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Chemistry: A key science to fight neglected diseases Química: Ciência central para combater doen as negligenciadas  [cached]
Adilson Beatriz,Dênis Pires de Lima
Orbital : the Electronic Journal of Chemistry , 2010,
Abstract:
Doen as tropicais negligenciadas na regi o nordeste do Brasil
Vagne de Melo Oliveira,Meiriana Xavier Vila Nova,Caio Rodrigo Dias Assis
Scire Salutis , 2012, DOI: 10.6008/ess2236-9600.2012.002.0003
Abstract: Doen as tropicais negligenciadas correspondem a um grupo de doen as infecciosas que afetam popula es de baixa renda nos trópicos. A Organiza o Mundial de Saúde lista entre elas a malária, a leishmaniose, a esquistossomose, a oncocercose, a filariose linfática, a doen a de chagas, tripanossomíase africana, a hanseníase, dengue, úlcera de Buruli (ou doen a de Buruli), a cisticercose, a equinococose, a bouba, a raiva, o tracoma e algumas helmintíases transmitidas pelo solo (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura e os ancilostomídeos). No Brasil, várias s o endêmicas. Em seu relatório anual pelo Ministério da Saúde, a partir do Sistema de Nacional de Vigilancia e Saúde, quatro dessas doen as s o mencionadas como negligenciadas (esquistossomose, tracoma, oncocercose e a filariose) para todos os Estados da Federa o, mais o Distrito Federal. Neste trabalho visualizaremos as principais características das doen as tropicais negligenciadas citadas pelo Sistema de Nacional de Vigilancia e Saúde do Brasil para a Regi o Nordeste. Para o levantamento teórico foram utilizados dados e informa es constantes no site oficial da Organiza o Mundial de Saúde e no banco de bases Scientific Eletronic Library On-line (SciELO), tomando por base a lista de procura pelas doen as negligenciadas listadas nos relatórios anuais do Sistema de Nacional de Vigilancia e Saúde do Brasil, em seu site oficial, publicada no ano base de 2011, a saber: esquistossomose, tracoma, oncocercose e a filariose, para os seguintes Estados da Federa o: Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranh o, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte e Sergipe. Todos os dados de interna es, prevalência e de óbitos, tanto a nível nacional quando estadual, s o oriundos dos Inquéritos Epidemiológicos realizados pelo Ministério da Saúde (MS), Secretaria de Vigilancia em Saúde (SVS). Todas as imagens dos inquéritos de tracoma s o advindas dos relatórios por Estados, publicados pelo Ministério da Saúde (MS). Os dados demográficos e imagens foram provenientes do censo realizado no ano de 2010 pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Nos relatórios pesquisados, foram encontrados dados sobre a esquistossomose e para o tra o em todos os Estados. Para Filariose apenas para o Estado de Pernambuco. Para oncocercose n o foi encontrado dados epidemiológicos no relatório. A maioria dos Estados apresentaram áreas endêmicas para a esquistossomose. A presen a de alta e média prevalência em municípios do Estado refor am a necessidade de implementa o e fortalecimento das a es de vigilancia epidemiológica e controle tan
Once upon a time ... Neglected Diseases (Editorial) [Era uma vez... Doen as Negligenciadas]
Nubia Boechat,Jorge Magalh?es
Revista Virtual de Química , 2012,
Abstract:
WHO heralds “new phase” in the fight against neglected tropical diseases
No No Author Listed
Saudi Medical Journal , 2013,
Abstract: [No Abstract Available]
International standards in the fight against terrorism
Jankovi? Dijana
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/medjp1004602j
Abstract: Terrorism as a phenomenon of the modern society threatens to jeopardize the most important achievements of the modern society. The international community devotes much attention to the fight against terrorism and a number of legal instruments and standards that illustrate the basic message have been formulated in international documents - and the message is that it is possible to fight against terrorism effectively only if principal standards of internationally protected human rights are fulfilled. The fight against terrorism must never lead to the abolition of values and freedoms that are imperiled by terrorist acts. Even if the need to impose certain restrictions for protection of legitimate interests arouses they must be controlled, while they should protect basic human rights and freedoms. Regulating formal conditions for human rights limitation is the way to control the fight against terrorism and prevent the unlimited space for violation of the established and guaranteed freedom standards. The paper refers to the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which provide some limitations to the guaranteed human rights as well as the limitation to their usage also exploring to what extent these restrictions are applied in the fight against terrorism.
Altruity: Key to the Fight Against Poverty  [cached]
Philippe Kourilsky
Field Actions Science Reports , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents the concept of altruity and illustrates its philosophical and practical importance in the fight against poverty. Altruity –a highly specific form of rational altruism– is the duty that comes with freedom. The individual duty of altruity is the necessary counterpart of the right to individual freedoms. It is, by its very nature, distinct from (though complementary to) generosity, and devoid of any expectation of reciprocity (while not excluding it). The idea of altruity is the cornerstone of a theory of individual responsibility, and of a theory of justice, which provide a conceptual framework for the struggle against poverty. And because it is only meaningful if implemented with a pre-defined method, it also provides a framework for action, as the FACTS Initiative has shown. Altruity thus emerges as one of the keys to the fight against poverty.
The private sector and the fight against poverty  [cached]
Cecile Renouard
Field Actions Science Reports , 2012,
Abstract: The fight against poverty is inextricably bound up with ecological issues. There is no shortage of global threats, from the environmental and social effects of climate warming to the decline in available freshwater per person or the growing scarcity of natural resources (fossil energy reserves, of course, but also rare earths and metals). Not everybody on this planet can, or will ever be able to, live their lives according to the American or European model. For example, strategic minerals lik...
Contemporary organosilicon chemistry
Marsden Steve
Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1860-5397-3-4
Abstract: Editorial for the Thematic Series on Contemporary Organosilicon Chemistry.
Ethics of Chemistry, Part 2 (editorial)
Joachim Schummer
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2002,
Abstract: editorial of Ethics of Chemistry, Part 2
Chemistry and Mathematics, Part 1 (editorial)
Guillermo Restrepo,Joachim Schummer
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2012,
Abstract: editorial of Chemistry and Mathematics, Part 1
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