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Introduction: Authorship  [cached]
Gert Buelens,Yuri Cowan,Marysa Demoor,Ingo Berensmeyer
Authorship , 2011,
Abstract: Welcome to the first issue of the open-access online journal Authorship.
Views of Psychiatrists on Authorship and Gift Authorship in Turkey
Bülent Kadri Gültekin,Lut Tamam
N?ropsikiyatri Ar?ivi , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, views, and behaviour of psychiatrists on authorship, to determine the authorship problems experienced, and to evaluate their views on which contributions to research merit authorships and their perceptions about gift authorship and strategies for preventing it.Methods: A total of 87 academic psychiatrists and psychiatry specialists in Turkey participated in this study. A questionnaire form consisting of 36 questions, developed by the researchers and based on previous studies, was sent to all participants via e-mail. The returned forms have been evaluated for this study.Results: Gift authorship was considered unethical by all participants, and 42 (48%) of participants experienced authorship problems. Conceiving the research idea, designing the study, collecting data, providing statistical analysis, interpretation of statistical data, drafting the article or revising it critically were assumed to be enough to merit authorship. 81 (93.1%) of participants perceived gift authorship as a common problem promoted by pressure to publish and enhancing the chances of publication. The respondents suggested that requiring researchers to sign a statement justifying authorship and to specify the actual contribution of each author were effective strategies for reducing/preventing gift authorship. Conclusion: Authorship problems are common and gift authorship was perceived as unethical by academic psychiatrists and psychiatry specialists. There is a need for tight control as well as more comprehensive research studies and extensive education on authorship ethics. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 344-7)
Vu?kovi?-Deki? Ljiljana
Archive of Oncology , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/aoo0303211v
Abstract: The scientific authorship is based on creativity and originality. Apart from being the means for the attribution of the credit, the authorship also comprises the responsibility and accountability, and it is also the basis for evaluation of scientists. Because of steady rise in the number of multiauthored articles in biomedical sciences, the problem of undeserved authorship has emerged. Since the false authorship undermines the very basis of the publication ethics, the scientific community has undertaken measures for the prevention and remedy of such a highly unethical issue.
The Rebirth of the Author: The Construction and Circulation of Authorship in English Culture  [cached]
Anna Enrichetta Soccio
Authorship , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction to a Special Topic Section of Authorship.
Fractional Authorship in Nuclear Physics  [PDF]
B. Pritychenko
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Large, multi-institutional groups or collaborations of scientists are engaged in nuclear physics research projects, and the number of research facilities is dwindling. These collaborations have their own authorship rules, and they produce a large number of highly-cited papers. Multiple authorship of nuclear physics publications creates a problem with the assessment of an individual author's productivity relative to his/her colleagues and renders ineffective a performance metrics solely based on annual publication and citation counts. Many institutions are increasingly relying on the total number of first-author papers; however, this approach becomes counterproductive for large research collaborations with an alphabetical order of authors. A concept of fractional authorship (the claiming of credit for authorship by more than one individual) helps to clarify this issue by providing a more complete picture of research activities. In the present work, nuclear physics fractional and total authorships have been investigated using nuclear data mining techniques. Historic total and fractional authorship averages have been extracted from the Nuclear Science References (NSR) database, and the current range of fractional contributions has been deduced. The results of this study and their implications are discussed and conclusions presented.
Authorship and auteurism in Another Country
Stella Viljoen
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2004,
Abstract: Authorship and auteurism in Another Country [English] In 1873 Benjamin Disraeli could bemoan, “[a]n author who speaks about his own books is almost as bad as a mother who talks about her own children.” Today, however, authorship is a consumable that demands endless promoting in order to be profitable. The ironic predicament of the author within contemporary (technocratic) culture is his frequent invisibility. Another Country is an apposite vehicle for raising the quandary of contemporary authorship since it is first, a music video and thus a promotional tool itself and second, an authorial collaboration between musical artists Mango Groove and “fine artist” William Kentridge. Key Words: William Kentridge, Another Country (music video), Mango Groove Tydskrif vir letterkunde Vol. 41(2) 2004: 47-54
Authorship: an ethical dilemma of science
Grieger, Maria Christina Anna;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802005000500008
Abstract: context and objective: the scientific and technological progress that has taken place since the 1960s has brought an ever-growing volume of scientific research, and inflation in co-authorship. over this period, it has been observed that an increasing number of publications have listed authors or co-authors whose participation in the published research was minimal or even nonexistent. the objective of this work was to analyze reports in the literature regarding misconduct in authorship: its types, chief causes, consequences and ethical guidelines; and to outline proposals for greater ethical commitment in scientific publication. design and setting: narrative review undertaken at faculdade de medicina de itajubá, minas gerais, brazil. methods: analysis of publications about authorship using the medline, lilacs and scielo databases. results and conclusions: frequent types of misconduct were gift authorship and divided and redundant publications. the chief causes of these practices seem to be the pressure exerted by academia and the desire for social and professional development. such factors have brought an increase in unethical behavior. this bias in science continues despite the criteria defined by the international committee of medical journal editors, the vancouver group. recommendations: various actions are proposed for educational institutions, research development agencies, regulatory agencies and professional associations. the aim is to establish an evaluation policy that gives primacy to the quality of publications and sets ethical principles for scientific research.
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: Publication is a primary endpoint in academic science and is therfore central to most disputes about the responsible conduct of research. Publications play many roles, including exchange of information among researchers, documentation of being the first with new ideas of diccoveries, evidence of productive use of research funds, and a record by which a research career can be Judged. Because publication has such a prominant role in advancement, Promotion and continued research funding, scientists are under considerable pressure to Publish. In Pursuit of publication, so many problems will appear with irresponsible authorship, including horonary author ship, ghost writing, duplicate and redundant publication, and other deceptive Practices. To resolve this problem it seems essential to follow the accepted world wide guidelines for authorship. Also some modification in research activityassessment would be beneficial.
Authorship Issues at a New Zealand Academic Institution  [cached]
H Mitcheson,S Collings,RW Siebers
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Background:Authorship of peer-reviewed publications can create conflict among academics. Objective: To document authorship conflicts of academics at a tertiary faculty. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire eliciting authorship conflicts and knowledge of authorship criteria was administered online to 154 academic staff members at a New Zealand university. Results: 43 academics responded, a response rate of 27.9%. About half of the academics reported authorship conflicts, mainly regarding ownership of data, gift authorship and academic competition. Of the 43 academics, 31 were aware of formal authorship criteria but only 21 could identify the appropriate source. 23 academics correctly identified all the appropriate criteria for authorship according to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors guidelines. Conclusion: Authorship conflicts are prevalent in a New Zealand university that may be related to lack of knowledge of authorship criteria.
Characterization of authorship speeches in classroom
Marco Aurélio Alvarenga Monteiro,Daniella de Almeida Santos,Odete Pacubi Baierl Teixeira
Investiga??es em Ensino de Ciências , 2007,
Abstract: Our paper intends to discuss how the teacher's speech can interfere in the construction of arguments on the part of the students, when they are involved with the task of solving an experimental problem in sciences classes. Thus, we wanted to understand how teacher and students relate to each other in a discursive movement for the senses structuring of the obtained experimental data. With that concern, our focus is in the processes of the speeches authorship, both students' and teachers', in the episodes in which the actors of the teaching and learning process organize their speeches, mediated by the experimental activity.
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