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Pesticide risk perception and use of personal protective equipment among young and old cotton growers in northern Greece
Damalas, Christos Asterios;Hashemi, Seyyed Mahmoud;
Agrociencia , 2010,
Abstract: conventionally grown cotton receives many pesticide treatments each year, but protective measures of growers during pesticide handling may vary considerably. a survey to cotton growers was conducted in northern greece to study the perception risk to pesticide and the use of personal protective equipment in young (below 35 years old) and old (above 50 years old) growers. both groups showed high acceptability about using pesticides, considering them necessary for high yield, product quality and pest management for cotton in greece. young growers revealed higher levels of risk perception due to adverse effects of pesticide on users' health than old growers, who felt that pesticides are safe if used according to the manufacturer's instructions and less hazardous compared with other farming activities. moreover, young growers showed higher levels of adoption of pest management practices related to integrated pest management (ipm) than old growers. hat and boots were the most commonly used protective items, but most of both growers groups reported low frequency of use for gloves, goggles, face mask, coveralls, and respirator. the use of these items was considerably lower particularly for the old than for the young growers; the respirator was not used at all. old growers showed worryingly low use of some protective items, which were more frequently used by young growers.
Are Spatial Factors Important in the Adoption of Eco-Friendly Agricultural Technologies? Evidence on Integrated Pest Management (IPM)  [PDF]
Muhammad Humayun Kabir, Ruslan Rainis, Md. Javed Azad
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2017.92007
Abstract: Past studies on the adoption of integrated pest management (IPM), analyzed the significance of non-spatial factors (social, economic, institutional and management factors etc.) in influencing farmers’ decision to adopt IPM while the present study analyzed spatial factors in addition to these non-spatial factors to address the questions-i. Do the spatial factors significantly influence the farmers to adopt IPM? If yes, then to what extent they do affect IPM adoption? The data were collected from 331 vegetable farmers of Narsingdi district, Bangladesh, by conducting a household survey. Farmers’ nineteen characteristics under five broad groups, namely social, economic, institutional, management and spatial factors were analyzed. The result of the binary logistic regression model revealed that two spatial factors namely the distance of farmers’ house from the nearest market and the distance from agriculture office, along with some specific social, economic, institutional and management factors, significantly influenced the farmers’ to use IPM. It is also observed from the model that the role of spatial factors was important in influencing IPM adoption. However, with regard to the level of importance, their contribution was less than those of economic and institutional factors but more than those of social and management factors. The influences of these factors in practicing IPM are discussed individually as well as group based. The findings show significance in domestic policy making.
Adoption of IPM groundnut production technologies in Eastern Uganda
J Mugisha, R Ogwal-o, W Ekere, V Ekiyar
African Crop Science Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L) is the second most widely grown food legume in Uganda. Currently average yield of groundnuts at farm level is about 800 kg ha-1, but up to 3,000 kg ha-1 can be achieved. The most important constraints to its production are pests and diseases. Integrated pest management (IPM) technologies have been developed and demonstrated to farmers in Mayuge district. However, many farmers in the district have not adopted these technologies, for reasons not well known. The study was done to establish factors affecting adoption of IPM technologies. Socio-demographic and groundnut production data were collected for the second crop season of the year 2000 from a purposively and randomly selected sample of 76 farmers consisting of both IPM technology adopters and non-adopters. Adopters used improved technologies while the non-adopters used traditional technologies for groundnut production. Data analysis using the probit model indicated that adoption was significantly influenced by education (P< 0.1), family size (P< 0.05), association membership (P<0.01), extension visit (P<0.05), access to credit (P<0.05), size of cultivable land (P<0.01) and household income (P< 0.05). A descriptive analysis indicated that lack of seed, lack of information about the technologies, costly chemical, labour intensiveness, and lack of land were reasons for non-adoption. Intensification of extension services, farmers joining associations, establishment of farmer field schools (FFS), provision of credit to farm families by government, improvement of the seed delivery system and enforcement formal education as well as adult literacy programme are recommended to enhance adoption.
