oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
The focus group technique in electoral research - an experimental project  [cached]
SANTOS NEVES, Manuela Lopes
Revista Compolítica , 2012,
Abstract: The article is about the application of focus group method in electoral research and its contribution to the strategic planning of campaigns. The methodological approach and analysis were based on the nature of information that this kind of research may provide. The starting point was an experimental research conducted by the campaign of a re-election candidate to the House of Representatives of the state of Espírito Santo.
Analysing group interaction in focus group research: Impact on content and the role of the moderator  [cached]
Mette Gr?nkj?r,Tine Curtis,Charlotte de Crespigny,Charlotte Delmar
Qualitative Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Interaction between group participants is considered the distinct advantage and hallmark of focus group research. It is therefore necessary to include the social interaction dynamics in analysing focus group data. Little information is however available on analysis of the social interaction in the group and the analytical outcome for the content of the data. This paper contributes to the discussion of the value of participant interaction in focus group research by analysing sequences of interaction collected recently during a research project. This project utilized focus groups to investigate the perceptions and meanings of alcohol use in Denmark. As a frame for analysing group interaction, elements of conversation analysis were used. The aim of this paper is to illustrate group interaction and its impact on the content of focus group data, and highlight the role and some of the challenges posed by group interaction for moderating the focus group discussion. The interaction analyses led to the construction of four interactional events: Negotiating and constructing normality in interaction, disagreement and/or consensus, homogeneity and the impact on interaction and content, and coming to and making sense of a dead-end (including the risk of hierarchical issues). The interactional events are followed by considerations on the impact they may have on the role of the moderator.
Role of Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in e-Business Research
Norshakirah Ab Aziz
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101281
Abstract:

e-Business is a vast area of study. Normally Information System researchers preferred to use a combination of quantitative and qualitative study or known as Mixed Method approach. This is because qualitative study is able to explain the quantitative finding in more details. Malaysian e-Supply Chain (e-SC) was chosen as domain for this study and the ultimate goal of research is to identify measurement parameters for trusted trading partner. This study focused on the role of Focus Group Discussion (FGD) as a tool for e-Business research included with the FGD procedure, size of participant, and challenges in conducting the FGD sessions.

Teachers’ Commitment to, and Experiences of, the Teaching Profession in Tanzania: Findings of Focus Group Research  [cached]
Kitila A.K. Mkumbo
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n3p222
Abstract: This qualitative study examined teachers’ commitment to, and experiences of, the teaching profession in six regions of Tanzania. The study used focus group discussions as research method and data collection tool. Twenty four groups were conducted, with group membership ranging from five to nine participants. The results show that the teachers’ commitment to the teaching profession is devastatingly low, with the majority of teachers expressing that they did not choose the teaching profession as their choice, but were compelled by the easiness to get the job and lack of qualifications to join other professions of their liking and choice. Teachers highlighted poor working environment and poor government and community attitudes towards the teaching profession as the main de-motivating factors for the teaching profession. In order to raise teachers’ commitment to the teaching profession, which is an important contributor to the students’ academic achievement, it is recommended that the Government of Tanzania and other stakeholders should improve the teachers working conditions, including provision of housing facilities and social welfare services.
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN FOCUS-GROUP AND IN-DEPTH INTERVIEW  [PDF]
Zaharia Rodica Milena,Grundey Dainora,alinstancu@mk.ase.ro
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2008,
Abstract: Qualitative research methods tend to be used more and more in academic research. The cost for these methods is quite low and the results may be very interesting and useful for many fields of study. However, the utility and the characteristic of qualitative research methods differ from subject to subject and from discipline to discipline. This paper comes close to a comparison of two qualitative research methods (focus-group and in-depth interview) used in investigating the opinion of academics, analyzing by comparison the results founded in a research conducted in the Bucharest University of Economics using focus group and in-depth interviews. The conclusions of the study reveal that apart of the limits states in the literature, there are other elements that can contribute to obtaining unrealistic results.
FOCUS-GROUP AND ITS IMPACT IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE OF MARKETING RESEARCH ON THE ROMANIAN CAR MARKET  [PDF]
CRUCERU Gheorghe,SAVOIU Gheorghe,MANEA Constantin
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: Designing a questionnaire is the most profound activity which makes an impact on a research in marketing. The investigation instrument finally determines the quality of this type of research. Never will a market research be able to exceed its questionnaire in point of quality. The present contribution succinctly itemizes a research project for the Romanian car market, emphasizing the importance of focus group, and appends, at the end, the concrete result, applied to the Romanian car market. The first part describes the hypotheses and sets out the objectives of the research, focusing on the market leader, i.e. Automobile Dacia Renault. The second section describes the practical process of designing the questionnaire, with a special stress laid on the impact of focus-group in the final version. The synthesis of focus group is materialized through a number of final remarks on the manner of concretely writing the questionnaire, which was put to practical use on the Romanian car market.
