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Coping with Climate Change among Adolescents: Implications for Subjective Well-Being and Environmental Engagement  [PDF]
Maria Ojala
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5052191
Abstract: The objective of this questionnaire study was to investigate how Swedish adolescents (n = 321) cope with climate change and how different coping strategies are associated with environmental efficacy, pro-environmental behavior, and subjective well-being. The results were compared to an earlier study on 12-year-olds, and the same coping strategies, problem-focused coping, de-emphasizing the seriousness of the threat, and meaning-focused coping, were identified. As in the study on children, problem-focused and meaning-focused coping were positively related to felt efficacy and environmental behavior, while de-emphasizing the threat was negatively related to these measures. As expected, the more problem-focused coping the adolescents used, the more likely it was that they experienced negative affect in everyday life. This association was explained by the tendency for highly problem-focused adolescents to worry more about climate change. In contrast, meaning-focused coping was positively related to both well-being and optimism. When controlling for well-known predictors such as values and gender, meaning-focused and problem-focused coping were independent positive predictors of environmental efficacy and pro-environmental behavior, while de-emphasizing the threat was a negative predictor of pro-environmental behavior. The results are discussed in relation to coping theories and earlier studies on coping with climate change.
Subjective well-being in socially vulnerable children and adolescents
Poletto, Michele;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722011000300008
Abstract: subjective well-being has been defined as an association among positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. this study aimed to investigate the subjective well-being of children and adolescents attending school and living with their families as compared to those living in youth offenders institutions. two hundred ninety-seven children and adolescents in situations of social vulnerability aged between seven and sixteen years old (m = 11.22 years, sd = 2.13), 155 male (52.2%) and 142 female (47.8%) participated in the study. the instruments were a structured interview, a positive and negative affect scale, and a multidimensional life satisfaction scale. the results confirmed that institutionalized children/adolescents experienced more negative affect regarding development contexts. however, institutionalized children/adolescents did not differ from those living with their families in terms of life satisfaction and positive affect.
The Experience of Work Engagement, Hardy Personality, Optimism and Subjective Well-Being among Nurses from China and Spain  [PDF]
Eva Garrosa, Felix Ladst?tter, Bernardo Moreno, Yiqun Gan, Isabel Carmona
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25021
Abstract: Engaged nurses have a sense of energetic and effective connection with their work activities and they see themselves as fully capable of dealing with the demands of their job. To analyze the experience of work engagement, examining cross-national differences in Hardy Personality (HP), optimism and subjective well-being among nurses from China and Spain. Cross-cultural study with a sample with 154 nurses from Beijing (China) and 164 nurses from Madrid (Spain) who completed the Engagement, HP, Optimism and Subjective Well-Being (SWB) Scales. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlations, Student’s t-tests and hierarchical multiple regression. The personality characteristics in these countries are different, as are the variables that explain engagement. In both samples, the variable most closely associated with engagement is commitment. Optimism was another predictor, but subjective well-being was only a predictor for Spanish nurses. This study is a first approximation to understand the application of HP, optimism and subjective well-being as personal resources that affect the way in which nurses interact with their working environment and to improve engagement. Practical implications are discussed.
The Effects of Parents’ Job Insecurity on the Subjective Well-Being of Adolescents  [PDF]
Nayin Ke
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2018.62020
Administering Teenagers perceived Parents’ Job Insecurity Questionnaires and Subject Well-Being Questionnaires to the sample consisting of 281 teenagers, the paper is to explore the characteristics of teenagers’ perceived parents’ job insecurity and its effects on subject well-being. The results showed that: As the average score of the students in the high school and the university were both higher than the overall average, the one of the middle school students was lower. Additionally, the perceived qualitative job insecurity of fathers of the teenagers in the university was significantly higher than that of the high school and the middle school. Also, qualitative job insecurity of fathers was significant positive predictor of teenagers’ negative emotion, however, job insecurity of mothers showed no significance to teenagers’ emotion. Thus, there are two main conclusions: teenagers in the university worry about parents’ loss of jobs more often than others in the middle and high school. Secondly, it is the qualitative job insecurity of father that causes negative effects to teenagers’ subjective well-being while the effects from the job insecurity of mother is not obvious. The combination of job insecurity and subject well-being of teenagers is effective for human resource management and teenagers’ mental health.
