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Trends and Issues in Distance Education: International Perspectives  [PDF]
Erhan EROGLU
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2006,
Abstract: Trends and Issues in Distance Education: International Perspectives Edited by Yusra Laila Visser, Lya Visser, Michael Simons n, & Ray Amirault, 2005, United States of America: Information Age Publishing, Inc. pp. 315. ISBN 1-59311-212-2 Reviewed by Dr. Erhan EROGLU Anadolu University Eskisehir, TURKEY In this book, the terms of “distance education” has been discussed from different perspectives. The term “distance education” conjures up in many minds the image of modern, computer-enabled technology that has blossomed in only the last twenty years. Many of the lessons learned over the last century of distance education research and practice have been implemented in a wide variety of distance education programs worldwide, from higher education online learning programs in the United States to rural, radio-based instructional programs in developing countries. Distance education is truly international discipline. While it is true that the term “distance education” has a universal definiton, local distance ducation experiences are often quite idiosyncratic. This idiosyncratic nature emerges from the need to integrate distance education within the constraints, oppurtunities, and realities of spesific cultural and geographic contexts. From these local distance education experiences, educators are developing new understandings of the broader field of distance education, including the trends and issues present in the field. ORGANIZATION OF THE SECTIONS This book has been organized by thematic content into four main sections. Each of these sections represents a unique level of analysis for trends and issues in distance education. Part I presents five distinct perspectives on the state of distance education and the trends and issues of the field. First perspective of five distinct perpectives is “a survey of progressive and conservative trends in education with implications for distance education practice.” Second perspective is “quality, accredition and recognition: issues in the delivery of transnational education.” Third perspective is “the long and short of distance education: trends and issues from a planetary human develeopment perspective.” Fourth perspective is “distance education reappraised: emerging trends in traditional universities and corporate training institutions.” And fifth one is “what the world needs now: international research on distance education.” Part II contains a series of interviews that that were conducted with international distance education leaders. This section has four chapters. The individuals interviewes in this section were selec
ISSUES OF COMMUNICATION AND COOPERATION IN OFFSHORE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  [PDF]
FLORIN DUMITRIU,GABRIELA ME?NI??
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2006,
Abstract: Offshore software development (OSD) is an important trend in information technology outsourcing field. Within this trend software development is increasingly going global, with development occurring in multiple sites located in different geographic regions. On the other hand, software development is a collaborative endeavor, in which communication and cooperation play an important role. Effective communication and coordination from multiple sites is extremely important for OSD. Some studies reveal that cross-site communication and coordination issues can cause a substantial loss of development speed. This paper examines and analysis the issues of cross-site communication and cooperation in OSD, and how can these issues be addressed. There are various approaches to manage communication and coordination from distance. These include the introduction of communication technologies, explicit control mechanisms, and models for reducing the need for cross-site coordination.
Trends and issues in international development cooperation  [cached]
Gilles Carbonnier,Gérard Perroulaz,Claudie Fioroni
International Development Policy/Revue Internationale de Politique de Développement , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/poldev.142
Abstract: Aid volume from OECD countries has set a new record. However, the assistance recorded as ODA includes categories that do not contribute to reducing poverty in developing countries. Emerging economies and private donors provide an increasing proportion of aid. Progress has been made in implementing the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in a few fields, such as untying aid, but the results do not meet expectations. The approach, too often purely technical, omits taking fully into consideration the political dimension which strongly affects aid effectiveness. The issue of overall policy coherence receives renewed attention at a time when the debate about climate change is leading development agencies to reconsider goals and strategies.
INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION: EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT ISSUES
Bianca-Dana ALBU?
Revista de Administratie Publica si Politici Sociale , 2012,
Abstract: This paper concerns the author is referring to the principles and methods of intercultural communication. The paper is structured in three parts. The first part of the paper contains an introduction and definition of key terms. In the second part of the paper presents the characteristics of culture and communication aspects and levels in society. Conclusions and bibliography are presented in the last part of the work.
Formulation development for cancer compounds - Biopharmaceutical issues and perspectives  [cached]
Srinivas Nuggehally
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics , 2009,
Abstract: The development of formulations for anti-cancer drugs imposes challenges owing to the different physicochemical attributes of the compounds as well as the need to deliver the compound to the desired target and/or tumor sites. In this article we present case studies to discuss recent formulation related work for both paclitaxel and topotecan. As enumerated by the case studies, biopharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic challenges are imposed in design and optimization of suitable dosage forms for both intravenous and oral drug delivery. The focus is on selection of excipients which may play additional role(s) in contributing towards the disposition of both paclitaxel and topotecan.
