Abstract:
In this paper we couple the regularization techniques of nondifferentiable optimization with the $hp$-version of the boundary element method ($hp$-BEM) in view of their application to linear elastic problems with nonmonotone contact boundary conditions. As a model example we consider a delamination problem in case of contamination. The variational formulation of this problem leads to hemivariational inequality with a nonsmooth functional defined on the contact boundary. This problem is first regularized and then, discretized by an $hp$-BEM. We give conditions for the uniqueness of the solution and prove convergence of the BEM Galerkin solution of the regularized problem in the energy norm. Furthermore, we derive an a posteriori error estimate based on an equivalent regularized mixed formulation enabling $hp$-adaptivity. Numerical experiments demonstrate the behavior, strengths and weaknesses of the proposed approximation scheme.

Abstract:
The concept of well-posedness for a minimization problem is extended to develop the concept of well-posedness for a class of strongly mixed variational-hemivariational inequalities with perturbations which includes as a special case the class of variational-hemivariational inequalities with perturbations. We establish some metric characterizations for the well-posed strongly mixed variational-hemivariational inequality and give some conditions under which the strongly mixed variational-hemivariational inequality is strongly well-posed in the generalized sense. On the other hand, it is also proven that under some mild conditions there holds the equivalence between the well posedness for a strongly mixed variational-hemivariational inequality and the well-posedness for the corresponding inclusion problem.

Abstract:
In this paper we consider the following analog of Bezout inequality for mixed volumes: $$V(P_1,\dots,P_r,\Delta^{n-r})V_n(\Delta)^{r-1}\leq \prod_{i=1}^r V(P_i,\Delta^{n-1})\ \text{ for }2\leq r\leq n.$$ We show that the above inequality is true when $\Delta$ is an $n$-dimensional simplex and $P_1, \dots, P_r$ are convex bodies in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We conjecture that if the above inequality is true for all convex bodies $P_1, \dots, P_r$, then $\Delta$ must be an $n$-dimensional simplex. We prove that if the above inequality is true for all convex bodies $P_1, \dots, P_r$, then $\Delta$ must be indecomposable (i.e. cannot be written as the Minkowski sum of two convex bodies which are not homothetic to $\Delta$), which confirms the conjecture when $\Delta$ is a simple polytope and in the 2-dimensional case. Finally, we connect the inequality to an inequality on the volume of orthogonal projections of convex bodies as well as prove an isomorphic version of the inequality.

Abstract:
We consider the following Bezout inequality for mixed volumes: $$V(K_1,\dots,K_r,\Delta[{n-r}])V_n(\Delta)^{r-1}\leq \prod_{i=1}^r V(K_i,\Delta[{n-1}])\ \text{ for }2\leq r\leq n.$$ It was shown previously that the inequality is true for any $n$-dimensional simplex $\Delta$ and any convex bodies $K_1, \dots, K_r$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. It was conjectured that simplices are the only convex bodies for which the inequality holds for arbitrary bodies $K_1, \dots, K_r$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In this paper we prove that this is indeed the case if we assume that $\Delta$ is a convex polytope. Thus the Bezout inequality characterizes simplices in the class of convex $n$-polytopes. In addition, we show that if a body $\Delta$ satisfies the Bezout inequality for all bodies $K_1, \dots, K_r$ then the boundary of $\Delta$ cannot have strict points. In particular, it cannot have points with positive Gaussian curvature.

Abstract:
We prove that for bounded Lipschitz domains in $\mathbb{R}^N$ Korn's first inequality holds for vector fields satisfying homogeneous mixed normal and tangential boundary conditions.

Abstract:
We generalize the concept of well-posedness by perturbations for optimization problem to a class of variational-hemivariational inequalities. We establish some metric characterizations of the well-posedness by perturbations for the variational-hemivariational inequality and prove their equivalence between the well-posedness by perturbations for the variational-hemivariational inequality and the well-posedness by perturbations for the corresponding inclusion problem.

Abstract:
We consider autonomous evolution inclusions and hemivariational inequalities with nonsmooth dependence between determinative parameters of a problem. The dynamics of all weak solutions defined on the positive semiaxis of time is studied. We prove the existence of trajectory and global attractors and investigate their structure. New properties of complete trajectories are justified. We study classes of mathematical models for geophysical processes and fields containing the multidimensional “reaction-displacement” law as one of possible application. The pointwise behavior of such problem solutions on attractor is described.

Abstract:
In this paper, we present a generalized Bell inequality for mixed states. The distinct characteristic is that the inequality has variable bound depending on the decomposition of the density matrix. The inequality has been shown to be more refined than the previous Bell inequality. It is possible that a separable mixed state can violate the Bell inequality.

Abstract:
We consider an elliptic hemivariational inequality with nonlocal nonlinearities. Assuming only certain growth conditions on the data, we are able to prove existence results for the problem under consideration. In particular, no continuity assumptions are imposed on the nonlocal term. The proofs rely on a combined use of recent results due to the authors on hemivariational inequalities and operator equations in partially ordered sets.

Abstract:
We consider an elliptic hemivariational inequality with nonlocal nonlinearities. Assuming only certain growth conditions on the data, we are able to prove existence results for the problem under consideration. In particular, no continuity assumptions are imposed on the nonlocal term. The proofs rely on a combined use of recent results due to the authors on hemivariational inequalities and operator equations in partially ordered sets.