Abstract:
We formulate a criterion of uniqueness of solutions of a Cauchy problem using the comparison function of the Kamke type. This will be a generalization of classical results concerning first order equations with partial derivatives. We prove that the uniqueness criteria of Perron and Kamke type for differential-function problems are equivalent if given functions are continuous.

Abstract:
We set-up and solve the Cauchy problem for Schr\"odinger-type differential operators with generalized functions as coefficients, in particular, allowing for distributional coefficients in the principal part. Equations involving such kind of operators appeared in models of deep earth seismology. We prove existence and uniqueness of Colombeau generalized solutions and analyze the relations with classical and distributional solutions. Furthermore, we provide a construction of generalized initial values that may serve as square roots of arbitrary probability measures.

Abstract:
In this paper we consider a parabolic partial differential system of the form DtHt=L(t,x,D)Ht. The generalized stochastic solutions Ht, corresponding to the generalized stochastic initial conditions H0 are given. Some properties concerning these generalized stochastic solutions are also obtained.

Abstract:
In this paper we prove the existence and uniqueness of viscosity solutions of the Cauchy problem for the second order nonlinear partial differential equations in Hilbert spaces.

Abstract:
In this Note, we present a Calder\'on-type uniqueness theorem on the Cauchy problem of stochastic partial differential equations. To this aim, we introduce the concept of stochastic pseudo-differential operators, and establish their boundedness and other fundamental properties. The proof of our uniqueness theorem is based on a new Carleman-type estimate.

Abstract:
We study existence, uniqueness, and distributional aspects of generalized solutions to the Cauchy problem for first-order symmetric (or Hermitian) hyperbolic systems of partial differential equations with Colombeau generalized functions as coefficients and data. The proofs of solvability are based on refined energy estimates on lens-shaped regions with spacelike boundaries. We obtain several variants and also partial extensions of previous results and provide aspects accompanying related recent work by C. Garetto and M. Oberguggenberger.

Abstract:
We consider the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem in for a class of linear parabolic partial differential equations. We assume that is an unbounded, open, connected set with regular boundary. Our hypotheses are unbounded and locally Lipschitz coefficients, not necessarily differentiable, with continuous data and local uniform ellipticity. We construct a classical solution to the nonhomogeneous Cauchy-Dirichlet problem using stochastic differential equations and parabolic differential equations in bounded domains. 1. Introduction In this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of a classical solution to the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for a linear parabolic differential equation in a general unbounded domain. Let be the differential operator where , , and . The Cauchy-Dirichlet problem is where is an unbounded, open, connected set with regular boundary. In the case of bounded domains, the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem is well understood (see [1, 2] for a detailed description of this problem). Moreover, when the domain is unbounded and the coefficients are bounded, the existence of a classical solution to (1.2) is well known. For a survey of this theory see [3, 4] where the problem is studied with analytical methods and [5] for a probabilistic approach. In the last years, parabolic equations with unbounded coefficients in unbounded domains have been studied in great detail. For the particular case when , there exist many papers in which the existence, uniqueness, and regularity of the solution is studied under different hypotheses on the coefficients; see for example, [6–17]. In the case of general unbounded domains, Fornaro et al. in [18] studied the homogeneous, autonomous Cauchy-Dirichlet problem. They proved, using analytical methods in semigroups, the existence and uniqueness of a solution to the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem when the coefficients are locally , with bounded, and functions with a Lyapunov type growth; that is, there exists a function such that and for some , It is also assumed that has a boundary. Schauder-type estimates were obtained for the gradient of the solution in terms of the data. Bertoldi and Fornaro in [19] obtained analogous results for the Cauchy-Neumann problem for an unbounded convex domain. Later, in [20] Bertoldi et al. generalized the method to nonconvex sets with boundary. They studied the existence, uniqueness, and gradient estimates for the Cauchy-Neumann problem. For a survey of this results, see [21]. Using the theory of semigroups, Da Prato and Lunardi studied, in [22, 23], the realization of the elliptic operator , in the

Abstract:
The Cauchy problem for a multidimensional linear transport equation with discontinuous coefficient is investigated. Provided the coefficient satisfies a one-sided Lipschitz condition, existence, uniqueness and weak stability of solutions are obtained for either the conservative backward problem or the advective forward problem by duality. Specific uniqueness criteria are introduced for the backward conservation equation since weak solutions are not unique. A main point is the introduction of a generalized flow in the sense of partial differential equations, which is proved to have unique jacobian determinant, even though it is itself nonunique.

Abstract:
The paper is concerned with solution in H\"older spaces of the Cauchy problem for linear and semi-linear backward stochastic partial differential equations (BSPDEs) of super-parabolic type. The pair of unknown functional variables are viewed as deterministic time-space functionals, but take values in Banach spaces of random (vector) variables or processes. We define suitable functional H\"older spaces for them and give some inequalities among these H\"older norms. The existence, uniqueness as well as the regularity of solutions are proved for BSPDEs, which contain new assertions even on deterministic PDEs.

Abstract:
By using the Banach fixed point theorem and step method, we study the existence and uniqueness of solutions for the Cauchy-type problems of fractional differential equations. Meanwhile, by citing some counterexamples, it is pointed out that there exist a few defects in the proofs of the known results.