GLOBALIZATION, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ICTs) AND OPEN/DISTANCE LEARNING IN NIGERIA: Trends, Issues and Solution  [PDF]
Akande Joshua OLUSOLA,Sofowora Olaniyi ALABA
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2011,
Abstract: The main thrust of this paper is to discuss the development of open and distance education in Nigeria and the major manifestations of the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in education in open and distance learning. This study further discusses the importance and use of ICTs in open and distance learning in making education accessible to a larger population of students. From that vantage point this paper reviews the phenomenon of ICTs in open and distance learning in developing countries such as Nigeria. The paper identifies a number of issues that impede the effective optimization of ICTs in open and distance learning in developing countries. Prominent among the issues highlighted are poverty, intermittent supply of electricity and language barrier. The paper argues that these problems are to be tackled if the objective of enhancing the potentials of ICTs in open and distance learning in developing countries were to be achieved. On that note the current paper makes some humble suggestions on how to curtail the problems. The study employed descriptive method. An intact class of students that registered for the Bachelor of Education distance learning programme of the Faculty of Education of the Obafemi Awolowo University,Ile-Ife formed the samples used for the study. This was done to collect information on the factors affecting usage of ICT. The result shows that lack of skills rank highest (46.1%), following this is non availability of ICT at home (18.8%), costs (11.3%) and non familiarity with ICT (10.6%).
Development of communication, self and emotions in childhood: contributions from the relational and dialogical perspectives
Garvey, Andrea;Silva, Micheline;
Educar em Revista , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40602010000100005
Abstract: the present paper shares some reflections on the implication of conceptualizing the development of communication, self and emotions as a relational and dialogical process. it is our contention that the analysis of self, emotions and communication cannot be divorced from one another. we view emotions as relational and dialogical experiences lived in bodies that co-exist in relation to other bodies, thereby fostering the development of a differentiated, yet connected, sense of self, starting during infancy and unfolding throughout childhood.
Rural development within the context of development, sustainability and rural issues - some constitutional, policy and implementation perspectives
NJJ Olivier, C van Zyl, C Williams
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2010,
Abstract: This article provides an overview of some developments, internationally, regionally and in the SADC, in relation to development, that may be expected to influence the South African government’s response to the development needs of the people in the country. An overview is provided of the somewhat haphazard way in which the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 refers to the need for and objective of development (including rural development) in the country. Through their explanatory outline of three distinct phases in South African rural development law and policy: 1994–2000 (the Reconstruction and Development Programme and related documents and their implementation); 2000–April 2009 (the Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Strategy and its implementation) and April 2009+ (the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme and related documents), the authors review some of the historical strengths and future prospects related to rural development in South Africa. Based on an assessment of historical trends, a number of recommendations are made for government’s way forward in the implementation of the constitutional objectives, law and policy relevant to rural development in the country.
Educational development - a view from outside: national trends and institutional issues at Imperial College London  [cached]
Roberto Di Napoli
REDU : Revista de Docencia Universitaria , 2011,
Abstract: RESUMEN El propósito central del presente artículo es informar y reflexionar acerca del estado y del estatus del desarrollo educativo en la Educación Superior en el Reino Unido, especialmente en el caso de Inglaterra, tomando el caso de la Universidad Imperial College of London como ejemplo de los temas y de los rasgos de lo que actualmente preocupa en esta temática. A la vez que describe los rasgos básicos del proceso de desarrollo educativo, el texto trata de refle jar de un modo crítico diferentes aspectos implicados en él: la necesidad de estrategias institucionales para el mismo; el dilema entre un desarrollo basado en disciplinas o bien en un enfoque transversal de la docencia, el estatus de “servicio”, comúnmente atribuido a los centros de desarrollo educativo y sus implicaciones; así como la necesidad de asegurar una carrera profesional para los encargados de promover y dar apoyo al desarrollo mencionado. En los tiempos de cambio que se dan en el contexto espa ol, el lector encontrará algunos temas que pueden serle familiares y quizás podrá juzgar el nivel de debate que se da en el ReinoUnido acerca de los mismos. ABSTRACT The aim of this article is both to inform and reflect on the state and status of educational development in the UK, with special reference to the English case, using Imperial College London as an example of current trends and issues. While describing current trends in educational development, the paper attempts to reflect critically on a number of current issues: the need for an institutional strategy for educational development; the relationship between generic and discipline-based development; the 'service' status often ascribed to centres of educational development and its implications; and the need for securing a safe career paths for developers. At times of change in the Spanish context, the Spanish reader should find some of such themes familiar and it may be of interest to him/her to gauge the level of the debate on them in the UK.
Rural Development within the Context of Development, Sustainability and Rural Issues - Some Constitutional, Policy and Implementation Perspectives
NJJ Olivier,C van Zyl,C Williams
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2010,
Abstract: This article provides an overview of some developments, internationally, regionally and in the SADC, in relation to development, that may be expected to influence the South African government’s response to the development needs of the people in the country. An overview is provided of the somewhat haphazard way in which the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 refers to the need for and objective of development (including rural development) in the country. Through their explanatory outline of three distinct phases in South African rural development law and policy: 1994–2000 (the Reconstruction and Development Programme and related documents and their implementation); 2000–April 2009 (the Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Strategy and its implementation) and April 2009+ (the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme and related documents), the authors review some of the historical strengths and future prospects related to rural development in South Africa. Based on an assessment of historicaltrends, a number of recommendations are made for government’s way forward in the implementation of the constitutional objectives, law and policy relevant to rural development in the country.
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