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Health Literacy: Challenges and Strategies
N. Egbert,K. M. Nanna
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2009,
Abstract: Although health literacy is a concept new to many members of the healthcare community, it has quickly caught the attention of researchers, policy makers, and clinicians due to its widespread impact on health and well-being. Despite the enormous implications of low health literacy, there remains a significant amount of confusion surrounding the concept and its connection with healthcare outcomes. The purpose of this article is to outline the scope of low health literacy as a concept and explore ways that researchers and clinicians can reduce its negative impact on health outcomes. First, the major definitions of health literacy are presented in a brief overview. Then, the concepts of obtaining, processing/understanding, and using information serve as a working framework for discussing both the challenges of low health literacy and strategies to address low health literacy. The authors conclude by identifying areas of research that are needed to advance the conceptualization of health literacy.
Literacy at a Distance in Multilingual Contexts: Issues and Challenges  [cached]
Christine I. Ofulue
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2011,
Abstract: Literacy is perhaps the most fundamental skill required for effective participation in education (formal and non-formal) for national development. At the same time, the choice of language for literacy is a complex issue in multilingual societies like Nigeria. This paper examines the issues involved, namely language policy, language and teacher development, and the role of distance education and information and communication technologies (ICTs), in making literacy accessible in as many languages as possible. Two distance learning literacy projects are presented as case studies and the lessons learned are discussed. The findings of this study suggest that although there is evidence of growing accessibility to ICTs like mobile phones, their use and success to increase access to literacy in the users’ languages are yet to be attained and maximised. The implication of the lessons learned should be relevant to other multilingual nations that seek the goal of increasing access to learning and promoting development so as to harvest economic benefits.
Editorial: Challenges of Social Science Literacy
Birgit Weber
Journal of Social Science Education , 2010,
Abstract: Since international tests compare the performance of students in different subjects, the issue of literacy in the social science subject is becoming more pressing. The successes and failures in international tests influence the national education policies considerably. First, the inclusion of subjects in international comparisons has consequences for their importance. Second, the race in the Olympics of education leads to an increasing focus on the output of educational processes, also measured in the central exams. Social Sciences can refuse to take part in the national comparison studies with the price of losing much more importance; they can participate with the danger of undermining their goals. This raises a lot of questions: What competences students need in this social world to reason about it und to act responsibly? What is the foundation of concepts from social science students need for guidance and understanding their place and role as an individual in society? The social science disciplines, as sociology, political science and economics in a narrow sense, history, law and geography in a broader sense, supported by philosophy, pedagogy and psychology are able to select them for educational purposes or determine such educational aims. This Journal wants to resume und discuss competences and core con cepts for political and economic teaching and learning as Social Science Literacy”. Contributions in this issue do not only discuss and recommend competences and core concepts from a domain specific political or economic point of view, but also from an interdisciplinary or psychological point of view. They analyse preconditions and interdependencies as well as obstacles und problems of development and diagnosis core concepts and competences of Social Science Literacy.
Challenges and strategies to improve patient health literacy and competencies
Hayden B Bosworth
Patient Intelligence , 2010,
Abstract: Hayden B BosworthCenter for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAMC, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, NC, USAAbstract: Health literacy continues to be a significant public health problem with more than a third of Americans having difficulties understanding basic health information. While a number of factors are associated with health literacy, in light of soaring health care costs, further examination of ways to identify and reduce the impact of poor health literacy are essential. To this end, this review of health literacy includes details on numeracy, summarizes why health literacy is crucial in the health care setting, the impact of poor health literacy, and the correlates of poor health literacy. In addition, ways to identify poor health literacy are discussed and summarized and successful methods in reducing the impact of health literacy are provided. Given that successful management of many acute or chronic health conditions is influenced by patients’ understanding of relevant health information, providing additional support to individuals who have difficulty understanding this information can positively influence health outcomes.Keywords: low literacy, numeracy, behavioral intervention, chronic disease, patient-physician communication
Challenges and strategies to improve patient health literacy and competencies
Hayden B Bosworth
Patient Intelligence , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PI.S9491
Abstract: llenges and strategies to improve patient health literacy and competencies Review (4092) Total Article Views Authors: Hayden B Bosworth Published Date August 2010 Volume 2010:2(Default) Pages 19 - 25 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PI.S9491 Hayden B Bosworth Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAMC, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA Abstract: Health literacy continues to be a significant public health problem with more than a third of Americans having difficulties understanding basic health information. While a number of factors are associated with health literacy, in light of soaring health care costs, further examination of ways to identify and reduce the impact of poor health literacy are essential. To this end, this review of health literacy includes details on numeracy, summarizes why health literacy is crucial in the health care setting, the impact of poor health literacy, and the correlates of poor health literacy. In addition, ways to identify poor health literacy are discussed and summarized and successful methods in reducing the impact of health literacy are provided. Given that successful management of many acute or chronic health conditions is influenced by patients’ understanding of relevant health information, providing additional support to individuals who have difficulty understanding this information can positively influence health outcomes.
