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A Spaniard’s Testimony from Libya: an interview of Eloy Pardo with Leonor Massanet  [PDF]
Eloy Pardo; Leonor Massanet
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2011,
Abstract: IJID Note: As this interview took place just before the launching of the NATO military attack against Libya at the end of March, it can be taken as a third party’s testimony reflecting the feelings of most of Libyan people just before the western aggression.Leonor’s note: First of all, I want to note that my testimony is my personal opinion and I don't have any economic or political interests. My only wish is to talk about the country and about the people who live in it because I think there's a lot of ignorance about it. In fact, all the mass media information is being focused on a particular man (Gaddafi) in a very biased way.
Learning from Libya, Acting in Syria  [PDF]
Caitlin A. Buckley
Journal of Strategic Security , 2012,
Abstract: The international community has reached an impasse. The violence committed by Syrian President Assad's government against opposition forces, who have been calling for democratic reform, regime change, and expanded rights, has necessitated a response from the international community. This article explores various ways the international community could respond to the crisis in Syria and the consequences of each approach. It compares the current calamity in Syria to the crisis in Libya and examines the international community's response to the violence perpetrated by Qaddafi's regime. It further analyzes reports, primarily from the UN and news sources, about the ongoing predicament in Syria. The article concludes that the international community should proceed with achieving a ceasefire via dialogue but must begin by conveying newly imposed sanctions that affect the Sunni merchant class and thus threaten Assad's grip on power to make that dialogue more effective. World leaders should also identify a Syrian leader who could replace Assad, who must be removed from power because of the crimes against humanity that have been committed by his regime. Western states must accept that they will have to engage peacekeeping forces in the region to aid the transition of power in Syria.
Fabronia Raddi (Musci) in Libya
HM Shabbara, S Ghanem
Egyptian Journal of Biology , 2006,
Abstract: Fabronia pusilla Raddi var. ciliata Lesq. & James is recorded for the first time from Libya. This record adds family Fabroniaceae to the moss flora of Libya and increases the number of taxa known from there to 107.
A Preliminary Documentation of the Coral Reefs from Libya  [PDF]
Belkasim Khameiss, William Hoyt, Saad K. El Ebaidi, Ahmed M. Muftah, James Klaus, Ann Budd
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2016.64023
Abstract: Corals studies in Libya are very limited, although they play an important role in the oil exploration as they form excellent reservoirs of coral reef buildups at some oil fields of Sirt Basin (e.g. Intisar “Idris” and Sahabi Fields). Both fields are produced from Paleocene coral reefs. Meanwhile, in Cyrenaica, corals are of less importance as they are not reported in subsurface tertiary rocks, which probably in the environmental settings of these sediments out of the core of reef as occurred in the surface. Meanwhile, corals are reported from older (Jurassic) subsurface successions as in Concession NC-152, but the cementation diagenesis leads to blocking and destroying the porosity. This study presents the first surface documentation work of eight scleractinian coral species from the exposed sediments in northern Libya, where sixtaxa is reported from Al Jabal al Akhdar region, these include a) an association of huge colonies of Caulastrea sp. and Stylophora sp., from the Middle Eocene Darnah Formation at West Darnah road cut section. Theco-existence of the fastCaulastrea sp. with the slow Stylophora sp. is due to the competition strategy; b)
Further Serological Characterization of Two Tobravirus Isolates from Algeria and Libya
K.M. Makkouk,S.G. Kumari
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1998,
Abstract: Antisera against purified particles of tobravirus isolates from Libya (LYV66-91) and Algeria (AlgRl 0) were produced and used for their serological comparison with other isolates of pea early-browning tobravirus (PEBV), including one of the broad bean yellow band serotypes (PEBV:BBYB) and with the PRN strain of tobacco rattle tobravirus (TRV:PRN). DASELISA, DAC-ELISA and dot-blot BLISA showed that the Algerian and the Libyan isolates represent two different serotypes. In DAS-BLISA, the Libyan isolate was similar to the Dutch isolate of PEBV (isolate El 16). In DAC-ELISA, the Algerian isolate reacted strongly with PEBV:BBYB and the TRV:PRN antibodies but not with those to the Libyan or the Dutch isolates of PBBV. Using dot-blot ELISA, the Libyan isolate was serologically closely related to the Dutch isolate of PBBV and distinct from the Algerian isolate of PEBV, PEBV:BBYB and TRV.PRN.
Pemphigus : A clinical study of 109 cases from Tripoli, Libya  [cached]
Shafi M,Khatri M,Mashina M,Ben-Ghazeil M
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1994,
Abstract: From 1981 to 1992, 109 cases (90 females and 19 males) of pemphigus were seen in the Department of Dermatology, Central Hospital Tripoli, Libya. Age of onset of the disease varied from 17 to 85 years, while duration of the disease at the time of presentation varied from 3 days to 13 days. On the basis of clinical features and routine histological findings the cases were divided into various subtypes as : pemphigus foliaceus 65 cases, pemphigus vulgaris 34 patients, pemphigus erythematosus 5, herpetiform pemphigus 3 and vegetans type 2 cases. Three of our patients had diabetes mellitus preceding pemphigus, while 12 patients developed steroid induced diabetes. Significant secondary bacterial infection occurred in all cases at some stage of the disease while oral candidiasis occurred in 15 cases. Eczema herpeticum was seen in 4 patients, while 2 had extensive tinea corporis. One of 4 patients of pemphigus vulgaris had complete shedding of nail and 1 female patient had alternate phases of pemphigus foliaceus and generalized pustular psoriasis. The features in our cases of pemphigus foliaceus were somewhat similar to Brazilian pemphigus foliaceus and we had more cases of pemphigus foliaceus, almost exclusively affecting females.
