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MORFOLOGíA Y FRACCIóN DEL áREA DEL LUMEN GLANDULAR DE LA ZONA DE TRANSICIóN EN LA PRóSTATA HUMANA
Babinski,M. A.; Chagas,M. A.; Costa,W.S.; Pereira,M. J.;
Revista chilena de anatomía , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-98682002000300004
Abstract: although the male reproductive system diseases are not restricted to the prostate, this is one of the most interesting organs for the urologic medical practice. the benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph) represents a tissual increase of these histological elements causing profound alterations in the prostate organisation. therefore this study aims at evaluating the glandular lumen volumetric density (vv) the transition zone (median lobe) in human normal prostates compared with hyperplastic ones (bph). controls consisted of 10 samples of prostates transition region obtained during necropsy of young adults victims of accidents. samples of prostatic tissue of the transition zone were obtained from 10 patients with clinical symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction and histopathological diagnoses of the bph submitted to transvesicalprostatectomy. samples of the 5mm were stained on paraffin sections of prostate using hematoxilin-eosin. for the quantitative analysis the stereology method assisted by a software program was used to verify the vv. the glandular lumen volumetric density showed the significant statistically bph increase, which seems to be related to the bladder outlet obstruction and to the stasis of the luminal contents, causing intraluminal pressure in turn deformations in the glandular with probable consequences in the epithelium, well the to the secretory alterations.
Distribution of Serotonin-immunoreactive Enterochromaffin Cells in the Gastrointestinal Tract of the Least Shrew (Cryptotis parva) Distribución de las Células Enterocromafines Serotonina-inmunorreactiva del Tracto Gastrointestinal de la Musara a Enana (Cryptotis parva)
Mohammed S Al-Tikriti,Wael Khamas,Seetha Chebolu,Nissar A Darmani
International Journal of Morphology , 2012,
Abstract: Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter in the central (CNS) and peripheral (PNS) nervous systems. It is involved in a variety of physiological processes both in the gut and in the CNS. The present study examined the distribution of serotonin containing enterochromaffin cells in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of a vomit competent species, the least shrew. These cells were easily recognized by their globular granules stained with the H&E and serotonin immune-positive stain. The immunoreactive enterochromaffin cells (IERCs) were mainly confined to the basal portion of the glandular epithelium and were distributed throughout the shrew stomach, small and large intestine. None was found to be associated with the mucosal epithelial lining. Moreover, their distribution and count varied in different regions of the GIT suggesting specific functions for these regions. The highest concentration of IERCs was found in the colon followed by the Jejunum. Appreciable numbers of IERCs were found in the stomach especially at the esophageo-gastric junction. The gastric location of the IERCs was mainly in the basal portion of the gland. However, some IERCs were associated with the parietal cells of the stomach. Two types of IERCs were observed: One with globular secretory granules in their apical portion of the cytoplasm which were located within the glandular epithelial cells facing the glandular lumen which release their secretions into the lumen; and the second were basally located, facing the lamina propria of the mucosa. Their secretory granules were not distinct in shape, and are most probably paracrine in their mode of secretions. La serotonina es un importante neurotransmisor del sistema nervioso central (SNC) y periférico (SNP). Está implicado en una variedad de procesos fisiológicos, tanto en el intestino y el SNC. El presente estudio examinó la distribución de la serotonina contenida en las células enterocromafines del tracto gastrointestinal (TGI) de una especie competente al vómito, la musara a enana. Estas células se reconocen fácilmente por sus gránulos globulares te idas con H-E y la inmuno-tinción positiva para serotonina. Las células enterocromafines inmunorreactivas (CEI) se limitan principalmente a la parte basal del epitelio glandular y se distribuyeron por todo el estómago, intestino delgado e intestino grueso de la musara a. Ninguna célula se encontró asociada al revestimiento epitelial mucoso. Además, su distribución y el recuento varió en diferentes regiones del TGI sugiriendo funciones específicas de estas regiones. La mayor concentración de
Microscopic Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System in Echinolittorina peruviana (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda) Anatomía Microscópica del Sistema Reproductor Masculino de Echinolittorina peruviana (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda)
