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Some Aspects of Adventitious Rooting in Microsperma Lentil CV-Masoor-85  [PDF]
Nafees Altaf,Javed Iqbal,M. Salih Ahmad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1999,
Abstract: Presence of auxins and high humidity in the initial stages of growth in vitro of 10-15 days old shoot cuttings is very essential for adventitious rooting in microsperma lentil in cultivar Masoor-85. The type and quantity of auxins is important. The basal segments of stem have more chances of rooting which gradually decreases for apical segments. Also age of shoots in culture has influence on rooting. Rooting is with normal polarity. Boron ( 30 mg/l) and MS (1/10 strength) salts in diluted concentration helps root induction and development. Moist peat and filter paper bridge both support rooting.
Influence of Microsperma Lentil Genotypes on Tissue Culture Responses  [PDF]
N. Altaf,J. Iqbal,M. S. Ahmad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1998,
Abstract: In vitro growth responses of various lentil genotypes varied. The best callussing response was noticed in variety ILL- 4605. The genotype AARI-L-89503 had a tendency for embryogenesis. The genotype AARI-L-86642 had the best rooting ability. This genotype also showed in vitro flowering response. Masoor-85 and Pant-L-406 had moderate morphogenic responses. Meristem multiplication, shoot development, shoot bud formation from callus and adventitious rooting from shoot cuttings was obtained under appropriate growth regulators combinations.
Somaclonal Variation in Microsperma Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik)  [PDF]
Nafees Altaf,Javed Iqbal,M.Salih Ahmad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1999,
Abstract: Shoot apices of Masoor-85 seedlings (3-4 days old) induced proliferated callus masses under dark conditions, were induced to proliferate callus masses. The callus was induced under dark conditions in MS medium containing K (10 mg/l), GA (1mg/l) with 5-10 per cent lentil seed extract. The shoots were regenerated by transferring the callus culture in light. The shoots were cut and rooted to have plantlets that were finally grown in the field in winter season. These plants were R0 generation. The first selections were made from R0 and seeds were collected. These seeds were grown for R1 generation, whose seeds were selected for R2 generation and so on. Some selected variants were stable till R5 generation and were called somaclonal. Variants for more pods and large seed were selected.
Effect of Different Phosphorus Levels on Growth and Yield Performance of Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic)  [PDF]
Muhammad Maqsood,Muhammad Shahid Ibni Zamir,Riazat Ali,Aftab Wajid
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Abstract: The investigation was conducted to determine the effect of different levels of phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield performance of Lentil (Lens culinaris medic) CV. Masoor-85. Flowering and maturity of the crop was significantly affected by different rates of phosphorus. Maximum 1000-grain weight (19.38 g) was recorded with the application of 75 kg P2O5 ha-1. Application of 75 kg P2O5 resulted in higher yield of 1250 kg ha-1 .
Agromorphological Traits Variability of the Ethiopian Lentil and Exotic Genotypes  [PDF]
Fikru Mekonnen,Firew Mekbib,Shiv Kumar,Seid Ahmed,Tilak R. Sharma
Advances in Agriculture , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/870864
Abstract: Understanding the genetic relationships and diversity of Ethiopian lentil in relation to lentil from other countries is important in attempting to widen the genetic base of germplasm in the country. The objectives of this study were to generate information on agromorphological variability, to estimate PCV, GCV, heritability, and expected genetic advance of quantitative traits of lentil. 228 genotypes with different population types were studied for 11 agromorphological traits and rust disease severity score for two seasons (2011-2012) over three locations. The analysis of variance showed highly significant variations ( ) among genotypes for all characters studied. As per genetic parameter values, four groups of character were deduced. It is inferred that the exotic genotypes introduced from ICARDA showed rich genetic bases for 100-seed weight, number of seeds per plant, seed weight per plant, resistance source for rust, and high yielder in high yielding environment, where rainfall is not a major problem. Use the Ethiopian accessions for developing cultivars that could be used in double cropping and drought prone areas. 