Ten years of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) at the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Wien  [cached]
Pascal Querner,Michaela Morelli,Elke Oberthaler,Monica Strolz
Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/jear.2011.e22
Abstract: The Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien is one of the largest fine arts collections worldwide, comprising the Kunsthistorisches Museum, the Austrian Theater Museum, the Museum of Ethnology, all placed in Vienna, and Schlo Ambras in Tirol. We present results from up to 10 years of insect pest monitoring in different collections and the implementation of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concept. The Kunsthistorisches Museum was the first museum in Vienna to introduce such a concept. We also present specific insect pest problems such as a biscuit beetle (Stegobium paniceum) infestation of paintings lined with starch paste backings (linings) or the webbing clothes moth (Tineola bisselliella) infestation at the Museum of Carriages, both repeatedly occurring problems in the museum. With the help of the insect pest monitoring programs, these and other problems were found and the infested objects treated, usually with anoxia (nitrogen).
Pest Management, Productivity and Environment: A Comparative Study of IPM and Conventional Farmers of Northern Districts of Bangladesh
ASM Rejaul Hassan Karim Bakshi
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Experts recognized that there are huge global harvest losses due to pests and effective pest control is thereby of much important to ensure the attainable production. Concerns about the sustainability of conventional agriculture have prompted widespread introduction of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), an ecologically-based approach to control of harmful insects and weeds. IPM is intended to reduce ecological and health damage from chemical pesticides by using natural parasites and predators to control pest populations. Since chemical pesticides are expensive for poor farmers, IPM offers the prospect of lower production costs and higher profitability. However, adoption of IPM may reduce profitability if it also lowers overall productivity or induces more intensive use of other production factors. Using survey data, this paper attempts such an accounting for rice farmers in Bangladesh. We compare outcomes for farming with IPM and conventional techniques, using input-use accounting and conventional production function estimation. All of present results suggest that the productivity of IPM rice farming is not significantly different from the productivity of conventional farming. But as IPM reduces pesticide costs with no countervailing loss in production, it appears to be more profitable than conventional rice farming. Present results also suggest substantial health and ecological benefits. Successful IPM adoption is needed thereby requiring institutional support for collective action.
Impact of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Practices on Tomato Cultivation in Gazipur District of Bangladesh  [PDF]
Md. Akter Faruk Fuad, Md. Nurhasan, Md. Omar Kayess
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2019.72004
Abstract: An experiment was conducted at Nagari union in Kaligonj Upazila of Gazipur district to determine the impact of Integrated Pest Management practices on tomato cultivation. Data were collected by using pre-designed interview schedule from 1st March to 5th August, 2014. The results of the study showed that in the study area farmers cultivated tomato in 14.6% of their land and there are eight IPM practices which are generally used by the farmers in their tomato fields. Regarding the overall adoption of IPM practices in tomato cultivation, 65.0% respondent farmers were in medium to high adoption category. The IPM Practice Use Index (IPUI) was found significantly higher in case of IPM adopters than in case of IPM non-adopters. But “use of pheromone trap”, “setting up the bamboo stick in the field” and “cultivation and use of green manure” were ranked as 1st, 2nd and 3rd, respectively in case of IPM adopters whereas “setting up bamboo stick in field”, “cultivation and using green manure” and “use quality and resistant seeds” obtained 1st, 2nd and 3rd rank, respectively in case of IPM non-adopters. The average infestation of insect and disease was found significantly lower in the fields of IPM adopter (9.7%) than IPM non-adopter (11.8%). The average frequency of chemical use in the season was also significantly lower in the fields of IPM adopter (2.14 times) than IPM non-adopter (3.44 times). The marketable yield was found significantly higher in the fields of IPM adopter (51.34 t/ha) than in the fields of IPM non-adopter (42.24 t/ha). The average gross return was also significantly higher in case of IPM adopter (526,143 taka/ha) than IPM non-adopter (472,647 taka/ha). The Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) of IPM adopter (2.41) was also found significantly higher than the BCR of IPM non-adopter (1.44).
