Abstract:
We prove that if $G$ is a finite simple group which is the unit group of a ring, then $G$ is isomorphic to either (a) a cyclic group of order 2; (b) a cyclic group of prime order $2^k -1$ for some $k$; or (c) a projective special linear group $PSL_n(\mathbb{F}_2)$ for some $n \geq 3$. Moreover, these groups do (trivially) all occur as unit groups. We deduce this classification from a more general result, which holds for groups $G$ with no non-trivial normal 2-subgroup.

Abstract:
A p-local finite group consists of a finite p-group S, together with a pair of categories which encode ``conjugacy'' relations among subgroups of S, and which are modelled on the fusion in a Sylow p-subgroup of a finite group. It contains enough information to define a classifying space which has many of the same properties as p-completed classifying spaces of finite groups. In this paper, we study and classify extensions of p-local finite groups, and also compute the fundamental group of the classifying space of a p-local finite group.

Abstract:
We study the existence of (unmixed) Beauville structures in finite p-groups. First of all, we extend Catanese's characterisation of abelian Beauville groups to finite p-groups satisfying a certain condition which is much weaker than commutativity. Our result applies in particular to regular p-groups, powerful p-groups and p-central p-groups, and thus also to all p-groups of order at most p^p. On the other hand, we determine which quotients of the Nottingham group over F_p are Beauville groups, for an odd prime p. As a consequence, we give the first explicit infinite family of Beauville 3-groups.

Abstract:
According to Li, Nicholson and Zan, a group $G$ is said to be morphic if, for every pair $N_{1}, N_{2}$ of normal subgroups, each of the conditions $G/N_{1} \cong N_{2}$ and $G/N_{2} \cong N_{1}$ implies the other. Finite, homocyclic $p$-groups are morphic, and so is the nonabelian group of order $p^{3}$ and exponent $p$, for $p$ an odd prime. It follows from results of An, Ding and Zhan on self dual groups that these are the only examples of finite, morphic $p$-groups. In this paper we obtain the same result under a weaker hypotesis.

Abstract:
For a prime $p$, a $p$-subgroup of a finite group $G$ is said to be large if and only if $Q= F^*(N_G(Q))$ and, for all $1 \neq U \le Z(Q)$, $N_G(U) \le N_G(Q)$. In this article we determine those groups $G$ which have a large subgroup and which in addition have a proper subgroup $H$ containing a Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ with $F^*(H)$ a group of Lie type in characteristic $p$ and rank at least 2 (excluding $\PSL_3(p^a)$) and $C_H(z)$ soluble for some $z \in Z(S)$. This work is part of a project to determine the groups $G$ which contain a large $p$-subgroup.

Abstract:
This survey on the automorphism groups of finite p-groups focuses on three major topics: explicit computations for familiar finite p-groups, such as the extraspecial p-groups and Sylow p-subgroups of Chevalley groups; constructing p-groups with specified automorphism groups; and the discovery of finite p-groups whose automorphism groups are or are not p-groups themselves. The material is presented with varying levels of detail, with some of the examples given in complete detail.

Abstract:
We classify all finite $p$-groups $G$ for which |$Aut_{c}(G)$| attains its maximum value, where $Aut_{c}(G)$ denotes the group of all class preserving automorphisms of $G$ .

Abstract:
In this paper we prove characterizations of $p$-nilpotency for fusion systems and $p$-local finite groups that are inspired by results in the literature for finite groups. In particular, we generalize criteria by Atiyah, Brunetti, Frobenius, Quillen, Stammbach and Tate.

Abstract:
We construct two classes of Gray maps, called type-I Gray map and type-II Gray map, for a finite $p$-group $G$. Type-I Gray maps are constructed based on the existence of a Gray map for a maximal subgroup $H$ of $G$. When $G$ is a semidirect product of two finite $p$-groups $H$ and $K$, both $H$ and $K$ admit Gray maps and the corresponding homomorphism $psi:Hlongrightarrow {rm Aut}(K)$ is compatible with the Gray map of $K$ in a sense which we will explain, we construct type-II Gray maps for $G$. Finally, we consider group codes over the dihedral group $D_8$ of order 8 given by the set of their generators, and derive a representation and an encoding procedure for such codes.

Abstract:
Let p be a prime number. This paper introduces the Roquette category R_p of finite p-groups, which is an additive tensor category containing all finite p-groups among its objects. In R_p, every finite p-group P admits a canonical direct summand, called the edge of P. Moreover P splits uniquely as a direct sum of edges of Roquette p-groups, and the tensor structure of R_p can be described in terms of such edges. The main motivation for considering this category is that the additive functors from R_p to abelian groups are exactly the rational p-biset functors. This yields in particular very efficient ways of computing such functors on arbitrary p-groups : this applies to the representation functors R_K, where K is any field of characteristic 0, but also to the functor of units of Burnside rings, or to the torsion part of the Dade group.