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Tropical Parasitic Diseases andWomen
OO Okwa
Annals of African Medicine , 2007,
Abstract: Tropical parasitic diseases constitute the greatest threat to the health and socio – economic status of women as a gender and social group. There are some gender specific ways in which parasitic diseases affect women in contrast to men due to differences in exposure, occupational risk, sociocultural behavior, gender roles and practices. These parasitic diseases confer some social stigma, which affects the health seeking behavior of women. Women are therefore important in the control of these parasitic diseases and they are key agents of change, if they are included in community control programs. Women need more attention in endemic areas as a group that had been neglected. This deprived and excluded group have got vital role to play, as discussed in this review
Tropical parasitic diseases and women  [cached]
Okwa O
Annals of African Medicine , 2007,
Abstract: Tropical parasitic diseases constitute the greatest threat to the health and socio– economic status of women as a gender and social group. There are some gender specific ways in which parasitic diseases affect women in contrast to men due to differences in exposure, occupational risk, sociocultural behavior, gender roles and practices. These parasitic diseases confer some social stigma, which affects the health seeking behavior of women. Women are therefore important in the control of these parasitic diseases and they are key agents of change, if they are included in community control programs. Women need more attention in endemic areas as a group that had been neglected. This deprived and excluded group have got vital role to play, as discussed in this review.
Pyogenic abscesses and parasitic diseases
LAMBERTUCCI, José Roberto;RAYES, Abdunnabi Ahmed;SERUFO, José Carlos;NOBRE, Vandack;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652001000200003
Abstract: parasitic diseases which during their course in the host switch the immune system from a t helper 1 to a t helper 2 response may be detrimental to the host, contributing to granuloma formation, eosinophilia, hyper-ige, and increased susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections. patients and animals with acute schistosomiasis and hyper-ige in their serum develop pyogenic liver abscess in the presence of bacteremia caused by staphylococcus aureus. the salmonella-s. mansoni association has also been well documented. the association of tropical pyomyositis (pyogenic muscle abscess) and pyogenic liver abscess with toxocara infection has recently been described in the same context. in tropical countries that may be an interesting explanation for the great morbidity of bacterial diseases. if the association of parasitic infections and pyogenic abscesses and/or fungal diseases are confirmed, there will be a strong case in favor of universal treatment for parasitic diseases to prevent or decrease the morbidity of superinfection with bacteria and fungi.
Pyogenic abscesses and parasitic diseases  [cached]
LAMBERTUCCI José Roberto,RAYES Abdunnabi Ahmed,SERUFO José Carlos,NOBRE Vandack
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2001,
Abstract: Parasitic diseases which during their course in the host switch the immune system from a T helper 1 to a T helper 2 response may be detrimental to the host, contributing to granuloma formation, eosinophilia, hyper-IgE, and increased susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections. Patients and animals with acute schistosomiasis and hyper-IgE in their serum develop pyogenic liver abscess in the presence of bacteremia caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The Salmonella-S. mansoni association has also been well documented. The association of tropical pyomyositis (pyogenic muscle abscess) and pyogenic liver abscess with Toxocara infection has recently been described in the same context. In tropical countries that may be an interesting explanation for the great morbidity of bacterial diseases. If the association of parasitic infections and pyogenic abscesses and/or fungal diseases are confirmed, there will be a strong case in favor of universal treatment for parasitic diseases to prevent or decrease the morbidity of superinfection with bacteria and fungi.
Parasitic zoonotic diseases in Turkey
Nazmiye Altintas
Veterinaria Italiana , 2008,
Abstract: Zoonoses and zoonotic diseases are becoming more common and they are now receiving increased attention across the world. Zoonotic parasites are found in a wide variety of protozoa, cestodes, nematodes, trematodes and arthropods worldwide and many zoonotic parasites have assumed an important role. The importance of some parasitic zoonoses has increased in recent years due to the fact that they can be agents of opportunistic infections. Although a number of zoonotic parasites are often found and do cause serious illnesses in Turkey, some are more common and these diseases are more important as they cause serious public health problems, such as leishmaniasis, toxoplasmosis, cryptosporidiosis, echinococcosis, trichinellosis and toxocariasis. Information on these zoonotic diseases is provided here as these are the most important zoonotic parasitic diseases in Turkey.
