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Role of Local Elected Leaders in Community Development
Anwar Alam
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This research focuses on the role of local elected leaders in community development at union council Katti Garhi, District Mardan. To collect the relevant data the researcher selected 60 community members and 12 elected union council members including Nazim and Niab Nazim of the area through purposive sampling basis. Questionnaire was used for the educated while interview schedule was used for un-educated respondents for data collection. The study indicates the role of local elected leaders in establishment of community organizations, mobilization of the community for community development, monitoring program for community development, provision of social services, sanitation, street pavements, streetlights, health facilities, education facilities (Free books, uniform and scholarships etc.), adult education, provision of technical skill and vocational training center in the area. Community members mentioned that they are in need of public parks, playgrounds, public latrines, fire brigade, and waiting rooms for the passengers, pavement of roadsides and improvement in drinking and irrigation water.
Transposable elements P and gypsy in natural populations of Drosophila willistoni
Sassi, Adriana Koslovski;Herédia, Fabiana;Loreto, élgion Lucio da Silva;Valente, Vera Lucia da Silva;Rohde, Claudia;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572005000500013
Abstract: the presence and integrity of the p transposon and the gypsy retrotransposon in the genome of 18 samples of natural drosophila willistoni populations collected from a large area of south america were southern blot screened using drosophila melanogaster probes. the aim of this screening was provide further knowledge-base on the geographical distribution of d. willistoni and to carry out an inter-population analysis of the p and gypsy elements present in the genomes of the populations analyzed. the fragment patterns obtained indicate that both the p and gypsy elements are ancient in the d. willistoni genome, but whereas the gypsy retroelement appears to be invariable and stable the p element varies between populations and appears to still have some capacity for mobilization.
Gypsy ethnic socialization in Serbia
?vorovi? Jelena
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/gei0553035c
Abstract: Based on original fieldwork among Gypsies in Serbia, this paper explores Gypsy ethnic socialization and argues that Gypsy social isolation, to some extent, is self-imposed through the acceptance of their traditions. Close kin, particularly parents, are found to be the primary socializing agents of Gypsy children. Gypsy children have little or no contact with children from other ethnic groups. A crucial aspect of Gypsy socialization is an emphasis on the distinction between non-Gypsies and Gypsies; that is, between gadje and Roma: Contact with gadje, especially sexual, is considered polluting. Their social isolation results also from their traditional refusal to accept, and become a part of the larger hierarchy of their host populations. The Gypsy tradition of endogamy helped individual Gypsies to survive, leave descendants, and transmit their traditions to them.
Gypsy dragon: An evolutionary approach to narratives
?vorovi? Jelena
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/gei0701205c
Abstract: This paper will attempt to explain Serbian Gypsy oral narratives by applying concepts drawn from evolutionary psychology. The Gypsy story will illustrate how various narrative characteristics are used by Gypsies to employ social knowledge on local surroundings to better serve fitness solutions.
Distribution and conservation of the transposable element gypsy in drosophilid species
Herédia, Fabiana;Loreto, Elgion Lúcio S.;Valente, Vera Lúcia S.;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572007000100023
Abstract: in an attempt to understand the dynamics of transposable elements (t's) in the genome of host species, we investigated the distribution, representativeness and conservation of dna sequences homologous to the drosophila melanogaster gypsy retrotransposon in 42 drosophilid species. our results extended the knowledge about the wide distribution of gypsy in the genus drosophila, including several neotropical species not previously studied. the gypsy-like sequences showed high divergence compared to the d. melanogaster gypsy element. furthermore, the conservation of the restriction sites between gypsy sequences from phylogenetically unrelated species pointed to a more complex evolutionary picture, which includes the possibility of the horizontal transfer events already described for this retrotransposon.
Gypsy pentecostal ascetism and body management
Mena Cabezas, Ignacio Ramón
Athenea Digital , 2008,
Abstract: Pentecostal religious beliefs and practices consist of a complex set of strategies of transformation and personal renewal. Among other aspects of their experiences in the Church of Philadelphia, the social construction of Gypsy reality turns on the reform of the body. The present paper lies on aspects such as the body as object and subject of biopolitical and religious practices; the relationships between religious experience and body management; new social and community interactions; and autobiographical discourse as the ideological vehicle of personal conversion and transformation. All these processes reveal how social practices remake and shape bodily behaviour and its meaning. Pentecostal charismatic practices channel and express the community and individual demands of Church of Philadelphia converts, and represent central issues in the Pentecostal management of body and spirit. Our aim in this paper is to analyze the bodily practices which provide for believers′ transformation, and which shape community rituals and the congregation's interactions.
Molecular distribution of gypsy-like retrotransposons in cotton Gossypium Spp.
