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Investigations of prevalence of antibodies to B.canis in stray dogs in territory of Belgrade
Radoji?i? Sonja,?ilerd?i? Milica,Dimi? Bane,Kir?anski Jasmina
Veterinarski Glasnik , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/vetgl0602043r
Abstract: The paper covers investigations of stray dogs in the territory of the city of Belgrade. A total of 184 blood serum samples were examined for the presence of antibodies specific to Brucella canis. The method of slow agglutination in a test tube with 2- mercaptoethanol was used in the diagnostic procedure. Of the 184 examined serums, 49 (26.63%) had a titer of 1/50, 25 serums had a titer of 1/100 (13.58%), while 20 serums had a titer equal to or bigger than 1/200 (10.87%). Furthermore, 15 samples of full blood from serologiclly negative animals were also presented for isolation. The bacteriological finding for these samples was negative. The obtained results indicate that the number of seropositive stray dogs in the territory of Belgrade is extremely high and that 10.87% of the testes animals are definitely infected with Brucella canis.
Seroprevalence of leptospirosis in horses in the territory of Belgrade during the period from 1998 to 2008  [PDF]
Vojinovi? Dragica,?uti? Jadranka,Stanojevi? Slobodan
Veterinarski Glasnik , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/vetgl0904163v
Abstract: Serological investigations of leptospirosis in horses were carried out in the epizootic territory of Belgrade during the period from 1998 to 2008. Serological examinations were performed on 1701 blood serum samples of horses from private and sociallyowned stables, riding clubs, hippodromes, and from the individual sector. The number of seropositive horses was 107 (6.29%). The most represented serovarieties of the Leptospira species were: Leptospira grippotyphosa 42 (2.47%), Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae 19 (1.12%), Leptospira pomona 16 (0.99%), Leptospira canicola 16 (0.94%), Leptospira bataviae 11 (0.65%), and Leptospira australis 2 (0.1%). Antibodies against Leptospira sejroe were not established in a single sample of the examined horse blood serums. The titer of specific antibodies ranged from 1:100 to 1:10000. The biggest number of serums had an antibody titer of 1:300, then 1:100, and 1:1000. The smallest number of serums had an antibody titer of 1:10000. Horses seropositive to leptospirosis were established only in sporadic cases, so that no major epizooties were established in the territory of Belgrade.
The influence of water resources on transformation of spatial-functional structure of the territory of the municipality of Mali Zvornik and the possibilities for the construction of new hydro power plants
Pavlovi? Mila,Goli? Rajko,?abi? Dejan
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd1003189p
Abstract: The territory of the municipality of Mali Zvornik is, from the aspect of morphology and spatial-functional structure, a heterogeneous area. It is located in the valley of the Drina River and in hilly-mountainous part of Podrinjske mountains. The area of the municipality is 184 km2, with 14076 inhabitants (2002). The importance of water resources for the development of the municipality, particularly of the hydropower plant (HPP) “Zvornik”, is analyzed in this paper. Inadequate use of hydro-energetic potential, possibilities for construction of new hydropower plants and economic reasons for their construction are also emphasized. The priorities of the development of hydraulic engineering are defined in relation to morphological and hydrological conditions. They refer to increase of power of the HPP “Zvornik” and construction of small-scale hydropower plants in hilly-mountainous part of municipality. Considering depopulation processes in the villages of Mali Zvornik, hydraulic engineering, together with agriculture, forestry, exploitation of mineral goods and tourism, can be one of the factors of demographic and economic revitalization of this area.
Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of adolescents about reproductive health at Belgrade territory  [PDF]
Kisi?-Tepav?evi? Darija,?teri? Milena,Kisi? Vesna,Popovi? Aleksandra
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1004214k
Abstract: Introduction. Over the past few years, the results of numerous studies have emphasized the importance of adolescents' insufficient knowledge about reproductive health (RH), which implies an increasing trend of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adolescents about RH in the population of Belgrade. Method. The study comprised 292 students from three secondary schools in Belgrade involved in the research February 1-15, 2008. The semistructured questionnaire about adolescents' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about RH was filled in by themselves in presence of a student-investigator who provided assistance when necessary. Statistical analysis included χ2 test and correlation analysis. Results. Most adolescents (70.5%) showed the medium level of knowledge about RH. In our study, 33.6% of adolescents were sexually active. Sexually active students achieved a better score on the test about RH compared with the students who have not had sexual intercourse yet (χ2-test=34.003; p<0.01). The average age of the first sexual intercourse was 16.5 years for females, and 15.7 years for males. The students with a lower average grade in school education experienced the first sexual intercourse earlier compared to the adolescents with a higher average grade during the school education (ρ=0.485; p<0.01). The most common (73.4%) source of information about RH is mass media. Conclusion. The results of our study indicate the need for more intensive and comprenhensive educational programmes in the area of RH for adolescents in our country.
Slobodan Savic,Dor?e Alempijevic,Vesna Djokic,Tatjana Atanasijevic
Acta Medica Medianae , 2001,
Abstract: During the NATO aggression against Yugoslavia in the period from March toJune, 1999, at the Institute for Forensic Medicine in Belgrade there were 34 victimsregistered, namely, 22 of male and 12 of male sex. The greatest number of the killedwas of younger age, namely, of 31 to 40 years of age (l O persons) and from 21 to 30years of age (8 persons) while three victims were children up to 10 years of age. Onlyin one a e the person on duty was wounded while all the other victims were civilianswho got fatal injuries out of the military objects. The wounds were in most casesinflicted by the NATO aviation actions at night, from midnight to 6 o'clock a. m. (28).In the inner city zone 26 persons were hurt; 6 were hurt in the villages aroundBelgrade and two in the suburban settlements. Half of them were killed at their jobs;16 of them were killed in the building of the Radio Television of Serbia; 9 were killedin their homes; 3 were killed in the hospital just like in the embassy and 2 in the street.Most of the persons (33) got injured due to a direct mechanical and/or thermal effectof explosive weapons. The forensic-medical autopsy was done on 31 victims. In 30cases the death occurred at the place where in the injury was inflicted.
Frequency of alcohol use among elementary school pupils at Belgrade territory
Pavlovi? Zorana,Jakovljevi? Branko
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0804141p
Abstract: Introduction Alcoholism is one of the most frequent modern diseases. These kinds of epidemiological studies have not been carried out in this country at a global level. Objective The aim of the study was to establish the spread of alcohol abuse among the young regarding the sex, and find the connection between the alcohol abuse and the consumption of drugs and cigarettes. Methods The study was carried out among the elementary school pupils of the seventh and eighth grade in the area of Belgrade from October 2003 to January 2004. Total of 457 pupils were involved; 229 (50.1%) were boys and 228 (49.9%) girls, aged 12-15 years, the average age being 13.4 years. The method used was the modified questionnaire European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs, which the pupils filled in individually, voluntarily and anonymously. χ2-test, Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney Logistic Regression Test were used in statistical processing of the data. Results Almost 70% of the examinees have tried alcohol. Most of the examinees had the first contact with alcohol at the age of 11. Half of our examinees got drunk at least once in their life and about one fifth more than 20 times. The binge form of consumption (five or more drinks in a row) was evident in a quarter of our examinees. Our examinees use alcohol together with other psychoactive substances, mostly marijuana. It was observed that certain types of behavior, such as frequent going out in the evening, were directly related to the abuse of alcohol. Conclusion Two thirds of the examinees have tried alcohol. The first contact with alcohol is shifted to an earlier age (11 years). New trends of alcohol abuse have been noticed, such as binge form of consumption and the connection of use with other psychoactive substances. .
