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QUARTER-WISE COMPARATIVE PREVALENCE OF MASTITIS IN BUFFALOES AND CROSSBRED COWS
A. Z. Khan and G. Muhammad1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2005,
Abstract: The present study was designed to determine the quarter-wise comparative prevalence of mastitis in buffaloes and crossbred cows. Milk samples collected from 50 dairy buffaloes and 50 crossbred cows were tested for subclinical mastitis by Surf Field Mastitis Test. In addition, all milk samples were processed for isolation and identification of pathogens. In buffaloes, overall prevalence of subclinical mastitis was 27%, clinical mastitis 4% and blind quarters 10%. In crossbred cows, subclinical mastitis was observed in 36%, clinical mastitis in 5.5% and blind quarters in 8% quarters. Prevalence was higher (32%) in hindquarters of crossbred cows than those of buffaloes (29%). Among the isolates, Staphylococcus aureus showed the highest (45%) frequency, followed by Streptococcus agalactiae (23%), E. coli (18%) and Bacillus spp. (14%) in buffaloes. In case of crossbred cows, Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus agalactiae , E. coli and Bacillus spp. were isolated from 48, 30, 13 and 8% milk samples respectively.
Comparison of Rose Bengal Plate Agglutination, Standard tube agglutination and Indirect ELISA tests for detection of Brucella antibodies in Cows and Buffaloes
S. N. Ghodasara,Ashish Roy and B.B. Bhanderi
Veterinary World , 2010,
Abstract: A total of 180 serum samples (107 cows, 73 buffaloes) from cases of abortion and various reproductive disorders were collected for detection of Brucella antibody by Rose Bengal Plate Agglutination Test (RBPT), Serum Tube Agglutination Test (STAT) and indirect- ELISA (i-ELISA). The overall prevalence of brucellosis by RBPT, STAT and i-ELISA were 11.21%, 16.00% and 24.30% in cows 9.59%, 12.33% and 26.03% in buffaloes respectively. Overall seroprevalence of Brucellosis in cases of abortion, R.O.P. by RBPT, STAT and i-ELISA were 11.32%, 16.04% and 32.08% respectively. When three serological tests were compared, seropositivity was found highest by i-ELISA (25%), followed by STAT (14.45%) and RBPT (10.56%). The results shows higher prevalence of brucellosis in cases of abortion and R.O.P., while at lower level from various reproductive disorders as detected serologically indicating endemicity of the infection in villages around Anand city, Gujarat. [Vet. World 2010; 3(2.000): 61-64]
STUDIES ON MASTITIS AMONG DAIRY BUFFALOES
Rashid Ahmad
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2001,
Abstract: A total of 2340 mammary glands of 585 primiparous and pluriparous lactating buffaloes in different stages of lactation were examined with California Mastitis Test ( CMT) and laboratory examination was carried out to identify the most prevalent micro-organisms in clinical and sub-clinical mastitis. The physical examination revealed 2.61 per cent blind teats and CMT revealed 6.71 per cent positive quarters for mastitis. Microbiological examination of 157 sub-clinical mastitis milk samples and 46 clinical mastitis milk samples was carried out. There was high occurrence of streptococci (35.46%) followed by staphylococci (33.99%), E. coli (27.09%), pseudomonas spp. ( 1.97%) and Corynaebacterium pyogenes (1.48%). The in vitro sensitivity revealed kanamyciin (82.6%), highly effective against various isolates followed by gentamycin (53.0%).
Investigations on Prevalence and Oxidative Stress Aspects of Mastitis in Buffaloes
M. Kumar,R. Kumar,A. Sharma,V.K. Jain
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2007.s2.978
Abstract: The 424 quarter milk samples collected from 106 apparently healthy lactating buffaloes were screened for mastitis using bacterial cultural examination and somatic cell count. The prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis (SCM), latent mastitis and non-specific mastitis were found to be 9.90% (42/424), 4.24% (18/424), and 15.80% ( 67/424), respectively. There was significant (P≤0.05) elevation of blood malondialdehyde (MDA) level in SCM and clinical mastitis cases. Besides, milk malondialdehyde levels were also found to be appreciably elevated in both SCM and clinical mastitis in buffaloes. The occurrence of lipid peroxidation as revealed by elevated blood and milk MDA levels, in present study, indicated the involvement of oxidative stress and the possible oxidative damage in SCM and clinical mastitis in buffaloes
THE SPREAD OF MASTITIS IN COWS AND DEVELOPMENT OF MEANS OF PROPHYLAXIS OF MASTITIS IN THE PERIOD OF DEADWOOD Распространение мастита у коров и разработка средства профилактики мастита в период сухостоя
Reshetka M. B.
Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University , 2013,
Abstract: The analysis of the spread of mastitis of cows in the Krasnodar region has been reviewed. The medication for prophylaxis of mastitis of cows in dead-wood period has been presented. Its preventive effect has also been given in the article
SUBCLINICAL MASTITIS IN BUFFALOES IN ATTOCK DISTRICT OF PUNJAB (PAKISTAN)  [PDF]
H. A. Bachaya, Z. Iqbal1, G. Muhammad2, A. Yousaf2 and H. M. Ali3
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Mastitis is the most costly disease of dairy industry throughout the world. Sub-clinical mastitis is not observed by the farmers but results in hidden losses in terms of production. The present study was conducted to determine the quarter wise and animal wise prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis in buffaloes in Attock district of Punjab, Pakistan. Milk samples were collected from apparently mastitis free 1200 quarters of 300 buffaloes. The samples were subjected to Surf Field Mastitis Test (SFMT). The overall quarter wise prevalence was 58.75 percent, while animal wise prevalence was 77.98 percent. The maximum quarter wise prevalence was found to be 16.66 percent in Tehsil Jand, followed by 13.33, 11.67 and 13.33 percent in the tehsils Attock, Pindighaib, and Fateh Jang, respectively. The maximum animal wise prevalence was 82.61 percent in Tehsil Pindighaib, followed by 73.33, 80.00 and 76.00 percent in the tehsils Attock, Jand and Fateh Jang, respectively.
PREVALENCE OF LICE SPECIES ON COWS AND BUFFALOES OF QUETTA, PAKISTAN  [PDF]
MAHRUKH N. KAKAR AND JUMA K. KAKARSULEMANKHEL
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The prevalence of lice with species identification was studied during April to November 2006 in cows and buffaloes. During this period, various farm houses of Quetta city were randomly visited for the collection of lice. A total 909 cows and 671 buffaloes were examined for the presence of lice. Out of these, 38.3% cows and 41.2% buffaloes gave positive results for different lice species. Only one lice species i. e Bovicola bovis (38.3%) was recorded from cows and two species belonging to genus Haematopinus i. e. H. quadrpertusis (23.5%) and H. eurysternus (17.7%) were encountered in buffaloes. Lice seem to be host specific with B. bovis occur in cows, while both H. quadripertusus and H. eurysternus usually infest buffaloes.
Maternal dystocia in cows and buffaloes: A Review  [PDF]
Govind Narayan Purohit, Yogesh Barolia, Chandra Shekhar, Pramod Kumar
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2011.12006
Abstract: The maternal causes of dystocia in cattle and buffaloes are analyzed. Uterine torsion appears to be the most frequent maternal cause of dys-tocia in buffaloes whereas improper cervical dilation appears to be more frequent maternal cause of dystocia in cattle. Failure of uterine expulsive forces (Uterine Inertia) and neo-plasm’s of vagina, vulva and uterus are com-monly seen in cows and buffaloes. The various maternal causes of dystocia in cattle and buf-faloes and their management are described.
Prevalence of mycototic mastitis in cows
Pengov A.
Acta Veterinaria , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/avb0203133p
Abstract: The aim of this study, performed between 1997 and 2000, was to evaluate the prevalence of bovine yeast udder infections and the accuracy of laboratory diagnostic methods for the isolation and determination of different genera of yeast in milk. The results from culture of milk samples from 9754 functional udder quarters are presented. Samples were taken from clinically and subclinically infected udder quarters of 2483 cows. The samples were cultured on blood and Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA). The final diagnosis was made using the results of the API 20 C and API 20CAUX (Bio Merieux) systems. Besides bacterial udder pathogens, 187 yeast and 34 prototheca strains were isolated from infected bovine mammary glands. The most prevalent species were: Candida krusei, C. rugosa, C. glabrata and C. albicans.
BACTERIOLOGY OF MASTITIS IN BUFFALOES IN TEHSIL SAMUNDRI OF DISTRICT FAISALABAD, PAKISTAN
L. ALI, G. MUHAMMAD, M. ARSHAD1, M. SAQIB AND I. J. HASSAN2
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Two hundred fore-milk samples collected from 200 mastitis quarters of buffaloes (clinically mastitis quarters n = 17, sub-clinically mastitis quarters n = 183) were subjected to microbiological examination. The diagnosis of sub-clinical mastitis was based on the results of Surf Field Mastitis Test (SFMT). A total of 214 isolates of 13 different microbial species were recovered. Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequently recovered bacterial species accounting for 49.53% of all the isolates, followed by Streptococcus agalactiae (23.83%), Staphylococcus hyicus (8.88%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (6.54%), Bacillus spp. (3.74%), Staphylococcus hominis (1.40%), Escherichia coli (1.40%), Staphylococcus xylosus (0.93%), Streptococcus dysgalactiae (0.93%) and Corynebacterial spp. (0.93%). Yeast and prototheca each accounted for 0.47 percent of isolates. Two (0.93%) isolates were identified as coagulase negative staphylococci species. In view of preponderance of the contagious pathogens (S. aureus, Str. agalactiae), it is recommended that mastitis control in the area of study should be based on contagious mastitis control practice.
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