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Triassic conodonts of the Slovenian Basin  [PDF]
Stanko Buser,Tea Kolar-Jurkov?ek,Bogdan Jurkov?ek
Geologija , 2007,
Abstract: Slovenian Basin was formed during the Ladinian following disintegration of the Slovenian Carbonate Platform. It persisted continuously until the Late Cretaceous. Several conodont asscociations were recognized within the Triassic rocks of the Slovenian Basin. Stratigraphically significant species belong to the genera Budurovignathus, Epigondolella, Gladigondolella, Metapolygnathus, Misikella, Neogondolella, Nicoraella, Norigondolellaand Paragondolella.
Advance in the study of the Lower Triassic conodonts at Meishan Section, Changxing, Zhejiang Province
Jinnan Tong,Ying Yang
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1998, DOI: 10.1007/BF02883680
Abstract: Meishan Section in Changxing County of Zhejiang Province is one of the four candidates of the global stratotype section and point (GSSP) of the Permian and Triassic boundary (PTB), and currently the conodonts have been widely accepted as the index fossils to define the Permian and Triassic boundary. The previous studies on the Lower Triassic conodonts at Meishan Section are summarized and the recent discovery of the Lower Triassic conodonts there is reported. The recognized data from the section indicate that Meishan is the best selection of the GSSP of PTB.
The Sail-Backed Reptile Ctenosauriscus from the Latest Early Triassic of Germany and the Timing and Biogeography of the Early Archosaur Radiation  [PDF]
Richard J. Butler, Stephen L. Brusatte, Mike Reich, Sterling J. Nesbitt, Rainer R. Schoch, Jahn J. Hornung
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025693
Abstract: Background Archosaurs (birds, crocodilians and their extinct relatives including dinosaurs) dominated Mesozoic continental ecosystems from the Late Triassic onwards, and still form a major component of modern ecosystems (>10,000 species). The earliest diverse archosaur faunal assemblages are known from the Middle Triassic (c. 244 Ma), implying that the archosaur radiation began in the Early Triassic (252.3–247.2 Ma). Understanding of this radiation is currently limited by the poor early fossil record of the group in terms of skeletal remains. Methodology/Principal Findings We redescribe the anatomy and stratigraphic position of the type specimen of Ctenosauriscus koeneni (Huene), a sail-backed reptile from the Early Triassic (late Olenekian) Solling Formation of northern Germany that potentially represents the oldest known archosaur. We critically discuss previous biomechanical work on the ‘sail’ of Ctenosauriscus, which is formed by a series of elongated neural spines. In addition, we describe Ctenosauriscus-like postcranial material from the earliest Middle Triassic (early Anisian) R?t Formation of Waldhaus, southwestern Germany. Finally, we review the spatial and temporal distribution of the earliest archosaur fossils and their implications for understanding the dynamics of the archosaur radiation. Conclusions/Significance Comprehensive numerical phylogenetic analyses demonstrate that both Ctenosauriscus and the Waldhaus taxon are members of a monophyletic grouping of poposauroid archosaurs, Ctenosauriscidae, characterised by greatly elongated neural spines in the posterior cervical to anterior caudal vertebrae. The earliest archosaurs, including Ctenosauriscus, appear in the body fossil record just prior to the Olenekian/Anisian boundary (c. 248 Ma), less than 5 million years after the Permian–Triassic mass extinction. These earliest archosaur assemblages are dominated by ctenosauriscids, which were broadly distributed across northern Pangea and which appear to have been the first global radiation of archosaurs.

MAO Li,TIAN Chuan-rong,

地球学报 , 1987,
Abstract: The conodont fauna described in this paper was collected from the uppermost part of Mailonggang Formation in Mailonggang Village oi Lhunzhub-County, Tibet, China, including 8 genera and 20 species. According to characteristics species of Epigondolella genus, the conodonts fossils could be divided obviously into 4 conodont assemblage zones as follows: Epigondolella multidentata a. zone, E. sp. C. a. zone, E. poster a a. zone, E. bidentata a. zone These conodont assemblage zones belong to the middle and upper Norian.
The Slovenian bibliography  [PDF]
Lidija Wagner
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2000,
Abstract: The Slovenian bibliography is our national bibliography. We want to show the criteria of the selection of the particular materials, which are included in the Slovenian bibliography. We described the bibliographic description and classification of the records with UDC and the descriptors. The printing and the CD-ROM issues of the Slovenian bibli ography are described. We compared UNESCO guidelines for the national bibliography on the field of the selection, bibliographic description and classification, arrangement of the records and the useful of the national bibliography.
