastern Europe.The authors have focused on two characteristic corporationsAutomobile Dacia from Romania and Zastava Automobile, from Serbia.
Genetic differentiation of European grayling (Thymallus thymallus) populations in Serbia, based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses
Sa?a Mari?, Andrej Razpet, Vera Nikoli?, Predrag Simonovi?
Genetics Selection Evolution , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-43-2
Abstract: Eighty grayling individuals were collected from four rivers (Ibar, Lim, Drina and Rzav). The mitochondrial DNA control region (CR; 595 bp of the 3'end and 74 bp of flanking tRNA) and the ATP6 gene (630 bp fragment) were sequenced for 20 individuals (five from each locality). In addition, all individuals were genotyped with 12 microsatellite loci. The diversity and structure of the populations as well as the recent and ancient population declines were studied using specialized software.We detected three new haplotypes in the mtDNA CR and four haplotypes in the ATP6 gene of which three had not been described before. Previously, one CR haplotype and two ATP6 gene haplotypes had been identified as allochthonous, originating from Slovenia. Reconstruction of phylogenetic relations placed the remaining two CR haplotypes from the River Danube drainage of Serbia into a new clade, which is related to the previously described sister Slovenian clade. These two clades form a new Balkan clade. Microsatellite marker analysis showed that all four populations are genetically distinct from each other without any sign of intra-population structure, although stocking of the most diverse population (Drina River) was confirmed by mtDNA analysis. Recent and historical population declines of Serbian grayling do not differ from those of other European populations.Our study shows that (1) the Ibar, Lim and Drina Rivers grayling populations are genetically distinct from populations outside of Serbia and thus should be managed as native populations in spite of some introgression in the Drina River population and (2) the Rzav River population is not appropriate for further stocking activities since it originates from stocked Slovenian grayling. However, the Rzav River population does not represent an immediate danger to other populations because it is physically isolated from these.The recent natural dispersal area of the European grayling (Thymallus thymallus) extends westward to France and Gr
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.