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Electronic journals and scholarly communication: a citation and reference study
Stephen P. Harter,Hak Joon Kim
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 1996,
Abstract: The journal is fundamental to formal scholarly communication. This research reports highlights and preliminary findings from an empirical study of scholarly electronic journals. The purpose of the research is to assess the impact of electronic journals (e-journals) on scholarly communication, by measuring the extent to which they are being cited in the literature, both print and electronic. The intent is to provide a snapshot of the impact e-journals were having on scholarly communication at a given point in time, roughly the end of 1995. This study provides one measure of that impact, specifically on the formal, as opposed to informal, communication process. The study also examines the forms in which scholars cite e-journals, the accuracy and completeness of citations to e-journals, and practical difficulties faced by scholars and researchers who wish to retrieve e-journals through the networks.
Competition and cooperation: Libraries and publishers in the transition to electronic scholarly journals  [PDF]
Andrew Odlyzko
Computer Science , 1999,
Abstract: The conversion of scholarly journals to digital format is proceeding rapidly, especially for those from large commercial and learned society publishers. This conversion offers the best hope for survival for such publishers. The infamous "journal crisis" is more of a library cost crisis than a publisher pricing problem, with internal library costs much higher than the amount spent on purchasing books and journals. Therefore publishers may be able to retain or even increase their revenues and profits, while at the same time providing a superior service. To do this, they will have to take over many of the function of libraries, and they can do that only in the digital domain. This paper examines publishers' strategies, how they are likely to evolve, and how they will affect libraries.
Scholarly Communication and the Continuum of Electronic Publishing  [PDF]
Rob Kling,Geoffrey McKim
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: Electronic publishing opportunities, manifested today in a variety of electronic journals and Web-based compendia, have captured the imagination of many scholars. These opportunities have also destabilized norms about the character of legitimate scholarly publishing in some fields. Unfortunately, much of the literature about scholarly e-publishing homogenizes the character of publishing. This article provides an analytical approach for evaluating disciplinary conventions and for proposing policies about scholarly e-publishing. We characterize three dimensions of scholarly publishing as a communicative practice -- publicity, access, and trustworthiness, and examine several forms of paper and electronic publications in this framework. This analysis shows how the common claim that e-publishing "substantially expands access" is over-simplified. It also indicates how peer-reviewing (whether in paper or electronically) provides valuable functions for scholarly communication that are not effectively replaced by self-posting articles in electronic media.
Electronic Scholarly Journals: A Review of Technical Issues in Digital Environment  [PDF]
Golnessa Galyani Moghaddam,Shalini R. Urs
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Scholarly journals are known as the most important medium for scholarly communication since long time back. As technology transforms the flow of information and idea everywhere, it changes the nature of scholarly communications and publishing of scholarly journals as well. The electronic scholarly publishing rapidly produced an expectation, among researchers of the availability of articles at their desktop, rather than the previous scenario of visiting the library to read a print journal issue. There are lots of technological improvements in electronic journals publishing. The present paper looks at some of technical issues in electronic publishing such as DOI, DOI-X, CrossRef, Citation/Reference Linking, OpenURL, SFX and MetaLib which are being used in the World Wide Web.
Libraries and the future of scholarly communication
Edwin V Sperr
Molecular Cancer , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1476-4598-5-58
Abstract: Science fundamentally requires communication, and the scholarly article has been the primary medium for this communication for the past three centuries. For at least half that time, scientific communication has also relied upon libraries. No researcher alone could ever hope to own every work needed, but by pooling their resources, a community of scholars could acquire a great deal. However, changes in commercial publishing, as well as the very volume of information published, have combined to put this model under great strain.The structure of scientific communication has undergone a quiet revolution over the past decade. A researcher can now do a literature search and click through to full-text articles in minutes, all without leaving her desk. It can be so effortless as to seem almost like magic, at least until she attempts to follow a citation to a journal that the library doesn't subscribe to. At that point, all magic ceases – she has the option of either waiting several days, parting with a substantial sum from her own pocket, or just throwing up her hands and looking for another article.The fundamental problem is that the market for scholarly information is broken. Researchers use content, but are insulated from the costs, as they aren't directly responsible for the library's bills. Furthermore, the substitution of expensive titles with less expensive ones is impossible. If the article one needs is in journal A, then no number of articles from journal B will suffice. This all adds up to a distinct lack of pricing pressure – libraries essentially have to agree to pay whatever a publisher demands.Commercial publishers have reacted to this market inefficiency by extracting as much money as they can. Prices for an individual title are typically in the thousands of dollars for titles in science, technology and medicine (STM), and some approach the twenty-thousand dollar mark. Publishers also often "bundle" access to weaker titles along with more popular ones, requir
Electronic only journals in the process of scientific information and communication  [PDF]
Edvard Grabrijan
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2002,
Abstract: The article deals with the role journals in electronic form play in scientific information and communication. Issues concerning electronic publishing, types of electronic journals and the impact they create, are also presented. On the basis of a defined methodology, a selection of journals, in electronic form only, from the fields of library and information sciences (18 chosen e-journals) and geography (9 chosen e-journals), was made. The two scientific fields were compared. A projection of the future role of libraries in the electronic environment, as well as the future of scientific electronic journals are also presented.