Tamara GAJI?,An?elija Ivkov D?IGURSKI
Revista de Turism : Studii si Cercetari in Turism , 2010,
Abstract: In the 1980, tourism went through a relatively high degree of rise and it became an important factor of national economy, showing its vitality in the age of unstable economic and monetary movements, and in most part, it stood out as a part of economy that affects the economic activation of human resources to a large extent, so, in that way, it alleviated the unemployment problem. However, despite all claims that human capital is the biggest value of service sector, in reality that attitude is not supported enough. In this paper, there was an attempt to point to a number of problems connected to human resources in tourism, with a view of current state of tourism development and its effect on work contingent in Vojvodina, as one of developed trade and economic parts of Serbia. Exactly at the moment when tourism is becoming the leading service activity of the 21st century, with indications that it is one of the best ways for economic recovery of the country, in the first place an activating demographic factor, contradictory data appear, in the sense of negating positive effects of tourism through the fact that, besides all the tendencies, the number of employees in this activity is not rising, as it was expected.
Jakov Pranji?,Josip Mesec
Rudarsko-Geolo?ko-Naftni Zbornik , 1992,
Abstract: The paper analyses possibilities of revitalization of ruined areas having specific hydrologic, geologic, climatic and soil factors. A plan for sanation with autochtonous and allochtonous plants is described. Preparatory and planting techniques and general distribution of plants correspond to the conditions and state of the quarry after closure.
Urban agglomerations on main development axes as poles of demographic revitalization of Serbia  [PDF]
Stojanovi? Branislav P.,Vojkovi? Gordana
Stanovni?tvo , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/stnv0504061s
Abstract: Significant geographical-demographic changes are characteristic for the region of Serbia in the second half of the 20th century, which were caused by a dynamic primary urbanization process, namely intense migrational trends between village and town. Expansion zones were formed around urban centers with total intense growth (both demographic and economic), which are mainly found in land areas of main development axes, whereby the (Sava) Danube-Morava one is the most significant. The importance of this development axis (not only in the demographic sense) is indicated by the fact that in this region (composed of districts which are located in the corridor zone) 3794.8 thousand people lived in 2002, which represents 50.6% of the population of Central Serbia and Vojvodina. Taking into consideration the territory it consists of, this zone is populated twice as much in average than the region of Serbia (without Kosovo) as a whole. Along with that, out of the five urban areas with more than 100 thousand people (large urban centers), four are located in this zone (Subotica, Novi Sad, Belgrade and Ni ) and only Kragujevac is located somewhat on the outskirts in relation to it, but in its immediate proximity. Large town centers in corridor zone X concentrated as much as 41% of the Republic urban population in 2002. At the same time, a network of 32 settlements in the land area of this main development axis of Serbia which belong to the category of small and medium size towns, and which cover about 16% of the republic urban population should be added to this. Consequently this zone, as other concentrated population zones, which are formed around secondary development axes on the territory of Serbia, is identified as a region with significant population potential. For that very reason, there was an attempt in this paper to determine the role and significance of urban agglomerations on main development axes for possible demographic revitalization of Serbia. The significance of urban population arises from its quantitative and especially qualitative (structural) characteristics. This category of population of the Republic realizes significant growth (more than 10%) in the last two inter-census decades (1981-2002) regardless of the effects of demographic and socio-economic transitions and geo-political changes and their mainly negative influences as opposed to the total population of this region which realizes an apparent drop (of 3%). The drop of rural population is even more obvious (by about 16%) so its (future) role in possible demographic revitalization of Serbia
Transit oriented development in Belgrade  [PDF]
Sava Atanackovi?
Urbani Izziv , 2005,
Abstract: In Belgrade the process of transition from oriental kasaba to European city was long and thwarted by various economic political and social cultural factors. The European ideal still hasn’t been reached. Transition, as a development process in Belgrade, operates by a specific paradoxical inversion – the logic of harmonised development of urban transport, urban form and structure, which in theories of urban planning appears as a postulate, is in Belgrade influenced by incredible, ephemeral, disfigured, yet authentic transformation. However, quality solutions, conclusions and recommendations for further implementation of the idea about introducing the new public transport system, which is part of the main project for the first light metro line in Belgrade, establishment of a united group of experts, investors, negotiators, public opinion and all actors needed to make decisions, united and uncompromising idea about the future image and quality of urban life in Belgrade, have uncovered an until recently untried field of possibilities for transport management coupled with urban development as the optimal and acceptable model. City life could again become dynamic, productive and attractive.
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