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中国李属樱亚属Prunus L.subgenus Cerasus (Mill.) A.Gray的数量分类
Numerical taxonomy study on Prunus L.subgenus Cerasus (Mill.) A.Gray in China
 [PDF]

吴保欢,黄文鑫,石文婷,羊海军,崔大方
WU Baohuan
,HUANG Wenxin,SHI Wenting,YANG Haijun,CUI Dafang

- , 2018,
Abstract: 李属Prunus L.樱亚属subgenus Cerasus (Mill.) A.Gray植物目前在亚属下的分类及种的处理上存在争议。本文对41种樱亚属植物的30个形态性状进行聚类分析,对亚属的分类及种的处理进行了讨论。结果显示,在欧氏距离676处,41个种被划分为11个类群,其中6个类群只含有1个种,5个类群包含2个及以上种。华中樱桃Prunus conradinae Koehne、光叶樱桃Prunus glabra (Pamp.) Koehne、蒙自樱桃Prunus henryi (C.K.Schneid.) Koehne、西南樱桃Prunus duclouxii Koehne、云南樱桃Prunus yunnanensis Franch.、樱桃Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl和细花樱桃Prunus pusilliflora Cardot 7个分类存在较大争议的种聚为1支,表明它们之间关系相近,将它们放在一个组或系较为合适。微毛樱桃Prunus clarofolia C.K.Schneid.、多毛樱桃Prunus polytricha Koehne和康定樱桃Prunus tatsienensis Batalin在聚类中非常接近。康定樱桃区别于其他2种的性状是其苞片边缘的腺体是盘状的,但在原始文献和模式标本中并没有此特征,而多毛樱桃的毛被和其他2种是连续的,建议将3者进行合并处理
The inhibition of steel corrosion in hydrochloric acid solution by juice of Prunus cerasus
H. Ashassi-Sorkhabi, D. Seifzadeh
International Journal of Electrochemical Science , 2006,
Abstract: Prunus cerasus juice inhibition effects on the corrosion of steel in hydrochloric acid (HCl) solution were investigated using polarization and electrochemical impendence techniques. The results revealed that Prunus cerasus juice acts as a corrosion inhibitor in HCl solution. The inhibition efficiency increased with an increase in inhibitor concentration. The inhibition is attributed to adsorption of the inhibitor on the steel surface.
Characterization of sour (Prunus cerasus L.) and sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) varieties with five isozyme systems
Corts, Remedios Morales;Rodrigues, Luciano Cordeiro;Marcide, Jesús Maria Ortíz;Sánches, Rodrigo Pérez;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452008000100028
Abstract: extracts from young leaves of nine sweet cherry (prunus avium l.) and eight sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) varieties, located in the germplasm collection of the 'dire??o regional de agricultura da beira interior' (fund?o, portugal), were analysed for five isozyme systems in order to characterise these varieties and detect problems of synonymies and homonymies that frequently present. the sweet and sour cherry varieties analyzed showed low isoenzymatic polymorphism, being pgm and pgi the systems with the highest discrimination power. these systems presented seven and five different zymogrames, respectively. idh showed four patterns. skdh and 6-pgd grouped the varieties only into two patterns. the evident and discriminant restrictions of this type of analysis had got results that have only been a complement for agronomical and morphological characterization.
Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L) Anthocyanins as Ingredients for Functional Foods
Federica Blando,Carmela Gerardi,Isabella Nicoletti
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology , 2004, DOI: 10.1155/s1110724304404136
Abstract: In the recent years many studies on anthocyanins have revealed their strong antioxidant activity and their possible use as chemotherapeutics. The finding that sour cherries (Prunus cerasus L) (also called tart cherries) contain high levels of anthocyanins that possess strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties has attracted much attention to this species. Here we report the preliminary results of the induction of anthocyanin biosynthesis in sour cherry callus cell cultures. The evaluation and characterization of the in vitro produced pigments are compared to those of the anthocyanins found in vivo in fruits of several sour cherry cultivars. Interestingly, the anthocyanin profiles found in whole fruit extracts were similar in all tested genotypes but were different with respect to the callus extract. The evaluation of antioxidant activity, performed by ORAC and TEAC assays, revealed a relatively high antioxidant capacity for the fruit extracts (from 1145 to 2592 μmol TE/100 g FW) and a lower one for the callus extract (688 μmol TE/100 g FW).
Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L) Anthocyanins as Ingredients for Functional Foods  [cached]
Blando Federica,Gerardi Carmela,Nicoletti Isabella
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology , 2004,
Abstract: In the recent years many studies on anthocyanins have revealed their strong antioxidant activity and their possible use as chemotherapeutics. The finding that sour cherries (Prunus cerasus L) (also called tart cherries) contain high levels of anthocyanins that possess strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties has attracted much attention to this species. Here we report the preliminary results of the induction of anthocyanin biosynthesis in sour cherry callus cell cultures. The evaluation and characterization of the in vitro produced pigments are compared to those of the anthocyanins found in vivo in fruits of several sour cherry cultivars. Interestingly, the anthocyanin profiles found in whole fruit extracts were similar in all tested genotypes but were different with respect to the callus extract. The evaluation of antioxidant activity, performed by ORAC and TEAC assays, revealed a relatively high antioxidant capacity for the fruit extracts (from 1145 to 2592 μ mol TE/100 g FW) and a lower one for the callus extract (688 μ mol TE/100 g FW).
The importance of bee pollination of the sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) Cultivar ‘Stevnsbaer’ in Denmark  [cached]
Lise Hansted,Brian W. W. Grout,J?rgen Eilenberg,Ivar B. Dencker
Journal of Pollination Ecology , 2012,
Abstract: Low fruit set, despite normally-developed flowers, is often a significant contributor to poor yield of the self-fertile sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) cultivar ‘Stevnsbaer’ in Denmark. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of insect, and particularly, bee pollination on the fruit set of this cultivar, in order to provide orchard management information for both Danish ‘Stevnsbaer’ growers and beekeepers. Visits to cherry flowers by honey bees (Apis mellifera), Bombus species and solitary bees, were recorded during the flowering of ‘Stevnsbaer’ in five separate Danish orchards. The results indicate that there is a significantly higher fruit set on open pollinated branches when compared to caged branches, where bees and other pollinating insects where excluded. The results were qualitatively consistent over three different seasons (2007, 2009 and 2010). A period of prolonged cold, humid weather before and during early flowering probably reduced fruit set significantly in 2010 compared to 2009. Regarding the apparent benefits of bee pollination on fruit set and subsequent implications for yield, we recommend placing honeybees in ‘Stevnsbaer’ orchards during flowering to sustain commercially viable production. Another valuable management strategy would be to improve foraging and nesting conditions to support both honey and wild bees in and around the orchards.
Analysis of Agromorphological Descriptors to Differentiate between Duke Cherry (Prunus x gondouinii (Poit. & Turpin)Rehd.) and Its Progenitors: Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium L.) and Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L.)
Pérez,Rodrigo; Navarro,Florentino; Sánchez,María ángeles; Ortíz,Jesús María; Morales,Remedios;
Chilean journal of agricultural research , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-58392010000100004
Abstract: the rapid identification of the hybrids between sweet cherry (prunus avium l.) and sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) is not easy. in order to resolve this problem, 18 spanish sweet, sour and duke cherry cultivars were surveyed and characterized using 43 agromorphological descriptors evaluated in flowers, leaves, dormant 1-yr-old shoots, fruits, and trees during 2005 and 2006. based on quantitative parameters, anova and stepwise discriminant analysis (sda) were carried out. for qualitative descriptors, statistical comparisons were done by means of the chi-square (χ2) test. as result of the study, two quantitative (titratable acidity and number of lenticels) and six qualitative descriptors (shape of the central and lateral lobes in the internal bracts of the flower fascicles, leaf shape and margin, pubescence in the veins of the lower side of the leaf, and type of sulci of the seed coat) were identified as differential parameters in p. avium, p. cerasus and p. x gondouinii(poit. & turpin) rehd. also, another four qualitative descriptors (petal coloration at the end of blooming, leaf stipule type, and seed shape and viability) were found to be useful for easy differentiation between sour and duke cherry. none of these parameters has been employed previously to discriminate among sweet, sour and duke cherry.
Comparison among Cornelian Cherry and Prunus cerasus According to Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Capacity by Three Various Methods of Extraction  [PDF]
Newshan Behrangi, Hossein Ghafoori, Zeinab Farahmand, Elham Mohammad Khani, Mohammad Hossein Sanati
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.612122
Abstract: Cornelian cherry and Prunus cerasus with red pigments possess precious source of flavonoids and phenolic acids which have various applications in treatment of various health problems. This study is conducted to compare different methods of extraction (shaking incubator, soxhelet, ultrasonic) were applied in order to identify the best method which shows the highest rate of antioxidant capacity by DPPH and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods and total phenolic compounds via Folin-Ciocalteu procedure, p-coumaric acid content of fruits were evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). As a result, cornelian cherry with 1313.13 mg/Kg average TPC score exhibits higher total phenolic content than Prunus cerasus with 1270 mg/Kg. It’s notice worthy that there was a slight difference among antioxidant activity in two fruits. Consequently, DPPH revealed nearly stronger antioxidant activity for Prunus cerasus while cornelian cherry had a little more potent antioxidant activity according to FRAP Test. p-coumaric acid content was almost twice in Prunus cerasus (10.8 mg/ml) than cornelian cherry (5.6 mg/ml). In addition, both shaking incubator and ultrasonic extraction procedures were more efficient than soxhelet in two fruits.