Assessment of Constraints to the Adoption of Technologies Promoted by the Integrated Pest Management Training Program in Cotton-Based Cropping Systems in Western Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Souleymane Nacro, Karim Sama
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.62011
Abstract: Our study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009 in the Houet province, western Burkina Faso. It consisted in the assessment of the constraints to the adoption by cotton growers of technologies promoted by the IPM program through Farmers’ Field Schools in cotton-cereals-livestock systems. We did so by surveying a sample of 185 farmers trained in IPM and by describing farmers’ practices before and after the training in IPM. The results showed that the average dose of organic manure, NPK and urea used by famers after their training were respectively 3.8 tons/ha, 163 kg/ha and 65 kg /ha as compared with 2.4 tons/ha, 140 kg/ha and 51 kg/ha before the training. Regarding the use of pesticides, 94.6% of farmers used protection equipment during the sprayings after the training against 21.6% of them before the training. However, the average number of sprays did not vary significantly. It was 6 before the training and only 5 after. The botanical pesticides were used by 31% of farmers after the training as compared with 0% of users before the training in IPM. The training did not affect much crop yields. The constraints identified and classified according to their relative importance included the lack of agricultural equipment, and animals for ploughing, difficulties in inputs access, labor shortage, the lack of organic manure, and marketing problems. These technical, social and economic constraints have been analyzed and recommendations have been made to work them out.
Integrated pest management (IPM) and Internet-based information delivery systems
Bajwa, Waheed I.;Coop, Leonard;Kogan, Marcos;
Neotropical Entomology , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2003000300001
Abstract: the internet enables collaboration and information sharing on an unprecedented scale. it has become a prime medium for research and extension communication. the world wide web (www) makes it possible to combine information from many different sites in a seamless fashion. the potential for using the web to integrate all types of static and interactive (dynamic) information is unique and unprecedented. the web provides excellent interfaces for all kinds of interactive network databases, and many kinds of online analyses and data processing. web-based models and decision support systems (dss) are becoming popular because little or no client software is required, thus reducing software management and distribution costs. no other medium offers such ability as simultaneous real-time weather information, multimedia, analytical processing and multi-way discussion and feedback. ipm is an information-intensive system. both ipm research and implementation require the reliable supply of timely information. the internet provides the means to establish communication links between ipm researchers and extension professionals and their clientele to expedite multi-way exchange of information and technology transfer. the internet particularly the www, has opened up a rich array of data resources for ipm research, extension, teaching, and learning that was not as readily accessible before the advent of the internet. the future of ipm delivery systems through the internet is promising; internet-based information exchange is quickly becoming an absolute requirement for local, regional/areawide, and international implementation of ipm systems.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) of the drug store beetle, Stegobium paniceum (L.), a serious pest of old books  [cached]
Stanislaw Ignatowicz,Krystyna Janczukowicz,Pawel Olejarski
Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/jear.2011.e21
Abstract: Recently (January 2010), we have found that drugstore beetle, Stegobium paniceum (L.), is a serious pest of old books in a religious library in Cracow, Poland. About 80% old books were found more or less damaged by this pest. As the result of larval activity, many holes and tunnels were formed in damaged books. Some of them were old, some of them were new tunnels with live larvae and pupae. Many characteristic emergence holes of the adults were found in the book bindings. Around books there was an enormous amount of dust as a result of larval feeding activity. Live and dead adults were found around old books and within the library room, especially near windows. The Integrated Pest Management program was suggested to the owners and curator of the library to control infestation and to avoid the continuation of the damage.
Effect of Some Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Packages Against Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer and its Consequence on Yield
Md. Saifur Rahman,M. Zinnatul Alam,Mainul Haq,Nasreen Sultana
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of three IPM packages on the basis of infestation level of brinjal shoot and fruit borer on shoots and fruits of eggplant. The IPM package 1 consisting of mechanical control on grafted eggplant; IPM package 2 comprising kerosene, neem oil and wild Ipomoea extract application on non-grafted eggplant; IPM package 3 containing Cymbush application on grafted eggplant and untreated plants. The grafted plants treated with Cymbush resulted significantly lowest shoot and fruit infestation compared to those of other treatments. Significantly the highest yield was obtained in plants treated with Cymbush. IPM packages with grafted plants produced more fruits than non-grafted ones. The diameter and weight of individual fruit was higher in plants under IPM package 1 and 3 utilizing grafted eggplant in late fruiting stage.
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