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New dimensions of the modern warfare
Revista Roman? de Sociologie , 2008,
Abstract: The huge scientific and technologic progress made by mankind during the last century has had an obvious impact on the military phenomenon. It is a common place to say that the present day wars do not look like the previous ones at all. The military are not the same as the one in former days either, whatever their national insignia on various uniforms. Hence, some questions require a clear and imperative answer. How has the contemporary war been changed? How has the 21 Century military prophile evolved? Which is the trigger of all these changes? What are the new concepts of the modern warfare? To all those questions we are trying to get an answer based on our personal experience gained during a couple of NATO missions and on the respective military doctrines and policies. Why both the military and the politicians are trying to avoid the term war" by placing instead the much more innofensive syntagm of military operations" and what are the main characteristics of the 3rd Millenium officer? These are some of the topics of this essay. Quite new military concepts experimented by the most powefull armed forces of the world, such as Effect Based Operations Approach, Network Based Warfare, Information Operations and Psychologiocal Operations will be also examined as pillars of the modern warfare.
Back to the future: aerial warfare in Libya
Jo?o Paulo Nunes Vicente
JANUS.NET : e-journal of International Relations , 2013,
Abstract: A century after the first air bomb mission, a new intervention in the same geographic space has made evident the changes in Airpower. The Aerial Warfare in Libya has radically changed the civil war, complying with a UN mission to protect Libyan population, imposing a no-fly zone and an arms embargo. Therefore, Operation Unified Protector became one of the most successful campaigns in the history of NATO. We aim to assess the operational efficiency of Airpower in the conflict in Libya, focusing on the challenges of a War essentially Aerial. Despite the military results and the fact that some political objectives were met, we can identify some concerning trends that, if not shifted, may negatively influence future NATO operations. We do not aim to draw general and universal conclusions on the strategic value of Airpower based on the analysis of a specific case. Above all, we focus on identifying some lessons which have influenced OUP operational efficiency. Thus, we must analyze some factors, such as the scope of objectives, the type of opposing action and aerial strategy used by the coalition and then focus on the challenges arising from the OUP.
The Art of Stage Design in Terms of Siberian Culture of the Second Half of the XX Century (Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk Case Study)
Maria V. Voronova
European Researcher , 2012,
Abstract: The article traces the development of scenography in the theatre centres of Eastern Siberia Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk in the second half of the XX century. The author marks the evolution periods, analyzes the key performances and peculiarities of the creative works by the leading scenographs G. Volkov, M.Tsibarovsky, S. Stavtseva, E. Kochergin, etc.
Is There Information Warfare in Southeast Asia?
Rolando Talampas
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2002,
Abstract: In the post-Cold War order, Southeast Asia has been one of the most volatile regions in the world. New challenges now face both state and nonstate actors. One of the most important of these is the transformation and communication technology and its implications for the emergence of so-called information warfare. This paper examines the forms of information warfare in Southeast Asia, with passing reference also to Northeast Asia, in order to assess the scope of the threat and the various responses to it. It does do by locating the significance of information warfare in the context of economic development policies, the domestic politics of individual states, and the broader regional sociocultural trajectory. The conclusion suggests that information warfare in Southeast Asia is actually on quite a modest scale but that there are important tensions emanating from Northeast Asia that may spill over into the region.
How Challenges of Warfare Influences the Laws of Warfare
Eyal Benvenisti
Military and Strategic Affairs , 2012,
Abstract: The first challenge to laws of warfare comes from the realm of human rights, from the right to life. Today the situation is different. Laws of human rights have trickled into laws of warfare, even though they never mean to apply to them. In the process of formulating human rights laws there was never any intention that they be applied to a state of war. Their starting point was the power that a regime brings to bear on its citizens. This was not a case of horizontal warring - such as a duel or contest - but rather a hierarchy, a vertical relationship in which the one possessing public power controlled the citizen. This essay will deal with the challenges to the laws of warfare posed by fighting in urban zones, the consequent changes to these laws, and the problems these changes have aroused and responses to them.
Is NPA Sparrow Warfare Urban Terrorism  [cached]
Omar Tupaz
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1987,
Abstract: Most media perceive public reaction to the killings of lawmen by “sparrows” to be negative. Ordinary news items refer to “sparrow” warfare as “terrorism” and “dirty war.” To opponents of armed struggle within the Left, guerrilla warfare is “left adventurism,” pure and simple, or even “terrorism.” But for those within the Left who approve or remain open to armed struggle, this phenomenon needs to be studied deeper. To be able to answer the question raised regarding the alleged “terroristic” nature of the NPA’s sparrow warfare, it would be best to look back in history and examine the association between urban guerrilla warfare and “terrorism.” Much of the stereotyped images of guerrillas as “terrorists” and “bandits” have been eroded but this is true mainly for guerrillas fighting in the mountains and countryside but regard left-wing urban guerrilla warfare as urban “terrorism.”
