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An Investigation of Spider Fauna of Olive Orchards in Northern Part of Iran  [PDF]
Sahra Ghavami,Ahmadi Damghan Mohammad,Soody Saeid,Ghanad amooz Saeid
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The current study investigates spider fauna of olive orchards in Guilan, Ghazvin, Mazandaran, Zanjan and Golestan provinces during 2002-2003. Spiders were collected from branches, leaves, trunks, on the ground and under the stones and grasses by Steiner and Baggiolini method, bottle, aspirator, pitfall trap, pans and insect net and transfered to laboratory and classified in 45 species and 46 genera belonged to 18 families. Twenty five species, 9 genera and 2 families are reported for the first time of olive orchards.
Checklist of the First Recorded Spider Fauna in Sheringal, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan  [PDF]
Farzana Perveen, Numan Khan
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2015.33011
Abstract: The spiders are the member of the class Arachnida of the phylum Arthropoda with a hard cephalothorax and soft abdomen. They are environmental indicators and play an important role in biological control of insect population. The present study was conducted to prepare the checklist of the first recorded spider fauna of the 6 quadrates, i.e., Daramdala, Doki, Guryaal, Samang, Shahoor and Sia-Sheringal of Sheringal, Dir Upper (DU), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan during June 2013-July 2014. Ten species (spp) belonging to 7 families, and 10 genera (n = 123: total; n = 77: identified; n = 46: unidentified) were recorded. The family Opilionidae (n = 12): harvestmen spider, Hadrobunus grandis Sundevall, 1833; family, Hersiliidae (n = 6): two-tailed spider, Harsilia savignyi Lucas, 1836; family, Pholcidae (n = 10): cellar spider, Crossopriza lyoni Blackwall, 1867; family, Araneidae (n = 5): garden spider, Araneus diadematus Clerck, 1757; family, Gnaphosidae (n = 3): ground spider, Gnaphosa eucalyptus Ghafoor and Beg, 2002 were with one species; family, Sparassidae (n = 19), huntsman spider with 2 spp including Halconia insignis Thorell, 1836, and Isopeda tuhogniga Barrion and Litsinger, 1995; while the highest number of species caught from family Lycosidae (n = 20): wolf spider with 3 spp including Arctosa littorali Simon, 1897; Hippasa partita Takidar, 1970 and Pardosa distincta Backwall, 1867 were recorded. It was concluded that 7 families with 10 genera and species each, respectively, were identified from the study area. A detail study is required for further enhancing of the biodiversity of the spider fauna of Sheringal, KP, Pakistan for synthesis of the ethnozoopharmaco-products.
List of Zooplankton Taxa in the Caspian Sea Waters of Iran  [PDF]
Siamak Bagheri,Jalil Sabkara,Alireza Mirzajani,Seyed Hojat Khodaparast,Esmaeil Yosefzad,Foong Swee Yeok
Journal of Marine Biology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/134263
Abstract: A total of 61 zooplankton taxa were found in the southwestern Caspian Sea between 1996 and 2010. Thirteen of them were meroplankton taxa and forty-eight were holoplankton taxa. The occurrence of 14 freshwater taxa indicated the influence of the Anzali wetland and river inflows. The decrease in zooplankton taxa was detected since 1996-1997 and continued till 2010. Pleopis polyphemoides, the only one out of the nine recorded Cladocera species in 1996-1997, was found after 2001. Similarly, of the five Copepoda species recorded in 1996-1997, only one, Acartia tonsa, was found abundant during the 2001–2010 sampling period. It was striking that many species which were abundant in the Caspian Sea in 1996-1997 were not found after 2000. Many reasons could have contributed to the changes in the zooplankton composition of the southern Caspian Sea, notably the serious environmental degradation since the early 1990s. It is also possible that invasive species might play a role in wiping out some sensitive endemic species. 