The use of focus groups to investigate sensitive topics: an example taken from research on adolescent girls' perceptions about sexual risks
Oliveira,Dora Lucia de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000800009
Abstract: the methodology of focus groups has been increasingly employed in the context of research in the social sciences, particularly in health-related inquiries. considerations about the sensitive aspects of such research are not, however, very often seen in research reports or discussion on ways of conducting sensitive research. the scope of this paper is to share an experience of conducting focus group research on sensitive topics, such as aids, risk and sexual issues, highlighting some methodological issues. more specifically, it suggests ways of working with teenage girls in focus groups about sensitive topics. the advantages of the use of focus groups to explore views on hiv/aids and other sexual risks are also discussed. socio-cultural approaches to risk and feminist thinking permeate the main arguments.
Scanning for satisfaction or digging for dismay? Comparing findings from a postal survey with those from a focus group-study
Carlsen Benedicte,Glenton Claire
BMC Medical Research Methodology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-134
Abstract: Background Despite growing support for mixed methods approaches we still have little systematic knowledge about the consequences of combining surveys and focus groups. While the methodological aspects of questionnaire surveys have been researched extensively, the characteristics of focus group methodology are understudied. We suggest and discuss whether the focus group setting, as compared to questionnaire surveys, encourages participants to exaggerate views in a negative direction. Discussion Based on an example from our own research, where we conducted a survey as a follow up of a focus group study, and with reference to theoretical approaches and empirical evidence from the literature concerning survey respondent behaviour and small group dynamics, we discuss the possibility that a discrepancy in findings between the focus groups and the questionnaire reflects characteristics of the two different research methods. In contrast to the survey, the focus group study indicated that doctors were generally negative to clinical guidelines. We were not convinced that this difference in results was due to methodological flaws in either of the studies, and discuss instead how this difference may have been the result of a general methodological phenomenon. Summary Based on studies of how survey questionnaires influence responses, it appears reasonable to claim that surveys are more likely to find exaggerated positive views. Conversely, there are some indications in the literature that focus groups may result in complaints and overly negative attitudes, but this is still an open question. We suggest that while problematic issues tend to be under-communicated in questionnaire surveys, they may be overstated in focus groups. We argue for the importance of increasing our understanding of focus group methodology, for example by reporting interesting discrepancies in mixed methods studies. In addition, more experimental research on focus groups should be conducted to advance the methodology and to test our hypothesis.
What about N? A methodological study of sample-size reporting in focus group studies
Benedicte Carlsen, Claire Glenton
BMC Medical Research Methodology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-11-26
Abstract: We searched PubMed for studies that had used focus groups and that had been published in open access journals during 2008, and extracted data on the number of focus groups and on any explanation authors gave for this number. We also did a qualitative assessment of the papers with regard to how number of groups was explained and discussed.We identified 220 papers published in 117 journals. In these papers insufficient reporting of sample sizes was common. The number of focus groups conducted varied greatly (mean 8.4, median 5, range 1 to 96). Thirty seven (17%) studies attempted to explain the number of groups. Six studies referred to rules of thumb in the literature, three stated that they were unable to organize more groups for practical reasons, while 28 studies stated that they had reached a point of saturation. Among those stating that they had reached a point of saturation, several appeared not to have followed principles from grounded theory where data collection and analysis is an iterative process until saturation is reached. Studies with high numbers of focus groups did not offer explanations for number of groups. Too much data as a study weakness was not an issue discussed in any of the reviewed papers.Based on these findings we suggest that journals adopt more stringent requirements for focus group method reporting. The often poor and inconsistent reporting seen in these studies may also reflect the lack of clear, evidence-based guidance about deciding on sample size. More empirical research is needed to develop focus group methodology.Transparency and accountability are key elements in any research report, not least in qualitative studies. Thorough reporting of methods allows readers to assess the quality and relevance of research findings. In addition, for qualitative research methodology to advance, information about how these methods are used and how they work best is needed.A focus group or focus interview is commonly defined as a method of collectin
Meanings Given to Professional Care: Focus Group Results  [PDF]
Mary Kalfoss, Jenny Owe Cand Scient
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.75041
Abstract: Background: Many studies have focused on exploring the concept of care from patient and nurse perspectives, but knowledge is limited regarding student perceptions. Objective: To explore the meanings given to the concept of professional care from the perspective of graduate students in nursing and pastoral care. Research design: A qualitative study was employed with the formation of six focus groups. Data were analyzed via a thematic content analysis of the discussions. Participants and research context: Thirty-one students attending a University College in Oslo participated. Findings: Seven main themes and forty-four subthemes were identified. Major themes included reverence and respect for the dignity and value of human life, bonding, sensitive to self and other, communication, competence, willfulness and deep caring. Discussion: Different levels of intentionality, professional comportment and caring consciousness were revealed in the discussions. Findings also lend support to major beliefs and values in Watson’s Human Caring Theory. Conclusion: The focus groups generated valuable detail of complex experiences behind student’s perceptions, attitudes, beliefs and actions. Focus group methodology can enhance holistic nursing practice by providing opportunities to explore and clarify holistic care values, create opportunities for self-awareness and transformative learning in education, clinical practice, administration and research.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.