oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Anaemia among adults in Kassala, Eastern Sudan
Tajeldin M Abdallah, Ishag Adam, Mutaz A Abdelhadi, Mohammed F Siddig, AbdelAziem A Ali
BMC Research Notes , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-202
Abstract: Out of 646, 234 (36.2%) adults had anaemia; 68 (10.5%); 129 (20.0%) and 37 (5.7%) had mild, moderate and severe anaemia, respectively. In logistic regression analyses, age (OR?=?1.0, CI?=?0.9–1, P?=?0.7), rural vs. urban residency (OR?=?0.9, CI?=?0.7–1.3, P?=?0.9), female vs. male gender (OR?=?0.8, CI?=?0.6–1.1, P?=?0.3), educational level?≥?secondary level vs. < secondary level (OR?=?1.0, CI?=?0.6–1.6, P?=?0.8) and Hudandawa vs. non-Hudandawa ethnicity (OR?=?0.8, CI?=?0.6–1, P?=?0.1) were not associated with anaemia.There was a high prevalence of anaemia in this setting, anaemia affected adults regardless to their age, sex and educational level. Therefore, anaemia is needed to be screened for routinely and supplements have to be employed in this setting.Anaemia is a major public health problem, especially in developing countries [1]. It is common in adult and the prevalence of anaemia is increasing with advancing age [2]. There is however, a significant variation in prevalence of anaemia, both within and between countries, necessitating a need for local data for preventive measures. Anaemia is associated with adverse outcomes among adult such as reduced quality of life, depression, increased disability, higher risk of Alzheimer disease and increased risk of mortality [3,4]. Anaemia is a multifactorial condition and the increased heterogeneity in the distribution of social and biological factors with advancing age makes the epidemiology of anaemia a real challenge [5]. Epidemiology of anaemia is important for deciding the control strategies. Thus, studies investigating these parameters are vital and of great interest, so as to provide health planners and caregivers with fundamental guidelines for the implementation of preventive measures. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of anaemia among adults in Kassala, Eastern Sudan.This was a cross sectional community- based survey of adults (>15 year old) residents in Kassala, Ea
Use of antenatal care services in Kassala, eastern Sudan
Abdel Aziem A Ali, Mohammed M Osman, Ameer O Abbaker, Ishag Adam
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-10-67
Abstract: A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out in Kassala, eastern Sudan during September-October 2009. Household surveys were conducted. Structured questionnaires were used to gather data from women who had been pregnant within the last year, or pregnant more than 14 weeks.Out of 900 women investigated for antenatal care coverage, 811(90%) women had at least one visit. Only 11% of the investigated women had ≥ four antenatal visits, while 10.0% had not attended at all. Out of 811 women who attended at least one visit, 483 (59.6%), 303 (37.4%) and 25 (3.1%) women attended antenatal care in the first, second and third trimester, respectively. In logistic regression analyses, while maternal age and residence were not associated with inadequacy of antenatal care (<2 visits), high parity (OR = 2.0, CI = 1.1-3.5; P = 0.01) and husband education ≤ secondary level (OR = 2.4, CI = 1.3-4.2; P = 0.002) were associated with inadequacy of antenatal care.Antenatal care showed a low coverage in Kassala, eastern Sudan. This low coverage was associated with high parity and low husband education.Antenatal care is one of the four pillars initiatives of the Safe Motherhood Initiative; however, its relative contribution to maternal health has been under debate. While many of routine antenatal care procedures have little effect on maternal mortality and morbidity, some of these have been ascertained as beneficial [1,2]. Antenatal care provides advice, reassurance, education, support for the woman on screening programs and detects the problems that make the pregnancy high risk one [3]. There are many socio-economic and cultural factors which act as barriers to the use of antenatal care [4]. Although, it can't be claimed that antenatal care is the only solution for the high maternal and perinatal death in the developing world, but it can help to reach the Millennium Development Goals for the maternal and child mortality [5].Although, World Health Organization recommended four ante
Use of family planning methods in Kassala, Eastern Sudan
Abdel Aziem A Ali, Duria A Rayis, Mona Mamoun, Ishag Adam
BMC Research Notes , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-43
Abstract: Across sectional community-based study was conducted during the period February-April 2010 to investigate the use of family planning in Kassala, eastern Sudan. Structured questionnaires were used to gather socio-demographic data and use of family planning. The mean ± SD of the age and parity of 613 enrolled women was 31.1 ± 7 years and 3.4 ± 1.9, respectively. Only 44.0% of these women had previously or currently used one or more of the family planning methods. Combined pills (46.7%) and progesterone injection (17.8%) were the predominant method used by the investigated women. While age, residence were not associated with the use of family planning, parity (> five), couple education (≥ secondary level) were significantly associated with the use of family planning. Husband objection and religious beliefs were the main reasons of non-use of family planning.Education, encouragement