Selection of autochthonous sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) genotypes in Feketi region  [PDF]
Radi?evi? Sanja,Cerovi? Radosav,Luki? Milan,Paunovi? Svetlana A.
Genetika , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/gensr1202285r
Abstract: Autochthonous genotypes of fruit species are very important source of genetic variability and valuable material for breeding work. Fruit Research Institute- a ak has a long tradition of studying autochthonous genotypes of temperate fruits sporadically spread and preserved in some localities in Serbia. Over 2005-2006, the following properties of nine autochthonous sour cherry genotypes grown in Feketic region were investigated: flowering and ripening time, pomological properties, biochemical composition of fruits and field resistance to causal agents of cherry diseases - cherry leaf spot (Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm.) v. Arx.), shot-hole (Clasterosporium carpophilum (Lév.) Aderh.) and brown rot (Monilinia laxa /Ader et Ruhl./ Honey ex Whetz.). The genotypes were tested for the presence of Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ring spot virus. In majority of genotypes fruits were large, with exceptional organoleptical properties, whereas ripening time was in the first ten or twenty days of June. The highest fruit weight was observed in F-1 genotype (8.1 g). The highest soluble solids and total sugars content were found in F- 4 genotype (17.60% and 14.25%, respectively). As for field resistance to causal agents of diseases and good pomo-technological properties, F-1, F-2, F-3, F-7 and F-8 genotypes were singled out. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR31064]
Analysis of Agromorphological Descriptors to Differentiate between Duke Cherry (Prunus x gondouinii (Poit. & Turpin)Rehd.) and Its Progenitors: Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium L.) and Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) Análisis de Descriptores Agromorfológicos para Diferenciar entre Cerezo Duke (Prunus x gondouinii (Poit. & Turpin) Rehd.) y sus Progenitores: Cerezo (Prunus avium L.) y Guindo (Prunus cerasus L.)  [cached]
Rodrigo Pérez,Florentino Navarro,María ángeles Sánchez,Jesús María Ortíz
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research , 2010,
Abstract: The rapid identification of the hybrids between sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) and sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) is not easy. In order to resolve this problem, 18 Spanish sweet, sour and duke cherry cultivars were surveyed and characterized using 43 agromorphological descriptors evaluated in flowers, leaves, dormant 1-yr-old shoots, fruits, and trees during 2005 and 2006. Based on quantitative parameters, ANOVA and stepwise discriminant analysis (SDA) were carried out. For qualitative descriptors, statistical comparisons were done by means of the chi-square (χ2) test. As result of the study, two quantitative (titratable acidity and number of lenticels) and six qualitative descriptors (shape of the central and lateral lobes in the internal bracts of the flower fascicles, leaf shape and margin, pubescence in the veins of the lower side of the leaf, and type of sulci of the seed coat) were identified as differential parameters in P. avium, P. cerasus and P. x gondouinii(Poit. & Turpin) Rehd. Also, another four qualitative descriptors (petal coloration at the end of blooming, leaf stipule type, and seed shape and viability) were found to be useful for easy differentiation between sour and duke cherry. None of these parameters has been employed previously to discriminate among sweet, sour and duke cherry. Los híbridos de cerezo (Prunus avium L.) y guindo (Prunus cerasus L.) no son fáciles de identificar. Para resolver este problema, 18 cultivares de cerezo, guindo y sus híbridos fueron prospectados y caracterizados agromorfológicamente mediante el estudio de 43 descriptores evaluados en flores, hojas, frutos, ramas de 1 a o y árbol durante los a os 2005 y 2006. En base a los resultados obtenidos del estudio de los diferentes parámetros cuantitativos se realizaron un ANDEVA y un análisis discriminante escalonado (SDA). Los descriptores cualitativos fueron analizados mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado (χ2). Como resultado del estudio se identificaron dos parámetros cuantitativos (acidez titulable y número de lenticelas) y seis parámetros cualitativos (forma del lóbulo central y de los lóbulos laterales de las brácteas internas de los fascículos florales, forma de la hoja y de sus márgenes, nivel de pubescencia en el envés y tipo de sulcos en la testa seminal) que, por si mismos, tienen valor diagnóstico diferencial para los taxones P. avium, P. cerasus y P. x gondouinii (Poit. & Turpin) Rehd. Además, se identificaron cuatro descriptores cualitativos (coloración de los pétalos al final de la floración, tipo de estípulas foliares y forma y viabilidad de la semil
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