Subjective Well-Being in Relation to Altruism and Forgiveness Among School Going Adolescents
International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20120205.02
Abstract: In the study of subjective well being in relation to forgiveness and altruism among 100 school going adolescents (50 male and 50 female), the following tools and techniques were used to measure different variables: Subjective Well-being Inventory by Nagpal and Sell (1985) was used to measure Subjective Wellbeing, THE HELPING ATTITUDE SCALE by Nickell (1998) was used to measure Altruism and the heartland forgiveness scale by Thompson et. al.(2005) was used to measure Forgiveness. On the basis of multiple regression it has been known that the predictive value of Forgiveness (Self, Others, Situation) is questionable or the measure of Forgiveness (Self, Others, Situation) does not enhance the prediction of subjective well-being whereas, Altruism does enhance the prediction of subjective well-being. The present study is carried out to explore the effect on subjective well-being of adolescents in the light of their measures of altruism and forgiveness. Moreover, attempt is also made to see the effect in context of gender differences.
On the Intermediary Function of Coping Styles: Between Self-Concept and Subjective Well Being of Adolescents of Han, Qiang and Yi Nationalities  [PDF]
Tianmei Zhou, Dingchu Wu, Lin Lin
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.32021
Abstract: In order to know the influence of adolescents’ self-concept on the subjective well being and the function of coping styles in them, the author adopted the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, Simplified Coping Style Scale and the Questionnaire on the Subjective Euphoria, and made a survey on six middle schools of Sichuan province and got back 867 valid answered questionnaires. The results show that 1) differences are obvious in self-concept, coping styles and subject well being among adolescents of Han, Qiang and Yi nationalities; 2) the positive self-concept exerts a notable positive influence on subjective well being, and the negative exerts a negative one; 3) the coping styles play an intermediary role in the influence of self-concept on the subjective well being. On the above basis, the author concludes that the self-concept exerts influence on the subjective well being directly as well as indirectly through the mediation of coping styles.
Subjective well-being of Sichuan adolescents from Han, Qiang and Yi nationalities  [PDF]
Dingchu Wu, Tianmei Zhou
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.210178
Abstract: Using subjective well-being scale for adolescents, this article studies the subjective well-being of 900 adolescents from Han, Qiang and Yi nationalities in mainland of China. Results: In general, the SWB of the adolescents from the three nationalities is at the level of more than medium. Their SWB is significant difference in the aspects of nationality, grade and academic records. In view of interaction, their SWB is also of differ- rent dimensions because the interrelated effects are significant between genders and grades, between genders and academic records, between grades and academic records, and even between grades and their parental educational levels and parental occupations.
Validation of a subjective well-being inventory with youth and adolescents Argentinean, Mexican, and Brazilian Samples
Omar, Alicia,Paris, Laura,Aguiar de Souza, Marcos,Almeida Da Silva Junior, Sergio Henrique
Suma Psicológica , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to adapt the Well-Being Inventory of Nacpal & Shell for using with Latinamerican youth and adolescents. The conceptual, semantic and operational equivalence of inventory prototype version was analized. The final version was administered to a sample of 1,891 students (730 Mexicans, 664 Argentines and 497 Brazilians) who also filled a set of recognized instruments developed to explore resilience, coping, sense of humor, emotional intelligence and cultural values. The exploration of factorial validity showed six orthogonal factors which explained almost 59% of total variance. Construct validity was demostrated through positive and significant correlations between subjective well-being and most of the variables considered. Reliability of the adapted instrument reached satisfactory levels. In light of the results some suggestions for future research in the area are made
A Review on the Researches about Subjective Well-Being of Adolescents

Ding Xinhua,

心理科学进展 , 2004,
Abstract: Initially this paper presents conceptually exposition about subjective well-being, the components of subjective well-being as well as the measurement scales of subjective well-being. Then the paper introduces the researches about some factors relating to adolescents?subjective well-being. These factors include demographic level, life events, family, neuroticism and extraversion, self-esteem and locus of control. Finally, the paper puts forward four perspectives for further study on subjective well-being of adolescents.
Adolescents’ happiness-increasing strategies, temperament, and character: Mediation models on subjective well-being  [PDF]
Ali Al Nima, Trevor Archer, Danilo Garcia
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.410124
Abstract: In order to predict Subjective Well-Being (SWB) or happiness two of the major determinants may be 1) A genetic set point (which reflects personality) and 2) Current intentional activities (behavioral, cognitive, and motivational). In this context, personality can be considered as psycho-biological—composed of temperament (i.e., what grabs our attention and how intensely we react) and character (i.e., a reflection of personal goals and values). The present study examined how adolescents’ personality and intentional happiness-increasing strategies, measured at one point in time, are related to SWB measured one year later. Results show that temperament (Harm Avoidance) and character dimensions (Self-directedness) predicted SWB. Moreover, strategies such as active leisure (e.g., engaging in sports) and instrumental goal pursuit (e.g., study) also predicted SWB at the end of the school year. The strategy of Mental Control (i.e., an ambivalent effort to both avoid and contemplate negative thoughts and feelings), which was related to Harm Avoidance and Self-Directedness, mediated the relationship between these two personality dimensions and SWB.
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