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Enxerto ósseo esponjoso autólogo em pequenos animais  [cached]
Santos Fernanda Carpi dos,Rahal Sheila Canevese
Ciência Rural , 2004,
Abstract: O enxerto ósseo esponjoso autólogo é formado por osso trabecular, poroso e altamente celular. Visto ser de fundamental importancia na cirurgia ortopédica de pequenos animais, o trabalho teve por objetivo discorrer sobre a fun o, locais de colheita, cuidados, formas de aplica o, indica es e contra-indica es desse enxerto. Ele estimula a forma o óssea devido ao fornecimento de células vivas e fatores de crescimento, mas n o possui suporte mecanico. A asa do ílio craniodorsal, úmero proximal, tíbia proximal e fêmur distal, s o os locais de colheita mais utilizados em c es. A asa do ílio consiste no local mais satisfatório para gatos. Para maximizar a incorpora o do enxerto com o tecido hospedeiro, devem ser tomados alguns cuidados entre a colheita e a transferência para a área receptora. Além disso, pode ser aplicado sem compress o dentro do local recipiente. A freqüência de complica es é considerada baixa.
Pain control in small animals Controle da dor em pequenos animais  [cached]
Renato Saliba,Renata Huber,Julia Duarte Penter
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2011,
Abstract: Pain is an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience that follows the application of a noxious stimulus. Can be experienced with or without the concomitant occurrence of physical stress signs, which occurs frequently in animals caused by trauma, systemic disease or surgical procedures. The control depends on length, where there are painful impulses and mental status of the animal. It is an important clinical condition, resulting in suffer that will affect quality life. This paper is a review of pathophysiology and pain control in small animals. A dor é uma experiência sensorial ou emocional desagradável que se segue à aplica o de um estímulo nocivo. Pode ser vivenciada com ou sem o acontecimento concomitante de sinais físicos de estresse, trauma, doen a sistêmica ou procedimento cirúrgico. Seu controle depende de sua dura o, de onde surgem os impulsos dolorosos e do estado de consciência do animal. é uma condi o clinicamente importante, que resulta em sofrimento e afeta a qualidade de vida dos animais. O objetivo deste trabalho é a revis o da fisiopatologia e controle da dor em pequenos animais.
Enxerto ósseo esponjoso autólogo em pequenos animais
Santos, Fernanda Carpi dos;Rahal, Sheila Canevese;
Ciência Rural , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782004000600049
Abstract: the autologous cancellous bone is formed by trabecular bone, porous, and highly cellular. since this graft is very important in orthopedic surgery of small animals, the purpose of this paper is to describe the function, donor sites, precautions, application methods, indications, and contraindications. it stimulates the bone formation because it provides live cells and growth factors, but it did not have mechanical support. cranial dorsal wing of the ilium, proximal humerus, proximal tibia, and distal femur are the most common harvest sites used in dogs. the wing of the ilium is the most satisfactory harvest site in cats. to maximize the graft incorporation with the tissue it is necessary to take care during the harvest and transference to recipient site. in addition, it may be put into the recipient site with no compression. the frequency of complications is considered low.
Euthanasia in small animals in Teresina – PI/ Eutanásia em pequenos animais em Teresina – PI  [cached]
Dêmis Carlos Ribeiro Menezes,Ana Maria Quessada,Ana Luíza Silva Guimar?es,Ezequiel Cardoso Saraiva de Almeida
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2005,
Abstract: Euthanasia is a procedure frequently utilized in small animals with the objective to minimize suffering. In this way, it was realized the survey about reasons that leave the practitioner to realize the procedure and who are these animals. It was analyzed 17406 medical records. It was observed 166 euthanasia corresponding to 0.95%. The percentage of the euthanazied dogs were 97.59% and 2.41% felines. In relation to breed 26.10% were mongrel dogs, 20.48% German sheepherd, 9.04% Brazilian fila, 7.23% Pekinese and 36.75% other breeds. In relation to age, it was observed that 60.84% have 0 – 3 year, 15.06% 3 – 6 year, 4.82% 6 – 9 year, 4.22% 9 – 12 year, 1.2% above 12 year and 13.86% unknown age. About the reason of the euthanasia, 64.60% was sacrificed due to visceral leishmaniosis (calazar), 12.65% due to distemper and 22.89% due to other diseases. It was concluded that the most animals submitted to euthanasia were young, differently of the other countries. Among principal death reasons, it was included also infectious diseases that can be prevented by adequate vaccination. A eutanásia é um procedimento utilizado com freqüência em pequenos animais, com o objetivo principal de aliviar o sofrimento. Desta forma, realizou-se um levantamento sobre os motivos que levam um veterinário a indicá-la e quais s o estes animais. Foram analisadas 17406 fichas, onde se observaram 166 eutanásias o que corresponde a 0,95%. A percentagem de c es eutanasiados foi de 97,59% e a de felinos 2,41%. Em rela o à ra a, 26,10% dos animais era sem ra a definida, 20,48% pastor alem o, 9,04% fila brasileiro, 7,23% pequinês e 36, 75% outras ra as. Com respeito à idade, registrou-se que 60,84% tinham entre 0 e 3 anos, 15,06% 3 e 6 anos, 4,82% 6 e 9 anos, 4,22% 9 e 12 anos, 1,20% acima de 12 anos e 13,86% idade desconhecida. Sobre o motivo da eutanásia, 64,60% dos animais foram eutanasiados devido à Leishmaniose Visceral Canina (calazar), 12,65% devido a cinomose e 22,89% devido a outras enfermidades. Concluiu-se que a maioria dos animais submetidos à eutanásia era jovem, ao contrário do que se observa em outros países. Além disso, inclui-se entre as principais causas de óbitos, enfermidades infecciosas que podem ser prevenidas por vacina o adequada.