Scholarly Electronic Journals in Turkey Türkiye’de Bilimsel Elektronik Dergiler
Mehmet Emin Kü?ük,Umut Al,Necip Erol Olcay
Türk Kütüphanecili?i , 2008,
Abstract: This study aims to establish the profi le of Turkish scholarly electronic journals. Initially, scholarly electronic journals were identifi ed. Then, the journals’ inventory was established and analyses for establishing a country profi le were performed by using the data gathered from the inventory. Some 253 “scholarly electronic journals” were identifi ed, and 60% of those journals are published by Turkish universities and 10% of them are electronic only. Two-thirds of the present journals have started e-publishing after the year 2000 and only four journals’ back issues go back to 20 years or earlier. It is observed that, information technology is not being fully integrated into the function and process of e-publishing. For example, access points to journals’ contents are limited: only 39% of the journals facilitate search in current and back issues. Again, just 19% of the present journals accept online article submission. Examination of subjects and languages of journals has shown that researchers in health sciences (37%) and social sciences (34%) are the two major groups that strive to publish in electronic journals. Other subject groups are in a slow transformation process. Languages other than Turkish are also used for scholarly communication in Turkish journals (39% of journals are in only Turkish). Some 94% of journals provide open access. Bu al man n amac , Türkiye’deki bilimsel elektronik dergilerin profi lini olu turmakt r. al mada ncelikle, “bilimsel elektronik dergi” l ütüne uyan dergiler belirlenmi tir. Belirlenen dergilerin bir envanteri olu turulmu , bu envanter üzerinde Türkiye profi lini belirlemeye y nelik analizler yap lm t r. Belirlenen l ütlere uyan toplam 253 dergi tespit edilmi tir. Bunlar n %60’ üniversitelerce yay mlanmaktad r. Sadece elektronik ortamda yay mlananlar n oran %10’dur. Mevcut dergilerin ü te ikisinin 2000 y l ndan sonra e-yay nc l a ba lad , toplam d rt derginin 20 y l ve üzeri say s n n elektronik ortamda bulundu u g rülmü tür. E-yay nc l n ülkemiz i in “yeni” olmas n n do al bir sonucu olarak teknolojinin, i lemlerin ve i levlerin tamam na entegre edilmedi i g zlemlenmi tir. rne in, dergi i eriklerine eri im noktalar s n rl olup, tarama zelli i dergilerin sadece %39’unda mevcuttur. Yine dergilerin sadece %19’unun evrimi i makale ba vurusu kabul etti i saptanm t r. Konu ve yay n dili da l mlar incelendi inde, sa l k bilimleri (%37) ve sosyal bilimler (%34) alanlar ndaki dergilerin mevcut dergilerin ü te ikisinden fazlas n olu turmas di er disiplinlerin bu disiplinlere g re olduk a “a r” da
Payment of purchase and usage of electronic journals  [PDF]
Roberta Brezav??ek
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2000,
Abstract: The article presents the position of electronic journals in professional and scientific communication, purchase of electronic journals and models of payment. On the basis of research, the present position of professional and scientific electronic journals in Slovenian special and academic libraries is shown, also the acquisition policy, response of users and a view of the future use of electronic journals in libraries.
Leading dental journals availability through academic network of Serbia
Ja?imovi? Jelena,?ivkovi? Slavoljub
Stomatolo?ki Glasnik Srbije , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/sgs1003154j
Abstract: In the last century a great progress was noted in all scientific disciplines. With the increasing number of scientific research, researchers and investment, the number of publications has grown exponentially. Besides, the development of information technologies and the emergence of the Internet, communication between scientists as well as the traditional roles assigned to the institutions responsible for information processing and provision has been changed. Due to the rapidly increasing subscription rates, libraries, although the primary participants in the scholarly communication process, lose their ability to meet user information needs. In order to overcome commercialization of scholarly publishing, libraries intensify use of different electronic resources, coordinate acquisition policy and form consortia. In November 2001, leading research libraries in Serbia launched an initiative to form the Consortium for Coordinated Acquisition of Serbian Libraries (KoBSON). Subscribed services, funded by the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia, currently include over 35,000 scientific journals, about 40,000 books and several citation databases. In the field of Dentistry, Oral Surgery and Medicine, 73.4% of total number of the most relevant dental journals is available in electronic form to Serbian academic community. This article presents a comprehensive overview of basic information about available journals: impact factor, productivity, publication continuity and frequency, language, services that they are available through, size of archives and existing formats. At present Serbian academic institutions have access to more than two thirds of the world’s most relevant dental journals, which justifies the Consortium founders’ initial idea of wide accessibility of scientific information and requires greater involvement of librarians in introducing available services to researchers in order to ensure their full utilization.
Web citation behaviour in scholarly electronic journals in the field of library and information science  [cached]
Smt. Veena R. Bhat,B. T. Sampath Kumar
Webology , 2008,
Abstract: The modern era is facing a radical change in the way people find and use information resources. Although the information gathering and use pattern in the traditional print environment have been studied for many years, the electronic media presents a new and relatively unexplored area for such study. In this context, this article describes a citation analysis of research articles from scholarly electronic journals published in 2000-2006. The analysis focused on the extent to which scholars are using web-based sources in scholarly electronic journals. Results of the study shows that 81.49% of articles published in selected 9 electronic journals during 2000-2006 have web references. Out of 25,730 references 56.54 % of references are print journal references and 43.52% of them are web references. The majority of articles having web references are found in ARIADANE (93.24%) which ranks first, followed by Cybermetrics: International Journal of Scientometrics, Informetrics, and Bibliometrics (89.47%) and D-LIB Magazine (89.19%). It can be observed from the study that comparatively more number of articles (81.05%) published during the years 2000-2006 have web references.
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