Viviana M Castillo,Donald I Brown
International Journal of Morphology , 2008,
Abstract: Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822), a gonochoric representative of the Littorinidae on the SE Pacific coast, has a male reproductive system adapted for internal fertilization. We describe this system at both macro- and microscopic levéis, particularly the compartmentalized organization of the gonad, and the morphology of the penis. The male reproductive system has a variegated conical gonad-digestive gland complex. The gonad presents three compartments, 1) gametogenic acinar among the glandular acini, 2) periacinar with a layer of fusiform somatic cells and, 3) interacinar with glycogen storage cells shared with glandular acini. Spermatogenesis occurs within the acinar gametogenic compartment, with the germinal line organized in centripetal form towards the lumen. The seminal vesicle stores the products of spermatogenesis; in its cephalic region the euspermatozoa are united to the epithelium and the paraspermatozoa are distributed in the lumen. A short duct connects the seminal vesicle to the prostate gland that is open to the pallial cavity over its entire length. The anterior zone of the prostate gland is joined to the cervical spermatic groove that runs along the neck of the snail through the right pallial region ; this continúes as the penile spermatic groove, ascending from the base to the point of the penis. The penis is acutely conical and unpigmented; towards the anterior and adjacent to its base there is a glandular complex with a mamilliform process and a discoidal glandular region . The secretion from the discoidal region is transformed in a spicule of unknown function, whose histology is described here for the first time. The mamilliform process is formed by the spicular projection and a connective-muscle tissue band which surrounds it and separates it from the discoidal follicular glandular region ; the follicular secretion crosses this band and is incorporated into the epithelium which lines the interior of the process. Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822), representante gonocórico de Littorinidae en el Pacífico Sur, tiene un sistema reproductor masculino adaptado para la fecundacion interna, que en este estudio se describe a niveles macrocoscópico y microscópico; enfatizando la organizacion compartimentalizada de la gónada y la morfología del pene. El sistema reproductor masculino se presenta como un complejo cónico gónada-glándula digestiva abigarrado. La gónada presenta tres compartimientos: 1) gametogénico acinar entre los acinos glandulares, 2) periacinar con una capa de células somáticas fusiformes y 3) interacinar con cél
MORPHOLOGIC CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT THE WALL OF THE GLANDULAR STOMACH OF YOUNG RABBITS (Oryctolagus cuniculus) CONSIDERACIONES MORFOLóGICAS SOBRE LA PARED DEL ESTóMAGO GLANDULAR DE CONEJOS (Oryctolagus cuniculus) JóVENES
Larissa Renata de Oliveira,Sonia Lucy Molinari,Maria Raquel Mar?al Natali,Andrea Cristiane Michelan
Revista chilena de anatomía , 2001,
Abstract: The morphology of the stomach may vary between species as a function of feeding habits, differences on the cellular composition of the mucosa of the stomach wall and the different functions it carries out. Morphofunctional variations of the stomach of several animals along phylogeny led us to investigate the morphology of the wall of the glandular stomach of rabbits. We used the stomachs of 32 young rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) from the White New Zealand strain, coming from the Experimental Farm of Iguatemi, owned by the State University of Maringá, Brazil. The stomachs were collected and fixed in Bouin solution; sections of 7 and 12 μm were made from the greater to the lesser gastric curvatures, and subjected to histological routine, for staining with either Hematoxilin-Eosin, P.A.S. or Azan. Next the sections were analyzed under microscope and photographed. Differences in the stratigraphy of the gastric wall were observed when the sections from the greater gastric curvature of the glandular stomach of rabbits were compared with those from the lesser curvature. We verified that the wall of the glandular stomach of rabbits shows differences on the morphology of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and serosa layers, so that the wall is not uniform around the stomach circumference La morfología del estómago puede variar de una especie a otra, en función de sus hábitos alimenticios, constitución celular de la mucosa de la pared estomacal y de las funciones realizadas por las células constituyentes. Variaciones morfofuncionales del estómago existentes entre los animales de la escala filogenética, nos llevaron a investigar la morfología de la pared del estómago glandular de los conejos. Utilizamos estómagos de 32 conejos (Oryctolagus cuniculus), jóvenes, raza Neozelandés