Suitability of Machinery Logging in Slovenian Forests
Anton Jak?e
RUO : Revija za Univerzalno Odli?nost , 2013,
Abstract: RQ: The purpose of the research was to examine how much Slovenian forest land is suitable for machine logging and harvesting of timber.Purpose: To determine the actual potential of machinery logging in Slovenian forests.Method: On the basis of Slovenian forest service cadastral maps from 2011, we assumed potential areas for machinery logging and harvesting of timber.Results: In 2011, Slovenia cut about 3.9 million m3 of wood. Given the potential of Slovenian forests that amounts to 5.5 million m3 / year, it was determined that the percentage of machinery logging can significantly increase.Organization: The research will have a significant impact on themanagement of organizations that are considering buying equipment for machinery logging.Society: Society will be richer in knowing that there are opportunities in increasing contemporary technologies in Slovenian forests. With the realization that this type of technology is currently the safest form of work in forests, not only benefits favorable economic results, but also save many victims of accidents at work (in 2011 there were 21 deaths)Originality: The study included the latest findings of modern technology for forest work.Limitations: The greatest limitation is primarily in assessing the suitability of terrains.
Stratigraphy of Upper Permian and Lower Triassic Strata of the iri Area (Slovenia)
Tea Kolar-Jurkov?ek,Bogdan Jurkov?ek,Dunja Aljinovi?,Galina P. Nestell
Geologija , 2011,
Abstract: The paper deals with the stratigraphy of Late Permian and Early Triassic strata of the Luka section in the iri area of western Slovenia. This is the only section presently known in the External Dinarides where the Permian-Triassic boundary is defined following international criteria based on the first appearance of the conodont Hindeodus parvus. The following lithostratigraphic units have been formalized: the Bellerophon Limestone and Evaporite-dolomite Members of the Bellerophon Formation and the Luka~ Formation with the three members,the Transitional Beds, Streaky Limestone and Carbonate-clastic Member. The paper presents the results of micropaleontologicalstudy based on foraminifers and conodonts as well as petrographic and sedimentologic research results. The investigation of conodont assemblages enabled the conodont biozonation of the Permian-Triassic interval of the studied Luka section.
A detailed Lower Triassic conodont biostratigraphy and its implications for the GSSP candidate of the Induan–Olenekian boundary in Chaohu, Anhui Province
Laishi Zhao,Jinnan Tong,Zhiming Sun,Michael J. Orchard
自然科学进展 , 2008,
Abstract: Chaohu is located in a deep part of carbonate ramp on the Lower Yangtze Block, which belonged to the low-latitude eastern Tethyan archipelago during the Early Triassic. Fossils were very rich in the Lower Triassic of Chaohu. Bivalves, ammonoids, conodonts were very common throughout the Lower Triassic, while fish fossils were generally rich in some beds of the upper part. It is one of the most typical sections for the Early Triassic chronostratigraphy in the world. Although various fossils had been studied in the 1980s and 1990s, recent studies based upon new and more detailed collections from the Lower Triassic of Chaohu showed that the conodont zonation needs revision. We collected Lower Triassic conodont fossils from continuous sections of the West Pingdingshan, North Pingdingshan and South Majiashan, Chaohu, Anhui Province, and updated zonations were made for each section. Eight conodont zones have been distinguished. They are, in ascending order, Hindeodus typicalis zone, Neogondolella krystyni zone, Neospathodus kummeli zone, Neospathodus dieneri zone, Neospathodus waageni zone, Neospathodus pingdingshanensis zone, Neospathodus homeri zone, and Neospathodus anhuinensis zone. The ?rst occurrence of Neospathodus waageni eowaageni of the N. w. eowaageni subzone (i.e. the base of the N. waageni zone) is suggested as the marker to de?ne the Induan–Olenekian boundary.
The environmental index of the rare earth elements in conodonts: Evidence from the Ordovician conodonts of the Huanghuachang Section, Yichang area
XiaoHong Chen,Lian Zhou,Kai Wei,Jin Wang,ZhiHong Li
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4788-1
Abstract: High-resolution microanalysis was performed on conodonts collected from the Huanghuachang section in the Yichang area using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). This region is regarded as a standard section for the division and correlation of the Ordovician system in southern China. The results show that the values of (La/Yb)N and (La/Sm)N decrease, while the values of δCe increase as seawater deepens and energy decreases. As the sedimentary environment changes from shallow-water carbonate platform to platform margin to open continental shelf to shelf basin, rare earth element distribution curves gradually transform from a right inclined pattern to a flat pattern to a left inclined pattern and a hat-shaped pattern. The present work proves that the values and distributive patterns of rare earth elements in conodonts correspond with the sedimentary environment, and therefore provide reliable evidence for the application of rare earth element concentrations of biogenic phosphates such as conodonts for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions.
Spondarthritis in the Triassic  [PDF]
Juan Carlos Cisneros,Uiara Gomes Cabral,Frikkie de Beer,Ross Damiani,Daniel Costa Fortier
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013425
Abstract: The evidence of several forms of arthritis has been well documented in the fossil record. However, for pre-Cenozoic vertebrates, especially regarding reptiles, this record is rather scarce. In this work we present a case report of spondarthritis found in a vertebral series that belonged to a carnivorous archosaurian reptile from the Lower Triassic (~245 million years old) of the South African Karoo.
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