New suoid specimens from Gebel Zelten, Libya  [cached]
Pickford, M.
Estudios Geologicos , 2006, DOI: 10.3989/egeol.0662147
Abstract: A restricted collection of suoids from Gebel Zelten was made in the 1990’s by the Spanish-Libyan Palaeontology Expedition. Dr Dolores Soria filmed the specimens with a video camera and took measurements of the teeth with vernier calipers. This paper uses the images from the video, which, even though somewhat limited in terms of picture quality, are of interest because they represent the first known snout of the gigantic suid Megalochoerus khinzikebirus. The images reveal that it is basically an enlarged version of Libycochoerus massai, but with relatively small premolars. The sanithere specimens from the site were photographed with an Olympus 1.4 megapixel digital camera, and the image quality is better than from the video camera. These specimens throw light on the degree of sexual dimorphism exhibited by sanitheres, a feature that was previously inferred from isolated teeth, but which can now be confirmed on the basis of the two mandible fragments from Gebel Zelten. This paper is dedicated to the memory of Dr Soria. This paper takes into account a few undescribed suid post-cranial bones from Gebel Zelten housed in the Natural History Museum, London, collected during the 1960’s by R. Savage. Una limitada colección de suoideos procedentes de Gebel Zelten fue hecha a finales de los a os 1990 por una expedición paleontológica internacional, con participación espa ola y libia. La Dra. Dolores Soria filmó los ejemplares con una cámara de vídeo y tomó las medidas de los dientes con calibre. En este trabajo se utilizan las imágenes filmadas, que, aunque algo limitadas en términos de calidad fotográfica, son interesantes porque representan las primeras conocidas del rostro del suido gigante Megalochoerus khinzikebirus. Las imágenes revelan que básicamente es una versión agrandada de Libycochoerus massai, pero con premolares relativamente más peque os. Los ejemplares de saniterios fueron fotografiados con una cámara digital Olympus de 1,4 megapixeles, y la calidad de las imágenes son mejores que las de la cámara de vídeo. Estos ejemplares arrojan nueva luz sobre el grado de dimorfismo sexual exhibido por los saniterios, un hecho que había sido previamente inferido sólo a partir de dientes aislados, pero que ahora puede ser confirmado en base a dos fragmentos de mandíbula de Gebel Zelten. Este trabajo está dedicado a la memoria de la Dra. Soria. En este trabajo se consideran algunos huesos postcraneales inéditos procedentes de Gebel Zelten, depositados en el Natural History Museum de Londres y recolectados durante los a os 1960 por R. Savage.
Giant hyracoid from basal Middle Miocene deposits at Gebel Zelten, Libya  [cached]
Pickford, M.
Estudios Geologicos , 2006, DOI: 10.3989/egeol.0662144
Abstract: Previous records of the presence of the hyracoid Prohyrax sp. at Gebel Zelten are unsubstantiated and the original material seems to have been lost. A distal metapodial of a large hyracoid collected by R. Savage at locality W, Gebel Zelten, is similar in morphology and dimensions to a fossil from Nova, South Africa provisionally attributed to Parapliohyrax. Large hyracoids were thus present in Libya during the early part of the Middle Miocene. Los registros previos de la presencia del hyracoideo Prohyrax sp. en Gebel Zelten son insuficientes y el material original parece haberse perdido. Un fragmento distal de metápodo de un gran hyracoideo recolectado por R. Savage en la localidad W, Gebel Zelten es similar en morfología y dimensiones al fósil de Nova, Sudáfrica provisionalmente atribuidos a Parapliohyrax. Los grandes hyracoideos estuvieron presentes en Libia durante la primera parte del Mioceno Medio.
Prevalence of Hydatid Cysts in Slaughtered Animals from Different Areas of Libya  [PDF]
Layla O. Elmajdoub, Wahab A. Rahman
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2015.51001
Abstract: The present study reports on the infection rates of hydatid cysts in both sexes and different age groups of sheep, camels and cattle from government abattoirs in different parts of Libya. An infection rate of 10.06% was recovered among 32,971 all ruminants (sheep, camels and cattle). Out 25314 of sheep, 2659 (10.52%) were infected. Out 7496 of camels, 940 (12.54%) were infected. Out 161 of cattle, 17 (10.56%) were infected. As regards to the infected organs, liver was seen to be the most commonly infected organ in sheep and cattle (46.03%; 52.94%, respectively), but in camels, it was the lung (55.21%). The fertility rates of hydatid cysts were 80% in sheep, 84% in camels and 0% in cattle. In sheep, the fertility rate of liver hydatid cysts was higher than that in other organs (53.85%), but in camels, the fertility rate in the lung was higher than that of other infected organs (66.7%). Thus, the incidence of echinococcosis in slaughtered livestock is noticeably high and denotes some hazards in control measures in Libyan abattoirs.
Dispossession and displacement in Libya
Rhodri C Williams
Forced Migration Review , 2012,
Abstract: Inability to access pre-displacement housing, land and property poses a significant obstacle to the achievement of durable solutions for most IDPs in Libya. Displacement and dispossession cannot be separated from the legacy of the Gaddafi era.
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