Parasitic diseases in the returning traveller
M Grobusch, C Menezes
Continuing Medical Education , 2009,
Abstract: Parasitic infections often present with nonspecific symptoms
Apoptosis induced by parasitic diseases
Anne-Lise Bienvenu, Elena Gonzalez-Rey, Stephane Picot
Parasites & Vectors , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-3-106
Abstract: Cell death by apoptotic-like mechanisms could be described as a ride to death with a return ticket, as initiation of the pathway may be reversed, with the potential that it could be manipulated for therapeutic purposes. The management of host-cell apoptosis could thus be an adjunctive factor for parasitic disease treatment. Evidence that the apoptotic process could be reversed by anti-apoptotic drugs has recently been obtained, leading to the possibility of host-cell rescue after injury. An important issue will be to predict the beneficial or deleterious effects of controlling human cell death by apoptotic-like mechanisms during parasitic diseases.Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death involved in a wide range of adaptive processes, from embryogenesis to stress injury responses. The main benefits of apoptosis occur when an organism is uninfected. However, detrimental effects caused by apoptosis can be triggered by parasitic infection, depending upon the specific host-parasite situation. During their evolution, parasites have developed mechanisms to induce or avoid host cell apoptosis in order to be able to survive and complete their life cycle.Pathways involved in apoptosis are highly regulated, demonstrating that this mechanism is finely tuned according to the biological environment of the cell. Among the factors involved in that balance in infected organisms, the time of apoptosis (early or late occurrence), the cell type and the type of parasitism (intracellular or not) are the major modulators. For example, early apoptosis of host cells could contribute towards their fight against infection by intracellular parasites; equally, early apoptosis could favour the penetration of the parasite. Late apoptosis of cells of the defence system could be beneficial to the host, clearing excess cells and thereby avoiding the detrimental effects of excessive inflammatory response in the tissue that they would cause (e.g. the deleterious effect of reactive oxygen species
Environmental determinants of infectious and parasitic diseases
Heller, Léo;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761998000700002
Abstract: a review of the role of the environment as a determinant of infectious and parasitic diseases is presented. historical considerations and the several environmental classifications of diseases are introduced. in a broader perspective the subject is analyzed in view of the emergence of the environmental health area, with its new paradigms. a review of epidemiological studies about environmental sanitation conditions and measures is presented, analyzing the conclusions derived from 256 studies. finally, an epidemiological study carried out in betim, minas gerais is briefly described, in order to illustrate the potentiality of this kind of study. setting priorities of interventions regarding diarrhea control was the aim of this investigation. conclusion about the role of this approach to optimize preventive measures for the control of infectious and parasitic diseases, of sound importance to the reality of the developing world, is stated.
Environmental determinants of infectious and parasitic diseases  [cached]
Heller Léo
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1998,
Abstract: A review of the role of the environment as a determinant of infectious and parasitic diseases is presented. Historical considerations and the several environmental classifications of diseases are introduced. In a broader perspective the subject is analyzed in view of the emergence of the environmental health area, with its new paradigms. A review of epidemiological studies about environmental sanitation conditions and measures is presented, analyzing the conclusions derived from 256 studies. Finally, an epidemiological study carried out in Betim, Minas Gerais is briefly described, in order to illustrate the potentiality of this kind of study. Setting priorities of interventions regarding diarrhea control was the aim of this investigation. Conclusion about the role of this approach to optimize preventive measures for the control of infectious and parasitic diseases, of sound importance to the reality of the developing world, is stated.
Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China  [PDF]
Shan Lv,Li-Guang Tian,Qin Liu,Men-Bao Qian,Qing Fu,Peter Steinmann,Jia-Xu Chen,Guo-Jing Yang,Kun Yang,Xiao-Nong Zhou
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10051977
Abstract: Water-related parasitic diseases are directly dependent on water bodies for their spread or as a habitat for indispensable intermediate or final hosts. Along with socioeconomic development and improvement of sanitation, overall prevalence is declining in the China. However, the heterogeneity in economic development and the inequity of access to public services result in considerable burden due to parasitic diseases in certain areas and populations across the country. In this review, we demonstrated three aspects of ten major water-related parasitic diseases, i.e., the biology and pathogenicity, epidemiology and recent advances in research in China. General measures for diseases control and special control strategies are summarized.
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