Essam A. Zaki, Abdel Ghany A. Abdel Ghany
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2003,
Abstract: PCR primers specific for conserved domains of the reverse transcriptase (RT) genes of gypsy-like retrotransposons amplified their corresponding gene in two Gossypium barbadense cultivars. Analysis with the FASTA software showed a high DNA sequence homology to pine, gypsy LTR-retrotransposon. Using the PCR product as a hybridization probe, gypsy-like retrotransposons were detected in wild type species of Gossypium, suggesting that gypsy-like retrotransposons are present in the Gossypium genome. This supports the view that gypsy-like retrotransposons are major components of plant genomes. Our results suggest gypsy-like retrotransposons have played a fundamental role in the shaping and evolution of the Gossypium genome. (African Journal of Biotechnology: 2003 2(5): 124-128)
The social mobilization by social networks  [cached]
Abderrahmane AMSIDDER,Fathallah DAGHMI,Farid TOUMI
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2012,
Abstract: We will question the principle of mobilization by the ICT by analyzing the practices and uses of by the young Moroccans strongly mobilized after the Arab spring.
Gypsy stories: Narrative as a teaching stratagem
?vorovi? Jelena
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/gei1001185c
Abstract: This paper discusses the performance of narratives as adaptive cultural beha-viors among Gypsies in Ma va county, western Serbia. Storytelling is a universal activity and may well be oldest of the arts. It has always provided a vehicle for the expression of ideas, particularly in societies relying on oral tradition. Gypsies are present in Serbia since the Middle Ages, living within a larger Serbian culture as a minority group. Ma va, an agriculturally rich county in western Serbia, is a place where local Gypsy traditions are still alive and which help distinguish between Gypsy subgroups and the larger Serbian society. The stories analyzed are part of a collec-tion made from several different Gypsy groups exhibiting varying degrees of influence from Serbian culture. Gypsies in Serbia have no written literature, but possess a rich and varied storytelling tradition delivered by word of mouth through the generations. Their stories bear testimony to the evolutionarily important mecha-nisms employed by Gypsies to make their way in the world. Gypsy stories concern many aspects of the relationship between themselves and other social groups, both in the past and the present. At the same time, the stories deal with universal adaptive problems, such as origin/ethnicity, kinship and mate acquisition. By applying the concepts and folk knowledge from their own culture, Gypsies have managed to provide for themselves the guidelines to overcome these problems within a par-ticular environment. Thus it is that these stories reflect both human universals and cultural peculiarities - by utilization of localized cultural solutions to adaptive problems. The success Gypsies have achieved in surviving harassment, and their ability to sustain themselves and their cultures despite social rejection can be attributed, in part, to the power of the traditional stories to influence the behavior of those who hear them. For the Gypsies, telling and listening to the stories could be considered adaptive behavior: disseminating traits that were presumably successful in the past. These stories replicate and describe the environment in which the Gypsy ancestors struggled to survive. As a consequence, the narratives and the Gypsy real world are compatible in many constant and predictable ways, and many Gypsies are hence able to use narrative information/knowledge as a model for proper behavior which helps them to negotiate their social environment in their efforts to survive and reproduce.
DIAGNOSIS AND EVALUATING ABOUT COMMUNITY LIEDERANCE MOBILIZATION: NURSING AND PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS
AAgnes Carolina Ribeiro Pinto, Sibele Chagas Scachetti, Marcelo Zvir de Oliveira, Héridi Karine Moreira, Nayara Raema de Oliveira de Almeida, Polianna Farinon e Elenita de Cácia Menoci Mortean
SaBios : Revista de Saúde e Biologia , 2007,
Abstract: Considering Single Health System (SUS) principles, the social mobilization for achievements in health, has great significance. This mobilization is a guarantee that people will participate in the process of policies formulation designed to health needs and quality of life. Therefore, this research aimed to encourage community leaders of neighborhoods from Basic Health Unit (BHU) Model region - Campo Mour o, PR, to mobilize their communities to explore different ways to increase the transit security. Besides, this research also objective to evaluate results of social mobilization. Students of Nursing (Integrado College from Campo Mour o), the community and the health UBS Model group established the local epidemiological profile. Thus, an intervention project was carried out to stimulate the mobilization of leaders to make an undersigned in their respective districts, to ensure the presence of a transit guard at the access transit route (BR 158 road) in UBS Model region. The indicator to evaluating community mobilization was the proportion of residents in UBS Model area aged over 18 years (2,792 individuals) who attended the undersigned. Data show that 7.02% of undersigned was over than 18 years, from these, 62.01% were female and 37.99% were male. Considering the region of residence: 37.00% were from Jardim Modelo; 19.40% from Jardim Santa Cruz; 12.85% from Jardim Silvana; 12.20% from Jardim Batel; 11.55% from Jardim Mario Figueiredo and no signature was collected at Jardim Esperan a. Regarding the proportion of signatures, results are proportional to population number in each region. Thus, community mobilization to undersigned, held by leaders from neighborhood, was low, and that popular participation in health at UBS model region should be reconsidered. It is necessary the development of methodological strategies to increase the latent capacity of persons (stakeholders), stimulating their potential.
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