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Experiencia de conservación ex-situ de Solanum fernandezianum (Solanaceae)
Solano,Jaime; Anabalón,Leonardo; Hauenstein,Enrique;
Gayana. Botánica , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-66432011000100011
Abstract: solanum fernandezianum is an endemic species in danger of extinction the robinson crusoe island, chile. the fruit was collected during march and april of 2002. the seeds were storaged for a year to 4°c. the percentage of germination in laboratory conditions was 14.3%. after 22 weeks plants initiated flowering and fruiting. the conservation strategy considered germination of seeds, production of plants in incubation chamber, transplantation to pots and pots arranged in a greenhouse.
Evaluación del germoplasma de tomate (Solanum L. sección Lycopersicon) conservado Ex Situ en Cuba utilizando prueba In Vitro para predecir las respuestas a altas temperaturas
Florido,Marilyn; Plana,Dagmara; Alvarez,Marta; Moya,C; Lara,Regla M; Caballero,A;
Cultivos Tropicales , 2009,
Abstract: this research work was conducted with the aim of evaluating thermotolerance at tissue level in a representative sample of ex situ preserved tomato (solanum l. section lycopersicon subsection lycopersicon) germplasm in cuba, besides identifying the most tolerant accessions to be used in plant breeding programs. thus, cell viability was measured by reducing tetrazolium salt to formazan through dehydrogenase enzyme action in 122 tomato accessions, which were classified for their thermotolerance, taking into account three well known controls: nagcarlang, amalia and an-104-1. concerning the ex situ preserved germplasm in cuba, there are thermotolerant accessions, mainly from s. lycopersicum var. cerasiforme and s. pimpinellifollium, that can be employed in plant breeding programs, to obtain good-behaving varieties and hybrids under these conditions.
Evaluación de la tolerancia al calor a nivel de planta en el germoplasma de tomate (Solanum L. sección Lycopersicon subsección Lycopersicon) conservado Ex Situ
Florido,Marilyn; Plana,Dagmara; álvarez,Marta; Moya,C; Lara,Regla M; Varela,M; Shagarodsky,T;
Cultivos Tropicales , 2009,
Abstract: this work was developed with the aim of evaluating heat tolerance in a representative sample of ex situ preserved tomato (solanum l. section lycopersicon subsection lycopersicon) germplasm in cuban collections and identifying the most tolerant accessions to be used in plant breeding programs. thus, fruit set percentage was evaluated over the optimal and heat-stressing (spring-summer) crop periods for calculating the following stress criteria: stress susceptibility index (ise); stress tolerance value (tol), stress tolerance index (ite), stress geometric fruit set (fge) and relative tolerance index (it). thus, 122 accessions were classified for their plant heat tolerance based on fruit set percentage in spring-summer sowings, besides the relationship among tolerance indexes was performed through biplot analysis. regarding the germplasm evaluated, there were accessions with high fruit set percentages within the spring-summer period, indicating that the ex situ preserved germplasm in cuba has heat tolerant accessions, which can be used in plant breeding programs to obtain good-performing varieties and hybrids under these conditions.
Lectotypification of Cavanilles' names in Solanum (Solanaceae)  [cached]
Knapp, Sandra
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid , 2007,
Abstract: Lectotypes are confirmed or designated here for the 13 names coined by Antonio José Cavanilles that were either described, or today are recognised as, members of the large genus Solanum (Solanaceae): Solanum betaceum, S. elaeagnifolium, S. fructotecto, S. lanceolatum, S. lentum, S. parviflorum, S. phyllanthum, S. pinnatum, S. pomiferum, S. pygmaeum, S. triquetrum, Triguera ambrosiaca and T. inodora. A brief introduction assesses the importance of Cavanilles to the botany of his time, and identifies difficulties in lectotypifying names coined by him. The currently accepted name for each taxon is given. Each typification is accompanied by a discussion of the reasoning behind the choice of specimen, and all lectotypes are illustrated. Se confirman o designan los lectótipos de 13 nombres de Antonio José Cavanilles que o bien fueron descritos dentro del género Solanum (Solanaceae) o son actualmente reconocidos como parte del mismo: Solanum betaceum, S. elaeagnifolium, S. fructo- tecto, S. lanceolatum, S. lentum, S. parviflorum, S. phyllanthum, S. pinnatum, S. pomiferum, S. pygmaeum, S. triquetrum, Triguera ambrosiaca y T. inodora. Se incluye una breve introducción explicando la importancia de Cavanilles para la botánica de su tiempo, así como las dificultades que entra a lectotipificar las especies de este autor. Se indica el nombre aceptado para cada especie. Las tipificaciones se acompa an de una discusión, explicando la elección de los especímenes. Todos los lectótipos están ilustrados.