Blanco, provenientes de la Estancia Experimental de Iguatemí, de la Universidad Estadual de Maringá, Brasil. Los estómagos fueron recolectados y conservados en solución de Bouin; se les practicaron cortes de 5 y 12 μm, alcanzando la región que va desde la curvatura gástrica mayor hasta la curvatura gástrica menor, verificación histológica de rutina y coloración con Hematoxilina-Eosina, P.A.S. y Azan. Se observaron las muestras a través del microscopio óptico y luego fueron fotografiados. Observamos diferencias de estratisgrafía en la pared del estómago al comparar los cortes practicados en las curvaturas gástricas mayor y menor del estómago glandular de los conejos. Verificamos que la pared de la región glandular del estómago de los conejos presenta diferencias con relación a la morfología de l
Cistitis glandular Glandular cystitis
Barbara Paula Pi?era,Yaimara Hernández Puentes,Mercedes Salinas Olivares,Myrna Inocencia Moreno Miravalles
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2010,
Abstract: Se presenta un caso de cistitis glandular, enfermedad rara, generalmente asintomática, que consiste en un desorden proliferativo de las glándulas que producen moco dentro de la mucosa y submucosa del epitelio urinario de la vejiga. La irritación crónica constituye el factor de riesgo de mayor importancia en su aparición. La evolución hacia la malignidad (adenocarcinoma) es excepcional y ocurre en caso de la persistencia del factor de predisposición. Para llegar a establecer el diagnóstico es necesario el examen clínico, radiológico e histológico. A este caso se le realizó ecografía vesical y se encontró tumoración peque a de 3 cm en fondo vesical, que primeramente se le efectuó biopsia por cistoscopia y después se resecó totalmente. Confirmado el diagnóstico, el tratamiento fue esencialmente quirúrgico. La vigilancia anual por cistoscopia con biopsias de vejiga resulta necesaria en estos casos. La forma florida es mucho más rara e incapacitante pues precisa resección amplia de las lesiones. This is the case of glandular cystitis a uncommon disease generally asymptomatic consisted of a proliferative disorder of glands producing mucus within mucosa and submucosa of vesical urinary epithelium. Chronic irritation is the risk factor more significant in its appearance. Course to malignancy (adenocarcinoma) is exceptional and occur in case of persistence of the predisposition factor. To made diagnosis it is necessary the clinical, radiological and histological examination. This case undergoes a vesical echography noting a 3 cm small tumor in vesical fundus and a biopsy by cystoscopy after a total resection. Diagnosis was confirmed and treatment was essentially surgical. Annual surveillance by cystoscopy with vesical biopsies is necessary in these cases. The progressive way is rarer and incapacitant since a wide resection of lesions is essential.
Morfología Testicular del Yaque Leiarius marmoratus (Pisces: Siluridae) en Estadio de Madurez Reproductiva Testicular Morphology of Yaque Leiarius marmoratus(Pisces: Siluridae) in Maturity Reproductive Stage
Tatiana M Mira López,Víctor M Medina-Robles,Pablo E Cruz-Casallas
International Journal of Morphology , 2010,
Abstract: El conocimiento de la morfología y fisiología del testículo, permite generar bases para el entendimiento del comportamiento reproductivo de las especies, ya que diferencias anatómicas están relacionadas con el desempe o reproductivo. Con el fin de contribuir al conocimiento biológico y reproductivo del yaque Leiarius marmoratus, fueron analizadas las características anatómicas, morfológicas y funcionales del testículo en animales durante el estado de madurez reproductiva. En L. marmoratus los testículos están ubicados ventralmente a la vejiga gaseosa y presentan numerosas y largas digitaciones que terminan en un conducto espermático. Microscópicamente se encontró que el testículo es espermatogonial irrestricto de tipo tubular, donde la porción anterior presenta actividad espermatogénica, que disminuye en la porción media y desaparece en la región distal, dando paso a tejido glandular con actividad secretora, que actúa como vesícula seminal. Al interior de cada túbulo testicular, se observan cistos que contienen células espermáticas en el mismo estadio de desarrollo. Basados en las características microscópicas, fueron identificados espermatocitos, espermátides y gran cantidad de espermatozoides libres en el lumen. También fueron identificadas células glandulares, tejido muscular liso y tejido epitelial. En el ducto espermático (región media y distal), se encontró abundante secreción acidofílica que en algunas regiones estaba acompa ada de espermatozoides libres. Knowledge of the morphology and physiology of the testis, leads to generate bases for understanding the reproductive behavior of species, because the anatomical differences are related to reproductive performance. To contribute to biologic and reproductive knowledge of Yaque Leiarius marmoratus, anatomic, morphologic and