1. Introduction The Caspian Sea is a large inland water body. It is called a sea even though not being directly connected to any marine system due to its large size [1]. Water is mainly sourced from the big river Volga in the north (almost 76.3% of the total), and other rivers like Kura, Ural, Terek, and Sefidrood [2]. In the Iranian coast, the Sefidrood river is the largest river pouring into the Caspian Sea with 67,000?km2 of catchment area and an average discharge of 4,037 million m3 per year [3, 4]. The Caspian Sea has undergone significant ecological alteration during the past 30 years. This could be linked to dramatic changes in the southern Caspian Sea due to increased pollution: sewage, industry effluent, and agricultural waste water discharges into the river as well as deforestation of the river’s watersheds [5, 6]. Zooplankton is recognized among the best indicators to be particularly useful to investigate and document environmental changes [7]. Main zooplankton taxa have short life cycle and the community structure is able to reflect real-time scenario as it is less enforced by the stability of individuals from previous years [8]. Besides this, zooplankton is also the food of choice for many fishes and as such plays a very significant role in pilaring the upper stages of the food chain [9]. Bagirov [10] reported that the number of zooplankton taxa was almost 200 in the northern Caspian Sea with 70 taxa of Protista, 50 taxa of Rotatoria, 30 taxa of Cladocera, and 20 taxa of Copepoda. Meroplankton, represented mainly by larvae of bivalves
A Survey on Risk Factors for Gastric Ulceration in the Caspian Horses in Iran
Gholamali Moghaddam,A. Hasanpour,M.G. Nadalian,M.R. Mokhberdezfhli
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: This study was carried out on detection of risk factors for gastric ulcer in the Caspian horses in Iran. Gastric endoscope was performed on 23 Caspian horses to detect of gastric ulcer. Gastric ulcer was observed in 47.8% of horses. In Caspian horses 81.8% of ulcers were in non-glandular region of the stomach and 18.2% were in glandular region. There was a significant difference between glandular and non-glandular stomach regions with regard to ulcer (p<0.01), but no difference was observed in both sexes. There was a low prevalence of gastric lesion in horses that were received antihelmintic drugs. In present study it was noticed that horses with long term treatment with NSAID had significantly higher prevalence of gastric ulcer in glandular region (p<0.05). Prevalence of gastric ulcer increased with increasing of exercise (p<0.05). There was no difference between serum Na, K, P, Mg, Ca and total protein levels in horses with and without ulcer, but horses with gastric ulcer had a high level of serum fibrinogen (p<0.05).
Investigation on Spider Fauna of Hancagiz Dam-Nizip (Turkey)  [PDF]
M. Ismail Varol,Cafer Mart,Mehmet Ozaslan,Abdullah Bayram
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: In this study, spider fauna of Hanca iz Dam (Gaziantep) was studied. In field trips, 817 specimens were collected; male and female examples were identified. As a result of determination, 18 families were recognized. Philodromidae, Lycosidae, Gnaphosidae and Thomisidae families were studied as detailed. Eight genus and 17 species were given as systematic categories.
Amphistome Species in Cattle in South Coast of Caspian Sea
SZ Coskun,A Eslami,A Halajian,A Nikpey
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Knowledge about the amphistomid fauna in Iranian domestic ruminants depends on the studies conducted almost 30 years ago. The last situation in cattle is introduced here in the provinces in south coast of Caspian Sea.Methods: Amphistomid species were collected from cattle at slaughter houses of the provinces Gilan and Mazanderan in 2010. Median sagittal sections were prepared by the conventional method. Species were identified by the histomorphological pecularities of the muscular argans.Results: Five amphistomid speciesrum Carmyerius spatiosus and Gastrothylax compressus, recovered. Calicophoron calicophorum is a new species for Iran. Criteria used in identification of the species were illustrated.Conclusion: Iran has a rich amphistomid fauna and mostly under the influence of oriental conditions.