APLICA ES CLíNICAS E éTICAS DA EUTANáSIA EM PEQUENOS ANIMAIS
AGOSTINHO, Janaina Jorge,LéGA, Elzylene
Nucleus Animalium , 2009,
Abstract: This work brings us awareness about euthanasia, its agents and methods of application used,in which cases should be done and what agents are prohibited, as well as highlight the dedication and care in thehours of practice to share, since the word Euthanasia in Greek, means Good Death. Moreover, the clear positionemphasizes ethics and responsibility of the veterinarian to recommend euthanasia, explaining when, why and howit should be done, not causing stress and suffering to the animal, and its moral position with the owner. It is also aveterinarian must not delegate the task of carrying out euthanasia on a person not trained, which can generate erroror not meet the basic requirements for its implementation. We interviewed forty-a veterinary medical professionalsselected randomly and spread over seven cities in the region, which were submitted to a questionnaire related towhen it works with small animals, which the procedures to carry out euthanasia, its indications and incidence. Itwas concluded that this index is low, being subjected to euthanasia animals in situations extremely incompatible with life.O presente trabalho traz a conscientiza o sobre a eutanásia, seus métodos de aplica o e agentesutilizados, em quais casos deve ser realizada e que agentes s o proibidos, além de ressaltar a dedica o e os cuidadosna hora de praticar a a o, já que a palavra eutanásia, em grego, significa Boa Morte. Além disso, enfatiza a claraposi o ética e a responsabilidade do médico veterinário ao recomendar a eutanásia, esclarecendo quando, porquee como ela deve ser realizada, n o causando estresse e sofrimento ao animal, e seu posicionamento moral juntoao proprietário. Ressalta-se ainda, que o médico veterinário n o deve delegar a responsabilidade da realiza o daeutanásia a uma pessoa n o capacitada, o que poderá gerar erro ou n o atender aos requisitos básicos para a suarealiza o. Foram entrevistados quarenta e um profissionais médicos veterinários escolhidos aleatoriamente edistribuídos por sete cidades da regi o, sendo submetidos a um questionário com perguntas relacionadas ao tempoem que trabalha com pequenos animais, quais os procedimentos para se realizar a eutanásia, quais suas indica ese a sua incidência. Concluiu-se que este índice n o é alto, sendo submetido à eutanásia animais em situa es extremamente incompatíveis com a vida.
