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FROM EXISTENTIAL CODE TO EXPERIMENTAL SELF: A SURVEY OF NARRATION AND CHARACTERIZATION IN MILAN KUNDERA’S THE UNBEARABLE LIGHTNESS OF BEING  [PDF]
Mohsen Masoomi
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: Dismissing most of the traditional novelistic structures, Milan Kundera utilizes particular narrative devices to illustrate his own aesthetic of the novel, which emphasizes parallel explorations of related themes, active philosophical contemplation and the integration of dreams and fantasy with realistic analysis. Kundera succeeds in upgrading his specific subjects, characters and contexts to the worldwide level. Such success is attained through the implementation of various stylistic devices particularly narrative techniques. The multiperspective narration of the story gives more freedom to the readers in approaching the mind and consciousness of the writer. In addition, readers become encouraged to conjure up the imaginary being or the experimental self of the characters while taking advantage from Kudera’s relevant contemplation of existential code formula for characters; a fact which helps them more in a better understanding of the writer’s technique in characterization.
The Joke Cycle Island of Cannibals: Structure, Functions, Messages
Grigor Haralampiev Grigorov
Folklore : Electronic Journal of Folklore , 2012,
Abstract: The author argues that the fundamental interdependence between structure and meaning in the joke can be outlined only if the joke cycle is chosen as a main research topic. As an example, the joke cycle Island of cannibals is analysed. The specific features of the cycle are: people from three emblematic communities and the cannibals as characters; an initial frame and their successive episodes; the trial; the gradation.The analysis uncovers the hidden meaning of every specific feature, posing questions about their function. Why is it that the joke must include three successive episodes? The behaviour of the first two characters creates an expectation of a normal reaction of the third character, destroyed at the point of the joke. What is the function of the trial? The trial is a specific rite of passage, etc. These steps help to uncover the hidden meaning of the joke cycle: the “Our” (here – the Bulgarian) character succeeds in proving that he has the cultural competence to become a member of the cannibal society because we are uncivilised, aggressive, “cannibals”… The conclusion is that these jokes release masochistic impulses and they are aimed not at the “Others”, but at “Us”, or, this is a specific type of auto-racism.
Migration and Narration
Brigitte Boenisch-Brednich
Folklore : Electronic Journal of Folklore , 2002,
Abstract: The following article aims to work out the main narrative techniques of “telling migration”. The conclusions drawn on the subject of migration and narration are based on a one-year field work study, combining participant observation with interviewing. This study took place in New Zealand concentrating on German immigrants between 1936 and 1996. The main source for my analysis given in this paper is provided by 102 people I interviewed. The texts of these biographically-focussed interviews allowed me to work not only on an ethnographical history of migration but also to gain insights into peoples’ experiences, and over and above that, to learn what kind of stories and techniques of storytelling emigration creates. The book focuses on a comparatively wide time frame of sixty years (Boenisch- Brednich 2001). This makes it possible to analyse very different periods of migration and groups of migrants, contrasting social categories as well as exploring differences in education, milieu, age and gender. Furthermore, it becomes obvious that although all migrants were leaving Germany and arriving in New Zealand, they experienced what were in effect very different countries through time – different Germanys, different New Zealands. To work out the changing reasons for migrating (work migration, refuge, global lifestyle, etc.) inside western societies is a major theme the book is aiming for. A second approach is to investigate migration from the perspective of focussing on everyday life, an investigation on the basis of personal experiences, such as “work, housing, food, celebrations, social life”. A special focus is set on the analysing of “mental narratives” as key stories, examples, comparatives etc. The central questions of this project were: What kind of strategies do people use to cope with a major changes in their biography, as constituted by emigration? What does integration really mean and how does it work for different groups? What kind of collective and individual stories does migration create? In which ways does retroperspection work as a technique for creating autobiographies in oral transmission?
Milan Kundera, Une rencontre  [cached]
Céline Magain
Slavica Bruxellensia : Revue Polyphonique de Littérature, Culture et Histoire Slaves , 2009,
Abstract: …rencontre de mes réflexions et de mes souvenirs ; de mes vieux thèmes (existentiels et esthétiques) et mes vieux amours (Rabelais, Janacek, Fellini, Malaparte…) (p. 9) C’est sur ces mots que le célèbre auteur d’origine tchèque Milan Kundera introduit Une rencontre, son quatrième et dernier essai en fran ais, qui réunit de nouveaux textes et des anciens, réactualisés ou incorporés dans de nouveaux écrits. Comme le titre l’indique, il s’agit bien de rencontre, au sens propre comme au fig...