Isolation and Typing of the Influenza Viruses in the Caspian Littoral of Iran  [PDF]
Y. Yahyapour,R. Hamkar,A. Moradi,M. Mahmoudi
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Present study introduces results of common influenza virus strains in the north of Iran. Samples collected from 65 patients with acute respiratory illness by throat washing and swabs, randomly from north of Iran (Mazandaran, Golestan and Guilan provinces). The patients suffered from fever (high), cough, sore throat, general malaise, chill and myalgia. Viruses were isolated by cell culture and confirmed with HA (Hemagglutination) test and then typed by and HI (Hemagglutination Inhibition) test. Out of 65 throat samples, 12 influenza viruses were isolated and typed. Isolated viruses belonged to A (H1N1), A (H3N2) and B influenza viruses. This study showed that Influenza viruses displayed identical pattern to other provinces in Iran and to other countries. To fight against epidemics and pandemics, we should collect enough data about status of influenza each year and data of exact vaccine formulation application for use in different areas of the world. Acquired data has shown that the vaccine for above viruses that confirmed by WHO can result in decreased risks of influenza in at risk cases in provinces of north Iran.
Current Status of Tick Fauna in North of Iran
S Nabian,S Rahbari,P Shayan,HR Haddadzadeh
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2007,
Abstract: Background: The distribution and ecological preferences of ticks of domestic animals in North of Iran were studied four times a year from 2002 to 2005. Methods: A total of 1720 tick specimens were collected from cattle, sheep and goats from different localities of Caspian Sea areas consisting of Guilan, Mazandaran, Golestan and Ardebil provinces, Iran. Results: Fourteen tick species were identified as Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (5.23%), H.marginatum (20.34%), H.detritum (3.48%), Haemaphysalis punctata (12.79%), Haem. Parva (0.58%), Haem.concinna (0.58%), Haem.choldokovsky (6.97%), Ixodes ricinus (2.32%), Rhipicephalus sanguineus (19.76%), Rh.bursa (4.65%), Boophilus annulatus (9.88%), Dermacentor niveus (6.39%), D. marginatus (1.74%) and Ornithodoros lahorensis (5.23%). Both Dermacentor and Ornithodoros were found only in Ardebil with cold climatic conditions and high altitude. The only ticks, which were found in forest area, were Boophilus annulatus and Ixodes ricinus. Conclusion: The veterinary and public health importance of the above species should be emphasized.
A Comparative Study on the Tourism Policies in Pre and Post Islamic Revolution of Iran Case Study: Babolsar in the Coast of Caspian Sea  [PDF]
Mohammad Reza Hafeznia,Abdorreza R. Eftekhari,Isa Ramazani
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: In this research, we study the effects of tourism policy-making in the Pre and Post Islamic revolution (1979) in Iran with a comparative approach. The case study of research is Babolsar in the north of Iran which located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The results of the research show that differences in ideology and values between Pre and Post Islamic Revolution affected on the Tourism Policy-making in Iran. In the case, the jobs and spatial features related to the tourism have been better and increased, but pollution of the coastal environments and shores have been increased. Also the ecotourism opportunities after the revolution have been more attractive for internal tourists than foreigners.
Spider fauna of semi-dry grasslands on a military training base in Northwest Germany (Münster)  [PDF]
Buchholz, Sascha,Hartmann, Volker
Arachnologische Mitteilungen , 2008, DOI: 10.5431/aramit3507
Abstract: The spider fauna of semi-dry grasslands on the military training area of Dorbaum near Münster (North Rhine-Westphalia) was investigated. From 2002 to 2003 a total of 11,194 mature spiders from 141 species and 20 families was caught by pitfall trapping and hand sampling. Among them are 18 species listed in the Red Data Book of North Rhine-Westphalia, four species are rare or previously rarely recorded. Most of the spiders are habitat generalists that extend their occurrence into all types of habitats, while the number of species which are stenotopic to sand habitats is noticeably low (n = 13). The spider data were analysed with Principal Component Analysis (PCA). It is possible to distinguish spider communities of neighbouring forested habitats from species groups of open habitats, but there is no uniform spider community which is characteristic for semi-dry grassland.
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