1. Introduction Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik. subsp. culinaris) is a short, slender annual cool-season food legume. The center of origin of lentil is the Near East where it was first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent around 7000 BC [1]. According to Barulina [2], two varietal types based on seed size were recognized: the small-seeded microsperma and the macrosperma with relatively large flattened pods. The largest lentil producer is India, followed by Canada and Turkey, accounting for 68% of the global production [3]. In Africa, Ethiopia, Morocco, and Tunisia are the leading producers, but 61% of the areas and 68% of the production belong to Ethiopia [4]. Lentil is an important dietary source of macro- and micronutrients for both rural and urban dwellers. It provides sufficient amounts of the most essential amino acids to meet nutrient requirements. It is a cash crop fetching the highest price in domestic market compared to all other food legumes and major cereal crops [5]. Global, African, and Ethiopian lentil productivity is about 887?kg/ha, 644?kg/ha [3], and 1168?kg/ha, respectively [6]. Biotic and abiotic factors limit lentil productivity and seed quality. The major yield gap contributing factors are insect pests, diseases, low yielding landraces grown by farmers, and the narrow genetic base [7, 8]. Prior knowledge of genetic variability and characterization of genetic resources within the germplasm available at a gene bank has an
Evaluation of Mixed and Intercropping of Lentil and Wheat  [PDF]
Nargis Akter,Md. A. Alim,M. Mahbubul Islam,Zabun Naher
Journal of Agronomy , 2004,
Abstract: The experiment was carried out to evaluate the performance of lentil-wheat mixed and intercropping system. Positive variation in different yield contributing characters except 1000seed weight of lentil and wheat to 40% of wheat seed rate and 1:1 line sowing were noticed indicating the agronomic suitability of mixed and intercropping of lentil and wheat in those practices. Line sowing performed better than sole broadcast sowing. All mixed seed rate decreased lentil yield but LER was increased in all the treatments over the sole crop lentil as broadcast. The maximum LER (1.52), monetary advantage (63%), benefit cost ratio (1.84) were achieved in lentil and 40% wheat as mixed cropping system
Evaluation of Extruded Chickpea, Common Bean and Red Lentil Meals as Protein Source in Diets for Juvenile Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Serap Ustaoglu Tiril,Ismihan Karayucel,Fikret Alagil,Seval Dernekbasi,Feraye Berkay Yagci
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: An experiment was conducted to evaluate, the use of extruded chickpea, common bean and red lentil meals as dietary protein source for juvenile rainbow trout. Three experimental diets were formulated based on a reference diet, which composed of 70% reference diet and 30% test ingredient. The diets were given as triplicate groups of juvenile rainbow trout (initial weight of 50 g) to apparent satiation twice daily. There were no significant differences among the groups fed chickpea, common bean and reference diet, for weight gain, specific growth rate and feed conversion ratio, but there were significant differences among these groups and red lentil group in these respects. There were no significant differences in digestibility of protein between the fish fed chickpea and reference diets and chickpea and common bean diets, but the red lentil diet gave lower protein digestibility. Apparent protein digestibility coefficients of the ingredients were determined high for extruded chickpea (80.65%), mid-range for extruded common bean (72.91%) and low for extruded red lentil meals (50.07%). The results indicated that extruded chickpea and common bean meals have higher potential than red lentil meal for use as dietary protein source in diets for juvenile rainbow trout.
Effect of Various Weedicides on Weed Control and Yield of Lentil (Lens cullinaris Medic) Crop in Salt Affected Soil  [PDF]
M. Sadiq,M. Jamil,S. M. Mehdi,M. Sarfraz
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: Effect of various weedicides with different doses was studied for chemical weed control and yield of lentil crop. Stomp 330 EC (Pendimothalim) pre-emergence @ 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50 kg ai ha-1, Treflan-R 48 EC (Trifluralin), pre-emergence incorporated @ 0.25, 0.50 and 0.75 kg ai ha-1 and Fusillade 25 EC (Flauzifop butyl) post-emergence @ 0.125, 0.250 and 0.500 kg ai ha-1 were compared with hand weeding on sandy loam saline-sodic soil. The soil having ECe 4.9 dS m-1, pHs 8.70 and SAR 18.10 (m mol l-1) was selected. The test variety was masoor-85. All the weedicides at different doses significantly controlled the weeds but stomp @ 1.50 kg ai ha-1 pre-emergence application produced higher grain yield (1465.00 kg ha-1) among all other treatments which was followed by stomp @ 1.25 kg ai ha-1 (1405.90 kg ha-1) and hand weeding (1405.42 kg ha-1).
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2007,
Abstract: Fourteen lentil genotypes were tested for grain yield in Southeastern Anatolia ecological conditions, over our consecutive years to classify these cultivars for yield stability. Seed yield ranged from 1.903 t/ha to 1.367 t/ha. RM76, RM601 and RM152 showed regression coeffi cient above 1.00, but RM76 among these lines was consistently produced the highest yields. The unstable cultivars, RM601 and RM152 had the highest S2 values and high C.V. for grain yield.
Screening of Lentil Accessions Against Ascochyta Lentis
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1998,
Abstract: Sixty eight breeding lines of lentil were tested against Pk-I and PK-2 isolates of Ascochyte lentis Cobber and Digger from Australian collection were found resistant and tolerant respectively to lentil blight. These two lines are recommended to use in the breeding programme to develop resistant varieties.
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