functional characteristics of the testis in animals in a state of reproductive maturity were analyzed. In L. marmoratus, the testicles are located ventrally to the gas bladder and have many long finger-like structures that finish in spermatic duct. Microscopically it was found that the testis is espermatogonial unrestricted and tubular type, where the anterior portion presented spermatogenic activity, which diminishes in the medium portion and disappears in the caudal portion, leading to tissue with glandular secretory activity serving as a seminal vesicle. Inside each tubule of the testis, there are cysts containing sperm cells within the same stage of development. Based on microscopic features, were identified spermatocytes, spermatids and a large amount of free sperm into the
Morphosyntactic Aspects of Ocaina: Between Genetic Features (Witotoan family) and Areal Influences Aspectos morfosintácticos del ocaina: entre rasgos genéticos (familia Witoto) e influencias areales  [cached]
Fagua Rincón Doris,Seifart Frank
Mundo Amazónico , 2010, DOI: 10.5113/ma.1.10695
Abstract: This paper presents some morphosyntactic features of Ocaina, a seriously endangered, underdescribed language of the Colombian-Peruvian Amazon region. Ocaina has an extensive nominal classification system and number markers—dual and plural—suffixed to both nouns and person markers on verbs. Grammatical relations follow a nominative-accusative pattern and are coded by a relatively rigid constituent order SOV (Subject-Object-Verb); by verbal prefixes (o-s-V) and enclitics (o-V=s), with just one prefix for objects of monotransitive and ditransitive verbs; and by the marking of oblique objects of certain verbs by case suffixes and postpositions. Most of the Ocaina features described are shared with Uitoto of the Witotoan family; many are also shared with Bora (Boran family), whose genetic link to the Witotoan family is still hypothetical. All these languages share certain features with neighboring languages, such as those of the Vaupés region, e.g. nominal classification and nominative-accusative alignment. We suggest that some aspects of Ocaina morphosyntax are probably inherited from the Witotoan family while others are better explained by areal diffusion. El artículo presenta algunos rasgos morfosintácticos del ocaina, una lengua seriamente amenazada y poco descrita de la Amazonia colombo-peruana. El ocaina tiene un extenso sistema de clasificación nominal y marcas de número (dual y plural) sufijados a nombres y a índices actanciales en verbos. Las relaciones gramaticales siguen un patrón nominativo-acusativo codificado en el orden de constituyentes relativamente rígido SOV (sujeto-objeto-verbo); prefijos verbales (o-s-V) y enclíticos (o-V=s), con un único prefijo para objetos de verbos mono y ditransitivos; el objeto oblicuo de ciertos verbos se marca con sufijos de caso y posposiciones. La mayoría de estos rasgos se comparten con el uitoto (familia witoto) y muchos también con el bora (familia bora), cuyo vínculo genético con la familia witoto es todavía hipotético. Todas estas lenguas comparten rasgos con lenguas vecinas como las del Vaupés, p. e., clasificación nominal y alineamiento nominativo-acusativo. Sugerimos que algunos rasgos morfosintácticos del ocaina son probablemente heredados de la familia witoto mientras que otros se explican mejor por difusión areal.
Glandular trichomes in Connarus suberosus (Connaraceae): distribution, structural organization and probable functions
Jo?o Donizete Denardi,Denise Maria Trombert Oliveira,Elder Ant?nio Sousa Paiva
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2012,
Abstract: Connarus suberosus is a typical species of the Brazilian Cerrado biome, and its inflorescences and young vegetative branches are densely covered by dendritic trichomes. The objective of this study was to report the occurrence of a previously undescribed glandular trichome of this species. The localization, origin and structure of these trichomes were investigated under light, transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Collections were made throughout the year, from five adult specimens of Connarus suberosus near Botucatu, S o Paulo, Brazil, including vegetative and reproductive apices, leaves and fruits in different developmental stages, as well as floral buds and flowers at anthesis. Glandular trichomes (GTs) occurred on vegetative and reproductive organs during their juvenile stages. The GTs consisted of a uniseriate, multicellular peduncle, whose cells contain phenolic compounds, as well as a multicellular glandular portion that accumulates lipids. The glandular cell has thin wall, dense cytoplasm (with many mitochondria, plastids and dictyosomes), and a large nucleus with a visible nucleolus. The starch present in the plastids was hydrolyzed during the synthesis phase, reducing the density of the plastid stroma. Some plastids were fused to vacuoles, and some evidence suggested the conversion of plastids into vacuoles. During