Ovarian remnant syndrome in small animals Síndrome do ovário remanescente em pequenos animais  [cached]
Kellen de Sousa Oliveira,Marco Augusto Machado Silva,Maurício Veloso Brun,José Félix Pérez-Gutiérrez
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2012,
Abstract: The ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS) is an iatrogenic disorder in bitches and queens, which is characterized by recurrence of estrus following surgical spay, due to the presence of a piece of ovarian tissue within the abdominal cavity. In most cases, the remnant ovary is found in the right ovarian pedicle, due to its topographic position, deeper and more cranial than the left ovary. The main clinical signs of ORS in small animals are the heat behavior and the presence of vaginal swelling/secretion, especially in canines. The diagnosis should be performed by means of vaginal cytology when attraction of males is detected, serum estrogen and progesterone levels and/or by challenging test with GnRH or hCG administration. However, vaginal citology is the most suitable and less expensive diagnostic tool. Nowadays the treatment of choice is a new laparotomy or laparoscopy, followed by removal of the remnant ovarian tissue. The surgical treatment has more chances of success if it is performed in the diestrus (i.e., between 15 and 60 days after the detection of attraction of males). Furthermore, a careful and accurate surgical procedure aided by advanced visualization techniques during ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy is the best way to prevent ORS in companion animals. A síndrome do ovário remanescente (SOR) é um distúrbio iatrogênico em cadelas e gatas caracterizado pelo retorno do estro após contracep o cirúrgica devido à presen a de fragmento de tecido ovariano na cavidade abdominal. Frequentemente, o ovário remanescente está situado no pedículo ovariano direito, sobretudo devido a sua posi o topográfica mais profunda e cranial em compara o ao ovário esquerdo. Os principais sinais clínicos de SOR em pequenos animais s o cio e presen a de edemaciamento/secre o vulvar/vaginal, especialmente em caninos. O diagnóstico deve ser realizado por meio de citologia vaginal quando detecta-se o interesse dos machos pela cópula com a fêmea acometida, dosagem sérica de estrógeno e progesterona e/ou por meio do teste provocativo com administra o de GnRH ou hCG. Contudo, citologia vaginal constitui a op o de melhor custo-benefício para o diagnóstico. Atualmente, o tratamento de escolha é cirúrgico por meio de laparotomia exploratória ou laparoscopia, seguido pela remo o do ovário remanescente. O tratamento cirúrgico tem maiores taxas de sucesso quando realizado com o animal em diestro (i.e., entre 15 e 60 dias após detectada a atra o dos machos). Ademais, a realiza o de um procedimento cirúrgico preciso, auxiliado por técnicas avan adas de visualiza o durante a ovár
Bilateral Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Due To Bilateral Lipoma: A Case Report  [PDF]
C. Eren CANSü, ?stemi YüCEL, Kutay ?ZTURAN
Duzce Universitesi Tip Fakültesi Dergisi , 2010,
Abstract: Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy of posterior tibial nerve under the flexorretinaculum. Patients generally present with paresthesias on the plantar side of foot and fingersand in the distal kruris.The causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome are space occupying lesions within or around the tunnelwhich exert pressure to the nerve, ankle deformities, systemic illnesses, trauma or lesions ofthe nerve itself.In this study a case of tarsal tunnel syndrome due to bilateral lipoma which was treated surgicallyis presented.
Anterior Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome  [cached]
Muslum GUNES,Murat GUNAL,Omur GUNALDI,Bekir TUGCU
Journal of Neurological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: The anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy which is formed by the sticking of the deep peroneal nerve in the anterior tarsal tunnel with its roof formed by inferior extansor retinakulum and its baseformed by the fascia of naviculer and talus bones. The anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is an uncommon entrapment neuropathy. This might be due to an unrecognizing of this syndrome rather than rarity. We reported a case of anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome who is operated and followed in our clinic.
Neurovascular branching in the tarsal tunnel  [PDF]
Bilge O,Ozer MA,Govsa F
Neuroanatomy , 2003,
Abstract: The diagnosis and therapy of the tarsal tunnel syndrome, various surgical procedures at tarsal region and especially tibial nerve blocks requires a well understanded relationship and anatomy of the tibial nerve. For this purpose medial tarsal regions of 50 feet of embalmed human cadavers were investigated. The bifurcation level of the tibial nerve, the distance of the medial and lateral plantar nerves to the tip of the medial malleolus and the medial tubercle of calcaneus and the diameters of the nerves at the branching point were measured. The bifurcation point of the posterior tibial artery was also noted. We classified the bifurcations of the tibial nerve and posterior tibial artery as type I, II and III respect to the reference line between medial malleolus and calcaneus. While type I was the common type for tibial nerve (n=42, 84%), type III was common for posterior tibial artery (n=23, 46%). Knowledge of the variations in locations of bifurcation level of the tibial nerve and the posterior tibial artery may prevent to damage any neurovascular structure during some procedures like pin insertion and nerve blocks.
Finite Element Modeling and Analysis of Central Tarsal Bone in Horse
Gulsum Ozyigit
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.551.555
Abstract: The analysis of bones through computer modeling has gained an increasing importance in biomechanical studies. The degree of reliability of the analysis is proportional to the concordance between the model and the simulation. The purpose of this study was to improve the three-dimensional computer model of central tarsal bone by using coordinate reading method and to utilize the model in stress analysis of this bone. The 3-dimensional coordinates of various marked points on the proximal and distal surfaces of the central tarsal bone were measured by a comparator with a specially designed mechanism in laboratory. These points#146; coordinates were used for creating a model of the bone. Modeling and analyses were realized in ANSYS 5.5 program. The model consisted of 2900 nodes and 11866 elements. The highest von mises stresses occurred in the lateral end of the dorsal border in the distal surface.
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