Dynamics of positional warfare malaria: Finland and Korea compared
Lena Huldén, Larry Huldén
Malaria Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-171
Abstract: The exact start of the epidemic and the phenology of malaria cases among the Finnish soldiers were reanalyzed. The results were compared with the declining malaria in Finland. A comparison with a corresponding situation starting in the 1990's in Korea was performed.The malaria cases occurred in July in 1941 when it was by far too early for infective mosquitoes to be present. The first Anopheles mosquitoes hatched at about the same time as the first malaria cases were observed among the Finnish soldiers. It takes about 3 – 6 weeks for the completion of the sporogony in Finland. The new explanation is that soldiers in war conditions were suddenly exposed to uninfected mosquitoes and those who still were carriers of hypnozoites developed relapses triggered by these mosquitoes. It is estimated that about 0.5% of the Finnish population still were carriers of hypnozoites in the 1940's. A corresponding outbreak of vivax malaria in Korea in the 1990's is similarly interpreted as relapses from activated hypnozoites among Korean soldiers.The significance of the mosquito induced relapses is emphasized by two benefits for the Plasmodium. There is a synchronous increase of gametocytes when new mosquitoes emerge. It also enables meiotic recombination between different strains of the Plasmodium.The malaria peak during the positional warfare in the 1940's was a short outbreak during the last phase of declining indigenous malaria in Finland. The activation of hypnozoites among a large number of soldiers and subsequent medication contributed to diminishing the reservoir of malaria and speeded up the eradication of the Finnish malaria. A corresponding evolution of Korean malaria is anticipated with relaxed tensions and decreasing troop concentrations along the border between South and North Korea.Indigenous vivax malaria was a common cause of death in the 18th and 19th century in Finland [1]. The decline of malaria commenced late in the 18th century and malaria gradually decreased wit
Tensor-Centric Warfare VI: A Global Warfare Model  [PDF]
Vladimir Ivancevic, Darryn Reid, Peyam Pourbeik, Michael Pilling
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2019.101003
Abstract: We propose a global warfare model that integrates the models of the whole tensor-centric warfare series, represented as a high-dimensional entangled warfare category. Its underpinning metaphysics is “entangled fusion”: this is the macroscopic entanglement concept inspired by high-dimensional (HD) quantum computation (the “quantum brain”), in which any number of entangled wave-functions can be highly correlated, with neuron-like signaling among them. From this entangled perspective, war and battle is seen essentially as a holistic phenomenon: if any one of a set of mutually entangled warring parties is removed from the equation, then the war as it is instantly stops, possibly to be replaced by a new conflict between the remaining parties but distinct from that which it supplants. The formal global warfare framework developed in this paper expresses this fundamental idea of arbitrary many interrelated/entangled conflicts, each of them defined by its own battle-manifold (with warfighting tensor fields acting on it) and occurring (more-or-less) simultaneously on the planet; we call this entangled category\"\"
La vid y el vino en América del Sur: el desplazamiento de los polos vitivinícolas (siglos XVI al XX)
Universum (Talca) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-23762004000200005
Abstract: this paper shows the viticulture clusters circulation in south america from xvi until xx centuries. the first viticulture center was in peru, who leaded wine production in xvi and xvii centuries. but earthquakes, pests, war and white fever (cotton) ended peruvian wine industry. chile's kingdom emerged as the main viticulture cluster in xviii and xix centuries; but after, the leadership turned to mendoza (argentina), the most important wine producer in xx century. the paper also considers wine industry in other countries such as paraguay (relevant at the beginning of xvii century) and brasil, witch production, after a late beginning in 1830's, production improved until consolidate in the xx century as the third most important wine producer in south america
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2010,
Abstract: The paper is focused on changes occurred in military organizations in Information Age. During Industrial Age the military structure of forces evolved according with principles of decomposition, specialization, hierarchy, optimization, deconfliction, centralized planning, and decentralized execution. But now the solutions based upon Industrial Age assumptions and practices will break down and fail in the Information Age. This will happen no matter how well intentioned, hardworking, or dedicated the leadership and the force are. Two key force capabilities needed by Information Age militaries are interoperability and agility. Both interoperability and agility are provided by Network centric warfare theory of war.
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