of health education programs and involvement of the religious persons might promote family planning in eastern Sudan.High fertility rate and inadequate spacing between births, can lead to high maternal and infant mortality. An estimated 600 000 maternal deaths occur worldwide each year; the vast majority of these take place in developing countries. WHO estimates that 13% of these deaths are due to unsafe abortion. Worldwide, where approximately 50 million women resort to induced abortion, frequently results in high maternal morbidity and mortality [1,2]. Thus, family planning and spacing among births are one of the methods to avoid these deaths. Promotion of family planning and contraceptive use is highly adopted by the international community as one of the strategy to reduce the maternal mortality and to reach the Millennium Development Goals [3-5]. Africa characterized by high rate of lack to contraceptive access reaching 57% and this lack lead to unwanted pregnancies, increased demand to abortion and death related to unsafe abortion [6].In Sudan, the largest African country, there is unac
A Retrospective Study on Animal Parasitic Diseases Diagnosed at Kassala Veterinary Research Lab (KVRL), Eastern Sudan
M.M. Omer,A.M. Ahmed,S.M. A. Abusalab
Veterinary Research , 2012,
Abstract: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of the parasitic diseases in different animal species in Kassala area, eastern Sudan during 2004 up to 2006. A total of 1396 samples which were referred to Kassala Veterinary Research Lab were retrospectively studied. The samples were collected from different animal species; 1185 bovine, 139 ovine, 19 caprine, 46 equine and 7 camels. The study detected the following parasitic diseases: Anaplasmosis, theileriosis, trichostrogyliasis, microflariasis, coccidiosis, trypansomaiasis, moniezia sp. and mange.
Anaemia and low birth weight in Medani, Hospital Sudan
Elhassan M Elhassan, Ameer O Abbaker, Abderahuim D Haggaz, Magid S Abubaker, Ishag Adam
BMC Research Notes , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-3-181
Abstract: Out of 1224 deliveries, 97 (12.6%) of the neonates were LBW deliveries. While maternal socio-demographic characteristics (age, parity and mother education) and anthropometrics measurements were not associated with LBW, lack of antenatal care (OR = 5.9, 95% CI = 1.4-24.4; P = 0.01) and maternal anaemia (OR = 9.0, 95% CI = 3.4-23.8; P < 0.001) were the main risk factor for LBW.Thus, more care on antenatal care and nutrition may prevent LBW.Low birth weight (LBW) is an important indicator of obstetric care and health status. It continues to remain a major public health problem worldwide especially in the developing countries. LBW is an important determinant of child-hood morbidity, associated with death during infancy [1,2]. Reducing the incidence of LBW neonates by at least one third between 2000 and 2010 is one of the major goals of the United Nations resolution "A World Fit for Children" and is an important contribution toward Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 of reducing child mortality by two thirds by 2015 [3]. Thus, local surveillance and basic epidemiology can more accurately assess epidemiology of LBW; identify areas to which interventions should be targeted, and monitor the effectiveness of these interventions over time. An obvious example like preventing deaths of LBW babies requires the use of technologically advanced treatment methods associated with neonatal intensive care that is not feasible for poor populations. Therefore interventions could focus on decreasing LBW presumptively by improving maternal care and preventing the causes. Local surveillance and basic epidemiology are fundamental, so as to assess LBW and identify areas to which future interventions should be targeted. The aims of the present study were to investigate prevalence and the risk factors for LBW Medani Hospital, Sudan so as to add to our ongoing researches on maternal and perinatal epidemiology in this setting and anaemia and its effects among pregnant Sudanese women [4-9].This wa
A Case of Aprosopia with Multiple Congenital Anomalies in a Lamb in Kassala State, Eastern Sudan
M. M. Omer,S.M. Abusalab,M.M. Gumaa,S.A. Mulla,A.M. Ahmed
Veterinary Research , 2012,
Abstract: A case of aprosopia (facelessness) was described in a lamb at Elgash West abattoir in Kassala State, Eastern Sudan. The maxillary and mandibular bones of the deformed animal were completely absent (agnathia). There were 2 ears without external and internal orifices. Internally, the esophagus was opening in the larynx and 2 livers bilaterally were observed. The congenitally deformed lamb was hermaphrodite.
Survey of Brucellosis among Sheep, Goats, Camels and Cattle in Kassala Area, Eastern Sudan
Mokhtar M. Omer,Abdelhamid A. Abdelaziz,Sarah M.A. Abusalab,Abbas M. Ahmed
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: This study is conducted to estimate the prevalence of brucellosis in different animals species in Kassala area, eastern Sudan during 2004 up to 2006. The study aimed to provide a documented information on the prevalence of the disease with a view to assisting veterinary authorities in diseases control policies and planning research priorities in the region. The serum samples were collected from sheep, goat, camels and cattle, then tested in by Rose Bengal Plate test. The study showed that the prevalence of brucellosis is increased during the last years among different animal species.
Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Peste des Petits Ruminants among Sheep and Goats in Kassala State, Sudan  [PDF]
Fatima A. Saeed, Sana A. Abdel-Aziz, Mohammed M. Gumaa
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2018.84029
Abstract:
Peste des petits ruminant (PPR) is a contagious disease of small ruminants caused by a virus that belongs to the genus Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of PPR disease in sheep and goats and its associated risk factors in Kassala State, Eastern Sudan. Across sectional study was conducted during the period from 30th August to 25th November 2015. The study was carried out using a structured questionnaire survey and a total of 918 blood samples were collected from apparently healthy unvaccinated sheep and goats in different localities in State of Kassala. A total of 546 sheep and 372 goats were tested for specific antibodies to nucleoprotein (NP) by competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA). The apparent overall prevalence of PPR antibodies in Kassala was 58.2% while the true prevalence was calculated to be 61.3%. The apparent prevalence in sheep and goats was 68.1% and 43.5% respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the risk factors had significant associations with a cELISA positive status: locality, species, age, breed, husbandry system, housing mode, animals movement (p = 0.000) and animals sharing pasture and water (p = 0.003), while sex and newly introduced animals were not significant risk factors (p = 0.771) (p = 0.050) respectively. Factors found that significantly associated (p < 0.05) with increased odds of being cELISA positive in multivariate analysis were localities, species, age and newly introduced animals. The prevalence differed between localities and was the highest in the River Atbara (84.0%) locality, whereas it was lowest in Delta North (29.0%). No significant difference was observed among the sexes. However, the prevalence differed in different age groups and was 52.25% in animals of less than six months old; 49.3% were between seven months and two years old and 65.5% were above two years old. In different husbandry systems, the prevalence was 47.9%, 73.0% and 49.2% in intensive, open grazing and pastoral systems respectively. Housing type effects were also observed
Assessment of Endemic Goiter of Children in Eastern Sudan (Kassala State) Using Ultrasonography and ELISA  [PDF]
Shazaly N. Khojaly, Mohamed Yousef, Mohammed E. Mohamed, Ikhlas A. Hassan, Mogahid M. A. Zidan, Auis Bashir, Magdi Hassan
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2018.83004
Abstract: Thyroid gland is one of most important endocrine glands in the body. It plays vital role in growth control and its measurements tends to change in respect to age, sex, weight and ethnic group of the individual. This study aimed to assess endemic goiter and to estimate the measurement of normal thyroid gland dimensions and thyroid hormones level in school-aged children using Ultrasonography and ELISA Technique in Eastern Sudan (Kassala state). A total of 100 subjects is 6 - 18 years (43 males, 57 females), and mean of age (9.73 ± 2.54 years). This study was done in the period from April 2016 to February 2017. All the subject undergone thyroid ultrasound and thyroid hormone level test. Subjects with history of goiter were excluded from the study, by thyroid dimension (length, height and diameter). Thyroid volume was estimated using ellipsoid formula and thyroid hormones (TSH, T3 and T4) using Toso full automation.
Comparison of perinatal and maternal outcomes of severe preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP syndrome  [cached]
G?khan Y?ld?r?m,Kemal Güng?rdük,Halil Aslan,Ahmet Gül
Journal of the Turkish-German Gynecological Association , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelets) syndrome. Materials and Methods: Maternal and neonatal charts of 1,222 consecutive pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia, eclampsia, or HELLP syndrome at our maternal-perinatal unit were reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups: 903 (73.9%) with severe preeclampsia, 123 (10.1%) with eclampsia, and 196 (16.0%) with HELLP syndrome.Results: The overall incidence of adverse maternal outcome was 5.9%. The rates of adverse maternal outcomes for women with HELLP syndrome and eclampsia were higher than for severe preeclampsia (13.8% vs. 11.4% vs. 3.4%, respectively) (p=0.000). Birth weight was lower in patients with HELLP syndrome than in patients with eclampsia and severe preeclampsia (p=0.005). No significant difference in neonatal morbidity was found among the three groups. Perinatal mortality tended to be higher in the severe preeclampsia group than in the HELLP syndrome and eclampsia groups (p=0.231). Conclusion: Pregnancies complicated by HELLP syndrome had significantly higher maternal morbidity than those with severe preeclampsia and eclampsia. Perinatal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP syndrome were dependent on gestational age rather than being disease dependent.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.