Stones used in Milan architecture
Bugini, Roberto,Folli, Luisa
Materiales de Construccion , 2008,
Abstract: The city of Milan lies in a plain with clayey soil well suited to brick-making, but no stone deposits. An ample supply of stone is available, however, in the surrounding hills and mountains, which are connected to the city via both natural and artificial waterways. The types of stone used since Roman times include: granite, marble and gneiss from Ossola Valley; dolomite from Lake Maggiore; detrital limestone from Ceresio Valley; sandstone from the Brianza Hills; black limestone and marble from Lake Como; and conglomerate and sandstone from the Adda River basin. Traditionally, the chief uses have been dimension stone (all stones), column shafts (granite), slabs (marble), moulding (dolomite, limestone) and ornamental (marble, dolomite, limestone). La ciudad de Milán se encuentra en una llanura de suelo arcilloso adecuado para la fabricación de ladrillos pero en la cual no hay yacimientos de rocas. No obstante, en las colinas y monta as circundantes, que están comunicadas con la ciudad mediante vías navegables naturales y artificiales, sí existe una abundante cantidad de piedra. Entre los tipos de piedra utilizados desde la época de los romanos se encuentran granitos, mármoles y gneises del valle de Ossola, dolomías del lago Mayor, calizas detríticas del valle de Ceresio (Lugano), areniscas de las colinas de la Brianza, calizas negras y mármoles del lago Como y conglomerados y areniscas de la cuenca del río Adda. Tradicionalmente, los principales usos han sido la piedra de fábrica (todas ellas), fustes de columnas (granito), losas (mármol), molduras (dolomía, caliza) y ornamental (mármol, dolomía, caliza).
The Milan factor for jet-shape observables  [PDF]
G. P. Salam
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: This talk discusses and explains the two-loop corrections, also known as the Milan factor, for power corrections to jet-shape observables.
El chiste como paradigma hermenéutico Joke as a Hermeneutic Paradigm
Sixto J. Castro
Diánoia , 2011,
Abstract: En el presente artículo, una vez expuestas las diversas teorías de la risa, se defiende que la risa básica (la que no tiene función social) tiene como elemento necesario, aunque no suficiente, la incongruencia. Asimismo, se postula que el chiste, generado primariamente para hacer reír, se constituye en paradigma hermenéutico de comprensión que proporciona una nueva visión de un estado de cosas y rompe lo que naturalmente cabía esperar del decurso del relato. Aunque haya un entorno de interpretaciones posibles, sólo una es la correcta, y ésa es la que convierte al chiste en lo que es. In this paper, after introducing the different theories of laughter, we defend that basic laughter (that one without a social function) has incongruity as its necessary, though not sufficient, element. Besides, we propose the joke (made primarily to provoke laughter) as a hermeneutic paradigm of understanding that provides a new view of a state of affairs, and breaks with what should be naturally expected from the course of the narrative. Even though there is a series of possible interpretations, only one is the right one, and that is the one that makes the joke a joke.
Gortina e Milano. Milano a Gortina Gortys and Milan. Milan and Gortys
Gemma Sena Chiesa
Lanx , 2012, DOI: 10.6092/2035-4797/1877
Abstract: This paper focuses on the beginning of the archaeological mission of the University of Milan at Gortys, when in 2002 the author was at the head of a new archaelogical research on the acropolis in Gortys. Since 2003 a great Roman bath building has been brought to light south of “Pretorio” within annual excavations. Al the end the paper offers some fresh thoughts on the long‐term archaeological relationship between Milan and Gortys (and vice versa), seen in the context of Serafino Ricci’s studies about Pretorio and Odeion in Gortys at the end of 19th century. Following are observations on Hygieia’s image in glyptic and eburnea diptycha. L’intervento focalizza gli inizi dell’esperienza archeologica “gortinia” dell’Università degli Studi di Milano, quando nel 2002 venne assegnata alla scrivente la direzione di un’indagine archeologica sull’acropoli della grande capitale provinciale; dal 2003 presero avvio invece i lavori nell’area a sud del c.d. Pretorio, dove gli scavi condotti dal 2003 al 2011 hanno riportato alla luce un grande complesso termale. Il contributo si conclude con alcune inedite osservazioni circa il legame “archeologico” che unisce da più di cento anni Milano a Gortina e viceversa, anche per il tramite degli studi condotti da Serafino Ricci sull’Odeion e sul Pretorio di Gortina alla fine dell’Ottocento; seguono alcune osservazioni sulla raffigurazione di Igea nella glittica e su preziosi arredi eburnei.
Todd Berliner. Hollywood Incoherent. Narration in Seventies Cinema.  [cached]
Pascal Lefèvre
Image and Narrative : Online Magazine of the Visual Narrative , 2010,
Abstract: Todd Berliner. Hollywood Incoherent. Narration in Seventies Cinema. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010. ISBN-10: 0292722796 ISBN-13: 978-0292722798
Giulio Tremonti, Uscita di sicurezza (Milan: Rizzoli, 2012)  [cached]
Giorgio Baruchello
Nordicum-Mediterraneum , 2013,
Abstract: A review of the book by Giulio Tremonti "Uscita di sicurezza" (Milan: Rizzoli, 2012)
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