Measuring Media Literacy in a National Context: Challenges of Definition, Method and Implementation  [cached]
Monica E. Bulger
Medijske Studije , 2012,
Abstract: General consensus among policymakers and academics is that media literacy is the ability to access, analyse, and evaluate media in multiple forms and communicate competently within these forms. Yet this seemingly straightforward definition presents methodological challenges in measurement, especially within a national context. Conceptually, approaches to measuring media literacy are often broadly inclusive, without necessarily considering how media literacy is enacted or identifying specific examples of media literate actors within daily contexts. Logistically, indicators are often defined in terms of existing data or data that can be easily collected, rather than choosing stronger measures identified through empirical research. This article examines the methodological challenges associated with measuring national levels of media literacy using the recent Testing and Refining Criteria to Assess Media Literacy Levels in All EU Member States as a case study. The article concludes by recommending more focused measures that account for practices, contexts, and shifting policy priorities.
Critical Insights in Media Literacy Research in Spain: Educational and Political Challenges  [cached]
Carmen Marta-Lazo,María del Mar Grandío Pérez
Medijske Studije , 2012,
Abstract: This article proposes a critical perspective on the tradition of media literacy research in Spain in order to examine how Spanish scholars are facing challenges on public policy, and more specifically school curricula, regarding media education. Research in media literacy in Spain (known as educomunicación in Spanish) has moved forward through the interest of scholars and other groups, such as journalists and school teachers, who have raised awareness on the need to develop a critical and creative media learning system. This article will review a) the European and Hispanic heritages on media literacy in Spain, b) main current research groups and projects focusing on media education and c) academic policy on digital competence in formal learning. Lastly, this article will suggest some recommendations on education and policy that will help gain more support among academia, media and citizens within the European and Latin American context.
Confronting Challenges, Overcoming Obstacles: A Conversation about Quantitative Literacy
Bernard L. Madison,Lynn A. Steen
Numeracy , 2009,
Abstract: An edited transcript of the opening session of a workshop on quantitative literacy held Oct. 10-12, 2008 at Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota. The workshop, which brought together interdisciplinary teams from two dozen colleges and universities, was sponsored by the Quantitative Inquiry, Reasoning, and Knowledge (QuIRK) Initiative at Carleton and the Washington-based Project Kaleidoscope. Two mathematicians in the forefront of quantitative literacy initiatives over the period 1997-2008, Lynn Arthur Steen and Bernard L. Madison, converse about attitudes, obstacles, changes and accomplishments. The conversation, structured as an interview, begins with the relationship between mathematics and quantitative literacy and moves through issues central to effective education in quantitative reasoning to the relationship of such reasoning to the US financial crises of 2008.
Exploring the challenges of developing digital literacy in the context of special educational needs communities
Peter Williams
ITALICS , 2006,
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of ‘digital literacy’ in the context of people with moderate to severe learning difficulties. The authors are part of a research consortium developing ‘Project @PPLe: Accessibility and Participation in the World Wide Web for People with Learning Disabilities’, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council’s (ESRC). Project @PPLe aims to explore how people with learning disabilities can access and participate in, and be empowered by, the range of opportunities presented by the digital environment. To meet this aim a multimedia Learning Environment (LE), providing learning resources and tools for self-advocacy, is being developed and tested with young people with learning difficulties, teachers and support-staff. The LE aims to provide routes to learning materials and accessible content for learners matched to individual needs and preferences by a sophisticated content management system underpinned by a range of accessibility, cognitive and pedagogical taxonomies. Although carers, teachers and other supporters are often required to aid the learners in both their online and other tasks, the LE is being developed to facilitate independent use by even those with quite pronounced learning difficulties. In order to develop this system, a usability study was undertaken, partly to inform the software developers with regard to the interface and structure of the particular LE being created, partly to develop a taxonomy of user behaviour to inform this, and also partly to generalise from the findings to inform the wider aim of providing the authoritative guidelines for e-learning and information literacy in the context of special educational needs. This paper explores how a methodology for examining usability was developed, and in particular, the challenges raised by the provision of independent learning for young people with cognitive disabilities.
The Challenges of Globalization and the Use of Children’s Literature in Achieving Cultural Literacy in Nigeria
Njemanze Queen Ugochi
Studies in Literature and Language , 2010,
Abstract: In the past, Africans attached great value to the transmission of their values and norms to their younger generation. This was done through oral traditions, such as story telling, songs, lullabies, riddles, plays and more. This emphasises continuity and cultural preservation .Cultural transmission aims at producing a generation who will sustain the communities’ values like honesty, perseverance, diligence, good community and brotherly relationship. Children’s Literature refers to quality books for children ranging from birth to adolescence; while globalization is the process of increased inter dependence and integration of cultures and values among nations, This paper thus, discusses the use of children’s literature as an instrument of achieving national integration in the era of globalization. It also examines the relevance of children’s literature to the society and asserts that children’s literature could be used to promote and sustain the national heritage. It will serve as a voice to forestall loss of our values. It proffers suggestions and concludes, .by stating how to achieve these aims. Keywords: Children’s literature; Globalization and Cultural Literacy
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