the final activity stages of the GTs, a darkening of the protoplasm was observed in some of the glandular cells, as a programmed cell death; afterwards, became caducous. The GTs in C. suberosus had a temporal restriction, being limited to the juvenile phase of the organs. Their presence on the exposed surfaces of developing organs and the chemical nature of the reserve products, suggest that these structures are food bodies. Field observations and detailed studies of plant-environment interactions, as well as chemical analysis of the reserve compounds, are still necessary to confirm the role of these GTs as feeding rewards. Connarus suberosus es una especie típica del bioma Cerrado brasile o, y sus inflorescencias junto con los ramos vegetativos jóvenes están densamente cubiertos por tricomas dendríticas. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar la ocurrencia de un tricoma glandular sin descripción previa para esta especie. La localización, origen y estructura de estos tricomas se observó mediante microscopia óptica, así como electrónica de transmisión y de barrido. Los tricomas glandulares (TGs) se producen en los órganos vegetativos y reproductivos, en sus fases jóvenes. Los TGs consisten en un pedúnculo uniseriado y multic
Tumor maligno de la vaina del nervio periférico (MPNST) glandular de la órbita: primera descripción de la literatura de localización orbitaria en un paciente con neurofibromatosis tipo 1 Malignant peripheric nerve sheath tumor of the orbit: First description of orbital location in a patient with NF1  [cached]
A.E. Romero-Rojas,J.A. Díaz-Pérez,A. Lozano-Castillo
Neurocirugía , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: El tumor maligno de la vaina del nervio periférico (MPNST, por sus siglas en ingles Malignant Peripheral Sheath Tumor), es una neoplasia maligna originada en las células de Schwann de la vaina de revestimiento de los nervios periféricos. Esta neoplasia puede presentar componentes heterólogos benignos o malignos, con diferenciación divergente, como la diferenciación glandular. Objetivo: Describir el primer caso en la literatura de MPNST glandular maligno localizado a nivel orbitario y realizar una revisión sobre esta neoplasia. Caso clínico: Ni o de 9 a os de edad, con diagnostico de NF1, quien presentó exoftalmos ocular, dolor retro-ocular, cefalea, asimetría facial y descenso del globo ocular derecho de 1 a o de evolución; a quien se documento masa sólida orbitaria, delimitada, lobulada, que se proyecta al parénquima cerebral frontal y temporal en los estudios de tomografía computarizada y resonancia magnética. La lesión se abordó en forma fronto-orbito-cigomática con resección completa de la misma. Posteriormente, se hizo una plastia dural en base de cráneo y reconstrucción con malla de titanio. Actualmente el paciente se encuentra asintomático después de 6 meses de tratamiento. En el estudio anatomopatológico se observó una neoplasia maligna bifásica, reactiva en los elementos mesenquimales para S100, PGP 9.5, neurofilamentos y vimentina. El componente glandular fue positivo para AE1/AE3, EMA, CEA y focalmente para CD57. Se observó además reactividad para cromogranina, sinaptofisina, serotonina y somatostatina. Se realizo el diagnostico de MPNST glandular de la órbita. Conclusión: Se describe el primer caso de MPNST glandular localizado en la órbita, el cual se presentó en un ni o con NF1. Esta neoplasia extremadamente infrecuente debe ser tenida en cuenta en el estudio de lesiones bifásicas malignas, ya que su diagnostico es de peculiar importancia debido al pésimo pronóstico de los pacientes afectados. Introduction: The malignant peripheric nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), is a malignant neoplastic lesion originated in Schwann cells of the lining sheath of peripheral nerves. This neoplasia may appear with benign or malignant heterologous components, with divergent differentiation, as the glandular one. Aim: To describe for the first time in the literature, a case of a glandular MPNST, located at the orbit and to revise the literature on this tumoral lesion. Clinical case: Nine year old male, with a base diagnosis of NF1, who had exophthalmos, retro-ocular pain, headache, facial asymmetry and descent of the right eyeball, that started 1 year
Sulle Orme Del Gigante: Cristina Scarlat (A Cura Di), Mircea Eliade Once Again, Lumen, Iasi, 2011  [PDF]
Lara SANJAKDAR
Postmodern Openings , 2012,
Abstract: Negli ultimi anni il crescente interese per la persona e l’opera di Mircea Eliade ha originato una vera e propria esplosione di pubblicazioni dedicate allo studioso, e anche la comparsa postuma di molti scritti inediti. Alcune di questi lavori, peraltro di rilievo, sono apparsi in occasiione delle celebrazioni del ventennale della morte dell’ intelectuale romeno (2006), altre ancora in tempi recentissimi non soltano in Italia, ma anche in Romania, Germania, Stati Uniti d’America, Spagna e Russia.
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