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Are Minds Computable?  [PDF]
Carlos Gershenson
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: This essay explores the limits of Turing machines concerning the modeling of minds and suggests alternatives to go beyond those limits.
The Universe of Minds  [PDF]
Roman V. Yampolskiy
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: The paper attempts to describe the space of possible mind designs by first equating all minds to software. Next it proves some interesting properties of the mind design space such as infinitude of minds, size and representation complexity of minds. A survey of mind design taxonomies is followed by a proposal for a new field of investigation devoted to study of minds, intellectology, a list of open problems for this new field is presented.
Legitimising Corporate Sustainability Reporting Throughout the World
Faisal,Greg Tower,Rusmin Rusmin
Australasian Accounting Business and Finance Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This paper explores corporate sustainability disclosure practices in a global context. A unique sample of 2009 sustainability reports from some of the world’s largest companies in 24 diverse countries are examined using a comprehensive disclosure index. These reports are analysed to better understand how company characteristics and institutional factors explain sustainability communication using a legitimacy theory framework. The world renowned Global ReportingInitiative 2006 guidelines are used as the benchmark disclosure index checklist. The empirical results indicate that the average level of sustainability disclosure is a surprisingly high 61.9 percent.Statistical analysis indicates that high profile industries and additional assurance procedures influence the disclosure of more sustainability information. Interestingly, companies operating inemerging country systems disclose more sustainability information than Anglo-Saxon or Communitarian jurisdictions. Consistent with legitimacy theory, these results suggest that these globally well known firms use sustainability disclosure as a legitimising tool.
Alan Palmer, Social Minds in the Novel  [cached]
Antonio Sotgiu
Enthymema , 2011, DOI: 10.6092/2037-2426/1209
Abstract: Recensiamo Alan Palmer, Social Minds in the Novel, The Ohio State University Press, Columbus, 2010.
Thomas Aquinas on Knowledge of other Minds  [PDF]
Ramazan ERTURK
Journal of International Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: This paper investigates how Thomas Aquinas, who is regarded to be the top representative/proponent of the mediavel Christian thought, understands and solves the problem of ‘knowledge of other minds’, which is accepted to be an important problem of contemporary philosopy of mind. Accordingly, Thomas, who is an Aristotelian realist at the same time, thinks that our knowledge of other minds is acquired by way of an analogical inference based on our sensory knowledge. Thomas, who includes God and angelic intellects in addition to the human intellects into the category of other minds – which is a concept different from the modern one-, points out that we can obtain some knowledge of these additonal intellects by way of revelation and grace.
Winning strategies in congested traffic  [PDF]
Ferenc Jarai-Szabo,Zoltan Neda
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1142/S0129183112500635
Abstract: One-directional traffic on two-lanes is modeled in the framework of a spring-block type model. A fraction $q$ of the cars are allowed to change lanes, following simple dynamical rules, while the other cars keep their initial lane. The advance of cars, starting from equivalent positions and following the two driving strategies is studied and compared. As a function of the parameter $q$ the winning probability and the average gain in the advancement for the lane-changing strategy is computed. An interesting phase-transition like behavior is revealed and conclusions are drawn regarding the conditions when the lane changing strategy is the better option for the drivers.
Cantor-winning sets and their applications  [PDF]
Dzmitry Badziahin,Stephen Harrap
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We introduce and develop a class of \textit{Cantor-winning} sets that share the same amenable properties as the classical winning sets associated to Schmidt's $(\alpha,\beta)$-game: these include maximal Hausdorff dimension, invariance under countable intersections with other Cantor-winning sets and invariance under bi-Lipschitz homeomorphisms. It is then demonstrated that a wide variety of badly approximable sets appearing naturally in the theory of Diophantine approximation fit nicely into our framework. As applications of this phenomenon we answer several previously open questions, including some related to the Mixed Littlewood conjecture and the $\times2, \times3$ problem.
Distances between the winning numbers in Lottery  [PDF]
Konstantinos Drakakis
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We prove an interesting fact about Lottery: the winning 6 numbers (out of 49) in the game of the Lottery contain two consecutive numbers with a surprisingly high probability (almost 50%).
Power Indices and minimal winning Coalitions  [PDF]
Werner Kirsch,Jessica Langner
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: The Penrose-Banzhaf index and the Shapley-Shubik index are the best-known and the most used tools to measure political power of voters in simple voting games. Most methods to calculate these power indices are based on counting winning coalitions, in particular those coalitions a voter is decisive for. We present a new combinatorial formula how to calculate both indices solely using the set of minimal winning coalitions.
Age and Winning Professional Golf Tournaments  [PDF]
Gizachew Tiruneh
Statistics , 2009,
Abstract: Most professional golfers and analysts think that winning on the PGA Tour peaks when golfers are in their thirties. Rather than relying on educated guesses, we can actually use available statistical data to determine the actual ages at which golfers peak their golf game. We can also test the hypothesis that age affects winning professional golf tournaments. Using data available from the Golf Channel, the PGA Tour, and LPGA Tour, I calculated and provided the mean, the median, and the mode ages at which professional golfers on the PGA, European PGA, Champions, and LPGA Tours had won over a five-year period. More specifically, the ages at which golfers on the PGA, European PGA, Champions Tour, and LPGA Tours peak their wins are 35, 30, 52, and 25, respectively. The regression analyses I conducted seem to support my hypothesis that age affects winning professional golf tournaments.
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