Flowerlocation in Solanum dulcamara L. (Solanaceae)  [PDF]
Irina Zhuravlyeva
Modern Phytomorphology , 2013,
Abstract: The morphology of inflorescence of Solanum dulcamara is studied. Pseudolateral location of inflorescence relatively to plant body is set, the absence of bracteae and the sympodial type of growing of branches are found out. From W. Troll point of view the inflorescence of nightshade is defined as the polytelica synflorescence – complex dichasium.
Novedades en Solanum y Salpichroa (Solanaceae) para Sudamérica austral
Chiarini,Franco; Barboza,Gloria E; Marticorena,Alicia;
Gayana. Botánica , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-66432007000100006
Abstract: the present article reports novelties in two genera of solanaceae: solanum and salpichroa. in solanum, the identity and the synonymy of two species belonging to subgen. leptostemonum (s. bonariense and s. guaraniticum) are clarified, and the presence of s. julocrotonoides (sect. brevantherum) is reported for the first time from argentina. the genus salpichroa is documentated for flora of chile, with three taxa (s. origanifolia, s. scandens and s. tristis var. lehmannii). all the species are described and illustrated.
New species of Solanum (Solanaceae) from Peru and Ecuador  [cached]
Sandra Knapp
PhytoKeys , 2010, DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.1.659
Abstract: Three new species of “non-spiny" Solanum are described from Peru and Ecuador, and a revised description for Solanum verecundum M.Nee is presented. Solanum kulliwaita S.Knapp, sp. nov. (Dulcamaroid clade) is endemic to the Department of Cuzco in southern Peru, and is most similar to the recently described Solanum sanchez-vegae S.Knapp of northern Peru. Solanum dillonii S.Knapp, sp. nov. (Brevantherum clade) is found in southern Ecuador and northern Peru in the Amotape-Huancabamba phytogeographic zone, and is morphologically similar to the widespread Solanum riparium Ruiz & Pav. Solanum oxapampense S.Knapp, sp. nov., (also of the Brevantherum clade) is endemic to the Oxapampa region (Department of Pasco) of central Peru, and is similar to and segregated from Solanum verecundum M.Nee of Peru and Ecuador. Complete descriptions, distributions and preliminary conservation assessments of all new species are given.
Novedades en Solanum y Salpichroa (Solanaceae) para Sudamérica austral Novelties in solanum and salpichroa (solanaceae) from southern south america  [cached]
Franco Chiarini,Gloria E Barboza,Alicia Marticorena
Gayana. Botanica , 2007,
Abstract: El presente artículo tiene por objeto dar a conocer novedades en dos géneros de Solanaceae: Solanum y Salpichroa. En Solanum se aclara la identidad y sinonimia de dos especies del subgen. Leptostemonum (S. bonariense y S. guaraniticum), y se reporta por primera vez la presencia de S. julocrotonoides (sect. Brevantherum) para Argentina. Para Salpichroa se documenta la presencia de este género para la flora de Chile, con 3 taxones (S. origanifolia, S. scandens y S. tristis var. lehmannii). Todas las especies son descriptas e ilustradas. The present article reports novelties in two genera of Solanaceae: Solanum and Salpichroa. In Solanum, the identity and the synonymy of two species belonging to subgen. Leptostemonum (S. bonariense and S. guaraniticum) are clarified, and the presence of S. julocrotonoides (sect. Brevantherum) is reported for the first time from Argentina. The genus Salpichroa is documentated for flora of Chile, with three taxa (S. origanifolia, S. scandens and S. tristis var. lehmannii). All the species are described and illustrated.
A new tetraploid species of Solanum L. sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) from Tanzania  [cached]
Mkabwa L.K. Manoko,Gerard M. van der Weerden,Ronald van den Berg,Celestina Mariani
PhytoKeys , 2012, DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.16.2884
Abstract: Solanum umalilaense Manoko sp. nov. (Solanaceae) is described from the Umalila area, in the southern highlands of Tanzania. Its novelty is supported with both morphological and AFLP data. Phenetic and phylogenetic analyses place S. umalilaense as a unique and well-supported taxon among tetraploid species of Solanum sect. Solanum from Africa. It can be distinguished from other African species by its extremely developed branching, each branch producing many multi-flowered inflorescences, flowers with short calyx lobes and its persistent, small, light yellowish brown fruits.
Asphondylia fructicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Solanum sp. (Solanaceae) from Brazil
Maia, Valéria Cid;Santos, Jean Carlos;Fernandes, G. Wilson;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262009000200002
Abstract: asphondylia fructicola sp. nov. is described and illustrated on the basis of the larva, pupa, male, female, and gall. this species induces galls on fruits of solanum sp. (solanaceae) in amazonia, brazil.
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